Displaying publications 101 - 120 of 878 in total

  1. Mohammad Che Man, Faridah Mohd Zain, Najib Majdi Yaacob, Shahidah Che Alhadi, Shaiful Bahri Ismail
    Premature ejaculation (PE) reduces sexual satisfaction and quality of life.
    Both SSRI Fluoxetine and Dapoxetine have been used in the treatment of PE. Fluoxetine
    is used as off-label treatment meanwhile Dapoxetine is the first SSRI specifically
    designed for PE with short half-life and few side effects. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  2. Appannan VR, Md Daud MK
    Malays Fam Physician, 2018;13(1):45-48.
    PMID: 29796211
    Glomus tympanicum is a tumour classified under the group glomus tumours, and is also known as paragangliomas. It is thought to commonly occur in women in the fifth to sixth decades of life. Here, we report a case of a 77-year-old lady with multiple co-morbids and a diagnosis of glomus tympanicum presenting to us. Her symptoms included pulsatile tinnitus, and reduced hearing, and the management of the case was done with consideration for her underlying multiple co-morbidities. This paper also describes the best modality of treatment for this patient with regard to her background history. The treatment goal was to improve her quality of life and control the disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  3. Ab Latip N, Ng PY, Jaili S, Mohd Noordin N
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2018 02;73(1):41-43.
    PMID: 29531201 MyJurnal
    Procidentia is uncommon condition altering quality of life of young and nulliparous women. Its management poses significant dilemma and challenges as its associated body image, fertility and sexuality issues. Uterine preservation surgery described by Archibald Donald in 1888 known as Manchester -Fothergill procedure seems best option as alternative to vaginal hysterectomy. Despite its increasing popularity among surgeons and patients, robust clinical evidence is needed. We report a case of recurrent procidentia in a young nulliparous woman who had Manchester repair following vaginal sacrospinous hysteropexy. We concluded that Manchester repair is a useful and safe alternative for uterine-preserving technique.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  4. M P Sockalingam SN, Kong Loh Seu K, Mohamed Noor H, Irfani Zakaria AS
    Case Rep Dent, 2018;2018:8715647.
    PMID: 29581902 DOI: 10.1155/2018/8715647
    Complicated crown-root fractures account for a small percentage of traumatic dental injuries seen in children; however, management of these injuries can be very challenging to clinicians. Factors such as complexity of the injury, patient's age and dentition stage, patient's cooperation, and parental demands may have some bearing on the type of treatment undertaken and its outcomes. In some children, these injuries may have significant impact on their quality of life. The purpose of this article is to describe two cases of complicated crown-root fracture which were successfully managed through orthodontic extrusion using a sectional fixed orthodontic technique. The basis for the treatment technique and its favourable outcomes were highlighted with its advantages and drawbacks.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  5. Janaki, V., Suzaily, W., Abdul Hamid, A.R., Hazli, Z., Azmawati, M.N.
    Introduction: Auditory hallucination (AH) is often unexplored in depth in clinical practice. This study sought
    to ascertain the relationship between AH, depressive symptoms and quality of life (QOL) and its association
    with socio-demographic and clinical variables.

    Methods: This was a cross sectional study done in a
    psychiatry unit involving 60 schizophrenic patients between 18 to 60 years old. Psychotic Symptom Rating
    Scale – Auditory Hallucination subscale (PSYRATS-AH), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS)
    and World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were used as instruments.

