Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 103 in total

  1. Wulandhari LA, Wibowo A, Desa MI
    Comput Intell Neurosci, 2014;2014:419743.
    PMID: 25587265 DOI: 10.1155/2014/419743
    Condition diagnosis of multiple bearings system is one of the requirements in industry field, because bearings are used in many equipment and their failure can result in total breakdown. Conditions of bearings commonly are reflected by vibration signals data. In multiple bearing condition diagnosis, it will involve many types of vibration signals data; thus, consequently, it will involve many features extraction to obtain precise condition diagnosis. However, large number of features extraction will increase the complexity of the diagnosis system. Therefore, in this paper, we presented a diagnosis method which is hybridization of adaptive genetic algorithms (AGAs), back propagation neural networks (BPNNs), and grey relational analysis (GRA) to diagnose the condition of multiple bearings system. AGAs are used in the diagnosis algorithm to determine the best initial weights of BPNNs in order to improve the diagnosis accuracy. In addition, GRA is applied to determine and select the dominant features from the vibration signal data which will provide good diagnosis of multiple bearings system in less features extraction. The experiments results show that AGAs-BPNNs with GRA approaches can increase the accuracy of diagnosis in shorter processing time, compared with the AGAs-BPNNs without the GRA.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/methods*
  2. Rahman LF, Reaz MB, Yin CC, Ali MA, Marufuzzaman M
    PLoS One, 2014;9(10):e108634.
    PMID: 25299266 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108634
    The cross-coupled circuit mechanism based dynamic latch comparator is presented in this research. The comparator is designed using differential input stages with regenerative S-R latch to achieve lower offset, lower power, higher speed and higher resolution. In order to decrease circuit complexity, a comparator should maintain power, speed, resolution and offset-voltage properly. Simulations show that this novel dynamic latch comparator designed in 0.18 µm CMOS technology achieves 3.44 mV resolution with 8 bit precision at a frequency of 50 MHz while dissipating 158.5 µW from 1.8 V supply and 88.05 µA average current. Moreover, the proposed design propagates as fast as 4.2 nS with energy efficiency of 0.7 fJ/conversion-step. Additionally, the core circuit layout only occupies 0.008 mm2.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/instrumentation
  3. Bonfield W
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:1.
    PMID: 15468788
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis*
  4. Shahemi N, Liza S, Abbas AA, Merican AM
    J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2018 11;87:1-9.
    PMID: 30031358 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.07.017
    A revision of a metal-on-ultra high molecular weight (UHMWPE) bearing couple for total hip replacement was performed due to aseptic loosening after 23 years in-vivo. It is a major long-term failure identified from wear generation. This study includes performing failure analysis of retrieved polyethylene acetabular cup from Zimmer Trilogy® Acetabular system. The UHMWPE acetabular cup was retrieved from a 61 years old male patient with ability to walk but limited leg movement when he presented to hospital in early 2016 with complaint left thigh pain. It was 23 years after his primary total hip replacement procedure. Surface roughness and morphology condition were measured using 3D laser microscope and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to evaluate and characterize the wear features on polyethylene acetabular cup surface. ATR-Fourier Transform Infra-Red (ATR-FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) were used to characterize the chemical composition of carbon-oxygen bonding, crystallinity percentage and molecular weight of the polymer liner that might changes the mechanical properties of polyethylene. Nano indentation is to measure hardness and elasticity modulus where the ratio of hardness to elastic modulus value can be reflected as the degradation of mechanical properties. A prominent difference of thickness between two regions resulted from acentric loading concentration was observed and wear rate were measured. The linear wear rate for thin side and thick side were 0.33 mm/year and 0.05 mm/year respectively. Molecular weight reduction of 57.5% and relatively low ratio of hardness to elastic modulus (3.59 × 10-3) were the indicator of major mechanical properties degradation happened on UHMWPE acetabular cup. This major degradation was contributed by oxidation and polishing wear feature accompanied with delamination, craters, ripple and cracks were the indication of extensive usage of UHMWPE from the suggested life span of acetabular cup application.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis*
  5. Rassam MA, Zainal A, Maarof MA
    Sensors (Basel), 2013;13(8):10087-122.
