Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 780 in total

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  1. Gan BC, Mohamad I, Lazim NM
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol, 2020 Dec;86 Suppl 1:72-74.
    PMID: 29102399 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2017.09.002
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  2. Ng KH, Siar CH, Abdul Latif H
    Ann Dent, 1992;51(1):29-31.
    PMID: 1632624
    Leiomyomas are benign neoplasms of smooth muscle origin. They represent rare entities in the oral cavity. A case arising from the incisive papilla region of a 3-month-old infant is described and the histogenesis as well as the biologic potential of this tumor are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  3. Kanagarayer K
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  4. Loh KY, Sivalingam N
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Aug;60(3):394-9; quiz 400.
    PMID: 16379204
    Nausea and vomiting are common in early pregnancy affecting 70-80 percent of pregnant mothers. In a majority of women vomiting begins between 4-7 weeks of pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting are usually mild and self-limiting, however some of the mothers have a more profound course which lead to hyperemesis gravidarum. Careful clinical evaluation is necessary to exclude underlying medical illnesses or non pregnancy related causes of severe vomiting. Hyperemesis gravidarum poses health risk to both mother and baby, therefore prompt treatment should be initiated without delay. Non pharmacotherapy such as dietary modification and emotional support are useful. Pharmacotherapy with antiemetics, pyridoxine, methylprednisolone are effective and relatively safe. Severe hyperemesis with dehydration and electrolyte imbalance may need hospitalisation for electrolyte and fluid replacement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  5. Amalourde A, Vinayaga P, Naveed N, Jamal A, Looi LM, Sengupta S
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Dec;59 Suppl F:60-2.
    PMID: 15941166 MyJurnal
    Although all types of tumour and tumour-like conditions have been described to occur in the clavicle, they only contribute to less then 0.5% of all skeletal tumours. The incidence of primary chondrosarcoma of the clavicle is extremely rare. To our knowledge it has not been reported in Malaysia. We would like to highlight the possibility of chondrosarcoma as a differential diagnosis for a clavicular lesion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  6. Zabidi-Hussin ZA
    Adv Med Educ Pract, 2016;7:247-8.
    PMID: 27217805 DOI: 10.2147/AMEP.S106507
    Having an organized, structured thinking process is critical in medicine. It is through this thinking process that enables one to go through the method of history-taking, which will eventually lead to making a definitive diagnosis and all other processes that follow. The use of mnemonic has been found to be useful for this purpose. The mnemonic VITAMINSABCDEK, is a convenient and practical way to assist in expanding the differential diagnoses and covers all possible causes of an illness. It is also easy to remember, as the vitamins whose letters are represented in this mnemonic cover the entire range of vitamins known.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  7. Maurer HJ
    J R Soc Med, 1993 Aug;86(8):481.
    PMID: 8078052
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  8. Majid AA
    Aust N Z J Surg, 1992 Jan;62(1):74-6.
    PMID: 1731742
    Although the diagnosis of thymolipoma has improved with the introduction of computerized tomography (CT), variations in CT appearance are still being described; this paper describes a case which resembled a lipoma. The CT features of thymolipoma are discussed with special reference to the differential diagnosis. Surgical excision should be considered for patients who are found to exhibit a fatty intrathoracic mass on CT.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  9. Glew SS, Sivanesaratnam V
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 1989 Nov;29(4):450-1.
    PMID: 2631682
    Two cases of late second trimester extrauterine pregnancy are presented--intraabdominal pregnancy in one and an ampullary pregnancy in another. In the former the diagnosis was made only after attempts at induction of labour for fetal death with prostaglandins failed and in the latter only at laparotomy. The diagnostic and surgical problems encountered are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  10. Sathasivam H, Loh YM, Saw CL, Khalid N
    Gerodontology, 2017 Jun;34(2):276-279.
    PMID: 27384017 DOI: 10.1111/ger.12240
    OBJECTIVE: A case of oral metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma is presented.