    Results: Alcohol intake was found to be significantly associated with the severity of AH. A significant
    moderate positive correlation was found between AH total score and CDSS (r=0.53, p
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  6. Chew BH, Fernandez A, Shariff-Ghazali S
    Psychol Res Behav Manag, 2018;11:145-155.
    PMID: 29765258 DOI: 10.2147/PRBM.S117224
    Psychological aspects of a person, such as the personal value and belief systems, cognition and emotion, form the basis of human health behaviors, which, in turn, influence self-management, self-efficacy, quality of life, disease control and clinical outcomes in people with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. However, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral interventions aimed at these groups of patients have yielded inconsistent effects in terms of clinical outcomes in clinical trials. This might have been due to differing conceptualization of health behavioral theories and models in the interventions. Assimilating different theories of human behavior, this narrative review attempts to demonstrate the potential modulatory effects of intrinsic values on cognitive and affective health-directed interventions. Interventions that utilize modification of cognition alone via education or that focuses on both cognitive and emotional levels are hardly adequate to initiate health-seeking behavior and much less to sustain them. People who are aware of their own personal values and purpose in life would be more motivated to practice good health-related behavior and persevere in them.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  7. Charl SS, Shahrul-Hisham S, Mohamad-Sha S
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Mar;12(1):42-44.
    PMID: 29725512 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1803.009
    The diagnosis of pathological fractures is on the rise. The morbidity involved does not only burden the patient and their families but it has a great toll on the healthcare system as well. Early identification of the patient at risk is an invaluable tool to cut cost and improve the patient's quality of life. Multiple renal pathologies have been highlighted in relation to the risk of pathological fractures; however, complications in renal tubular acidosis have been rarely documented. Nevertheless, prompt action with adequate and relevant patient education ultimately can reduce the associated morbidity. We present a case of poor control of the disease and its debilitating pathological fracture complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  8. Chew BH, Vos RC, Stellato RK, Rutten GEHM
    Front Psychol, 2017;8:1834.
    PMID: 29089913 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01834
    For people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) the daily maintenance of physical and psychological health is challenging. However, the interrelatedness of these two health domains, and of diabetes-related distress (DRD) and depressive symptoms, in the Asian population is still poorly understood. DRD and depressive symptoms have important but distinct influences on diabetes self-care and disease control. Furthermore, the question of whether changes in DRD or depressive symptoms follow a more or less natural course or depend on disease and therapy-related factors is yet to be answered. The aim of this study was to identify the factors influencing changes in DRD or depressive symptoms, at a 3-year follow-up point, in Malaysian adults with T2DM who received regular primary diabetes care. Baseline data included age, sex, ethnicity, marital status, educational level, employment status, health-related quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), insulin use, diabetes-related complications and HbA1c. DRD was assessed both at baseline and after 3 years using a 17-item Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS-17), while depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Linear mixed models were used to examine the relationship between baseline variables and change scores in DDS-17 and PHQ-9. Almost half (336) of 700 participants completed both measurements. At follow-up, their mean (SD) age and diabetes duration were 60.6 (10.1) years and 9.8 (5.9) years, respectively, and 54.8% were women. More symptoms of depression at baseline was the only significant and independent predictor of improved DRD at 3 years (adjusted β = -0.06, p = 0.002). Similarly, worse DRD at baseline was the only significant and independent predictor of fewer depressive symptoms 3 years later (adjusted β = -0.98, p = 0.005). Thus, more "negative feelings" at baseline could be a manifestation of initial coping behaviors or a facilitator of a better psychological coaching by physicians or nurses that might be beneficial in the long term. We therefore conclude that initial negative feelings should not be seen as a necessarily adverse factor in diabetes care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  9. Wo, Su Woan, Lai, Pauline Siew Mei, Ong, Lai Choo, Low, Wah Yun, Lim, Kheng Seang, Tay, Chee Geap, et al.
    Neurology Asia, 2016;21(3):235-245.
    Objective: To determine the validity and reliability of the Chinese parent proxy and child self-report
    health related quality of life measure for children with epilepsy (CHEQOL-25) in Malaysia. Methods:
    Face and content validity of the Chinese parent proxy and child self-report CHEQOL-25 was verified
    by an expert panel, and piloted in five children with epilepsy (CWE). The Chinese CHEQOL-25 was
    then administered to 40 parent proxies and their CWE (aged 8-18 years), from two tertiary hospitals,
    at baseline and 2 weeks later. Results: Forty parents and their CWE were recruited. Cronbach’s alpha
    for each subscale ranged from 0.56-0.83. At test-retest, the interclass correlation for all items ranged
    from 0.68-0.97. Items 8 and 25 were removed as their corrected item-total correlation values were
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  10. Pahlevan Sharif S, Ong FS
    J Relig Health, 2019 Aug;58(4):1060-1071.
    PMID: 29511922 DOI: 10.1007/s10943-018-0587-1
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress of Malay Muslim breast cancer patients in Malaysia. In addition, the moderating role of education on this relationship was examined. Participants consisted of 145 conveniently selected Malay breast cancer patients. The results indicated that the more spiritual respondents reported a higher level of quality of life and lower level of stress. Moreover, education weakened the relationship between spirituality with quality of life and stress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  11. Zhang Y, Ma ZF, Zhang H, Pan B, Li Y, Majid HA, et al.
    JGH Open, 2019 Apr;3(2):173-178.
    PMID: 31061894 DOI: 10.1002/jgh3.12125
