Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 232 in total

  1. Yap GK
    Med. J. Aust., 1972 May 13;1(20):1056.
    PMID: 5056308
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  2. Radhakrishnan, Ammu Kutty, Lee, Nagarajah, Young, Mei-Ling
    Background: Medical schools have long been concerned with establishing a suitable process of
    admission. The criteria used to select students have traditionally focussed on high academic achievement. Method: The International Medical University (IMU) accepts students from a wide range of pre-university entry qualifications for admission into the medical programme. The criteria for the various pre-university entry qualifications used by the IMU were agreed and accepted by the IMU Academic Council (AC), which consist of deans of the IMU’s partner medical schools (PMS). In this study, the various entry qualifications were first grouped into five categories based on the educational pedagogy. Then, this was aligned with the entry qualification data of all students who had been admitted into the IMU medical programme for the period of December 1993 to March 2000. During this period 1,281 students were enrolled into the IMU medical programme. The relationship between the five groups of pre-university entry qualifications and the students’ academic achievement in three end-ofsemester (EOS) examinations namely EOS 1, EOS 3, and EOS 5 were analysed. Results: Students with better grades in their preuniversity examinations showed better performance in their EOS examinations, regardless of the subjects that they took at the pre-university level. Cluster analysis revealed that students who came in with certain preuniversity qualifications generally performed poorly than the more conventional qualifications. However,
    after their first year in medical school, there were no significant differences in the clustering of the students. Conclusion: Students with better grades in their preuniversity examinations showed better performance in their EOS examinations, regardless of the science subjects that they took at the pre-university level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  3. Wan Chik WZ, Salamonson Y, Everett B, Ramjan LM, Attwood N, Weaver R, et al.
    Int Nurs Rev, 2012 Sep;59(3):387-93.
    PMID: 22897191 DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2012.00989.x
    To examine differences in academic performance between male and female nursing students, and to identify whether professional identity and language usage were explanatory factors of academic performance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  4. Lee K, Ng SF, Ng EL, Lim ZY
    J Exp Child Psychol, 2004 Oct;89(2):140-58.
    PMID: 15388303
    Previous studies on individual differences in mathematical abilities have shown that working memory contributes to early arithmetic performance. In this study, we extended the investigation to algebraic word problem solving. A total of 151 10-year-olds were administered algebraic word problems and measures of working memory, intelligence quotient (IQ), and reading ability. Regression results were consistent with findings from the arithmetic literature showing that a literacy composite measure provided greater contribution than did executive function capacity. However, a series of path analyses showed that the overall contribution of executive function was comparable to that of literacy; the effect of executive function was mediated by that of literacy. Both the phonological loop and the visual spatial sketchpad failed to contribute directly; they contributed only indirectly by way of literacy and performance IQ, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  5. Med. J. Malaysia, 1974 Dec;29(2):147-8.
    PMID: 4282404
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  6. Leng GA
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1974 Dec;29(2):145-6.
    PMID: 4282403
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  7. Fatimah M, Osman A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1997 Dec;52(4):402-8.
    PMID: 10968118
    A case control study was conducted in 1996 among primary school student in Terengganu. The objective of the study is to determine the relationship between road traffic accidents and factors such as socio-economic status, distance from school, number of siblings, behavioural problems, knowledge and attitudes of pupil and their parents towards road safety and parents' educational status. A total of 140 cases was obtained from 3 urban schools and 3 from rural schools. Cases were matched with control according to age sex and locality of residence. There were significant associations between road traffic accidents and pupils' knowledge regarding road crossing (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.19-0.85), parental supervision (OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.19, 0.64) and parents having driving licences (OR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.856-0.999). Road safety education for pupils and parental supervision are key measures in preventing road traffic accidents among primary school children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  8. Petta CA, Amatya R, Farr G, Chi I
    Contraception, 1994 Oct;50(4):339-47.
