Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 705 in total

  1. Ghosh KC
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose
  2. Buttery JE, de Witt GF, Ahmad UO
    Med J Malaya, 1967 Jun;21(4):362-5.
    PMID: 4230505
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  3. Lim HH, Zaini-Rahman M
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Jun;33(4):317-20.
    PMID: 522742
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  4. Mastura I
    Malays Fam Physician, 2008;3(3):168-9.
    PMID: 25606148
    This article described the author's reflection on conducting research in primary care. Certainly hand-on experience will give a better learning experience for a person to explore further in research and research training will help too. Conducting a collaborative research with other institutions also help in better research outcome. Research capacity building is important as most patients are seen in primary care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring*
  5. Buttery JE, de Witt GF, Omar Ahmad U
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Sep;23(1):54-7.
    PMID: 4237558
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  6. Kalra S, Czupryniak L, Kilov G, Lamptey R, Kumar A, Unnikrishnan AG, et al.
    Diabetes Ther, 2018 Dec;9(6):2185-2199.
    PMID: 30390228 DOI: 10.1007/s13300-018-0521-2
    Premixed insulins are an important tool for glycemic control in persons with diabetes. Equally important in diabetes care is the selection of the most appropriate insulin regimen for a particular individual at a specific time. Currently, the choice of insulin regimens for initiation or intensification of therapy is a subjective decision. In this article, we share insights, which will help in rational and objective selection of premixed formulations for initiation and intensification of insulin therapy. The glycemic status and its variations in a person help to identify the most appropriate insulin regimen and formulation for him or her. The evolution of objective glucometric indices has enabled better glycemic monitoring of individuals with diabetes. Management of diabetes has evolved from a 'glucocentric' approach to a 'patient-centered' approach; patient characteristics, needs, and preferences should be evaluated when considering premixed insulin for treatment of diabetes.Funding: Novo Nordisk, India.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose; Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  7. Nawawi H, Sazali BS, Kamaruzaman BH, Yazid TN, Jemain AA, Ismail F, et al.
    Ann. Clin. Biochem., 2001 Nov;38(Pt 6):676-83.
    PMID: 11732650
    The effect of ambient temperature on the analytical and clinical performance of a glucose meter was examined. A total of 114 venous whole blood samples were analysed for glucose by a reference method, and by a glucose meter at 21-22 degrees C, room temperatures, 26-27 degrees C and 33-34 degrees C. Glucose meter readings at each temperature were compared with the reference values and evaluated by analysis of variance, Spearman's correlation, the percentage of glucose meter readings within +/- 10% of the reference value and error grid analysis. Analysis of covariance was used to determine the effect of temperature on glucose meter readings. There were no significant differences in the glucose meter readings and in accuracy of the meter readings between different temperatures. Temperature was not a significant independent determinant of the glucose meter readings. For each glucose concentration, the precision of the meter and clinical performance were comparable between the different temperatures. In conclusion, ambient temperature does not affect the accuracy, precision and clinical performance of the Omnitest Sensor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis; Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/instrumentation*; Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/standards; Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/statistics & numerical data
  8. Alsalahi A, Alshawsh MA, Mohamed R, Alyousefi NA, Alshagga MA, Shwter AN, et al.
    J Ethnopharmacol, 2016 Jun 20;186:30-43.
    PMID: 27025406 DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.03.045
    ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditionally, the leaves of Catha edulis Forsskal (Khat) are consumed by the people of Yemen primarily for its recreational effect, and secondarily, for achieving certain tasks. Additionally, Yemeni diabetics chew such leaves in the belief that this can control their elevated blood glucose level.

    AIMS: This review focuses on outlining the findings of studies that have been conducted to display the glycemic effect of Catha edulis, while trying to balance it with findings of the association of its chewing with the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search strategy adopted was based on a comprehensive research in Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, JSTOR, Scopus and Cochrane for articles, proceeding abstracts and theses to identify complete reports written in the English language about the glycemic effect of Catha edulis in humans and animals from 1976 to 2016. In addition, bibliographies were also reviewed to find additional reports not otherwise published. Thirty seven records were identified of which, 25 eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis using blood glucose as an outcome measurement. Studies were divided into four subgroups according to the experimental model, namely; non-diabetic animals, diabetic animals, non-diabetic humans and diabetic humans. The pooled mean difference (MD) of blood glucose between experimental and control were calculated using random effects model of the weighted mean difference of blood glucose with 95% confidence interval (CI). Heterogeneity between studies was tested using I(2) statistic and a value of P<0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.

