Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 2159 in total

  1. Hassan SN, Mohamed Yusoff AA, Idris Z, Mohd Redzwan N, Ahmad F
    Fundam Clin Pharmacol, 2023 Oct;37(5):918-927.
    PMID: 37069134 DOI: 10.1111/fcp.12900
    The resistance, plasticity and heterogeneity of cancer cells, including glioblastoma (GB) cells, have prompted the investigation of various agents for possible adjuncts and alternatives to existing therapies. This includes a macrolide antibiotic, azithromycin (AZI). It possesses intriguing anticancer properties in a range of cancer models in vitro, such as antiproliferative, pro-apoptotic, anti-autophagy and anti-angiogenic effects. In fact, AZI is renowned for its ability to eradicate cancer stem cells by inhibiting mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration. AZI-containing regimens in cancer patients for different purposes have shown favourable (i.e., attributed to its antibacterial activity) and unfavourable outcomes. Whilst its direct anticancer effects have yet to be clinically proven. To that end, this review provides a summary of AZI anticancer studies and delineates its potential activities in overcoming the challenges of GB.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  2. Shankar PR, Hassali MA, Shahwani NA, Iqbal Q, Anwar M, Saleem F
    Lancet Glob Health, 2016 10;4(10):e689.
    PMID: 27633429 DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30214-5
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents*
  3. Zhang Y, Liu X, Yusoff M, Razali MH
    Scanning, 2021;2021:3839235.
    PMID: 34630820 DOI: 10.1155/2021/3839235
    Flower-like titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures are successfully synthesized using a hybrid sol-gel and a simple hydrothermal method. The sample was characterized using various techniques to study their physicochemical properties and was tested as a photocatalyst for methyl orange degradation and as an antibacterial material. Raman spectrum and X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern show that the phase structure of the synthesized TiO2 is anatase with 80-100 nm in diameter and 150-200 nm in length of flower-like nanostructures as proved by field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). The energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) analysis of flower-like anatase TiO2 nanostructure found that only titanium and oxygen elements are present in the sample. The anatase phase was confirmed further by a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern analysis. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) result shows that the sample had a large surface area (108.24 m2/g) and large band gap energy (3.26 eV) due to their nanosize. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis revealed the formation of Ti4+ and Ti3+ species which could prevent the recombination of the photogenerated electron, thus increased the electron transportation and photocatalytic activity of flower-like anatase TiO2 nanostructure to degrade the methyl orange (83.03%) in a short time (60 minutes). These properties also support the good performance of flower-like titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructure as an antibacterial material which is comparable with penicillin which is 13.00 ± 0.02 mm inhibition zone against Staphylococcus aureus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  4. Ali SE, Mahana O, Mohan CV, Delamare-Deboutteville J, Elgendy MY
    J Fish Dis, 2022 Dec;45(12):1857-1871.
    PMID: 36057979 DOI: 10.1111/jfd.13710
    In recent years, Egyptian tilapia aquaculture has experienced mortality episodes during the summer months. The causative agents responsible for such mortalities have not been clearly identified. A total of 400 fish specimens were collected from affected tilapia farms within five Egyptian governorates. A total of 344 bacterial isolates were identified from the examined fish specimens. Bacterial isolates were grouped into seven genera based on API 20E results. The most prevalent pathogens were Aeromonas spp. (42%), Vibrio spp. (21%), and Streptococcus agalactiae (14.5%). Other emerging infections like, Plesiomonas shigelloides (10%), Staphyloccocus spp. (8%), Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, and Acinetobacter lwoffii (2.3%) were also detected. Sequence analysis of the 16S ribosomal RNA bacterial gene of some isolates, confirmed the phenotypic identification results. The analysis of antibiotic resistance genes revealed the presence of aac(6')-Ib-cr (35.7%), blaCTX gene (23.8%), qnrS (19%), ampC (16.7%), floR (14.3%), sul1, tetA, and van.C1 (2.4%) genes in some isolates. The antimicrobia resistance gene, qac was reported in 46% of screened isolates. Bacterial strains showed variable virulence genes profiles. Aeromonas spp. harboured (act, gcat, aerA, lip, fla, and ser) genes. All Vibrio spp. possessed the hlyA gene, while cylE, hylB, and lmb genes, were detected in S. agalactiae strains. Our findings point to the possible role of the identified bacterial pathogens in tilapia summer mortality syndrome and highlight the risk of the irresponsible use of antibiotics on antimicrobial resistance in aquaculture.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  5. Ng JML, Ngeow YF, Saw SH, Ng HF, Zin T
    J Med Microbiol, 2022 Dec;71(12).