    PMID: 7813222
    The objective of this study was to evaluate possible factors associated with discontinuing use of TCu 380A IUDs due to personal reasons among 2748 users. Overall, a total of 88 subjects discontinued using the TCu 380A IUD within 12 months postinsertion for personal reasons. The most common reasons were planned pregnancy (32%) and husband or family opinion against IUD use (26%). The gross cumulative 12-month life table discontinuation rate for all personal reasons was 4.0 per 100 women. Having no education and/or living in a rural area were the sociodemographic characteristics associated with an increased risk of discontinuation for personal reasons. Effective and regular counseling about IUD use, especially among illiterate women, may help prevent IUD discontinuations related to personal reasons.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  9. Kiyu A, Hardin S
    PMID: 8362304
    A cross-sectional survey covering 976 households in 41 rural villages covered by the Rural Health Improvement Scheme in Sarawak was carried out to determine the type of latrines they have and their usage of pourflush latrines. The survey was carried out by inspection and interview. Fifty-six percent of the households had pourflush latrines and upon inspection 91.3% of them showed signs of recent use. Based on the interview, ninety percent of the women responded that they always use the latrine for defecation. It was also reported that 86.5% of the husbands and 47.6% of the children below five years, always used the latrine for defecation. The most common reason for not using the latrine among adults was the lack of water to flush the latrines as well as not being home when the need arises. The reason for using the latrines were to keep the compound clean, convenience and health reasons. It is recommended that building latrines continue to be a prerequisite for getting water supply under the program and that non health-related reasons be emphasized in health education which aim to motivate people to build and use the latrines.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  10. Mahamad Yusof Abdul Rani, Asrul Kamarulzaman, Mohammad Redzuan Omar
    Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education 5(2): 44-52, 2016 - The aim of this study is
    to identify the differences in academic achievement between athletes involved in Karnival
    Kokurikulum Sukan antara Kolej Matrikulasi (KAKOM) and non-athletes in Labuan
    Matriculation College. Overall 200 respondents selected athletes are students from KAKOM
    athletes (n=100) and non-athlete students (n=100) in Semester 1, 2015/2016. The survey
    design and purposely sampling technique was used for data collection. The respondents are
    comprised of students majoring in Accounting, One Year Program (PST) Module 1, PST
    Module 2 and PST Module 3. Descriptive statistic was used to obtain frequency and
    percentage for each of the variables and to determine the level of academic achievement
    (CGPA) of athletes and non-athletes. Inferential statistic was used to compare the mean
    scores achieved by cumulative grade point average (CGPA) between KAKOM athletes and
    non-athletes based on t-test. T test was also used to identify the differences in academic
    performance of athletes and non-athletes based on gender. The findings of this study showed
    no significant differences in terms of academic achievement among student who are athletes
    and non-athletes. Similarly, the findings of the performance of athletes and non-athletes
    based on gender showed no significant differences. From the results of this study, it shows
    that there are no differences in academic achievement between students who involved in
    KAKOM sports and those who dont involved. The researcher suggests that students should
    be active in sports and recreational activities during college because it will be beneficial for
    health and indirectly develop their soft skills. The study found that sports factor is not the
    cause for deterioration in academic achievement but there are other factors that affect
    academic performance which needs further study focusing more on students who are failing
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  11. Fatimah Sham, Siti Munirah Abdul Wahab, Hapesah Mohamed Sihat, Haznizan Abdullah Nazri, Aida Juliana Mohamad Amyah, Harnake Kaur
    Medication errors could bring serious consequences to patients. Reporting medication error is a strategy to
    mitigate such incidence from happening. Unfortunately, some nurses do no report the errors due to certain
    factors. Determining the factors influencing unreported medication errors will ensure imperative actions
    that are to be taken to curb this issue. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and perceived
    causes of unreported medication errors among nurses in a public hospital in Selangor. A descriptive and
    cross-sectional study was carried out in 26 wards from various disciplines and the sample involved 234
    nurses. The data were gathered through self-reported questionnaires consisting of three sections. The first
    section covered demographic characteristics, the second section aimed to obtain information on the
    frequency of medication error incidents and the last section aimed to obtain information on nurses'
    perceptions of barriers in reporting medication errors. The findings of this study indicated that there was a
    significant relationship between level of education and the nurses' perceptions of barriers in reporting
    medication errors. The study recommended that providing enough education, initiating a non-punitive
    culture may help increase voluntary reporting of medication errors among nurses to strengthen the
    reporting system and to avert medication errors in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  12. Chin, Chee Kee, Dariah Mohd Yusoff, Kueh, Yee Cheng
    Blood donation is important for lives saving and the need is unceasing. However, the shortage of blood supply
    is a common issue. While the public is the main source of blood donation, it is unknown whether they are
    aware about it. This study was carried out to determine the public's knowledge, perceptions and barriers
    towards blood donation. Atotal of 384 male and female respondents were conveniently selected to participate
    in this study. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with SPSS software
    version 22.0. Most of the respondents (60.9%) had never donated blood but their knowledge towards blood
    donation was high (79.9%). Some misconceptions were indicated among respondents. Afraid of the needle
    prick, pain or discomfort were the top barriers among non-donors respondents (45.3%). The majority of the
    respondents believed that blood donation is a practice or selfless concern for the well-being of others (98.7%).
