Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 413 in total

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  1. Gul YA
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Jun;63(2):89-90.
    PMID: 18942289
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis; Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy*
  2. Syful Azlie MF, Hassan MR, Junainah S, Rugayah B
    Med J Malaysia, 2015 Feb;70(1):24-30.
    PMID: 26032525 MyJurnal
    A systematic review on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Immunochemical faecal occult IFOBT for CRC screening was carried out. A total of 450 relevant titles were identified, 41 abstracts were screened and 18 articles were included in the results. There was fair level of retrievable evidence to suggest that the sensitivity and specificity of IFOBT varies with the cut-off point of haemoglobin, whereas the diagnostic accuracy performance was influenced by high temperature and haemoglobin stability. A screening programme using IFOBT can be effective for prevention of advanced CRC and reduced mortality. There was also evidence to suggest that IFOBT is cost-effective in comparison with no screening, whereby a two-day faecal collection method was found to be costeffective as a means of screening for CRC. Based on the review, quantitative IFOBT method can be used in Malaysia as a screening test for CRC. The use of fully automated IFOBT assay would be highly desirable.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms
  3. Azeem S, Gillani SW, Siddiqui A, Jandrajupalli SB, Poh V, Syed Sulaiman SA
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2015;16(13):5389-96.
    PMID: 26225683
    Diet is one of the major factors that can exert a majorly influence on colorectal cancer risk. This systematic review aimed to find correlations between various diet types, food or nutrients and colorectal cancer risk among Asian populations. Search limitations included Asian populations residing in Asia, being published from the year 2008 till present, and written in the English language. A total of 16 articles were included in this systematic review. We found that red meats, processed meats, preserved foods, saturated/animal fats, cholesterol, high sugar foods, spicy foods, tubers or refined carbohydrates have been found by most studies to have a positive association with colorectal cancer risk. Inversely, calcium/dairy foods, vitamin D, general vegetable/fruit/fiber consumption, cruciferous vegetables, soy bean/soy products, selenium, vitamins C,E and B12, lycophene, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, folic acid and many other vitamins and minerals play a protective role against colorectal cancer risk. Associations of fish and seafood consumption with colorectal cancer risk are still inconclusive due to many varying findings, and require further more detailed studies to pinpoint the actual correlation. There is either a positive or no association for total meat consumption or white meats, however their influence is not as strong as with red and processed meats.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/etiology*; Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology; Colorectal Neoplasms/prevention & control*
  4. Izadiyan Z, Shameli K, Miyake M, Teow SY, Peh SC, Mohamad SE, et al.
    PMID: 30606561 DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2018.11.008
    Core-shell Fe3O4/Au nanostructures were constructed using an advanced method of two-step synthesis from Juglans regia (walnut) green husk extract. Several complementary methods were applied to investigate structural and magnetic properties of the samples. X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), electron diffraction, optical, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) were used for nanoparticle characterizations. As shown by HR-TEM, the mean diameter of core-shell Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles synthesized using co-precipitation method was 6.08 ± 1.06 nm. This study shows that the physical and structural properties of core-shell Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles possess intrinsic properties of gold and magnetite. VSM revealed that the core-shell Fe3O4/Au have high saturation magnetization and low coercivity due to the magnetic properties. The core-shell nanoparticles show the inhibitory concentration (IC)50 of 235 μg/ml against a colorectal cancer cell line, HT-29. When tested against non-cancer cells, IC50 was not achieved even up to 500 μg/ml. This study highlights the magnetic properties and anticancer action of core-shell Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles. This compound can be ideal candidate for cancer treatment and other biomedical applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy*; Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology
  5. Butt J, Jenab M, Pawlita M, Overvad K, Tjonneland A, Olsen A, et al.
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 2019 09;28(9):1552-1555.
    PMID: 31481495 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-19-0313
    BACKGROUND: There is a lack of prospective data on the potential association of Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) and colorectal cancer risk. In this study, we assessed whether antibody responses to F. nucleatum are associated with colorectal cancer risk in prediagnostic serum samples in the European Prospective Investigation into Nutrition and Cancer (EPIC) cohort.