    PMID: 36748567 DOI: 10.1099/jmm.0.001618
    Introduction Listeriosis, a foodborne infection caused by Listeria monocytogenes, could lead to febrile listerial gastroenteritis and a more invasive form which is often associated with a high mortality and hospitalisation rate. Gentamicin, used as an adjunct therapy with ampicillin, remains the treatment of choice for this life-threatening and invasive infection.Gap statement Nevertheless, there is little data on gentamicin resistance determinants in L. monocytogenes.Aim In this study, we selected and characterised B2b, a gentamicin-resistant mutant derived from L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 to determine the target(s) of resistance in L. monocytogenes after exposure to gentamicin.Methodology Whole-genome sequencing was carried out to identify the mutation site(s) and possible mechanism(s) of resistance. The mutant was characterised using antimicrobial susceptibility testing and PCR. For biological verifications, complementation and allelic exchange mutagenesis were carried out.Results We found that the gentamicin resistance in B2b was caused by a 10 bp deletion in atpG2 which encodes a gamma subunit of the ATP synthase in L. monocytogenes. Using atpG2 PCR, various other mutations were identified in other gentamicin resistant mutants derived from ATCC 19115. In addition, the mutation from B2b, when introduced into L. ivanovii, also caused gentamicin resistance in this Listeria species.Conclusion Hence, atpG2 mutations appear to be important determinants of gentamicin resistance not only in L. monocytogenes but possibly also in other Listeria species.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  6. Nicdao MA, Ingalla PC, Ingalla J
    Trop Biomed, 2023 Mar 01;40(1):14-22.
    PMID: 37355999 DOI: 10.47665/tb.40.1.006
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health crisis. Despite the drug discovery efforts, AMR is increasing, and discoveries are nearly nil. It is thus critical to design new strategies. Probiotics are tapped as alternatives to antibiotics for the treatment of gut-associated diseases. Lactobacillus species, common in food products, can inhibit the growth of gut pathogens. Here, we demonstrate the antimicrobial activities of Lactobacillus species - Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus casei, and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus are enhanced when cocultured with Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium. Cell-free culture supernatants (CFCS) from cocultures of Lactobacillus spp. and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium more potently inhibit pathogen growth than their monoculture counterparts. Interestingly, we discovered that Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium could enhance the production of antimicrobials from Lactobacillus spp., most evident in L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus. Also, L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus CFCS upregulates key Salmonella virulence genes, hilA and sipA. Whether this increases Salmonella's pathogenicity in vivo or reduces pathogen fitness and growth inhibition in vitro warrants further investigation. We propose that these probiotic isolates may be utilized for innovative natural food processing and preservation strategies to control Salmonella food contaminations. Importantly, our findings that Salmonella elicits an enhanced antimicrobial activity from Lactobacillus spp. provide evidence of a pathogen-mediated elicitation of antimicrobial production. Therefore, extending this phenomenon to other microbial interactions may help augment the strategies for drug discovery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  7. Chua RW, Song KP, Ting ASY
    Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, 2023 Oct;116(10):1057-1072.
