Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 219 in total

  1. Alias FL, Nezhad NG, Normi YM, Ali MSM, Budiman C, Leow TC
    Mol Biotechnol, 2023 Nov;65(11):1737-1749.
    PMID: 36971996 DOI: 10.1007/s12033-023-00725-y
    Heterologous functional expression of the recombinant lipases is typically a bottleneck due to the expression in the insoluble fraction as inclusion bodies (IBs) which are in inactive form. Due to the importance of lipases in various industrial applications, many investigations have been conducted to discover suitable approaches to obtain functional lipase or increase the expressed yield in the soluble fraction. The utilization of the appropriate prokaryotic and eukaryotic expression systems, along with the suitable vectors, promoters, and tags, has been recognized as a practical approach. One of the most powerful strategies to produce bioactive lipases is using the molecular chaperones co-expressed along with the target protein's genes into the expression host to produce the lipase in soluble fraction as a bioactive form. The refolding of expressed lipase from IBs (inactive) is another practical strategy which is usually carried out through chemical and physical methods. Based on recent investigations, the current review simultaneously highlights strategies to express the bioactive lipases and recover the bioactive lipases from the IBs in insoluble form.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  2. Yu CY, Ang GY, Chong TM, Chin PS, Ngeow YF, Yin WF, et al.
    J Antimicrob Chemother, 2017 04 01;72(4):1253-1255.
    PMID: 28031273 DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkw541
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  3. Wang H, Ren L, Liang Y, Zheng K, Guo R, Liu Y, et al.
    Microbiol Spectr, 2023 Aug 17;11(4):e0533522.
    PMID: 37272818 DOI: 10.1128/spectrum.05335-22
    Psychrobacter is an important bacterial genus that is widespread in Antarctic and marine environments. However, to date, only two complete Psychrobacter phage sequences have been deposited in the NCBI database. Here, the novel Psychrobacter phage vB_PmaS_Y8A, infecting Psychrobacter HM08A, was isolated from sewage in the Qingdao area, China. The morphology of vB_PmaS_Y8A was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, revealing an icosahedral head and long tail. The genomic sequence of vB_PmaS_Y8A is linear, double-stranded DNA with a length of 40,226 bp and 44.1% G+C content, and encodes 69 putative open reading frames. Two auxiliary metabolic genes (AMGs) were identified, encoding phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate reductase and MarR protein. The first AMG uses thioredoxin as an electron donor for the reduction of phosphoadenosine phosphosulfate to phosphoadenosine phosphate. MarR regulates multiple antibiotic resistance mechanisms in Escherichia coli and is rarely found in viruses. No tRNA genes were identified and no lysogeny-related feature genes were detected. However, many similar open reading frames (ORFs) were found in the host genome, which may indicate that Y8A also has a lysogenic stage. Phylogenetic analysis based on the amino acid sequences of whole genomes and comparative genomic analysis indicate that vB_PmaS_Y8A contains a novel genomic architecture similar only to that of Psychrobacter phage pOW20-A, although at a low similarity. vB_PmaS_Y8A represents a new family-level virus cluster with 22 metagenomic assembled viral genomes, here named Minviridae. IMPORTANCE Although Psychrobacter is a well-known and important bacterial genus that is widespread in Antarctic and marine environments, genetic characterization of its phages is still rare. This study describes a novel Psychrobacter phage containing an uncharacterized antibiotic resistance gene and representing a new virus family, Minviridae. The characterization provided here will bolster current understanding of genomes, diversity, evolution, and phage-host interactions in Psychrobacter populations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  4. Manuvera VA, Kharlampieva DD, Bobrovsky PA, Grafskaia EN, Brovina KA, Lazarev VN
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2024 Feb 12;696:149473.