    METHODS: We applied a multiplex serology assay to simultaneously measure antibody responses to 11 F. nucleatum antigens in prediagnostic serum samples from 485 colorectal cancer cases and 485 matched controls. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).

    RESULTS: We observed neither a statistically significant colorectal cancer risk association for antibodies to individual F. nucleatum proteins nor for combined positivity to any of the 11 proteins (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.62-1.06).

    CONCLUSIONS: Antibody responses to F. nucleatum proteins in prediagnostic serum samples from a subset of colorectal cancer cases and matched controls within the EPIC study were not associated with colorectal cancer risk.

    IMPACT: Our findings in prospectively ascertained serum samples contradict the existing literature on the association of F. nucleatum with colorectal cancer risk. Future prospective studies, specifically detecting F. nucleatum in stool or tissue biopsies, are needed to complement our findings.

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/blood; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology; Colorectal Neoplasms/virology*
  6. Loh SY, Sapihis M, Danaee M, Chua YP
    Disabil Rehabil, 2021 09;43(19):2729-2738.
    PMID: 31962056 DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2020.1715492
    PURPOSE: This novel study aims to explore the relationship between occupational participation, meaningful activity, and the health-related quality of life of people living with a diagnosis of colorectal cancer.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study design with 113 colorectal cancer survivors (from two large public hospitals in Malaysia) was conducted. Data collection tools included the Occupational Participation Questionnaire, Engagement in Meaningful-activities, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment in Cancer Quality of Life (QOL) Questionnaire. Data analyses were conducted using SmartPLS to examine path analyses between the three measures.

    RESULTS: There were independent significant relationships between (1) occupational participation, and (2) meaningful activity engagements on the dependent variable of QOL in this cohort of cancer survivors. More importantly, the result showed that "meaningful-activity" positively and significantly mediates the path between occupational participation and quality of life [β = 0.250 (0.46*0.59), ρ 