    PMID: 37597137 DOI: 10.1007/s10482-023-01870-9
    A rare fungal endophyte, identified as Buergenerula spartinae (C28), was isolated from the roots of Cymbidium orchids and was characterised and evaluated for its antimicrobial activities. Bio-guided fractionation revealed 4 fractions from B. spartinae (C28) having antibacterial activities against at least one bacterial pathogen tested (Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus). However, inhibitory activities were absent against pathogenic fungi (Ganoderma boninense, Pythium ultimum and Fusarium solani). Fraction 2 and fraction 4 of B. spartinae (C28) exhibited potent antibacterial activities against S. aureus (MIC: 0.078 mg/mL) and B. cereus (MIC: 0.313 mg/mL), respectively. LCMS analysis revealed the presence of antibacterial agents and antibiotics in fraction 2 (benoxinate, pyropheophorbide A, (-)-ormosanine and N-undecylbenzenesulfonic acid) and fraction 4 (kaempferol 3-p-coumarate, 6-methoxy naphthalene acetic acid, levofuraltadone, hinokitiol glucoside, 3-α(S)-strictosidine, pyropheophorbide A, 5'-hydroxystreptomycin, kanzonol N and 3-butylidene-7-hydroxyphthalide), which may be responsible for the antibacterial activities observed. Most of the bioactive compounds profiled from the antibacterial fractions were discovered for the first time from endophytic isolates (i.e. from B. spartinae (C28)). Buergenerula spartinae (C28) from Cymbidium sp. is therefore, an untapped resource of bioactive compounds for potential applications in healthcare and commercial industries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  8. Khan R, Haider S, Khan MUA, Haider A, Razak SIA, Hasan A, et al.
    Int J Biol Macromol, 2023 Dec 31;253(Pt 5):127169.
    PMID: 37783243 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.127169
    The development of advanced multifunctional wound dressings remains a major challenge. Herein, a novel multilayer (ML) electrospun nanofibers (NFs) wound dressing based on diethylenetriamine (DETA) functionalized polyacrylonitrile (PAN), TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) coating (Ct), and bioderived gelatin (Gel) was developed for potential applications in wound healing. The ML PAN-DETA-Ct-Gel membrane was developed by combining electrospinning, chemical functionalization, synthesis, and electrospray techniques, using a layer-by-layer method. The ML PAN-DETA-Ct-Gel membrane is comprised of an outer layer of PAN-DETA as a barrier to external microorganisms and structural support, an interlayer TiO2 NPs (Ct) as antibacterial function, and a contact layer (Gel) to improve biocompatibility and cell viability. The NFs membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), surface profilometry, BET analysis, and water contact angle techniques to investigate their morphology, surface roughness, porosity, and wettability. The ML PAN-DETA-Ct-Gel wound dressing exhibited good surface roughness, porosity, and better wettability. Cell morphology, proliferation, and viability were determined using fibroblasts (3T3), and antibacterial assays were performed against six pathogens. The ML PAN-DETA-Ct-Gel NFs membrane showed good cell morphology, proliferation, viability, and antibacterial activity compared with other membranes. This new class of ML NFs membranes offers a multifunctional architecture with adequate biocompatibility, cell viability, and antibacterial activity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry
  9. Wang Z, Xu J, Zeng X, Du Q, Lan H, Zhang J, et al.
    J Agric Food Chem, 2024 Jan 10;72(1):80-93.
    PMID: 38152984 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.3c07217
    Traditional antibiotics are facing a tremendous challenge due to increased antimicrobial resistance; hence, there is an urgent need to find novel antibiotic alternatives. Milk protein-derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are currently attracting substantial attention considering that they showcase an extensive spectrum of antimicrobial activities, with slower development of antimicrobial resistance and safety of raw materials. This review summarizes the molecular properties, and activity mechanisms and highlights the applications and limitations of AMPs derived from milk proteins comprehensively. Also the analytical technologies, especially bioinformatics methodologies, applied in the process of screening, identification, and mechanism illustration of AMPs were underlined. This review will give some ideas for further research and broadening of the applications of milk protein-derived AMPs in the food field.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  10. Léger A, Lambraki I, Graells T, Cousins M, Henriksson PJG, Harbarth S, et al.
    J Antimicrob Chemother, 2021 01 01;76(1):1-21.
