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  1. Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, Jonathan Lamit, Nor Farahana Razali, Ong, Li Chin, Naim Syahidah Zulkafli, Norfazilah Ahmad
    Int J Public Health Res, 2014;4(2):494-500.
    MyJurnal
    Introduction Sleep has played a very important role in maintaining our health with good
    living quality therefore the aim of this study is to determine the pattern of
    sleep duration, especially short sleep and its associated factors among
    workers in a tertiary institution.
    Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted from January until May 2012 among
    128 randomly selected Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre
    (UKMMC) staffs. Data was collected using a guided standardized data sheet
    which consist of three sections; (1):sociodemographic &socioeconomic, (2):
    lifestyle and, (3): anthropometric measurement and sleep diary. Data entry
    and analysis were done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)
    version 20.0.
    Results Majority of the staffs had normal sleep duration (67.2%) followed by short
    sleep duration (26.6%) and long sleep duration (6.3%). Simple logistic
    regression analysis indicated that late night snacking was significantly related
    to short sleep (cOR=3.47, 95% CI: 1.12, 12.23, p=0.048).
    Conclusions Adequate sleep is important to maintain one’s health. Steps can be taken to
    limit late night snacking in order to improve the sleep pattern in this study
    population.
  2. Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Al-abed Ali Ahmed Al-abed, Nur Ain Mahat, Norfazilah Ahmad, Mohd Rohaizat Hassan
    MyJurnal
    Nurses’ job performance is defined as the effectiveness of a person in carrying out his or her duties related to patient care. Aim of this study is to measure job performance among nurses in a tertiary hospital and its associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses selected from four departments, which were Obstetrics & Gynecology (O&G), medical, surgical and Cardiac Care Unit (CCU)/High Dependency Unit (HDU). A Malay validated Six-Dimension Scale of Nursing Performance (6-DSNP) questionnaire was used to measure job performance. Nurses who have one child more compared to other nurses had significantly lower total mean score of job performance by -0.06 (95% CI 0.11, 0.01). Nurses working in medical department [adj.β=0.16 (95% CI 0.01, 0.30)] and CCU/HDU [adj.β= 0.33(95% CI: 0.17, 0.50)] had significantly higher total mean scores of jobs performance compared to O&G department. Effective strategies and re-examining work conditions are imperative for better job performance.
  3. Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, Mohd Hafiz Yahya, Normala Basiron, Zairizam Zakaria, Mohd Rizam Abdul Rahman, Hazlina Mohd Miskam, et al.
    Int J Public Health Res, 2017;7(2):836-844.
    MyJurnal
    Introduction A study was conducted to determine the level of mothers' perception on
    children with cleft deformity and its associated factors
    Methods This was a cross sectional study involving 110 mothers with children
    attending the Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery Clinic. Data was gathered
    from a face to face interview based on a questionnaire that assesses the level
    of perception and its associated factors. The level of perception was
    evaluated from a scoring method and divided into four domains namely
    psychosocial, care management, treatment and education.
    Results The level of perception was high in all four domains ranged from 62% for
    treatment and 80% for education. Factors that were significantly associated
    with the level of perception were ethnicity, religion, type of cleft deformity
    and level of information.
    Conclusions Information regarding cleft deformity must be tailored toward mothers’
    personal characteristics and type of cleft deformity to improve mothers'
    perception on this problem.
  4. Norfazilah Ahmad, Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, Incham Manggat, Mohd Rizam Abdul Rahman, Hazlina Mohd Miskam, Sazman Wahab, et al.
    Int J Public Health Res, 2018;8(1):913-923.
    MyJurnal
    Introduction The Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by Human
    Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and a disease with high morbidity
    and mortality.Young mothers are sub-populations that are at high risk for HIV
    through sexual activity. In addition, information on the level of knowledge,
    attitude and practice among young mothers in Malaysia regarding HIV/AIDS
    prevention is still limited.Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine
    the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices towards the prevention of
    HIV/AIDS among young mothers and the factors that influence them.
    Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in a city center
    among 147 young mothers aged 18-30 years old at the Post Natal and
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward (O & G). Data collection was conducted in
    April-November 2014 and the respondents' selection was based on simple
    random sampling. A questionnaire containing validated instruments was used
    in this study. Approval for conducting research has been obtained from the
    UKM Research Ethics Committee before the data collection procedure is
    implemented.
    Results Majority of the young mothers have good knowledge (78.8%) and practice
    (71.2%) towards HIV/AIDS prevention. While more than half of them (56.7%)
    have positive attitude towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS. Living in the
    urban area and being married are significantly associated with having good
    knowledge and positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS prevention. While,
    mothers who are 5 years older compared to the younger ones and being
    married are significantly associated with having good practice towards
    HIV/AIDS prevention.
    Conclusions The level of knowledge, attitudes and practices as well as the associated
    factors could be the baseline to formulate health intervention to prevent
    HIV/AIDS among this vulnerable group.
  5. Norfazilah Ahmad, Siti Norbayah Yusof, Nurmawati Ahmad, Zaleha Md Nor, Juhaida Mohd Noor, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, et al.
    Int J Public Health Res, 2018;8(1):924-932.
    MyJurnal
    Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health challenge especially in low- and
    middle-income countries reflects improper, delayed or missed diagnosis.
    Contact screening should be utilized both as an efficient and effective
    targeted approach to intensify TB case finding.
    Methods Through a comprehensive systematic literature review of online database,
    this paper aims at providing an insight into the current practice of TB contact
    screening and to provide evidence based practice for formulation of
    appropriate policies in low- and middle-income countries. There are 24
    articles included in this review from studies published from 2005 to 2014.
    Results Findings in literature varies substantially. Generally, contact screening is
    better intensified with clear operational guidelines, adequate training, include
    close contact outside household as appropriate and follow up at least for 1
    year. Prioritizing high risk close contacts is helpful in resource limited
    setting. Tuberculin skin test is still of value as screening tool and intensified
    case finding must be accompanied with effective management protocol.
    Prophylaxis treatment is recommended especially for children especially less
    than 5 years old, unvaccinated, malnourished, living with person having HIV
    and close contact with MDR-TB.
    Conclusions Policy recommendations in improving TB management must incorporate
    complementary strategies to enhance case finding, effective management
    protocol for follow up or prophylaxis treatment, training for public health
    capacity and concerted dedication from various stakeholders
  6. Azmawati MN, Najibah E, Hatta MD, Norfazilah A
    Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2014;15(13):5283-6.
    PMID: 25040989
    Stage of cervical cancer may adversely affect the quality of life (QOL) among patients. The objective of this study was to predict the QOL among cervical cancer patients by the stage of their cancer. A cross-sectional study from September 2012 until January 2013 was conducted among cervical cancer patients who completed treatment. All patients completed a interviewer-guided questionnaire comprising four sections: (A) socio- demographic data, (B) medical history, (C) QOL measured by general health status questionnaire (QLQ-30) and (D) cervical cancer specific module CX-24 (EORTC) was used to measured patient's functional, symptom scale and their global health status. Results showed that global health status, emotional functioning and pain score were higher in stage III cervical cancer patients while role functioning was higher in stage I cervical cancer patients. Patients with stage IV cancer have a lower mean score in global health status (adjusted b-22.0, 95 CI% -35.6, -8.49) and emotional functioning (adjusted b -22.5, 95 CI% -38.1, -6.69) while stage III had lower mean score in role functioning (adjusted b -14.3, 95 CI% -25.4, -3.21) but higher mean score in pain (adjusted b 22.1, 95 CI% 8.56, 35.7). In conclusion, stage III and IV cervical cancers mainly affect the QOL of cervical cancer patients. Focus should be given to these subgroups to help in improving the QOL.
  7. Norfazilah A, Samuel A, Law PT, Ainaa AA, Nurul Ain Z, Syahnaz MH, et al.
    Malays Fam Physician, 2013;8(3):19-25.
    PMID: 25893053 MyJurnal
    Hypertension is one of the chronic diseases with a rising trend globally, including Malaysia. Patients' own perception of their illness is a strong factor that determines their health-seeking behaviour. The objective of this study was to evaluate the illness perception of hypertensive patients and the associated factors.
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