Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 159 in total

  1. Koh KC
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2013 Aug;68(4):301-4.
    PMID: 24145256 MyJurnal
    We report a study which defined the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) among men with ischaemic heart disease. We recruited 510 men with established ischemic heart disease and interviewed these men using the International Index of Erectile Dysfunction (IIEF-5) questionnaire to determine the presence and severity of ED. Presence of ED was defined as IIEF-5 score of less than 22. The mean age was 60.5 years (range 36-92 years; SD: +9.58). 461 (90.4%) men reported some degree of ED of which two third of them had moderate to severe ED. The prevalence of ED increased significantly with age. Age above 60 years was the only significant risk factor. Non-statistically significant but important risk factors included diabetes, hypertension, diuretics and oral hypoglycemic agents. ED is very common among men with ischemic heart disease. The prevalence and severity increased significantly with age above 60 years old.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers*
  2. Nor Azlin MN, Syed Aljunid SJ, Noor Azahz A, Amrizal MN, Saperi S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):473-7.
    PMID: 23770861 MyJurnal
    This study aimed to estimate cost of in-patient medical care due to stroke in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. A retrospective analysis of stroke patients admitted to Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) between January 2005 and December 2008 were conducted. Cost evaluation was undertaken from the health provider's perspective using a top-down costing approach. Mean length of stay (LOS) was 6.4 ± 3.1 days and mean cost of care per patient per admission was MYR 3,696.40 ± 1,842.17 or 16% of per capita GDP of the country. Human resources made up the highest cost component (MYR 1,343.90, SD: 669.8 or 36% of the total cost), followed by medications (MYR 867.30, SD:432.40) and laboratory services (MYR 337.90, SD:168.40). LOS and cost of care varied across different stroke severity levels (p<0.01). A regression analysis shown significant influence of stroke severity on cost of care, with the most severe stroke consumed MYR 1,598.10 higher cost than the mild stroke (p<0.001). Cost of medical care during hospital admission due to stroke is substantial. Health promotion and primary prevention activities need to take priority to minimise stroke admission in future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers*
  3. Saiboon IM, Singmamae N, Jaafar MJ, Muniandy BK, Sengmamae K, Hamzah FA, et al.
    Saudi Med J, 2014 Jul;35(7):718-23.
    PMID: 25028229
    To evaluate the effectiveness of a new patient flow system, `The Red Box` on the quality of patient care in respect of the time taken for the care to be delivered to the patient.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers/organization & administration*
  4. Janahiraman S, Aziz MN, Hoo FK, P'ng HS, Boo YL, Ramachandran V, et al.
    Pak J Med Sci, 2015 Nov-Dec;31(6):1383-8.
    PMID: 26870101 DOI: 10.12669/pjms.316.8445
    Antimicrobial resistance is a major health problem worldwide in hospitals. The main contributing factors are exposures to broad-spectrum antimicrobials and cross-infections. Understanding the extent and type of antimicrobial use in tertiary care hospitals will aid in developing national antimicrobial stewardship priorities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  5. Ahmad Faidzal Othman, Mohamad NorHisham, Azmi Abdul Rahman
    Symptomatic arterial pseudoaneurysm is not an uncommon emergent
    vascular case presenting to a tertiary hospital. These are mainly associated with
    infection, iatrogenic puncture or trauma. The resultant morbidity, limb loss and
    mortality present a challenge to the surgeons managing these cases. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  6. Aftab RA, Khan AH, SYed Sulaiman SA, Ali I, Hassali A, Saleem F
    Turk J Med Sci, 2016 Nov 17;46(5):1300-1305.
    PMID: 27966326 DOI: 10.3906/sag-1405-45
    BACKGROUND/AIM: Multiple asthma guidelines have been developed to reduce asthma mortality, morbidity, and cost associated with asthma worldwide. In Malaysia, within this context, it is relatively unknown to what extent doctors adhere to the asthma guidelines. This study aimed to assess guideline adherence and calculate the cost of adhered and nonadhered prescriptions by medical doctors in a public tertiary health care facility.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out at Hospital Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. One hundred and eighty patients, a total of 30 patients per doctor, were enrolled to assess guideline adherence. The patients were followed for a second visit to assess their lung function. The costs of adhered and nonadhered prescriptions were calculated.

    RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients (79%) received guideline (Global Initiative for Asthma 2011)-adhering pharmacotherapy. In the majority of patients (n = 133, 73.9%) asthma control was classified as partially controlled. There was no significant association observed between patient asthma control and patient demographics; however, there was a significant difference (P < 0.001) between lung function values from the first and second visits. The cost of adhered prescription was higher (70.1 Malaysian ringgit) than that of nonadhered prescription (13.74 Malaysian ringgit).