    PMID: 33057678 DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkaa394
    The global threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) requires coordinated actions by and across different sectors. Increasing attention at the global and national levels has led to different strategies to tackle the challenge. The diversity of possible actions to address AMR is currently not well understood from a One Health perspective. AMR-Intervene, an interdisciplinary social-ecological framework, describes interventions to tackle AMR in terms of six components: (i) core information about the publication; (ii) social system; (iii) bio-ecological system; (iv) triggers and goals; (v) implementation and governance; and (vi) assessment. AMR-Intervene provides a broadly applicable framework, which can inform the design, implementation, assessment and reporting of interventions to tackle AMR and, in turn, enable faster uptake of successful interventions to build societal resilience to AMR.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  11. Yong YK, Wen NCM, Yeo GEC, Chew ZX, Chan LL, Md Zain NZ, et al.
    PMID: 34574752 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18189828
    Several bacterial species cause post-operative infections, which has been a critical health concern among hospital patients. Our study in this direction is a much-needed exploratory study that was carried out at the National Heart Institute (IJN) of Malaysia to examine the virulence properties of causative bacteria obtained from postoperative patients. The bacterial isolates and data were provided by the IJN. Antibiotic resistance gene patterns, and the ability to form biofilm were investigated for 127 isolates. Klebsiella pneumoniae (36.2%) was the most common isolate collected, which was followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26%), Staphylococcus aureus (23.6%), Streptococcus spp. (8.7%) and Acinetobacter baumannii (5.5%). There were 49 isolates that showed the presence of multidrug resistance genes. The mecA gene was surprisingly found in methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA), which also carried the ermA gene from those erythromycin-susceptible strains. The phenotypic antibiotic resistance profiles varied greatly between isolates. Findings from the biofilm assay revealed that 44 of the 127 isolates demonstrated the ability to produce biofilms. Our findings provide insights into the possibility of some of these bacteria surviving under antibiotic stress, and some antibiotic resistance genes being silenced.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  12. Hashmi FK, Atif N, Malik UR, Saleem F, Riboua Z, Hassali MA, et al.
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 2022 Aug;16(4):1285-1286.
    PMID: 33691830 DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2020.492
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  13. Sulaiman H, Roberts JA, Abdul-Aziz MH
    Farm Hosp, 2022 Mar 26;46(3):182-190.
    PMID: 36183212
    Optimal antibiotic therapy for critically ill patients can be complicated bythe altered physiology associated with critical illness. Antibiotic pharmacokineticsand exposures can be altered driven by the underlying critical illnessand medical interventions that critically ill patients receive in the intensivecare unit. Furthermore, pathogens that are usually isolated in the intensivecare unit are commonly less susceptible and "resistant" to common antibiotics.Indeed, antibiotic dosing that does not consider these unique differenceswill likely fail leading to poor clinical outcomes and the emergenceof antibiotic resistance in the intensive care unit. The aims of this narrativereview were to describe the pharmacokinetics of beta-lactam antibiotics incritically ill patients, to highlight pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic targetsfor both non-critically ill and critically ill patients, and to discuss importantstrategies that can be undertaken to optimize beta-lactam antibiotic dosingfor critically ill patients in the intensive care unit.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  14. Fauzia KA, Aftab H, Miftahussurur M, Waskito LA, Tuan VP, Alfaray RI, et al.
    BMC Microbiol, 2023 Jun 01;23(1):159.
    PMID: 37264297 DOI: 10.1186/s12866-023-02889-8
    BACKGROUND: Infection with Helicobacter pylori as the cause of gastric cancer is a global public health concern. In addition to protecting germs from antibiotics, biofilms reduce the efficacy of H. pylori eradication therapy. The nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related with the biofilm forming phenotype of Helicobacter pylori were studied.

    RESULTS: Fifty-six H. pylori isolate from Bangladeshi patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Crystal violet assay was used to quantify biofilm amount, and the strains were classified into high- and low-biofilm formers As a result, strains were classified as 19.6% high- and 81.4% low-biofilm formers. These phenotypes were not related to specific clades in the phylogenetic analysis. The accessories genes associated with biofilm from whole-genome sequences were extracted and analysed, and SNPs among the previously reported biofilm-related genes were analysed. Biofilm formation was significantly associated with SNPs of alpA, alpB, cagE, cgt, csd4, csd5, futB, gluP, homD, and murF (P 

    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  15. Al-Mijalli SH, El Hachlafi N, Jeddi M, Abdallah EM, Assaggaf H, Qasem A, et al.