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms*
  7. Yoshino T, Arnold D, Taniguchi H, Pentheroudakis G, Yamazaki K, Xu RH, et al.
    Ann Oncol, 2018 01 01;29(1):44-70.
    PMID: 29155929 DOI: 10.1093/annonc/mdx738
    The most recent version of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) consensus guidelines for the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) was published in 2016, identifying both a more strategic approach to the administration of the available systemic therapy choices, and a greater emphasis on the use of ablative techniques, including surgery. At the 2016 ESMO Asia Meeting, in December 2016, it was decided by both ESMO and the Japanese Society of Medical Oncology (JSMO) to convene a special guidelines meeting, endorsed by both ESMO and JSMO, immediately after the JSMO 2017 Annual Meeting. The aim was to adapt the ESMO consensus guidelines to take into account the ethnic differences relating to the toxicity as well as other aspects of certain systemic treatments in patients of Asian ethnicity. These guidelines represent the consensus opinions reached by experts in the treatment of patients with mCRC identified by the Presidents of the oncological societies of Japan (JSMO), China (Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology), Korea (Korean Association for Clinical Oncology), Malaysia (Malaysian Oncological Society), Singapore (Singapore Society of Oncology) and Taiwan (Taiwan Oncology Society). The voting was based on scientific evidence and was independent of both the current treatment practices and the drug availability and reimbursement situations in the individual participating Asian countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis*; Colorectal Neoplasms/ethnology; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology; Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy*
  8. Pandurangan AK, Esa NM
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2013;14(10):5543-52.
    PMID: 24289544
    Colorectal cancer (CRC), a complex multi-step process involving progressive disruption of homeostatic mechanisms controlling intestinal epithelial proliferation/inflammation, differentiation, and programmed cell death, is the third most common malignant neoplasm worldwide. A number of promising targets such as inducible nitric acid (iNOS), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), Wnt/β-catenin, Notch and apoptotic signaling have been identified by researchers as useful targets to prevent or therapeutically inhibit colon cancer development. In this review article, we aimed to explore the current targets available to eliminate colon cancer with an update of dietary and non-nutritional compounds that could be of potential use for interaction with regulatory molecules to prevent CRC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics*; Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism*
  9. Rajendra S, Ho JJ, Arokiasamy J
    J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2005 Jan;20(1):51-5.
    PMID: 15610446
    Ethnic differences have been reported for colorectal polyps and large bowel cancer; although the supporting data is weak and insufficient to draw firm conclusions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology*; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology
  10. Haziman AA, Ravinderan S, Thangavelu T, Thomas W
    Ir J Med Sci, 2019 May;188(2):389-395.
    PMID: 30014247 DOI: 10.1007/s11845-018-1867-1
    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignancy whose incidence is increasing globally, and there is a gender difference in the increasing risk. Evidence from hormone replacement therapy studies points to a role for circulating estrogens in suppressing the development of CRC. Estrogen receptor-β has been identified as a tumor suppressor, but other actions of estrogen may also contribute to the difference in CRC incidence between men and women. The KCNQ1/KCNE3 potassium channel is regulated by estrogen in order to modulate chloride secretion during the menstrual cycle; the effect of estrogen on the colon is to promote fluid conservation during the implantation window. KCNQ1 is also a tumor suppressor in CRC, and its sustained expression has been linked to suppression of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway that contributes to CRC tumor progression. KCNQ1 regulation may represent a link between the normal physiological actions of estrogen in the colon and the hormone's apparent tumor-suppressive effects in CRC development.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism*; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology
  11. Moskal A, Freisling H, Byrnes G, Assi N, Fahey MT, Jenab M, et al.
    Br J Cancer, 2016 Nov 22;115(11):1430-1440.
    PMID: 27764841 DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2016.334
    BACKGROUND: Much of the current literature on diet-colorectal cancer (CRC) associations focused on studies of single foods/nutrients, whereas less is known about nutrient patterns. We investigated the association between major nutrient patterns and CRC risk in participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.

    METHODS: Among 477 312 participants, intakes of 23 nutrients were estimated from validated dietary questionnaires. Using results from a previous principal component (PC) analysis, four major nutrient patterns were identified. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed for the association of each of the four patterns and CRC incidence using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for established CRC risk factors.

    RESULTS: During an average of 11 years of follow-up, 4517 incident cases of CRC were documented. A nutrient pattern characterised by high intakes of vitamins and minerals was inversely associated with CRC (HR per 1 s.d.=0.94, 95% CI: 0.92-0.98) as was a pattern characterised by total protein, riboflavin, phosphorus and calcium (HR (1 s.d.)=0.96, 95% CI: 0.93-0.99). The remaining two patterns were not significantly associated with CRC risk.

    CONCLUSIONS: Analysing nutrient patterns may improve our understanding of how groups of nutrients relate to CRC.

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology; Colorectal Neoplasms/physiopathology*
  12. Abu N, Othman N, W Hon K, Nazarie WF, Jamal R
    Biomark Med, 2020 05;14(7):525-537.
    PMID: 32462912 DOI: 10.2217/bmm-2019-0241
    Background: Finding a new target or a new drug to overcome chemoresistance is difficult due to the heterogenous nature of cancer. Meta-analysis was performed to combine the analysis of different microarray studies to get a robust discovery. Materials & methods: Herein, we analyzed three microarray datasets on combination of folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin drugs (FOLFOX) resistance that fit our inclusion/exclusion criteria and performed a meta-analysis using the OmiCC system. Results: We identified several deregulated genes and we discovered HNF4A as a hub gene. We performed functional validation and observed that by targeting HNF4A, HCT116 cells were more sensitive toward both oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil significantly. Conclusion: Our findings show that HNF4A could be a potential target in overcoming FOLFOX chemoresistance in colorectal cancer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy*; Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics*
  13. Yusof AS, Isa ZM, Shah SA
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2012;13(9):4713-7.
    PMID: 23167408
    OBJECTIVES: This systematic review of cohort studies aimed to identify any association between specific dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Dietary patterns involve complex interactions of food and nutrients summarizing the total diet or key aspects of the diet for a population under study.

