Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 455 in total

  1. Lewis TE, Sillitoe I, Dawson N, Lam SD, Clarke T, Lee D, et al.
    Nucleic Acids Res., 2018 01 04;46(D1):D435-D439.
    PMID: 29112716 DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkx1069
    Gene3D (http://gene3d.biochem.ucl.ac.uk) is a database of globular domain annotations for millions of available protein sequences. Gene3D has previously featured in the Database issue of NAR and here we report a significant update to the Gene3D database. The current release, Gene3D v16, has significantly expanded its domain coverage over the previous version and now contains over 95 million domain assignments. We also report a new method for dealing with complex domain architectures that exist in Gene3D, arising from discontinuous domains. Amongst other updates, we have added visualization tools for exploring domain annotations in the context of other sequence features and in gene families. We also provide web-pages to visualize other domain families that co-occur with a given query domain family.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  2. Parvizpour S, Razmara J, Shamsir MS, Illias RM, Abdul Murad AM
    J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn., 2017 06;35(8):1685-1692.
    PMID: 27206405 DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2016.1191043
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence/genetics
  3. Tsutsui K, Osugi T, Son YL, Ubuka T
    Gen. Comp. Endocrinol., 2018 08 01;264:48-57.
    PMID: 28754274 DOI: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2017.07.024
    Neuropeptides that possess the Arg-Phe-NH2 motif at their C-termini (i.e., RFamide peptides) have been characterized in the nervous system of both invertebrates and vertebrates. In vertebrates, RFamide peptides make a family and consist of the groups of gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), neuropeptide FF (NPFF), prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), kisspeptin (kiss1 and kiss2), and pyroglutamylated RFamide peptide/26RFamide peptide (QRFP/26RFa). It now appears that these vertebrate RFamide peptides exert important neuroendocrine, behavioral, sensory, and autonomic functions. In 2000, GnIH was discovered as a novel hypothalamic RFamide peptide inhibiting gonadotropin release in quail. Subsequent studies have demonstrated that GnIH acts on the brain and pituitary to modulate reproductive physiology and behavior across vertebrates. To clarify the origin and evolution of GnIH, the existence of GnIH was investigated in agnathans, the most ancient lineage of vertebrates, and basal chordates, such as tunicates and cephalochordates (represented by amphioxus). This review first summarizes the structure and function of GnIH and other RFamide peptides, in particular NPFF having a similar C-terminal structure of GnIH, in vertebrates. Then, this review describes the evolutionary origin of GnIH based on the studies in agnathans and basal chordates.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  4. Yusof NA, Kamaruddin S, Abu Bakar FD, Mahadi NM, Abdul Murad AM
    Cell Stress Chaperones, 2019 03;24(2):351-368.
    PMID: 30649671 DOI: 10.1007/s12192-019-00969-1
    Studies on TCP1-1 ring complex (TRiC) chaperonin have shown its indispensable role in folding cytosolic proteins in eukaryotes. In a psychrophilic organism, extreme cold temperature creates a low-energy environment that potentially causes protein denaturation with loss of activity. We hypothesized that TRiC may undergo evolution in terms of its structural molecular adaptation in order to facilitate protein folding in low-energy environment. To test this hypothesis, we isolated G. antarctica TRiC (GaTRiC) and found that the expression of GaTRiC mRNA in G. antarctica was consistently expressed at all temperatures indicating their importance in cell regulation. Moreover, we showed GaTRiC has the ability of a chaperonin whereby denatured luciferase can be folded to the functional stage in its presence. Structurally, three categories of residue substitutions were found in α, β, and δ subunits: (i) bulky/polar side chains to alanine or valine, (ii) charged residues to alanine, and (iii) isoleucine to valine that would be expected to increase intramolecular flexibility within the GaTRiC. The residue substitutions observed in the built structures possibly affect the hydrophobic, hydrogen bonds, and ionic and aromatic interactions which lead to an increase in structural flexibility. Our structural and functional analysis explains some possible structural features which may contribute to cold adaptation of the psychrophilic TRiC folding chamber.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  5. Parvizpour S, Razmara J, Jomah AF, Shamsir MS, Illias RM
    J Mol Model, 2015 Mar;21(3):63.