    RESULTS: The scientific reports in the literature prevailed that the glycemic effect of Catha edulis were greatly conflicting with the majority of studies indicating that Catha edulis has a mild hypoglycemic effect. However, the meta-analysis indicted that the overall result showed an insignificant reduction in blood glucose (MD=-9.70, 95% CI: -22.17 to 2.76, P=0.13, with high heterogeneity between subgroups, I(2)=88.2%, P<0.0001). In addition, pooled mean difference of blood glucose of non-diabetic animals, diabetic animals and non-diabetic humans showed an insignificant reduction in blood glucose (MD=-18.55, 95% CI: -39.55 to 2.50, P<0.08, MD=-52.13%, 95% CI: -108.24 to 3.99, P=0.07 and MD=-2.71%, 95% CI: -19.19 to -13.77, P=0.75) respectively. Conversely, a significant elevation in the pooled mean difference of blood glucose in diabetic humans was indicated (MD=67.18, 95% CI: 36.93-97.43, P<0.0001). The conflict shown in the glycemic effect of Catha edulis is thought to be cultivar-related, while demographic and epidemiological reports suggested that chewing Catha edulis might be a predisposing factor contributing to the development of type 2 DM.

    CONCLUSION: It was difficult to draw a meaningful conclusion from both the systematic and the meta-analysis with respect to the glycemic effect of Catha edulis since the meta-analysis results were insignificant with high heterogeneity among subgroups and are greatly conflicting. The variation is most likely due to unadjusted experimental factors or is related to Catha edulis itself, such as the differences in the phytochemical composition. Therefore, it is highly recommended that further studies of the glycemic effect of the cultivar of Catha edulis being studied should come with the identification and quantification of phytochemical content so that a meaningful assessment can be made with regard to its hypoglycemic properties. In addition, well-controlled clinical studies should be conducted to confirm whether or not chewing Catha edulis is associated with the development of type 2 DM, since this would be a source of concern seeing that the plant is widely consumed in certain populations.

    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose*
  9. Ch'ng SL, Marinah TA
    Clin. Chim. Acta, 1988 Apr 15;173(2):165-71.
    PMID: 3378356 DOI: 10.1016/0009-8981(88)90254-9
    In vitro glycation of sera dried on water-resistant medium (Parafilm) and on paper were studied by measuring the change of glucose level, fructosamine:total protein ratio, glycated protein concentration and alteration of electrophoretic mobility of sera before and after drying. The results suggested the instability of glucose in dried sera was due to in vitro glycation which was influenced by surface properties of media on which the sera were deposited. A new method for rapid effective in vitro glycation of sera was also proposed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  10. Sulaiman, I.M., HS, Lee, Balan, S., Jaafar, M.Z.
    Medicine & Health, 2006;1(1):20-24.
    Fifty Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) patients undergoing surgery under epidural anaesthesia were studied. All patients received dextrose 5% infusion at 100 ml/hr from the period of fasting until upon arrival to the operation room. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. Patients in Group 1 (n=25) received normal saline while patients in Group 2 (n=25) were given Ringer’s lactate. Both groups received their infusion throughout the operative period up to four hours postoperatively. Blood glucose level was measured at baseline, 45 minutes intra operatively and postoperatively at 30 minutes and four hours by using a glucometer. Patients in Group 2 has a larger mean increase in blood glucose level of 1.5 mmol/L between 4 hours postoperatively and baseline compared to 0.96 mmol/L in Group 1. However, this was not statistically significant. There was no difference in the increase of mean glucose level at 30 minutes when compared to baseline. There was a significant increase in mean blood glucose level in both groups in the postoperative period when compared to baseline. This study demonstrated that patients with NIDDM receiving Ringer’s lactate has a larger increase in mean blood glucose level compared to those receiving normal saline, but the magnitude is not statistically significant.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose; Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  11. Siner A, Sevanesan MS, Ambomai T, Abd Wahab Z, Lasem L
    BMC Res Notes, 2020 Aug 28;13(1):404.
    PMID: 32859257 DOI: 10.1186/s13104-020-05250-8
    OBJECTIVE: Glycaemic Index (GI) ranks the body's response to carbohydrate content in food such that high GI food increases postprandial blood glucose levels. One of the popular drinks at food and beverage outlets is a drink made from calamansi, a citrus that is believed not to induce an increase in blood glucose levels. In this non-randomised single-blind (participants) study, capillary blood from 10 healthy males were sampled following consumption of either glucose or the calamansi drink. The blood glucose measurements were then used to calculate the GI for the drink.