    CONCLUSION: Fair levels of guideline adherence were observed. Emphasis should be placed on identifying appropriate cost-effective medication regimens based on patient asthma control and constant feedback from patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  7. Thanigasalam T, Sahoo S, Kyaw Soe HH
    Malays J Med Sci, 2014 Jul;21(4):51-3.
    PMID: 25977622
    This study was done to correlate the occurrence of posterior capsule rupture among patients with pseudoexfoliation during phacoemulsification. This was a retrospective audit of patients who underwent phacoemulsification type cataract surgery from January 2011 to December 2012 in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. Data was obtained from the National Eye Database (NED) of Malaysia. The data was analysed using SPSS version 21.0. By using logistic regression analysis, it was found that there was no significant increase in the occurrence of posterior capsule rupture among patients with pseudoexfoliation. Hence, we concluded that there was no correlation between the occurrence of posterior capsule rupture and the presence of pesudoexfoliation among patients who underwent phacoemulsification.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  8. Abdullah K, Raja Lope Ahmad RA, Asha'ari ZA, Razali MS, Leman WI
    Malays J Med Sci, 2014 Jul;21(4):28-36.
    PMID: 25977619 MyJurnal
    Surgical management of head and neck cancer is undoubtedly challenging, and we would like to see the outcome of managing such cases at one of the tertiary referral center in the East Coast of Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  9. Bux S, Mohd Ramli N, Ahmad Sarji S, Kamarulzaman A
    Biomed Imaging Interv J, 2010 Oct-Dec;6(4):e35.
    PMID: 21611071 MyJurnal DOI: 10.2349/biij.6.4.e35
    This is a retrospective descriptive study of the chest imaging findings of 118 patients with confirmed A(H1N1) in a tertiary referral centre. About 42% of the patients had positive initial chest radiographic (CXR) findings. The common findings were bi-basal air-space opacities and perihilar reticular and alveolar infiltrates. In select cases, high-resolution computed tomography (CT) imaging showed ground-glass change with some widespread reticular changes and atelectasis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  10. Ho, S.E., Koo, Y.L., Ismail, S., Hing, H.L., Widad, O., Chung, H.T., et al.
    Medicine & Health, 2013;8(2):73-80.
    Decision making in nursing is one of the most important skills nurses must apply and utilize in their nursing practice. The aim of this study was to determine the perception of clinical decision making ability among nursing students. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary hospital. A total of 54 nursing students were recruited using a modified version of Clinical Decision Making in Nursing Scale (CDMNS) adapted from Jenkins (1985). The findings showed good CDMNS score with mean and standard deviation of (124.24±12.713). The four sub-scales of CDMNS were: searching for alternative (33.24±4.821), canvassing (28.74±3.514), evaluation and re-evaluation (31.43±3.922), searching for information (30.83±4.765). Nineteen (35%) of the participants chose nursing as their first choice, whereas 35 participants (65%) did not. Thirthy seven (69%) participants were satisfied with their nursing competency, 17 (31%) were unsatisfied. There were significant differences between searching for alternatives, evaluation and re-evaluation, and nursing as their first choice (p=

    Study site: Nursing students, Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM)
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  11. Aniza Ismail, Ahmad Taufik Jamil, Ahmad Fareed A Rahman, Jannatul Madihah Abu Bakar, Natrah Mohd Saad, Hussain Saadi
    Hospital Information System (HIS) is a comprehensive, integrated information system designed to manage the administrative, financial and clinical aspects of a hospital. This study is to describe those aspects of the implementation of hospital information system in three tertiary hospitals in Klang Valley; Serdang Hospital, Selayang Hospital and University Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). A qualitative study was conducted to obtain views on information system development and implementation in the hospitals mentioned above. In-depth interviews with personnel representing both the system providers and the end-users were done guided by a questionnaire. The results of the interviews were categorized into few themes namely the system development, human resource, scope of implementation, support system, user-friendly, training, hardware and security. There were differences in hospital information system development and implementation in the three hospitals. Each system has its own strengths and weaknesses that make it unique. In developing HIS, its important to ensure the system can work effectively and efficiently. Quality human resource, good support system, user-friendly and adequate training of the end-user will determine the success of implementation of HIS. Upgrading of hardware and software as needed is the basis to keep up with the pace of technology advancement and increasing number of patients. It is hoped that HIS will be implemented in all other hospitals with effective integration and networking.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  12. Dahlui, M., Hishamshah, M.I., Rahman, A.J. A, Shamsuddin, K., Aljunid, S.M.