    PMID: 25721655 DOI: 10.1007/s00894-015-2617-1
    Here, we present a novel psychrophilic β-glucanase from Glaciozyma antarctica PI12 yeast that has been structurally modeled and analyzed in detail. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to model a psychrophilic laminarinase from yeast. Because of the low sequence identity (<40%), a threading method was applied to predict a 3D structure of the enzyme using the MODELLER9v12 program. The results of a comparative study using other mesophilic, thermophilic, and hyperthermophilic laminarinases indicated several amino acid substitutions on the surface of psychrophilic laminarinase that totally increased the flexibility of its structure for efficient catalytic reactions at low temperatures. Whereas several structural factors in the overall structure can explain the weak thermal stability, this research suggests that the psychrophilic adaptation and catalytic activity at low temperatures were achieved through existence of longer loops and shorter or broken helices and strands, an increase in the number of aromatic and hydrophobic residues, a reduction in the number of hydrogen bonds and salt bridges, a higher total solvent accessible surface area, and an increase in the exposure of the hydrophobic side chains to the solvent. The results of comparative molecular dynamics simulation and principal component analysis confirmed the above strategies adopted by psychrophilic laminarinase to increase its catalytic efficiency and structural flexibility to be active at cold temperature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence*
  6. Habib MAH, Gan CY, Abdul Latiff A, Ismail MN
    Biochem. Cell Biol., 2018 12;96(6):818-824.
    PMID: 30058361 DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0020
    The natural rubber latex extracted from the bark of Hevea brasiliensis plays various important roles in modern society. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of the latex proteins are important for the stability and functionality of the proteins. In this study, latex proteins were acquired from the C-serum, lutoids, and rubber particle layers of latex without using prior enrichment steps; they were fragmented using collision-induced dissociation (CID), higher-energy collisional dissociation (HCD), and electron-transfer dissociation (ETD) activation methods. PEAKS 7 were used to search for unspecified PTMs, followed by analysis through PTM prediction tools to crosscheck both results. There were 73 peptides in 47 proteins from H. brasiliensis protein sequences derived from UniProtKB were identified and predicted to be post-translationally modified. The peptides with PTMs identified include phosphorylation, lysine acetylation, N-terminal acetylation, hydroxylation, and ubiquitination. Most of the PTMs discovered have yet to be reported in UniProt, which would provide great assistance in the research of the functional properties of H. brasiliensis latex proteins, as well as being useful biomarkers. The data are available via the MassIVE repository with identifier MSV000082419.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence/physiology
  7. Sarmadi BH, Ismail A
    Peptides, 2010 Oct;31(10):1949-56.
    PMID: 20600423 DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2010.06.020
    Bioactive peptides, as products of hydrolysis of diverse food proteins, are the focus of current research. They exert various biological roles, one of the most crucial of which is the antioxidant activity. Reverse relationship between antioxidant intake and diseases has been approved through plenty of studies. Antioxidant activity of bioactive peptides can be attributed to their radical scavenging, inhibition of lipid peroxidation and metal ion chelation properties of peptides. It also has been proposed that peptide structure and its amino acid sequence can affect its antioxidative properties. This paper reviews bioactive peptides from food sources concerning their antioxidant activities. Additionally, specific characteristics of antioxidative bioactive peptides, enzymatic production, methods to evaluate antioxidant capacity, bioavailability, and safety concerns of peptides are reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  8. Habibi N, Mohd Hashim SZ, Norouzi A, Samian MR
    BMC Bioinformatics, 2014;15:134.
    PMID: 24885721 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-15-134
    Over the last 20 years in biotechnology, the production of recombinant proteins has been a crucial bioprocess in both biopharmaceutical and research arena in terms of human health, scientific impact and economic volume. Although logical strategies of genetic engineering have been established, protein overexpression is still an art. In particular, heterologous expression is often hindered by low level of production and frequent fail due to opaque reasons. The problem is accentuated because there is no generic solution available to enhance heterologous overexpression. For a given protein, the extent of its solubility can indicate the quality of its function. Over 30% of synthesized proteins are not soluble. In certain experimental circumstances, including temperature, expression host, etc., protein solubility is a feature eventually defined by its sequence. Until now, numerous methods based on machine learning are proposed to predict the solubility of protein merely from its amino acid sequence. In spite of the 20 years of research on the matter, no comprehensive review is available on the published methods.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  9. Rusmili MR, Yee TT, Mustafa MR, Hodgson WC, Othman I
    J Proteomics, 2014 Oct 14;110:129-44.