    Functional bowel disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), are a chronic condition that can significantly reduce patients' quality of life. Therefore, this paper will review the roles of a low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polypols (FODMAP) diet in treating IBS, particularly in an Asian setting. About 20% of the general population is diagnosed with IBS. However, there are limited effective medical therapies available for treating IBS. Therefore, IBS presents a major challenge to the health-care providers. Recently, there is an increasing interest in the use of a diet low in FODMAP for the treatment of IBS. A low FODMAP diet can decrease the delivery of readily fermentable substrates to the small intestine and colon, thereby improving functional gastrointestinal symptoms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  12. Sarin J, Khadijah A, Mohd Suhaimi M
    The quality of life is an indicator of well-being that is seen as important in the establishment of policies to improve the welfare of senior citizens. The establishment of the Elderly Activity Center (PAWE) in urban and rural areas throughout Malaysia is one of the government's initiatives in preparation to be an old country by 2030. Nevertheless, since the establishment of PAWE in 2001, there has been scarce research about services provided to senior citizens at PAWE. Therefore, this study is conducted to identify level of quality of life among senior citizens at PAWE in urban and rural areas. The survey was conducted on 156 respondents in four PAWE locations namely PAWE Sungai Buloh, PAWE Cheras, PAWE Jenjarom and PAWE Sabak Bernam. The data were collected by using Older People Quality of Life (OPQOL-35) questionnaire. The data were then analyzed using Statistical Package Social Science (SPSS) by using descriptive analysis to identify the quality of life according to the respondents' demographic information. The results showed that the quality of life among urban respondents were higher than rural respondents, quality of life of male respondents were higher than female respondents while the quality of life among Chinese respondents was higher than Malay and Indian respondents. For the quality of life according to age, respondents aged 71 to 80 years were higher in qulity of life level than respondents aged 60 to 70 years and 81 to 90 years. This study is expected to give impact on the awareness to concerned parties about the advantages of community-based activity center which can increase the qualilty of life among elderly.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  13. Zuria Idura A.M., Noorlaili M.T., Rosdinom R., Azlin B.., Tuti Iryani M.D.
    Introduction: Caring for those with dementia affects the quality of life for both the caregivers and the patients themselves, particularly in the informal care system here in Malaysia. To date, only a few studies have explored from the family caregivers’ perspectives in the communities of different cultural background. The purpose of this study is to describe the Malaysian family caregivers’ perspectives of their experiences in providing care to for their family members suffering from moderate to severe dementia in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Methods: This qualitative study involved in-depth individual interviews with twelve caregivers to patients with moderate to severe dementia. Participants were recruited via purposive sampling from the outpatient psycho-geriatric clinic at UKM Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcribed data was later analysed using a thematic approach. Results: Four themes identified in this study were; i) the feeling that ‘it is like caring for a baby’, ii) the caregivers’ perception of inadequate knowledge and skills, iii) the need for caregivers’ support system and iv) the importance of spirituality in enhancing care giving experiences. Conclusions: The framework of care shared by the caregivers in this study demonstrated strong cultural and spirituality influences in addition to the common issues of the challenges in managing the behavioural and psychological symptoms in people with dementia. Hence, culture and spirituality aspects should be addressed in the development of appropriate intervention to manage the needs of informal caregivers in this community.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  14. Appannan, V.R., Md Daud, M.K.
    Malaysian Family Physician, 2018;13(1):45-48.
    Glomus tympanicum is a tumour classified under the group glomus tumours, and is also known
    as paragangliomas. It is thought to commonly occur in women in the fifth to sixth decades of life.
    Here, we report a case of a 77-year-old lady with multiple co-morbids and a diagnosis of glomus
    tympanicum presenting to us. Her symptoms included pulsatile tinnitus, and reduced hearing,
    and the management of the case was done with consideration for her underlying multiple comorbidities. This paper also describes the best modality of treatment for this patient with regard
    to her background history. The treatment goal was to improve her quality of life and control the
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  15. Mukhtar F, Oei TPS
    The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) has been shown to have good psychometric properties in Western and non-Western populations for the past 40 years. The present study reported on the factor structures and provided evidence of the psychometric properties of the BDI for the Malays in Malaysia. A total of 1090 Malays in four samples (students, general community, general medical patients, and patients with major depressive disorders) were recruited in this study. They completed a battery of questionnaires that included symptoms, cognition and quality of life measures. Two factors of the BDI-Malay namely Cognitive/Affective and Somatic/Vegetative were extracted from Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and were confirmed through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Internal consistency (Cronbach's ) ranging from = .71 to .91 and validity of the BDI-Malay were satisfactory. The BDI-Malay can be used with confidence as an instrument to measure levels of depression for Malays in Malaysia. Keywords: Beck Depression Inventory, Malaysia, psychometric, confirmatory factor analysis
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  16. Gillani SW, Ansari IA, Zaghloul HA, Sulaiman SAS, Rathore HA, Baig MR, et al.
    Curr Ther Res Clin Exp, 2019;90:53-60.
    PMID: 31193026 DOI: 10.1016/j.curtheres.2019.04.001
    Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a progressive, chronic and multifactorial endocrine disorder characterized by elevated serum glucose levels. It has a direct effect to social and health related quality of life.