    PMID: 38241814 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2024.149473
    The saliva of the medicinal leech contains various anticoagulants. Some of them, such as hirudin, are well known. However, it is reasonable to believe that not all anticoagulant proteins from medicinal leech saliva have been identified. We previously performed a comprehensive study of the transcriptome, genome, and proteome of leech salivary gland cells, which led to the discovery of several previously unknown hypothetical proteins that may have anticoagulant properties. Subsequently, we obtained a series of recombinant proteins and investigated their impact on coagulation in in vitro assays. We identified a previously undescribed protein that exhibited a high ability to suppress coagulation. The His-tagged recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified using metal chelate chromatography. To determine its activity, commonly used coagulation methods were used: activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, and thrombin inhibition clotting assay. Clotting and chromogenic assays for factor Xa inhibition were performed to evaluate anti-Xa activity. We used recombinant hirudin as a control anticoagulant protein in all experiments. The new protein showed significantly greater inhibition of coagulation than hirudin at the same molar concentrations in the activated partial thrombin time assay. However, hirudin demonstrated better results in the direct thrombin inhibition test, although the tested protein also exhibited the ability to inhibit thrombin. The chromogenic analysis of factor Xa inhibition revealed no activity, whereas the clotting test for factor Xa showed the opposite result. Thus, a new powerful anticoagulant protein has been discovered in the medicinal leech. This protein is homologous to antistatin, with 28 % identical amino acid residues. The recombinant protein was expressed in E. coli. This protein is capable of directly inhibiting thrombin, and based on indirect evidence, other proteases of the blood coagulation cascade have been identified.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  5. Mienda BS
    J Biomol Struct Dyn, 2017 Jul;35(9):1863-1873.
    PMID: 27251747 DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2016.1197153
    Genome-scale metabolic models (GEMs) have been developed and used in guiding systems' metabolic engineering strategies for strain design and development. This strategy has been used in fermentative production of bio-based industrial chemicals and fuels from alternative carbon sources. However, computer-aided hypotheses building using established algorithms and software platforms for biological discovery can be integrated into the pipeline for strain design strategy to create superior strains of microorganisms for targeted biosynthetic goals. Here, I described an integrated workflow strategy using GEMs for strain design and biological discovery. Specific case studies of strain design and biological discovery using Escherichia coli genome-scale model are presented and discussed. The integrated workflow presented herein, when applied carefully would help guide future design strategies for high-performance microbial strains that have existing and forthcoming genome-scale metabolic models.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  6. Habibi N, Mohd Hashim SZ, Norouzi A, Samian MR
    BMC Bioinformatics, 2014;15:134.
    PMID: 24885721 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-15-134
    Over the last 20 years in biotechnology, the production of recombinant proteins has been a crucial bioprocess in both biopharmaceutical and research arena in terms of human health, scientific impact and economic volume. Although logical strategies of genetic engineering have been established, protein overexpression is still an art. In particular, heterologous expression is often hindered by low level of production and frequent fail due to opaque reasons. The problem is accentuated because there is no generic solution available to enhance heterologous overexpression. For a given protein, the extent of its solubility can indicate the quality of its function. Over 30% of synthesized proteins are not soluble. In certain experimental circumstances, including temperature, expression host, etc., protein solubility is a feature eventually defined by its sequence. Until now, numerous methods based on machine learning are proposed to predict the solubility of protein merely from its amino acid sequence. In spite of the 20 years of research on the matter, no comprehensive review is available on the published methods.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  7. Choon YW, Mohamad MS, Deris S, Illias RM, Chong CK, Chai LE
    Bioprocess Biosyst Eng, 2014 Mar;37(3):521-32.
    PMID: 23892659 DOI: 10.1007/s00449-013-1019-y
    Microbial strain optimization focuses on improving technological properties of the strain of microorganisms. However, the complexities of the metabolic networks, which lead to data ambiguity, often cause genetic modification on the desirable phenotypes difficult to predict. Furthermore, vast number of reactions in cellular metabolism lead to the combinatorial problem in obtaining optimal gene deletion strategy. Consequently, the computation time increases exponentially with the increase in the size of the problem. Hence, we propose an extension of a hybrid of Bees Algorithm and Flux Balance Analysis (BAFBA) by integrating OptKnock into BAFBA to validate the result. This paper presents a number of computational experiments to test on the performance and capability of BAFBA. Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Clostridium thermocellum are the model organisms in this paper. Also included is the identification of potential reactions to improve the production of succinic acid, lactic acid and ethanol, plus the discussion on the changes in the flux distribution of the predicted mutants. BAFBA shows potential in suggesting the non-intuitive gene knockout strategies and a low variability among the several runs. The results show that BAFBA is suitable, reliable and applicable in predicting optimal gene knockout strategy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  8. Choon YW, Mohamad MS, Deris S, Chong CK, Omatu S, Corchado JM
    Biomed Res Int, 2015;2015:124537.