    PMID: 25154052 DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2014.08.001
    Kraits (Bungarus spp.) are highly venomous elapids that are only found in Asia. In the current study, 103 and 86 different proteins were identified from Bungarus candidus and Bungarus fasciatus venoms, respectively. These proteins were classified into 18 different venom protein families. Both venoms were found to contain a high percentage of three finger toxins, phospholipase A2 enzymes and Kunitz-type inhibitors. Smaller number of high molecular weight enzymes such as L-amino acid oxidase, hyaluronidases, and acetylcholinesterase were also detected in the venoms. We also detected some unique proteins that were not known to be present in these venoms. The presence of a natriuretic peptide, vespryn, and serine protease families was detected in B. candidus venom. We also detected the presence of subunit A and B of β-bungarotoxin and α-bungarotoxin which had not been previously found in B. fasciatus venom. Understanding the proteome composition of Malaysian krait species will provide useful information on unique toxins and proteins which are present in the venoms. This knowledge will assist in the management of krait envenoming. In addition, these proteins may have potential use as research tools or as drug-design templates.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  10. Patro CP, Khan AM, Tan TW, Fu XY
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(8):e104597.
    PMID: 25157689 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104597
    Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) proteins are key signalling molecules in metazoans, implicated in various cellular processes. Increased research in the field has resulted in the accumulation of STAT sequence and structure data, which are scattered across various public databases, missing extensive functional annotations, and prone to effort redundancy because of the dearth of community sharing. Therefore, there is a need to integrate the existing sequence, structure and functional data into a central repository, one that is enriched with annotations and provides a platform for community contributions. Herein, we present STATdb (publicly available at http://statdb.bic.nus.edu.sg/), the first integrated resource for STAT sequences comprising 1540 records representing the known STATome, enriched with existing structural and functional information from various databases and literature and including manual annotations. STATdb provides advanced features for data visualization, analysis and prediction, and community contributions. A key feature is a meta-predictor to characterise STAT sequences based on a novel classification that integrates STAT domain architecture, lineage and function. A curation policy workflow has been devised for regulated and structured community contributions, with an update policy for the seamless integration of new data and annotations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  11. Zemla A, Kostova T, Gorchakov R, Volkova E, Beasley DW, Cardosa J, et al.
    Bioinform Biol Insights, 2014 Jan 8;8:1-16.
    PMID: 24453480 DOI: 10.4137/BBI.S13076
    A computational approach for identification and assessment of genomic sequence variability (GeneSV) is described. For a given nucleotide sequence, GeneSV collects information about the permissible nucleotide variability (changes that potentially preserve function) observed in corresponding regions in genomic sequences, and combines it with conservation/variability results from protein sequence and structure-based analyses of evaluated protein coding regions. GeneSV was used to predict effects (functional vs. non-functional) of 37 amino acid substitutions on the NS5 polymerase (RdRp) of dengue virus type 2 (DENV-2), 36 of which are not observed in any publicly available DENV-2 sequence. 32 novel mutants with single amino acid substitutions in the RdRp were generated using a DENV-2 reverse genetics system. In 81% (26 of 32) of predictions tested, GeneSV correctly predicted viability of introduced mutations. In 4 of 5 (80%) mutants with double amino acid substitutions proximal in structure to one another GeneSV was also correct in its predictions. Predictive capabilities of the developed system were illustrated on dengue RNA virus, but described in the manuscript a general approach to characterize real or theoretically possible variations in genomic and protein sequences can be applied to any organism.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  12. Khor BY, Tye GJ, Lim TS, Choong YS
    PMID: 26338054 DOI: 10.1186/s12976-015-0014-1
    Protein structure prediction from amino acid sequence has been one of the most challenging aspects in computational structural biology despite significant progress in recent years showed by critical assessment of protein structure prediction (CASP) experiments. When experimentally determined structures are unavailable, the predictive structures may serve as starting points to study a protein. If the target protein consists of homologous region, high-resolution (typically <1.5 Å) model can be built via comparative modelling. However, when confronted with low sequence similarity of the target protein (also known as twilight-zone protein, sequence identity with available templates is less than 30%), the protein structure prediction has to be initiated from scratch. Traditionally, twilight-zone proteins can be predicted via threading or ab initio method. Based on the current trend, combination of different methods brings an improved success in the prediction of twilight-zone proteins. In this mini review, the methods, progresses and challenges for the prediction of twilight-zone proteins were discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  13. Choong YS, Tye GJ, Lim TS
    Protein J., 2013 Oct;32(7):505-11.