    METHODS AND MATERIALS: This review involves 6 cohort studies of dietary patterns and their association with colorectal cancer. An exploratory or a posteriori approach and a hypothesis-oriented or a priori approach were employed to identify dietary patterns.

    RESULTS: The dietary pattern identified to be protective against CRC was healthy, prudent, fruits and vegetables, fat reduced/diet foods, vegetables/fish/poultry, fruit/wholegrain/dairy, healthy eating index 2005, alternate healthy eating index, Mediterranean score and recommended food score. An elevated risk of CRC was associated with Western diet, pork processed meat, potatoes, traditional meat eating, and refined grain pattern.

    CONCLUSION: The Western dietary pattern which mainly consists of red and processed meat and refined grains is associated with an elevated risk of development of CRC. Protective factors against CRC include a healthy or prudent diet, consisting of vegetables, fruits, fish and poultry.

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/etiology*
  14. Naing C, Aung K, Lai PK, Mak JW
    BMC Cancer, 2017 01 05;17(1):24.
    PMID: 28056862 DOI: 10.1186/s12885-016-2997-3
    BACKGROUND: Human chromosomes are capped and stabilized by telomeres. Telomere length regulates a 'cellular mitotic clock' that defines the number of cell divisions and hence, cellular life span. This study aimed to synthesize the evidence on the association between peripheral blood leucocytes (PBL) telomere length and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC).

    METHODS: We searched relevant studies in electronic databases. When two or more observational studies reported the same outcome measures, we performed pooled analysis. All the analyses were performed on PBL using PCR. The odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to assess the strength of association.

    RESULTS: Seven studies (with 8 datasets) were included in this meta-analysis; 3 prospective studies, 3 retrospective studies and 1 study with a separate prospective and retrospective designs. The pooled analysis of 4 prospective studies (summary OR 1.01, 95% CI: 0.77-1.34, I (2):30%) and 4 retrospective studies (summary OR 1.65, 95% CI: 0.96-2.83, I (2):96%) showed no relationship between PBL telomere length and the CRC risk. A subgroup analysis of 2 prospective studies exclusively on females also showed no association between PBL telomere length and the CRC risk (summary OR, 1.17, 95% CI:0.72-1.91, I (2):57%).

    CONCLUSION: The current analysis is insufficient to provide evidence on the relationship between PBL telomere length and the risk of CRC. Findings suggest that there may be a complex relationship between PBL telomere length and the CRC risk or discrepancy between genetics, age of patients and clinical studies. Future well powered, large prospective studies on the relationship between telomere length and the risk of CRC, and the investigations of the biologic mechanisms are recommended.

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics*
  15. Ng KT, Tsia AKV, Chong VYL
    World J Surg, 2019 Apr;43(4):1146-1161.
    PMID: 30610272 DOI: 10.1007/s00268-018-04896-7
    BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has been considered as an alternative to open surgery by surgeons for colorectal cancer. However, the efficacy and safety profiles of robotic and conventional laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer remain unclear in the literature. The primary aim of this review was to determine whether robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery (RAS) has better clinical outcomes for colorectal cancer patients than conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS).

    METHODS: All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and observational studies were systematically searched in the databases of CENTRAL, EMBASE and PubMed from their inception until January 2018. Case reports, case series and non-systematic reviews were excluded.