    PMID: 25874200 DOI: 10.1155/2015/124537
    Microbial strain optimisation for the overproduction of a desired phenotype has been a popular topic in recent years. Gene knockout is a genetic engineering technique that can modify the metabolism of microbial cells to obtain desirable phenotypes. Optimisation algorithms have been developed to identify the effects of gene knockout. However, the complexities of metabolic networks have made the process of identifying the effects of genetic modification on desirable phenotypes challenging. Furthermore, a vast number of reactions in cellular metabolism often lead to a combinatorial problem in obtaining optimal gene knockout. The computational time increases exponentially as the size of the problem increases. This work reports an extension of Bees Hill Flux Balance Analysis (BHFBA) to identify optimal gene knockouts to maximise the production yield of desired phenotypes while sustaining the growth rate. This proposed method functions by integrating OptKnock into BHFBA for validating the results automatically. The results show that the extension of BHFBA is suitable, reliable, and applicable in predicting gene knockout. Through several experiments conducted on Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Clostridium thermocellum as model organisms, extension of BHFBA has shown better performance in terms of computational time, stability, growth rate, and production yield of desired phenotypes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  9. Phipps M, Pang T, Koh CL, Puthucheary S
    Microbiol. Immunol., 1991;35(2):157-61.
    PMID: 1886492
    Seven (6.1%) of 115 strains of Salmonella typhi isolated from Malaysian patients harbored a single large plasmid of 71 to 166 mD. Two of the seven plasmid-bearing strains were resistant to chloramphenicol (Cm) and tetracycline (Tc) and they transferred Cm and Tc resistance traits to Escherichia coli K12 at frequencies from 1.6 x 10(-7) to 1.9 x 10(-6). Agarose gel electrophoresis provided evidence that the resistance traits were cotransferred on a conjugative plasmid. The significance and importance of these results are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  10. Obeng EM, Brossette T, Ongkudon CM, Budiman C, Maas R, Jose J
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol, 2018 Jun;102(11):4829-4841.
    PMID: 29675801 DOI: 10.1007/s00253-018-8987-4
    This article comparatively reports the workability of Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) and Pseudomonas putida KT2440 cell factories for the expression of three model autodisplayed cellulases (i.e., endoglucanase, BsCel5A; exoglucanase, CelK; β-glucosidase, BglA). The differentiation of the recombinant cells was restricted to their cell growth and enzyme expression/activity attributes. Comparatively, the recombinant E. coli showed higher cell growth rates but lower enzyme activities than the recombinant P. putida. However, the endo-, exoglucanase, and β-glucosidase on the surfaces of both cell factories showed activity over a broad range of pH (4-10) and temperature (30-100 °C). The pH and temperature optima were pH 6, 60 °C (BsCel5A); pH 6, 60-70 °C (CelK); and pH 6, 50 °C (BglA). Overall, the P. putida cell factory with autodisplayed enzymes demonstrated higher bioactivity and remarkable biochemical characteristics and thus was chosen for the saccharification of filter paper. A volumetric blend of the three cellulases with P. putida as the host yielded a ratio of 1:1:1.5 of endoglucanase, exoglucanase, and β-glucosidase, respectively, as the optimum blend composition for filter paper degradation. At an optical density (578 nm) of 50, the blend generated a maximum sugar yield of about 0.7 mg/ml (~ 0.08 U/g) from Whatman filter paper (Ø 6 mm, ~ 2.5 mg) within 24 h.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  11. Tan MS, Teh YH, Ho KL, Stanslas J
    Protein J, 2020 02;39(1):54-61.
    PMID: 31620959 DOI: 10.1007/s10930-019-09872-1
    Being an important regulator of cell growth and survival, a point mutation at glycine-12 residue of Kras4B to valine (V), renders Kras4BG12V oncogenic. Kras4B recombinant protein is used as a bait to fish its potential ligands in the attempt of drugging this oncoprotein and to validate its pharmacologically relevant ligand in protein-ligand interaction studies. Nevertheless, synthesis of Kras4B recombinant protein is challenging as it was reported being susceptible to aggregation into inclusion bodies in the bacterial host, resulting in a poor yield of recombinant protein. Here, we describe a novel method to produce native Kras4BG12V protein by using pET SUMO protein expression system as a solution to the formation of inclusion bodies. Kras4BG12V oncogene was cloned into pET SUMO vector, followed by a 12 h chemically induced protein expression in Escherichia coli at 20 °C. Native Kras4BG12V protein was produced in a series of protein purification steps involving immobilised nickel ion-affinity column chromatography, SUMO fusion protein and polyhistidine tag removal, and size exclusion column chromatography. The identity of the purified Kras4BG12V protein was validated by immunoblot analysis. The purified protein exhibited self-dimerising, indicating that the purified protein structurally resembles Kras4B. Its physical interaction with 4,6-dichloro-2-methyl-3-aminoethyl-indole (DCAI), a known binder of Kras4B, confirms the identity of the purified protein as Kras4BG12V. The native Kras4BG12V protein was successfully purified in a substantial amount by using the pET SUMO protein expression system.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  12. Lee SK, Tan KW, Ng SW
    J Inorg Biochem, 2016 06;159:14-21.