    PMID: 24096348 DOI: 10.1007/s10930-013-9514-1
    The limited sequence similarity of protein sequences with known structures has led to an indispensable need for computational technology to predict their structures. Structural bioinformatics (SB) has become integral in elucidating the sequence-structure-function relationship of a protein. This report focuses on the applications of SB within the context of protein engineering including its limitation and future challenges.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  14. Baharum H, Chu WC, Teo SS, Ng KY, Rahim RA, Ho CL
    Phytochemistry, 2013 Aug;92:49-59.
    PMID: 23684235 DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.04.014
    Vanadium-dependent haloperoxidases belong to a class of vanadium enzymes that may have potential industrial and pharmaceutical applications due to their high stability. In this study, the 5'-flanking genomic sequence and complete reading frame encoding vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidase (GcVBPO1) was cloned from the red seaweed, Fracilaria changii, and the recombinant protein was biochemically characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence of GcVBPO1 is 1818 nucleotides in length, sharing 49% identity with the vanadium-dependent bromoperoxidases from Corralina officinalis and Cor. pilulifera, respectively. The amino acid residues associated with the binding site of vanadate cofactor were found to be conserved. The Km value of recombinant GcVBPO1 for Br(-) was 4.69 mM, while its Vmax was 10.61 μkat mg(-1) at pH 7. Substitution of Arg(379) with His(379) in the recombinant protein caused a lower affinity for Br(-), while substitution of Arg(379) with Phe(379) not only increased its affinity for Br(-) but also enabled the mutant enzyme to oxidize Cl(-). The mutant Arg(379)Phe was also found to have a lower affinity for I(-), as compared to the wild-type GcVBPO1 and mutant Arg(379)His. In addition, the Arg(379)Phe mutant has a slightly higher affinity for H2O2 compared to the wild-type GcVBPO1. Multiple cis-acting regulatory elements associated with light response, hormone signaling, and meristem expression were detected at the 5'-flanking genomic sequence of GcVBPO1. The transcript abundance of GcVBPO1 was relatively higher in seaweed samples treated with 50 parts per thousand (ppt) artificial seawater (ASW) compared to those treated in 10 and 30 ppt ASW, in support of its role in the abiotic stress response of seaweed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  15. McMinn PC
    FEMS Microbiol. Rev., 2002 Mar;26(1):91-107.
    PMID: 12007645
    Since its discovery in 1969, enterovirus 71 (EV71) has been recognised as a frequent cause of epidemics of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) associated with severe neurological sequelae in a small proportion of cases. There has been a significant increase in EV71 epidemic activity throughout the Asia-Pacific region since 1997. Recent HFMD epidemics in this region have been associated with a severe form of brainstem encephalitis associated with pulmonary oedema and high case-fatality rates. The emergence of large-scale epidemic activity in the Asia-Pacific region has been associated with the circulation of three genetic lineages that appear to be undergoing rapid evolutionary change. Two of these lineages (B3 and B4) have not been described previously and appear to have arisen from an endemic focus in equatorial Asia, which has served as a source of virus for HFMD epidemics in Malaysia, Singapore and Australia. The third lineage (C2) has previously been identified [Brown, B.A. et al. (1999) J. Virol. 73, 9969-9975] and was primarily responsible for the large HFMD epidemic in Taiwan during 1998. As EV71 appears not to be susceptible to newly developed antiviral agents and a vaccine is not currently available, control of EV71 epidemics through high-level surveillance and public health intervention needs to be maintained and extended throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Future research should focus on (1) understanding the molecular genetics of EV71 virulence, (2) identification of the receptor(s) for EV71, (3) development of antiviral agents to ameliorate the severity of neurological disease and (4) vaccine development to control epidemics. Following the successful experience of the poliomyelitis control programme, it may be possible to control EV71 epidemics if an effective live-attenuated vaccine is developed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  16. Fandi KG, Ghazali HM, Yazid AM, Raha AR
    Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2001 Apr;32(4):235-9.