    Objective: This study aimed to determine the health-related quality of life among patients with type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using insulin therapy.

    Methods: Cross-sectional observational study design was used to collect data from Malaysian patients with T2DM. Subjective and objective assessments were made either by using several questionnaires or each patient's specific medication profile registered to care sites. Study participants were recruited from both public hospitals and community health clinics located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

    Results: A total of 430 patients with T2DM were recruited in this study with a response rate of 94.7%. The oral antidiabetic medication (OAM) group consisted of 63.0% of the study population and the rest (37.0%) were Insulin users. The body mass index and glycosylated hemoglobin patterns were significantly different between groups (P < 0.011 and P < 0.001). Insulin users showed high percentages of healthy body mass index index (44.7%) compared with OAM users (35.8%) and controlled glycemic index (glycosylated hemoglobin ≤7.5%) was significantly (P = 0.001) better among the insulin-user group compared with the OAM group. The Euro Quality of Life-5 dimension domain analysis indicated significant differences with domains of usual work (P < 0.047), pain and discomfort (P < 0.041), and anxiety and depression (P < 0.001) among insulin users versus OAM users. We also observed a significant difference between the groups regarding diet, monitoring, and disease-specific knowledge. The mean (SD) adherence score showed that insulin users were significantly (P < 0.001) more adherent (6.09 [2.98]) than OAM were nonadherent (4.19 [4.68]).

    Conclusions: This study suggests the valuable effect of insulin therapy among patients with T2DM compared with OAMs on health-related quality of life, medication adherence, and health state. Insulin users reported they had better diabetes-related knowledge and treatment adherence characteristics than noninsulin users.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  17. Sulaiman W, Othman M, Mokhtar AM, Rosman A, Ong SG, Soo IS, et al.
    APLAR Journal of Rheumatology, 2006;9 Suppl 1:A54-A55.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1479-8077.2006.00199_24.x
    Objective: To determine the number of RA cases and to evaluate the demographic patterns in all 4 Rheumatology Referral Centers under the Ministry of Health Malaysia. Materials and methods: One thousand and eighty-four rheumatoid arthritis patients from all 4 centers i.e. Hospital Selayang, Putra Jaya, Seremban and Taiping which are situated in the west coast of West Malaysia, using rheumatoid arthritis database comprising of basic clinical and patient questionnaire, until the end of year 2004 were analysed. Results: At the time of documentation, 88.6% were female at all range of ages especially between age of 25 and 54 years (77.6%) with female to male ratio 8 :1. 52.1% were housewives. Mean age of onset of RA was 49.6 ± 11.8 SD with female 49.3 ± 11.7 SD and male 52.0 ± 12.0 SD (p < 0.05). Indian was the predominant ethnic group (54.5%), followed by Malay (31.4%), Chinese (11.6%) and others (27%). Majority had their education up to secondary level (50.8%), followed by primary (32.6%), and tertiary (6.3%) levels while 10.3% of cases had not received any formal education in their lives. 74.4% were seropositive and 87.3% fulfilled at least 4 out of 7 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) revised criteria for rheumatoid arthritis. 74% were diagnosed RA within 2 years after the onset of arthritis. Seropositivity was not significantly related to gender. Positive rheumatoid factor was dominated by Indian followed by Malay and Chinese. 83.3% were married. 23.3% female and 33.9% male between age group 25-54 were employed. 7.4% had achieved their retirement at time of entry whilst 8.9% were unemployed. Employment status was statistically significant across gender (p < 0.001). The cases differed between rheumatology centers as well as individual practices. Conclusion: There are increasing numbers of RA cases in Malaysia. Results from this study did not reflect the true prevalence of RA in Malaysia. Hence, a larger and more comprehensive database on RA with collaboration of all Government and Private Hospitals in the whole nation will provide better information about the patient case mix in different healthcare settings, treatment practice as well as disease complications. The implementation of rheumatology centers with better regional cooperation, will lead to better treatment and outcome in terms of identification of early as well as established RA cases. Early referral to the centers will be made possible for proper treatment institution and rehabilitation. Hence, improve quality of life including socio-economic status especially among those within the productive age.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  18. Berhan Nordin EA, Shoaib LA, Mohd Yusof ZY, Manan NM, Othman SA
    BMC Oral Health, 2019 07 15;19(1):152.
    PMID: 31307462 DOI: 10.1186/s12903-019-0833-2
    BACKGROUND: Poor oral health among Malaysian indigenous Orang Asli (OA) children may impact on their daily performances.