    PMID: 23966182 DOI: 10.3390/s130810087
    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are important and necessary platforms for the future as the concept "Internet of Things" has emerged lately. They are used for monitoring, tracking, or controlling of many applications in industry, health care, habitat, and military. However, the quality of data collected by sensor nodes is affected by anomalies that occur due to various reasons, such as node failures, reading errors, unusual events, and malicious attacks. Therefore, anomaly detection is a necessary process to ensure the quality of sensor data before it is utilized for making decisions. In this review, we present the challenges of anomaly detection in WSNs and state the requirements to design efficient and effective anomaly detection models. We then review the latest advancements of data anomaly detection research in WSNs and classify current detection approaches in five main classes based on the detection methods used to design these approaches. Varieties of the state-of-the-art models for each class are covered and their limitations are highlighted to provide ideas for potential future works. Furthermore, the reviewed approaches are compared and evaluated based on how well they meet the stated requirements. Finally, the general limitations of current approaches are mentioned and further research opportunities are suggested and discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/instrumentation*; Equipment Failure Analysis/methods*
  6. Shee YG, Al-Mansoori MH, Ismail A, Hitam S, Mahdi MA
    Opt Express, 2011 Jan 31;19(3):1699-706.
    PMID: 21368983 DOI: 10.1364/OE.19.001699
    We demonstrate a multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with double-Brillouin-frequency spacing. The wider channel spacing is realized by circulating the odd-order Stokes signals in the Brillouin gain medium through a four-port circulator. The circulated odd-order Stokes signals are amplified by the Brillouin gain and thus produce even-order Stokes signals at the output. These signals are then amplified by erbium gain block to form a ring-cavity laser. Ten channels with 0.174 nm spacing that are generated at 0.5 mW Brillouin pump power and 150 mW pump power at 1480 nm can be tuned from 1556 nm to 1564 nm. The minimum optical signal-to-noise ratio of the generated output channels is 30 dB with maximum power fluctuations of ±0.5 dB.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  7. Samsuri NM, Zamzuri AK, Al-Mansoori MH, Ahmad A, Mahdi MA
    Opt Express, 2008 Oct 13;16(21):16475-80.
    PMID: 18852754
    We demonstrate an enhanced architecture of Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing the reverse-S-shaped fiber section as the coupling mechanism. The enhancement is made by locating a common section of Erbium-doped fiber next to the single-mode fiber to amplify the Brillouin pumps and the oscillating Stokes lines. The requirement of having two Erbium gain sections to enhance the multiple Brillouin Stokes lines generation is neglected by the proposed fiber laser structure. The mode competitions arise from the self-lasing cavity modes of the fiber laser are efficiently suppressed by the stronger pre-amplified Brillouin pump power before entering the single mode fiber section. The maximum output power of 20 mW is obtained from the proposed fiber laser with 10 laser lines that equally separated by 0.089 nm spacing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  8. Rassiah P, Ng KH, DeWerd LA, Kunugi K
    Australas Phys Eng Sci Med, 2004 Mar;27(1):25-9.
    PMID: 15156705
    A thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) postal dose inter-comparison was carried out amongst radiotherapy centres in Malaysia. The aim of this TLD inter-comparison was to compare the uniformity involved in the measurement of absorbed dose among the participating centres. A set of 5 TLD chips placed within acrylic trays were mailed to all participating centres for irradiation to an absorbed dose to water of 2 Gy. Measurements were made for 6 MV and 60Co photon beams. Results show an agreement of +/- 5% for all but three radiotherapy centres. The ratios of the TLD readings to that of the reference centre are comparable with other national/regional dose inter-comparisons. The importance of a proper ongoing quality assurance program is essential in maintaining the consistency and uniformity of doses delivered.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/instrumentation; Equipment Failure Analysis/methods; Equipment Failure Analysis/standards
  9. Bahadoran M, Noorden AF, Chaudhary K, Mohajer FS, Aziz MS, Hashim S, et al.
    Sensors (Basel), 2014;14(7):12885-99.