    Biomed Pharmacother, 2023 Nov;167:115609.
    PMID: 37801906 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2023.115609
    Cupressus sempervirens is a known traditional plant used to manage various ailments, including cancer, inflammatory and infectious diseases. In this investigation, we aimed to explore the chemical profile of Cupressus sempervirens essential oil (CSEO) as well as their antibacterial mode of action. The volatile components were characterized using gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The results revealed remarkable antibacterial properties of EO derived from C. sempervirens. GC-MS analysis indicated that C. sempervirens EO characterized by δ-3-carene (47.72%), D-limonene (5.44%), β-pinene (4.36%), β-myrcene (4.02%). The oil exhibited significant inhibitory effects against a range of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213, Bacillus subtilis ATCC 13048, Bacillus cereus (Clinical isolate), Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, and Escherichia coli ATCC 25922. These inhibitory effects surpassed those of conventional antibiotics. Furthermore, the EO demonstrated low minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs), indicating its bactericidal nature (MBC/MIC < 4.0). Time-kill kinetics analysis showed that CSEO was particularly effective at 2 × MIC doses, rapidly reduced viable count of B. subtilis and P. aeruginosa within 8 h. This suggests that the oil acts quickly and efficiently. The cell membrane permeability test further demonstrated the impact of CSEO on the relative conductivity of B. subtilis and P. aeruginosa, both at 2 × MIC concentrations. These observations suggest that EO disrupts the bacterial membrane, thereby influencing their growth and viability. Additionally, the cell membrane integrity test indicated that the addition of CSEO to bacterial cultures resulted in the significant release of proteins from the bacterial cells. This suggests that EO affects the structural integrity of the bacterial cells. Furthermore, the anti-biofilm assay confirmed the efficacy of CSEO as a potent anti-biofilm agent. It demonstrated the oil's ability to inhibit quorum sensing, a crucial mechanism for biofilm formation, and its competitive performance compared to the tested antibiotics.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry
  16. Mohammadi P, Taghavi E, Foong SY, Rajaei A, Amiri H, de Tender C, et al.
    Int J Biol Macromol, 2023 Jul 01;242(Pt 2):124841.
    PMID: 37182628 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.124841
    Depending on its physicochemical properties and antibacterial activities, chitosan can have a wide range of applications in food, pharmaceutical, medicine, cosmetics, agriculture, and aquaculture. In this experimental study, chitosan was extracted from shrimp waste through conventional extraction, microwave-assisted extraction, and conventional extraction under microwave process conditions. The effects of the heating source on the physicochemical properties and antibacterial activity were investigated. The results showed that the heating process parameters affected the physicochemical properties considerably. The conventional procedure yielded high molecular weight chitosan with a 12.7 % yield, while the microwave extraction procedure yielded a porous medium molecular weight chitosan at 11.8 %. The conventional extraction under microwave process conditions led to medium molecular weight chitosan with the lowest yield (10.8 %) and crystallinity index (79 %). Antibacterial assessment findings revealed that the chitosan extracted using the conventional method had the best antibacterial activity in the agar disk diffusion assay against Listeria monocytogenes (9.48 mm), Escherichia coli. (8.79 mm), and Salmonella Typhimurium (8.57 mm). While the chitosan obtained by microwave-assisted extraction possessed the highest activity against E. coli. (8.37 mm), and Staphylococcus aureus (8.05 mm), with comparable antibacterial activity against S. Typhimurium (7.34 mm) and L. monocytogenes (6.52 mm). Moreover, the minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal bactericidal concentration assays demonstrated that among the chitosan samples investigated, the conventionally-extracted chitosan, followed by the chitosan extracted by microwave, had the best antibacterial activity against the target bacteria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology; Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry
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