OBJECTIVE: Classification of the brain MR images into tumorous and non-tumorous using deep features and different classifiers to get higher accuracy.
METHODS: In this study, a novel four-step process is proposed; pre-processing for image enhancement and compression, feature extraction using convolutional neural networks (CNN), classification using the multilayer perceptron and finally, tumor segmentation using enhanced fuzzy cmeans method.
RESULTS: The system is tested on 65 cases in four modalities consisting of 40,300 MR Images obtained from the BRATS-2015 dataset. These include images of 26 Low-Grade Glioma (LGG) tumor cases and 39 High-Grade Glioma (HGG) tumor cases. The proposed CNN feature-based classification technique outperforms the existing methods by achieving an average accuracy of 98.77% and a noticeable improvement in the segmentation results are measured.
CONCLUSION: The proposed method for brain MR image classification to detect Glioma Tumor detection can be adopted as it gives better results with high accuracies.