    PMID: 25046015 DOI: 10.3390/s140712885
    A new photonics biosensor configuration comprising a Double-side Ring Add-drop Filter microring resonator (DR-ADF) made from SiO2-TiO2 material is proposed for the detection of Salmonella bacteria (SB) in blood. The scattering matrix method using inductive calculation is used to determine the output signal's intensities in the blood with and without presence of Salmonella. The change in refractive index due to the reaction of Salmonella bacteria with its applied antibody on the flagellin layer loaded on the sensing and detecting microresonator causes the increase in through and dropper port's intensities of the output signal which leads to the detection of SB in blood. A shift in the output signal wavelength is observed with resolution of 0.01 nm. The change in intensity and shift in wavelength is analyzed with respect to the change in the refractive index which contributes toward achieving an ultra-high sensitivity of 95,500 nm/RIU which is almost two orders higher than that of reported from single ring sensors and the limit of detection is in the order of 1 × 10(-8) RIU. In applications, such a system can be employed for a high sensitive and fast detection of bacteria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/methods
  10. Othman N, Kamarudin SK, Takriff MS, Rosli MI, Engku Chik EM, Adnan MA
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:242658.
    PMID: 24741344 DOI: 10.1155/2014/242658
    Radiotracer experiments are carried out in order to determine the mean residence time (MRT) as well as percentage of dead zone, V dead (%), in an integrated mixer consisting of Rushton and pitched blade turbine (PBT). Conventionally, optimization was performed by varying one parameter and others were held constant (OFAT) which lead to enormous number of experiments. Thus, in this study, a 4-factor 3-level Taguchi L9 orthogonal array was introduced to obtain an accurate optimization of mixing efficiency with minimal number of experiments. This paper describes the optimal conditions of four process parameters, namely, impeller speed, impeller clearance, type of impeller, and sampling time, in obtaining MRT and V dead (%) using radiotracer experiments. The optimum conditions for the experiments were 100 rpm impeller speed, 50 mm impeller clearance, Type A mixer, and 900 s sampling time to reach optimization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/methods*
  11. Lau CK, Heng YS, Hussain MA, Mohamad Nor MI
    ISA Trans, 2010 Oct;49(4):559-66.
    PMID: 20667537 DOI: 10.1016/j.isatra.2010.06.007
    The performance of a chemical process plant can gradually degrade due to deterioration of the process equipment and unpermitted deviation of the characteristic variables of the system. Hence, advanced supervision is required for early detection, isolation and correction of abnormal conditions. This work presents the use of an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for online fault diagnosis of a gas-phase polypropylene production process with emphasis on fast and accurate diagnosis, multiple fault identification and adaptability. The most influential inputs are selected from the raw measured data sets and fed to multiple ANFIS classifiers to identify faults occurring in the process, eliminating the requirement of a detailed process model. Simulation results illustrated that the proposed method effectively diagnosed different fault types and severities, and that it has a better performance compared to a conventional multivariate statistical approach based on principal component analysis (PCA). The proposed method is shown to be simple to apply, robust to measurement noise and able to rapidly discriminate between multiple faults occurring simultaneously. This method is applicable for plant-wide monitoring and can serve as an early warning system to identify process upsets that could threaten the process operation ahead of time.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/methods*
  12. Lambak Z, Abdul Rahman F, Mokhtar MR, Tengku IA
    Opt Express, 2009 Feb 16;17(4):2926-37.
    PMID: 19219196
    The method of lines (MoL) has been developed to study coupling efficiency on hemispherical lens. In this paper, the physical shape of the lens is approximated by cascading a number of straight waveguide segments. The perfectly matched layer (PML) is applied as an absorber for the MoL to reduce numerical reflection in the simulation region. Analysis is done by calculating coupling efficiency at the plane of integration where the coupling efficiency is an overlap integral between laser diode field and fiber field. The result of coupling efficiency in this analysis is compared to the experiment and ABCD matrix. It is found that MoL gives good result accuracy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis/methods*
  13. Hussain PB, Mohammad M
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:180-1.