    A cost-utility analysis was performed desferrioxamine treatment in thalctssaemia patients at two tertiary hospitals in Malaysia in 2004. A hundred and twelve transfusion dependent thalassaemia patients were grouped according to the status of desferrioxamine; optimum and sulwptimum. Cost analysis was from a patient and hospital perspectives while Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) was the health outcome of choice. Incremental Cost·Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) was also stipulated to show the difference in cost for an additional QALY if patient currently on suboptimum desferrioxamine to switch using optimum desferrioxamine. Results on cost analysis showed the mean cost of treatment for thalassaemia patients on optimum desferrioxamirie was higher than those on sub·optimum desferrioxamine; (RM14, 775.00+SDRM4,737.00 and RM10,780+RM3,655, respectively). QALYs were 19.186+6.591 and 9.859+5275 in the optimum and suboptirnum group, respectively. Costutility analysis showed the cost per QALYs in optimum desferrioxamine group was RM59,045.00 compared to RM44,665.00 in suboptimum desferrioxamine group. ICER of patients on sub-optimum desferrioxamine switching to optimum desferrioxarnine was only RM420.39. Sensitivity analysis showed that the results were robust in the best and worst scenarios. In conclusion, although it is expensive for thalassaemia patients to use optimum desferrioxamine compared to sub-optimum desferrioxamine, the cost per QALYs gained was undoubtedly low.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  13. Yoong, Wilkinson Jian Tan, Jo Wearn Yeap, Sharifah Sulaiha Syed Aznal
    Background: Peripheral venous catheterisation is indispensable in modern practise of medicine. The indications of venous access should be weighed against the risk of complications, the commonest being thrombophlebitis. Thrombophlebitis causes patient discomfort and the need for new catheter insertion and risk of developing further widespread infections. Methodology: This observational study was conducted on adult patients admitted to the surgical and medical ward of a tertiary hospital in Negeri Sembilan Malaysia in 2011. Four researchers visited patients daily and examined for signs of thrombophlebitis; warmth, erythema, swelling, tenderness or a palpable venous cord. Risks factors that were studied in this research were patient/s age and gender, duration of catheterization, use of catheter for infusion, size of catheter, site of catheter insertion and types of infusate. Thrombophlebitis was graded using a scale adapted from Bhandari et al. (1979). Results: In total, 428 patients were recruited with an incidence rate of thrombophlebitis of 35.2%. Among those who developed thrombophlebitis, 65% had mild thrombophlebitis, 19% moderate and 8% severe thrombophlebitis. Results showed that female patients had a significant increased risk of developing thrombophlebitis. Also risk increased significantly with increased duration of catheterization and usage of the catheter for infusion. The age of a patient, types of infusate use, size of catheter and site of catheter insertion did not significantly influence the development of thrombophlebitis. Conclusion: The study showed that risk of developing thrombophlebitis is significantly increased among female patients, and also with increased duration of catheterization and use of the peripheral venous catheter for infusion. We recommended elective replacement of catheter every 72 hours and daily examination of catheters for signs of thrombophlebitis by a healthcare personnel.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  14. Al-Edrus, S. A., Suhaimi, S. N., Noor Azman, A. R., Latif, A. Z., Sobri, M.
    Introduction: An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is an abnormal collection of blood vessels in which arterial blood flows directly into the draining vein without the normal interposed capillaries. The Spetzler-Martin grading system has been widely accepted worldwide to estimate the pretreatment risks and predict the outcome of patients with intracranial AVM. In Malaysia, we still do not have the baseline data of this grading system. Methods: A total of 33 patients from a tertiary referral hospital diagnosed with intracranial AVM based on neuroimaging findings over a 4-year period were studied. Medical
    records were traced and neuroimaging findings were analysed. The AVMs were graded according to the Spetzler-Martin grading system and Fisher’s exact test was used to assess statistical difference between the grades of the AVM and management plan for the patients. Results: Four patients were graded as Grade 1, 9 patients as Grade II, 10 patients as Grade III, 6 patients as Grade IV and 4 patients as Grade V. Ten patients were treated conservatively; six patients underwent surgery and embolisation respectively. Four patients underwent radiosurgery and a combination of embolisation while surgery and radiosurgery were given to 5 patients and 2 patients respectively. Statistically significant difference (p=0.016) was found between the Spetzler-Martin grading system and the management of intracranial AVMs. Conclusion: The management decision was not made based on the
    grading of the AVMs. It is recommended that all AVM patients be routinely graded according to this system prior to treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  15. Hoo FK, Foo YL, Lim SM, Ching SM, Boo YL
    Pak J Med Sci, 2016 Jul-Aug;32(4):841-845.
    PMID: 27648025
    Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is relatively uncommon in young adults as compared to the older population. Our objective was to assess the prevalence, demographic distribution, and risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients less than 45 years of age admitted to a Malaysian tertiary care centre.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  16. Wo, Su Woan, Lai, Pauline Siew Mei, Ong, Lai Choo, Low, Wah Yun, Lim, Kheng Seang, Tay, Chee Geap, et al.
    Neurology Asia, 2016;21(3):235-245.