    PMID: 26901628 DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2016.02.010
    Three transition metal derivatives (Zn, Cu, and Ni) of 2-[2-bromoethyliminomethyl]-4-[ethoxymethyl]phenol (L) were synthesized by the reaction of the metal salts with the Schiff base ligand in one pot. In the crystal structure of [Zn(L)Br], the Schiff base ligand binds to the metal center through its phenolate oxygen and imine nitrogen, and adopts a distorted tetrahedral geometry. These compounds were found to inhibit topoisomerase I (topo I) activity, induce DNA cleavage and show DNA binding activity. Moreover, these compounds were found to be cytotoxic towards several cancer cell lines (A2780, MCF-7, HT29, HepG2, A549, PC3, LNCaP) and prevent metastasis of PC3. Collectively, Cu(II) complex 2 shows superior activity relative to its Zn(II) and Ni(II) analogs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  13. Ashaari NS, Ab Rahim MH, Sabri S, Lai KS, Song AA, Abdul Rahim R, et al.
    PLoS One, 2020;15(7):e0235416.
    PMID: 32614884 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0235416
    Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng is an aromatic medicinal herb known for its therapeutic and nutritional properties attributed by the presence of monoterpene and sesquiterpene compounds. Up until now, research on terpenoid biosynthesis has focused on a few mint species with economic importance such as thyme and oregano, yet the terpene synthases responsible for monoterpene production in P. amboinicus have not been described. Here we report the isolation, heterologous expression and functional characterization of a terpene synthase involved in P. amboinicus terpenoid biosynthesis. A putative monoterpene synthase gene (PamTps1) from P. amboinicus was isolated with an open reading frame of 1797 bp encoding a predicted protein of 598 amino acids with molecular weight of 69.6 kDa. PamTps1 shares 60-70% amino acid sequence similarity with other known terpene synthases of Lamiaceae. The in vitro enzymatic activity of PamTps1 demonstrated the conversion of geranyl pyrophosphate and farnesyl pyrophosphate exclusively into linalool and nerolidol, respectively, and thus PamTps1 was classified as a linalool/nerolidol synthase. In vivo activity of PamTps1 in a recombinant Escherichia coli strain revealed production of linalool and nerolidol which correlated with its in vitro activity. This outcome validated the multi-substrate usage of this enzyme in producing linalool and nerolidol both in in vivo and in vitro systems. The transcript level of PamTps1 was prominent in the leaf during daytime as compared to the stem. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and quantitative real-time PCR analyses showed that maximal linalool level was released during the daytime and lower at night following a diurnal circadian pattern which correlated with the PamTps1 expression pattern. The PamTps1 cloned herein provides a molecular basis for the terpenoid biosynthesis in this local herb that could be exploited for valuable production using metabolic engineering in both microbial and plant systems.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  14. Abd Rahman NH, Md Jahim J, Abdul Munaim MS, A Rahman R, Fuzi SFZ, Md Illias R
    Enzyme Microb Technol, 2020 Apr;135:109495.
    PMID: 32146929 DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2019.109495
    E. coli has been engineered to produce xylitol, but the production faces bottlenecks in terms of production yield and cell viability. In this study, recombinant E. coli (rE. coli) was immobilized on untreated and treated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for xylitol production. The immobilized rE. coli on untreated MWCNTs gave the highest xylitol production (5.47 g L-1) and a productivity of 0.22 g L-1 h-1. The doubling time for the immobilized cells increased up to 20.40 h and was higher than that of free cells (3.67 h). Cell lysis of the immobilized cells was reduced by up to 73 %, and plasmid stability improved by up to 17 % compared to those of free cells. Xylitol production using the optimum parameters (pH 7.4, 0.005 mM and 29 °C) achieved a xylitol production and productivity of 6.33 g L-1 and 0.26 g L-1 h-1, respectively. A seven-cycle repeated batch fermentation was carried out for up to 168 h, which showed maximum xylitol production of 7.36 g L-1 during the third cycle. Hence, this new adsorption immobilization system using MWCNTs is an alternative to improve the production of xylitol.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  15. Ng WK, Lim TS, Lai NS
    Protein Expr. Purif., 2016 11;127:73-80.