    PMID: 15468877
    Failure analysis was performed to investigate the failure of the femur fixation plate which was previously fixed on the femur of a girl. Radiography, metallography, fractography and mechanical testing were conducted in this study. The results show that the failure was due to the formation of notches on the femur plate. These notches act as stress raisers from where the cracks start to propagate. Finally fracture occurred on the femur plate and subsequently, the plate failed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis*
  14. Pirouzi G, Abu Osman NA, Oshkour AA, Ali S, Gholizadeh H, Abas WA
    Sensors (Basel), 2014;14(9):16754-65.
    PMID: 25207872 DOI: 10.3390/s140916754
    The suspension system and socket fitting of artificial limbs have major roles and vital effects on the comfort, mobility, and satisfaction of amputees. This paper introduces a new pneumatic suspension system that overcomes the drawbacks of current suspension systems in donning and doffing, change in volume during daily activities, and pressure distribution in the socket-stump interface. An air pneumatic suspension system (APSS) for total-contact sockets was designed and developed. Pistoning and pressure distribution in the socket-stump interface were tested for the new APSS. More than 95% of the area between each prosthetic socket and liner was measured using a Tekscan F-Scan pressure measurement which has developed matrix-based pressure sensing systems. The variance in pressure around the stump was 8.76 kPa. APSS exhibits less pressure concentration around the stump, improved pressure distribution, easy donning and doffing, adjustability to remain fitted to the socket during daily activities, and more adaptability to the changes in stump volume. The volume changes were adjusted by utility of air pressure sensor. The vertical displacement point and reliability of suspension were assessed using a photographic method. The optimum pressure in every level of loading weight was 55 kPa, and the maximum displacement was 6 mm when 90 N of weight was loaded.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  15. Uthirajoo E, Ramiah H, Kanesan J, Reza AW
    PLoS One, 2014;9(7):e101862.
    PMID: 25033049 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101862
    For the first time, a new circuit to extend the linear operation bandwidth of a LTE (Long Term Evolution) power amplifier, while delivering a high efficiency is implemented in less than 1 mm2 chip area. The 950 µm × 900 µm monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) power amplifier (PA) is fabricated in a 2 µm InGaP/GaAs process. An on-chip analog pre-distorter (APD) is designed to improve the linearity of the PA, up to 20 MHz channel bandwidth. Intended for 1.95 GHz Band 1 LTE application, the PA satisfies adjacent channel leakage ratio (ACLR) and error vector magnitude (EVM) specifications for a wide LTE channel bandwidth of 20 MHz at a linear output power of 28 dBm with corresponding power added efficiency (PAE) of 52.3%. With a respective input and output return loss of 30 dB and 14 dB, the PA's power gain is measured to be 32.5 dB while exhibiting an unconditional stability characteristic from DC up to 5 GHz. The proposed APD technique serves to be a good solution to improve linearity of a PA without sacrificing other critical performance metrics.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  16. Kashif M, Bakar AA, Arsad N, Shaari S
    Sensors (Basel), 2014 Aug 28;14(9):15914-38.
    PMID: 25171117 DOI: 10.3390/s140915914
    Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is a novel optical sensing technique with a unique ability to monitor molecular binding in real-time for biological and chemical sensor applications. Interferometry is an excellent tool for accurate measurement of SPR changes, the measurement and comparison is made for the sensitivity, dynamic range and resolution of the different analytes using interferometry techniques. SPR interferometry can also employ phase detection in addition to the amplitude of the reflected light wave, and the phase changes more rapidly compared with other approaches, i.e., intensity, angle and wavelength. Therefore, the SPR phase interferometer offers the advantages of spatial phase resolution and high sensitivity. This work discusses the advancements in interferometric SPR methods to measure the phase shifts due to refractive index changes. The main application areas of SPR sensors are demonstrated, i.e., the Fabry-Perot interferometer, Michelson interferometer and Mach-Zehnder interferometer, with different configurations. The three interferometers are discussed in detail, and solutions are suggested to enhance the performance parameters that will aid in future biological and chemical sensors.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  17. Basar MR, Ahmad MY, Cho J, Ibrahim F
    Sensors (Basel), 2014;14(6):10929-51.