    RESULTS: Seventy-three studies (6 RCTs and 67 observational studies) were eligible (n = 169,236) for inclusion in the data synthesis. In comparison with the CLS arm, RAS cohort was associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of conversion to open surgery (ρ 

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery*
  16. Tieng FYF, Abu N, Lee LH, Ab Mutalib NS
    Diagnostics (Basel), 2021 Mar 18;11(3).
    PMID: 33803882 DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics11030544
    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly-diagnosed cancer in the world and ranked second for cancer-related mortality in humans. Microsatellite instability (MSI) is an indicator for Lynch syndrome (LS), an inherited cancer predisposition, and a prognostic marker which predicts the response to immunotherapy. A recent trend in immunotherapy has transformed cancer treatment to provide medical alternatives that have not existed before. It is believed that MSI-high (MSI-H) CRC patients would benefit from immunotherapy due to their increased immune infiltration and higher neo-antigenic loads. MSI testing such as immunohistochemistry (IHC) and PCR MSI assay has historically been a tissue-based procedure that involves the testing of adequate tissue with a high concentration of cancer cells, in addition to the requirement for paired normal tissues. The invasive nature and specific prerequisite of such tests might hinder its application when surgery is not an option or when the tissues are insufficient. The application of next-generation sequencing, which is highly sensitive, in combination with liquid biopsy, therefore, presents an interesting possibility worth exploring. This review aimed to discuss the current body of evidence supporting the potential of liquid biopsy as a tool for MSI testing in CRC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis; Colorectal Neoplasms
  17. Zahary MN, Kaur G, Abu Hassan MR, Singh H, Naik VR, Ankathil R
    World J Gastroenterol, 2012 Feb 28;18(8):814-20.
    PMID: 22371642 DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i8.814
    To investigate the protein expression profile of mismatch repair (MMR) genes in suspected cases of Lynch syndrome and to characterize the associated germline mutations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/complications; Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/genetics*; Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/pathology; Colorectal Neoplasms/etiology; Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics*; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology
  18. Natrah MS, Ezat S, Syed MA, Rizal AM, Saperi S
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2012;13(3):957-62.
    PMID: 22631679
    OBJECTIVE: Rapidly increasing colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence in Malaysia and the introduction of cutting edge new treatments, which prolong survival, mean that treatment outcome measures meed to be evaluated, including consideration of patient's quality of life (QoL) assessment. There are limited data on QoL in CRC patients, especially in Malaysia. Therefore, this study was performed focusing on cancer stages and age groups.

    METHODS: The cross sectional study was conducted from June to September 2011 at three public tertiary hospitals with the EORTC QLQ C-30 questionnaire in addition to face to face interview and review of medical records of 100 respondents.

    RESULTS: The mean age was 57.3 (SD 11.9) years with 56.0% are males and 44.0% females, 62% of Malay ethnicity, 30% Chinese, 7% Indian and 1% Sikh. Majority were educated up to secondary level (42%) and 90% respondents had CRC stages III and IV. Mean global health status (GHS) score was 79.1 (SD 21.4). Mean scores for functional status (physical, emotional, role, cognitive, social) rangeds between 79.5 (SD 26.6) to 92.2 (SD 13.7). Mean symptom scores (fatigue, pain, nausea/vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, insomnia, dyspnoea, loss of appetite) ranged between 4.00 (SD 8.58) to 20.7 (SD 30.6). Respondents role function significantly deteriorates with increasing stage of the disease (p=0.044). Females had worse symptoms of pain (p=0.022), fatigue (p=0.031) and dyspnoea (p=0.031). Mean insomnia (p=0.006) and diarrhea (p=0.024) demonstrated significant differences between age groups.

    CONCLUSION: QOL in CRC patients in this study was comparable to that in other studies done in developed countries. Pain, fatigue and dyspnoea are worse among female CRC patients. Given that functions deteriorates with advanced stage of the disease at diagnosis, a systematic screening programme to detect cases as early as possible is essential nationwide.

    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology; Colorectal Neoplasms/psychology*; Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy
  19. Ghazali AK, Musa KI, Naing NN, Mahmood Z
    Asian J Surg, 2010 Jul;33(3):127-33.
    PMID: 21163410 DOI: 10.1016/S1015-9584(10)60022-X
    To determine the 5-year survival rate and prognostic factors for survival in patients with colorectal cancer treated at the Surgical Unit, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), Kelantan, Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis*; Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality*; Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology
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