    BACKGROUND: Metastatic tumours are more frequent in older individuals and can be the only sign/symptom of an undiagnosed primary malignancy.

    CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old lady presented with an enlarging mandibular swelling. Incisional biopsy and imaging studies were suggestive of metastatic follicular thyroid carcinoma.

    CONCLUSION: Metastatic tumours should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mandibular swellings especially in older individuals.

    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  11. Devadason I
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Dec;30(2):114-20.
    PMID: 1228376
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  12. Arora S, Urs AB, Choudhary Z
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2017 Jan;1(23):77-81.
    PMID: 28272008
    A 15-year-old Indian male patient presented with a history of pain and swelling in left mandible. Imaging studies revealed a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the body of the mandible. Patient also gave the past history of the surgery of the jaws, which was histopathologically diagnosed as dentigerous cyst. Following this patient underwent incisional biopsy and later excisional biopsy. The histopathologic diagnosis for incisional biopsy was unicystic ameloblastoma but final diagnosis was dentinogenic ghost cell tumor for the excised tissue. To the best of our knowledge, this appears o be the first case of dentigerous cyst transforming into dentinogenic ghost cell tumor. The clinical presentation of the case, differential diagnosis and treatment modalities are being discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  13. Thong HK, Athar PPSH, Mustaffa WMW
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci, 2019 Jul 15;7(13):2142-2145.
    PMID: 31456841 DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2019.577
    BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts, which are benign and slow-growing tumours, usually involve the head and neck regions. Benign lymphoepithelial cysts (BLECs) are the most common cause of parotid swelling in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and are less common in immunocompetent patients.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we present two cases of immunocompetent patients with long-standing, progressively enlarging parotid swelling. Postoperative histopathological examination of these patients revealed features of BLEC.

    CONCLUSION: Wide surgical excision is the gold standard for treatment and recurrences is rare. These cases are of particular interest because of the rarity of BLEC in HIV-negative patients and highlight an important differential diagnosis of parotid swelling.

    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  14. Rao M, Amran F, Aqilla N
    Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol, 2019;2019:5763595.
    PMID: 30881530 DOI: 10.1155/2019/5763595
    Introduction: Leptospirosis is an acute febrile illness, known for its protean clinical manifestations and the challenge in differentiating from other infectious diseases. Standardized confirmatory test is antibody dependent and not accessible by the suburban community. This study measures efficiency of an immune-chromatographic assay, Leptocheck WB, in detecting acute leptospirosis.

    Methods: A total of 142 sera were used for kit evaluation. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated by comparing rapid kit results with gold standard laboratory, microscopic agglutination test (MAT).

    Results: We found this rapid kit to have a sensitivity and specificity of 66.6% and 78.9%, respectively, whereas the PPV and NPV of the kit appeared to be 73.3% and 73.2%, respectively.

    Discussion: Test efficiency of this rapid kit is reasonable. It is specific in detecting leptospiral antibody and assures clinician of accurate diagnosis by having higher PPV and NPV. It is prompt and efficient in comparison with conventional methods in assisting differential diagnosis. High sensitivity and specificity leptospirosis rapid test is indeed a crucial measure to assist the diagnosis of acute undifferentiated febrile illnesses.

    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  15. Mayaki AM, Abdul Razak IS, Noraniza MA, Mazlina M, Rasedee A
    J Equine Vet Sci, 2020 03;86:102907.
    PMID: 32067661 DOI: 10.1016/j.jevs.2019.102907
    Neurological disorders (NDs) are often fatal to horses. Thus, symptoms of equine NDs commonly indicate euthanasia. Current diagnostic approaches for equine NDs is based on clinical signs, differential diagnoses, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), assessment of histopathological lesions, and imaging. However, advances in biofluid biomarkers in the diagnosis of human neurological diseases can potentially be applied to equine NDs. In this review, we described the established human blood and CSF neurobiomarkers that could potentially be used to diagnose equine NDs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  16. Subramaniam S, Johan S, Hayati F, Ng CY, Azizan N, Chuah JA, et al.
    BMC Surg, 2020 Jun 11;20(1):130.
    PMID: 32527309 DOI: 10.1186/s12893-020-00787-8
    BACKGROUND: Sialolipoma is a rare tumour which may arise from both major and minor salivary glands and has recently been described as a variant of salivary gland lipomatous lesions.

    CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 54-year-old male who presented with a 7-year history of large right anterior neck swelling. He was clinically euthyroid and had no compressive or infiltrative symptoms. He sought medical attention due to the discomfort exerted by the weight of the mass and was keen for excision. The swelling appeared like a goitre but physical examination proved otherwise. Imaging was suggestive of a benign tumour arising from the right parapharyngeal fossa. The mass was surgically excised and was noted to be adherent to part of the submandibular gland. Histopathological examination revealed a new variant of benign adipocytic tumour of salivary gland or sialolipoma arising from the submandibular gland. Besides being the largest sialolipoma to be reported, there are also no reports of giant submandibular sialolipomas masquerading as a huge goitre in appearance.

    CONCLUSION: Submandibular sialolipomas can present in really large sizes and appear as a giant goitre. It is important to differentiate between benign lipomas from liposarcomas and tailor the management accordingly. Surgical enucleation is the preferred choice of treatment for these benign tumours with low recurrence rates.

    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  17. Hassan S
    Malays J Med Sci, 2006 Jul;13(2):7-10.
    PMID: 22589598
    The clinicopathological conference, popularly known as CPC primarily relies on case method of teaching medicine. It is a teaching tool that illustrates the logical, measured consideration of a differential diagnosis used to evaluate patients. The process involves case presentation, diagnostic data, discussion of differential diagnosis, logically narrowing the list to few selected probable diagnoses and eventually reaching a final diagnosis and its brief discussion. The idea was first practiced in Boston, back in 1900 by a Harvard internist, Dr. Richard C. Cabot who practiced this as an informal discussion session in his private office. Dr. Cabot incepted this from a resident, who in turn had received the idea from a roommate, primarily a law student.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  18. DeSeta M, Baldwin D, Siddik D, Hullah E, Harun N, Yee R, et al.
    Br Dent J, 2020 09;229(5):287-291.
    PMID: 32918012 DOI: 10.1038/s41415-020-2023-7
    Introduction This case series highlights the condition juvenile spongiotic gingivitis; how to recognise it, where it lies in a list of differential diagnoses and why conservative management is the authors' recommended treatment.Case series The authors present ten cases that were successfully managed conservatively on the Joint Oral Medicine Paediatric Dentistry Clinic at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust over a six-year period. Follow-ups reached up to 5 years and 11 months to date, with no adverse outcomes observed in any of the cases.Conclusion The pathogenesis of this benign condition and its ideal management is not well understood. Recurrence can occur after surgical treatment and the condition is likely to spontaneously resolve or regress with age. Therefore, particularly in asymptomatic cases, conservative management is recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  19. Haranal M, Febrianti Z, Latiff HA, Rahman SA, Sivalingam S
    PMID: 33641433 DOI: 10.1177/0218492321998500
    Primary cardiac tumors are one of the rare causes of intracardiac masses in pediatric population. Cardiac papillary fibroelastomas are benign cardiac tumors with predilection for valvular endocardium, and the presentation is dictated by the cardiac structure involved and the tumor characteristics. We report an infant with cardiac papillary fibroelastoma manifesting as an asymptomatic left ventricular outflow tract mass. This case is being presented to emphasize the rare occurrence of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma in pediatric population and to be cognizant of this entity when considering differential diagnosis of intracardiac masses in this subgroup.
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential
  20. PONNAMPALAM JT
    Med J Malaysia, 1964 Mar;18:201-4.
    PMID: 14157186
    Matched MeSH terms: Diagnosis, Differential*
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