    Objective: To determine the validity and reliability of the Chinese parent proxy and child self-report
    health related quality of life measure for children with epilepsy (CHEQOL-25) in Malaysia. Methods:
    Face and content validity of the Chinese parent proxy and child self-report CHEQOL-25 was verified
    by an expert panel, and piloted in five children with epilepsy (CWE). The Chinese CHEQOL-25 was
    then administered to 40 parent proxies and their CWE (aged 8-18 years), from two tertiary hospitals,
    at baseline and 2 weeks later. Results: Forty parents and their CWE were recruited. Cronbach’s alpha
    for each subscale ranged from 0.56-0.83. At test-retest, the interclass correlation for all items ranged
    from 0.68-0.97. Items 8 and 25 were removed as their corrected item-total correlation values were
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  17. Sahoo S, Thevi T, Soe HHK
    Malays J Med Sci, 2018 Feb;25(1):96-100.
    PMID: 29599639 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/mjms2018.25.1.11
    The purpose of this study was to determine the association of well-being and cognitive impairment with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients attending a tertiary care hospital in Malaysia. Fifty-four individuals were recruited for study as cases were matched with 60 individuals as the control subjects, and data were collected using the WHO well-being index and the validated 6-item cognitive impairment test dementia test. The results showed that there was no significant association between gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and POAG. Patients with POAG had significantly lower well-being index scores (mean 67.93) than the control group (mean 81.60) withP-value < 0.001. Similarly, patients with POAG had a significantly higher score of cognitive impairment (CIT test) (mean 6.15) compared to the control group (mean 0.40) withP-value < 0.001. Consequently, POAG is likely to be associated with higher cognitive impairment and lower well-being index.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  18. Hussin, K., Hassan, M.R., Hamzah, M.L., Fadzli, A., Nik Mohamad, N.A., Nik Him, N.A.S.
    The importance of rapid ambulance response to emergency medical crises is undeniable. An early
    access to advanced care is crucial to saving a life. Modern computerised call centre and the hospitalbased ambulance services are believed to enhance the quality of service delivery. However, whether
    it will further reduce the ambulance response time is still debatable. A cross-sectional study was
    conducted in June 2012 until July 2012 at three selected tertiary hospitals in Malaysia. The
    ambulance response time was expressed in a median and interquartile range (IQR) and MannWhitney U test was used to determine the associations between types of ambulance and
    computerised call centre system versus voice only. Wilcoxon Rank Sign Test was used to assess
    the significance of means difference. A hospital-based ambulance had the median time of 0.19
    minutes while community-based ambulance had the median time of 0.20 minutes (The Z score -
    0.916, p-value - 0.360). The hospital with computer call centre had the median time of 0.19 minutes
    while hospital without computer call centre had the median of 0.20 minutes (The Z score - 0.816, P
    value - 0.414).The response time of hospital-based ambulance equipped with computerised call
    centre system was comparable in three selected tertiary hospitals in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  19. Yan Hung SK, Hiew FL, Viswanathan S
    Ann Indian Acad Neurol, 2019 1 30;22(1):102-103.
    PMID: 30692769 DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_232_18
    Multiple co-infections can predispose a patient to autoimmune encephalitis. Out of thirty cases of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis seen at a single tertiary referral center, only two cases of co-infection with NMDAR encephalitis were identified. One of these cases was highly interesting due to the presence of more than one co-infections along with the presence of cortical dysfunction, seizures, and orofacial dyskinesias at the onset in a male in the absence of tumors, which was refractory to initial treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers
  20. Nirmala CK, Nor Azlin MI, Harry SR, Lim PS, Shafiee MN, Nur Azurah AG, et al.
    J Obstet Gynaecol, 2013 Feb;33(2):191-3.
    PMID: 23445147 DOI: 10.3109/01443615.2012.741150
    Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a common problem among Asian ethnics. A total of 102 women with molar pregnancies between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2010, were analysed. The aim of the study was to determine the outcome of all molar pregnancies in our institution. The local incidence of molar pregnancy was 2.6 per 1,000 deliveries. A total of 48 women (47.1%) had complete hydatidiform mole and another 54 (52.9%) had partial mole. The mean age of the women with molar pregnancies was 32.0 ± 7.9 years. The mean gestational age at initial diagnosis was 11 weeks ± 3 days. The majority (97 women, 95.1%) had symptoms of vaginal bleeding and 18 (17.6%) women had a uterus larger than dates. A total of 48 (47.1%) women had ultrasound scan findings of 'snow-storm' appearance. None of the women with uncomplicated molar pregnancy had evidence of relapse following one undetectable serum β-hCG level. Four out of the 102 women (3.9%) developed persistent trophoblastic disease before attaining one undetectable serum β-hCG level. All four women required single agent methotrexate and they remained in remission. The prognosis for uncomplicated molar pregnancy is good. Establishment of a National Trophoblastic Centre is recommended to maintain optimal outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data
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