    A significant relationship was indicated between age and level of education with status of blood donation
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status
  13. Chew BH, Zain AM, Hassan F
    BMC Med Educ, 2013;13:44.
    PMID: 23537129 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-13-44
    BACKGROUND: Research on emotional intelligence (EI) suggests that it is associated with more pro-social behavior, better academic performance and improved empathy towards patients. In medical education and clinical practice, EI has been related to higher academic achievement and improved doctor-patient relationships. This study examined the effect of EI on academic performance in first- and final-year medical students in Malaysia.
    METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using an objectively-scored measure of EI, the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Academic performance of medical school students was measured using continuous assessment (CA) and final examination (FE) results. The first- and final-year students were invited to participate during their second semester. Students answered a paper-based demographic questionnaire and completed the online MSCEIT on their own. Relationships between the total MSCEIT score to academic performance were examined using multivariate analyses.
    RESULTS: A total of 163 (84 year one and 79 year five) medical students participated (response rate of 66.0%). The gender and ethnic distribution were representative of the student population. The total EI score was a predictor of good overall CA (OR 1.01), a negative predictor of poor result in overall CA (OR 0.97), a predictor of the good overall FE result (OR 1.07) and was significantly related to the final-year FE marks (adjusted R(2) = 0.43).
    CONCLUSIONS: Medical students who were more emotionally intelligent performed better in both the continuous assessments and the final professional examination. Therefore, it is possible that emotional skill development may enhance medical students' academic performance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  14. Khan SA, Dawani N, Bilal S
    J Pak Med Assoc, 2012 Nov;62(11):1198-203.
    PMID: 23866411
    OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental myths and perceived knowledge regarding oral healthcare practices and its associations with levels of education amongst low socioeconomic strata in Karachi, Pakistan.
    METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in January 2011. Two-staged random sampling was conducted to achieve a sample size of 576 participants from 8 union councils of Gadap Town, Karachi, Pakistan. An interview-based questionnaire was used to determine the participants' perceptions towards oral health and hygiene practices as well as the prevalence of common dental myths. The subjects were interviewed through a formulated questionnaire that was cross-translated into Urdu language.
    RESULTS: Response rate from the participants was 550 (95.48%). Of the total, 270 (47%) respondents believed in the myth of tooth extraction affecting the eye vision. This was significantly associated with the socio-demography of the respondents. Besides, 421 (73%) thought that tooth extraction is not the ultimate remedy for pain relief and it was statistically significant with age and educational status of the participants. Those who considered bleeding while brushing to be normal were 144 (25%), and it was significantly associated with age and education level. Impact of oral health on general health was positively responded by 392 (68%), while 418 (72.5%) respondents did not think that the retention of baby teeth is important. Both these perceptions were significantly associated with age and level of education.
    CONCLUSION: Pakistani population has considerable belief in myths and false perceptions regarding oral health issues. Various stakeholders should be involved to develop policies towards healthy attitudes and beliefs within the community towards their oral healthcare.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  15. Boey CC, Omar A, Arul Phillips J
    J Paediatr Child Health, 2003 Jul;39(5):352-7.
    PMID: 12887665
    The present study aimed to investigate the extent to which recurrent abdominal pain and other factors were associated with academic achievement among Year-6 (12 years of age) schoolchildren.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  16. Wu HM, Seet B, Yap EP, Saw SM, Lim TH, Chia KS
    Optom Vis Sci, 2001 Apr;78(4):234-9.
    PMID: 11349931
    To study interethnic variation in myopia prevalence and severity in young adult males in Singapore and to determine whether these variations are related to differences in education level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  17. Smith SN
    Br J Educ Psychol, 2001 Sep;71(Pt 3):429-41.
    PMID: 11593949
    Although numerous studies have examined the learning approaches of Chinese students, very few comparative studies have been carried out with Chinese students from different nations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
  18. Vohra U
    IIPS Newsl, 1993 Jul;34(3):4-6.
    PMID: 12287408
    Matched MeSH terms: Educational Status*
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