• 1 Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Int J Public Health Res, 2018;8(1):913-923.


Introduction The Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by Human
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and a disease with high morbidity
and mortality.Young mothers are sub-populations that are at high risk for HIV
through sexual activity. In addition, information on the level of knowledge,
attitude and practice among young mothers in Malaysia regarding HIV/AIDS
prevention is still limited.Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine
the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices towards the prevention of
HIV/AIDS among young mothers and the factors that influence them.
Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary hospital in a city center
among 147 young mothers aged 18-30 years old at the Post Natal and
Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward (O & G). Data collection was conducted in
April-November 2014 and the respondents' selection was based on simple
random sampling. A questionnaire containing validated instruments was used
in this study. Approval for conducting research has been obtained from the
UKM Research Ethics Committee before the data collection procedure is
Results Majority of the young mothers have good knowledge (78.8%) and practice
(71.2%) towards HIV/AIDS prevention. While more than half of them (56.7%)
have positive attitude towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS. Living in the
urban area and being married are significantly associated with having good
knowledge and positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS prevention. While,
mothers who are 5 years older compared to the younger ones and being
married are significantly associated with having good practice towards
HIV/AIDS prevention.
Conclusions The level of knowledge, attitudes and practices as well as the associated
factors could be the baseline to formulate health intervention to prevent
HIV/AIDS among this vulnerable group.