    PMID: 24949645 DOI: 10.3390/s140610929
    Wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) is a promising technology for direct diagnosis of the entire small bowel to detect lethal diseases, including cancer and obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). To improve the quality of diagnosis, some vital specifications of WCE such as image resolution, frame rate and working time need to be improved. Additionally, future multi-functioning robotic capsule endoscopy (RCE) units may utilize advanced features such as active system control over capsule motion, drug delivery systems, semi-surgical tools and biopsy. However, the inclusion of the above advanced features demands additional power that make conventional power source methods impractical. In this regards, wireless power transmission (WPT) system has received attention among researchers to overcome this problem. Systematic reviews on techniques of using WPT for WCE are limited, especially when involving the recent technological advancements. This paper aims to fill that gap by providing a systematic review with emphasis on the aspects related to the amount of transmitted power, the power transmission efficiency, the system stability and patient safety. It is noted that, thus far the development of WPT system for this WCE application is still in initial stage and there is room for improvements, especially involving system efficiency, stability, and the patient safety aspects.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  18. Farahani H, Wagiran R, Hamidon MN
    Sensors (Basel), 2014 Apr 30;14(5):7881-939.
    PMID: 24784036 DOI: 10.3390/s140507881
    Humidity measurement is one of the most significant issues in various areas of applications such as instrumentation, automated systems, agriculture, climatology and GIS. Numerous sorts of humidity sensors fabricated and developed for industrial and laboratory applications are reviewed and presented in this article. The survey frequently concentrates on the RH sensors based upon their organic and inorganic functional materials, e.g., porous ceramics (semiconductors), polymers, ceramic/polymer and electrolytes, as well as conduction mechanism and fabrication technologies. A significant aim of this review is to provide a distinct categorization pursuant to state of the art humidity sensor types, principles of work, sensing substances, transduction mechanisms, and production technologies. Furthermore, performance characteristics of the different humidity sensors such as electrical and statistical data will be detailed and gives an added value to the report. By comparison of overall prospects of the sensors it was revealed that there are still drawbacks as to efficiency of sensing elements and conduction values. The flexibility offered by thick film and thin film processes either in the preparation of materials or in the choice of shape and size of the sensor structure provides advantages over other technologies. These ceramic sensors show faster response than other types.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  19. Islam MM, Islam MT, Faruque MR
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2013;2013:378420.
    PMID: 24385878 DOI: 10.1155/2013/378420
    The dual-band operation of a microstrip patch antenna on a Duroid 5870 substrate for Ku- and K-bands is presented. The fabrication of the proposed antenna is performed with slots and a Duroid 5870 dielectric substrate and is excited by a 50 Ω microstrip transmission line. A high-frequency structural simulator (HFSS) is used which is based on the finite element method (FEM) in this research. The measured impedance bandwidth (2 : 1 VSWR) achieved is 1.07 GHz (15.93 GHz-14.86 GHz) on the lower band and 0.94 GHz (20.67-19.73 GHz) on the upper band. A stable omnidirectional radiation pattern is observed in the operating frequency band. The proposed prototype antenna behavior is discussed in terms of the comparisons of the measured and simulated results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
  20. Kamarudin MA, Sahamir SR, Datta RS, Long BD, Mohd Sabri MF, Mohd Said S
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2013;2013:713640.
    PMID: 24324378 DOI: 10.1155/2013/713640
    Thermoelectricity, by converting heat energy directly into useable electricity, offers a promising technology to convert heat from solar energy and to recover waste heat from industrial sectors and automobile exhausts. In recent years, most of the efforts have been done on improving the thermoelectric efficiency using different approaches, that is, nanostructuring, doping, molecular rattling, and nanocomposite formation. The applications of thermoelectric polymers at low temperatures, especially conducting polymers, have shown various advantages such as easy and low cost of fabrication, light weight, and flexibility. In this review, we will focus on exploring new types of polymers and the effects of different structures, concentrations, and molecular weight on thermoelectric properties. Various strategies to improve the performance of thermoelectric materials will be discussed. In addition, a discussion on the fabrication of thermoelectric devices, especially suited to polymers, will also be given. Finally, we provide the challenge and the future of thermoelectric polymers, especially thermoelectric hybrid model.
    Matched MeSH terms: Equipment Failure Analysis
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