    RESULTS: The GI of the calamansi drink tested was calculated as 37, a value within the range of low GI foods. Trial registration Clinical Trials identifier NCT04462016; Retrospectively registered on July 1, 2020.

    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose*
  12. Siddiqui S, Zainal H, Harun SN, Ghadzi SMS
    Clin Nutr ESPEN, 2020 10;39:165-172.
    PMID: 32859312 DOI: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2020.06.022
    BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of preventable deaths and becomes a major public health concern in Malaysia. Multiple studies have reported the association between diet quality and glycemic parameters among known diabetic subjects. Its influence in individuals with borderline diabetes (i.e. pre-diabetes) or unknown diabetes is still unclear.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the association between diet quality evaluated by healthy eating index (HEI) with the glucose outcome in individuals with distinct diabetes progression stages, as well as to identify causal factors in relation to their diabetes status.

    METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted at clinical care setting in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) between October 2018-March 2019. Normoglycemic controls (n = 47), at-risk of pre-diabetes (n = 58), pre-diabetes (n = 24) as well as individuals with undiagnosed diabetes (n = 18) were queried about their habitual diet by using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Correlation analyses were performed to examine the relationship between HEI score and 1) Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 2) postprandial blood glucose (2-HPP) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Multinomial regression was performed to identify predictors associated with diabetes status of study participants.