    PMID: 11298932
    AIMS: The key enzyme in the fructose-6-phosphate shunt in bifidobacteria, Fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase (F6PPK; E.C., was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity for the first time from Bifidobacterium longum (BB536).

    METHODS AND RESULTS: A three-step procedure comprising acetone fractionation followed by fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) resulted in a 30-fold purification. The purified enzyme had a molecular mass of 300 +/- 5 kDa as determined by gel filtration. It is probably a tetramer containing two different subunits with molecular masses of 93 +/- 1 kDa and 59 +/- 0.5 kDa, as determined by SDS-PAGE.

    CONCLUSION: The deduced N-terminal amino acid sequences of the two subunits revealed no significant similarity between them and other proteins when compared to the data bases of EMBL and SWISS-PROT, indicating that this could be the first report on N-terminal amino acid sequence of F6PPK.

    SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The data from this study will be used to design oligonucleotide probe specific for bifidobacteria and to study the gene encoded F6PPK.

    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  17. Tan WS, Lau CH, Ng BK, Ibrahim AL, Yusoff K
    DNA Seq., 1995;6(1):47-50.
    PMID: 8746461
    The nucleotide sequence of the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) viscerotropic-velogenic strain AF2240 was determined by direct RNA sequencing and by sequencing RT-PCR products. It encodes a single open reading frame of 581 amino acids with a calculated Mr of 63.8 kDa. The predicted sequence contains five asparagine glycosylation sites. Comparison of the AF2240 HN protein sequence with 13 other previously published sequences showed 88% homology. This HN protein is unique because it lacked the Arg 403 residue which is present in all of the other strains and cannot be grouped under the proposed three size classes of HN proteins in NDV.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  18. Sharma JN, Buchanan WW
    Exp. Toxicol. Pathol., 1994 Dec;46(6):421-33.
    PMID: 7703672 DOI: 10.1016/S0940-2993(11)80053-9
    Excessive release of kinin (BK) in the synovial fluid can produce oedema, pain and loss of functions due to activation of B1 and B2 kinin receptors. Activation of the kinin forming system could be mediated via injury, trauma, coagulation pathways (Hageman factor and thrombin) and immune complexes. The activated B1 and B2 receptors might cause release of other powerful non-cytokine and cytokine mediators of inflammation, e.g., PGE2, PGI2, LTs, histamine, PAF, IL-1 and TNF, derived mainly from polymorphonuclear leukocytes, macrophages, endothelial cells and synovial tissue. These mediators are capable of inducing bone and cartilage damage, hypertrophic synovitis, vessel proliferation, inflammatory cell migration and, possibly, angiogenesis in pannus formation. These pathological changes, however, are not yet defined in the human model of chronic inflammation. The role of kinins and their interacting inflammatory mediators would soon start to clarify the detailed questions they revealed in clinical and experimental models of chronic inflammatory diseases. Several B1 and B2 receptor antagonists are being synthesized in an attempt to study the molecular functions of kinins in inflammatory processes, such as rheumatoid arthritis, periodontitis, inflammatory diseases of the gut and osteomyelitis. Future development of specific potent and stable B1 and B2 receptor antagonists or combined B1 and B2 antagonists with y-IFN might serve as a pharmacological basis for more effective treatment of joint inflammatory and related diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  19. Hindley J, Berry C
    Nucleic Acids Res., 1988 May 11;16(9):4168.
    PMID: 3375083
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
  20. Norlia B., Norwati M., Norwati A., Mohd Rosli H., Norihan M. S.
    This study was part of the larger studies to isolate and characterize gene related to flowering in teak. This study isolated differentially expressed genes of teak flowering tissues. One of the genes encodes plant protein kinases highly homologous to the AtSK-II of Arabidopsis GSK3/SHAGGY subfamily. The gene was named as Tectona grandis SHAGGY kinase (Tg-SK). The protein sequence of this gene contained the characteristic catalytic domain of GSK-3/SHAGGY protein kinase. The gene also shows the same genomic organization of 11 introns and 12 exons. Although the size of the introns varies, the positions of exon/intron boundaries are very similar to AtSK-II. The discovery of this gene in teak, which is a forest tree species, supports the hypothesis, which suggested the gene is found in all eukaryotes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Amino Acid Sequence
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