    AIM: To assess the oral health status, related behaviours, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among OA children in Cameron Highlands (CH), Malaysia, and to identify the predictor(s) for poor OHRQoL.

    DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study involving 249, 11-12 year old OA children from 4 OA primary schools in CH. The children completed a self-administered questionnaire comprising information on socio-demographics, oral health-related behaviours, and the Malay Child Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (Malay Child-OIDP) index followed by an oral examination. Data were entered into the SPSS version 23.0 software. Non-parametric tests and multiple logistic regression were used for data analysis.

    RESULTS: The response rate was 91.2% (n = 227/249). The prevalence of caries was 61.6% (mean DMFT = 1.36, mean dft = 1.01) and for gingivitis was 96.0%. Despite the majority reported brushing their teeth ≥ 2x/day (83.7%) with fluoride toothpaste (80.2%), more than two-thirds chewed betel nut ≥ 1/day (67.4%). Majority of the children (97.8%) had a dental check-up once a year. Nearly three-fifths (58.6%) reported experiencing oral impacts on their daily performances in the past 3 months (mean score = 5.45, SD = 8.5). Most of the impacts were of "very little" to "moderate" levels of impact intensity with 90.2% had up to 4 daily performances affected. Most of the impacts were on eating (35.2%), cleaning teeth (22.0%) and relaxing activities (15.9%). Caries in primary teeth is associated with oral impacts among the OA children.

    CONCLUSIONS: The 11-12 year old OA children in Cameron Highland had high prevalence of caries and gingivitis with the majority chewed betel nut regularly. Caries in primary teeth is associated with poor OHRQoL. Future programmes should target younger age group children to promote positive oral hygiene practices, reduce caries, and improve quality of life.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  19. Lee THB, Sundar G
    PMID: 31567783 DOI: 10.1097/IOP.0000000000001446
    PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to provide 1) an understanding of the components of quality of life (QOL) questionnaires and 2) an up-to-date insight of the types of QOL questionnaires available, strengths and limitations based on current literature.

    METHODS: A literature search was conducted from 18 to 21 of February 2019 using 6 major databases: Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, PubMed, Scopus, Taylor and Francis, and Web of Science. All papers were skimmed by title and abstract to determine whether the paper fulfilled the screening criteria. In cases of uncertainty, the paper was read in totality to justify its inclusion. After that, duplicates were eliminated and the remainder was subjected to a second set of inclusion and exclusion criteria before finalizing the list of included studies.

    RESULTS: An initial search returned with 402 studies, which were subsequently filtered using prespecified criteria to 27 studies to collate information regarding questionnaires assessing QOL of thyroid eye disease patients.

    CONCLUSIONS: The QOL of thyroid eye disease patients is best assessed using disease-specific questionnaires. Among the different types of questionnaires, the Graves Ophthalmopathy Quality of Life (GO-QOL) questionnaire is preferred due to its' ability to explore QOL in-depth and proven efficacy in many countries after cultural adaptation at the expense of time. Single-item questionnaires like the Thyroid Eye Disease Quality of Life (TED-QOL) are more suitable as screening tools in busy metropolitan settings while semi-structured interviews are important in developing new ways of assessing the QOL of thyroid eye disease patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  20. H'ng MWC, Leow KS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2019 Aug;74(4):352-354.
    PMID: 31424051
    The PleurX catheter was developed to facilitate long-term intermittent drainage of malignant pleural effusion or ascites. For palliation, it is important that the process of insertion is safe and that this catheter remains complicationfree so as to improve end-of-life quality. We show that this catheter can be safely inserted and discuss methods to reduce infection, which was the most common complication. Our article hopes to enlighten clinicians, patients and their caregivers of this device as a treatment option in palliative patients. Proper case selection and caregiver training are essential in ensuring a successful outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
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