    RESULT: Overall, diet quality of study participants was unsatisfactory with the mean score of 58.05 ± 9.07 that need improvement. Total HEI score was negatively correlated with the 2-HPP levels in pre-diabetic patients (r = - 0.45, p = 0.05). No significant association was revealed between glycemic parameters and total HEI score among other groups. Age, body mass index (BMI), triglycerides and female gender were positively correlated with the risk of pre-diabetes, at-risk of pre-diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes (p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose*
  13. Iyngkaran, N., Yadav, M., Boey, G.B., Davis, K.
    Estimation of oligosaccharidases in the jejunal mucosa is useful in the diagnosis and evaluation of primary and secondary oligosaccharide intolerance. Until recently these enzymes have been estimated by the method of Dahlgvist.4While the method is accurate and reliable it is tedious and cumbersome. We describe here a semi quantitative method, using the glucose analyser. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  14. Samah S, Ramasamy K, Lim SM, Neoh CF
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 2016 Jun 18;118:172-182.
    PMID: 27388674 DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2016.06.014
    AIMS: To systematically review evidence of probiotic interventions against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and analyse the effects of probiotics on glycaemic control among T2DM patients.
    METHODS: Electronic search using five electronic databases was performed until October 2015. Relevant studies were identified, extracted and assessed for risk of bias. The primary outcomes of this review were glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting blood glucose (FBG). Fasting plasma insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and malondialdehyde, were identified as the secondary outcomes. Mean differences (MD) between probiotics and control groups for all outcomes were pooled using either Fixed- or Random-Effect Model. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed using I(2) and Chi(2) tests.
    RESULTS: Six randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were included in the systematic review, whereas only five were included in meta-analysis. Most RCTs were presented with low or unclear risk of bias. When compared to placebo, FBG was significantly lower with probiotic consumption (MD=-0.98mmol/L; 95% CI: -1.17, 0.78, p<0.00001), with moderate but insignificant heterogeneity noted. Insignificant changes between the groups were also noted for HbA1c and other secondary outcomes.
    CONCLUSIONS: A moderate hypoglycaemic effect of probiotics, with a significantly lower FBG was noted. Findings on HbA1c, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects of probiotics in the clinical setting, however, remain inconsistent. The findings imply the need for well-designed clinical studies to further assess the potential beneficial effects of probiotics in management of T2DM.
    KEYWORDS: Glycaemic; Probiotics; Review; Type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose
  15. Harun Haron R, Imran MK, Haspani MS
    Malays J Med Sci, 2011 Oct;18(4):69-77.
    PMID: 22589675 MyJurnal
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been associated with an acute stress response mediated by the sympathoadrenomedullary axis, which can be assessed by measuring blood glucose level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose
  16. Rashid MR, Nor Aripin KN, Syed Mohideen FB, Baharom N, Omar K, Md Taujuddin NMS, et al.
    J Nutr Metab, 2019;2019:3176018.
    PMID: 30863635 DOI: 10.1155/2019/3176018
    Background: Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) poses a higher risk of diabetes. Honey has been reported to improve metabolic abnormalities including lowering hyperglycemia. This study is sought at determining the effect of Malaysian Kelulut honey (KH) on fasting glucose levels and metabolic parameters in IFG patients.
    Methods: This quasi-experimental intervention study of 30-day duration was conducted among 60 adult patients with IFG. They were allocated into taking 30 g/day KH group (experimental group, n=30) and not taking KH group (control group, n=30). Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure (BP), fasting glucose, and lipid profile levels (total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein) were measured before and after treatment.
    Results: There was no significant difference in all measured variables at day 30 compared to day 1 within both groups. Similarly, all measured variables neither at day 1 nor at day 30 had shown a statistically significant difference between the groups.
    Conclusions: Daily intake of 30 g KH for 30 days resulted in insignificant effect on fasting glucose, fasting lipid profiles, and other metabolic parameters in patients with IFG. Further studies that employ longer study duration are needed to ascertain the finding.
    Study site: Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) Specialist Centre, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, and Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose
  17. Minh HV, Tien HA, Sinh CT, Thang DC, Chen CH, Tay JC, et al.
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich), 2021 03;23(3):529-537.
    PMID: 33415834 DOI: 10.1111/jch.14155
    Insulin resistance (IR), a metabolic risk factor, is linked to the pathogenetic mechanism of primary hypertension. Detecting IR in the patients with hypertension will help to predict and stratify the added cardiovascular risk, institute appropriate IR management, and manage hypertension optimally. There are many methods for assessing IR, each with distinct advantages and disadvantages. The euglycemic insulin clamp and intravenous glucose tolerance test, gold standards for measuring IR, are used in research but not in clinical practice. Homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), a method for assessing β-cell function and IR, is frequently applied presently, particularly in Asia. Besides, the triglyceride-glucose index (TyG) first published by South American authors showed a good correlation with the insulin clamp technique and HOMA-IR index. This simple, convenient, and low-cost TyG index is of research interest in many countries in Asia and can be used to screen for IR in the Asian hypertensive community.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose
  18. Mohd Yusof BN, Hasbullah FY, Mohd Shahar AS, Omar N, Abu Zaid Z, Mukhtar F, et al.
    Clin Nutr ESPEN, 2021 12;46:314-324.
    PMID: 34857213 DOI: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.09.738
    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is unknown whether dietary modifications during Ramadan could influence glycemic control in diabetes. This study assessed dietary intake following structured Ramadan nutrition therapy and determined the association between changes in dietary intake and glycemic control parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes.

    METHODS: This was an 8-week, parallel-group, non-randomised study of 60 type 2 diabetes patients who opted for structured Ramadan Nutrition Therapy (sRNT; n = 38) or standard care (SC; n = 22) group. The sRNT group received a structured Ramadan Nutrition Plan incorporated with diabetes-specific formula throughout the study, while SC received standard nutrition care. The 3-day food records assessed dietary intake at three-time points.

    RESULTS: At baseline, dietary characteristics were comparable; both groups had macronutrient intakes within the recommended range, but inadequate intakes of fiber and 11 essential micronutrients. After 8 weeks, the sRNT group significantly reduced intakes of carbohydrate, dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and increased percentage of total energy intake from protein, fiber, pyridoxine, vitamin C, vitamin D, calcium, and chromium compared with the SC group. In the sRNT group, compliance to diabetes-specific formula predicted changes in HbA1c (p = 0.024), while fiber intake predicted fasting plasma glucose (p = 0.035), after adjusting for age, sex, weight changes and other dietary variables.

    CONCLUSION: Intakes of certain nutrients improved significantly in sRNT group after 8 weeks of receiving a structured Ramadan Nutrition Plan compared to the standard care. The structured Ramadan Nutrition Plan with the incorporation of diabetes-specific formula significantly improved glycemic control and dietary adequacy during Ramadan fasting.

    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose
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