    PMID: 27412717 DOI: 10.1016/j.pep.2016.07.004
    Neonatal Fc-receptor (FcRn) with its affinity to immunoglobulin G (IgG) has been the subject of many pharmacokinetic studies in the past century. This protein is well known for its unique feature in maintaining the circulating IgG from degradation in blood plasma. FcRn is formed by non-covalent association between the α-chain with the β-2-microglobulin (β2m). Many studies have been conducted to produce FcRn in the laboratory, mainly using mammalian tissue culture as host for recombinant protein expression. In this study, we demonstrate a novel strategy to express the α-chain of FcRn using Escherichia coli as the expression host. The expression vector that carries the cDNA of the α-chain was transformed into expression host, Rosetta-gami 2 strain for inducible expression. The bacterial culture was grown in a modified growth medium which constitutes of terrific broth, sodium chloride (NaCl), glucose and betaine. A brief heat shock at 45 °C was carried out after induction, before the temperature for expression was reduced to 22 °C and grown for 16 h. The soluble form of the α-chain of FcRn expressed was tested in the ELISA and dot blot immunoassay to confirm its native functionality. The results implied that the α-chain of FcRn expressed using this method is functional and retains its pH-dependent affinity to IgG. Our study significantly suggests that the activity of human FcRn remain active and functional in the absence of β2m.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  16. Hassan MI, McSorley FR, Hotta K, Boddy CN
    J Vis Exp, 2017 06 27.
    PMID: 28715370 DOI: 10.3791/55187
    Co-expression of multiple proteins is increasingly essential for synthetic biology, studying protein-protein complexes, and characterizing and harnessing biosynthetic pathways. In this manuscript, the use of a highly effective system for the construction of multigene synthetic operons under the control of an inducible T7 RNA polymerase is described. This system allows many genes to be expressed simultaneously from one plasmid. Here, a set of four related vectors, pMGX-A, pMGX-hisA, pMGX-K, and pMGX-hisK, with either the ampicillin or kanamycin resistance selectable marker (A and K) and either possessing or lacking an N-terminal hexahistidine tag (his) are disclosed. Detailed protocols for the construction of synthetic operons using this vector system are provided along with the corresponding data, showing that a pMGX-based system containing five genes can be readily constructed and used to produce all five encoded proteins in Escherichia coli. This system and protocol enables researchers to routinely express complex multi-component modules and pathways in E. coli.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics*
  17. Dwiyanto J, Huët MAL, Hussain MH, Su TT, Tan JBL, Toh KY, et al.
    NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes, 2023 Aug 12;9(1):55.
    PMID: 37573460 DOI: 10.1038/s41522-023-00425-0
    The prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in Southeast Asia is a significant concern, yet there is limited research on the gut resistome and its correlation with lifestyle and environmental factors in the region. This study aimed to profile the gut resistome of 200 individuals in Malaysia using shotgun metagenomic sequencing and investigate its association with questionnaire data comprising demographic and lifestyle variables. A total of 1038 antibiotic resistance genes from 26 classes were detected with a mean carriage rate of 1.74 ± 1.18 gene copies per cell per person. Correlation analysis identified 14 environmental factors, including hygiene habits, health parameters, and intestinal colonization, that were significantly associated with the resistome (adjusted multivariate PERMANOVA, p Escherichia coli as a major resistome network hub, with a positive correlation to 36 antibiotic-resistance genes. Our findings suggest that E. coli may play a pivotal role in shaping the resistome dynamics in Segamat, Malaysia, and its abundance is strongly associated with the community's health and lifestyle habits. Furthermore, the presence of yeast appears to be associated with the suppression of antibiotic-resistance genes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  18. Gul R, Hanif MU, Gul F, Rehman HM, Saleem M, Ahmad MS, et al.
    Mol Biotechnol, 2023 Jul;65(7):1062-1075.
    PMID: 36437440 DOI: 10.1007/s12033-022-00612-y
    The current study focuses on molecular cloning, expression and structural characterization of growth hormone-receptor (GHR) and its extracellular domain as growth hormone binding protein (GHBP) from the liver of Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis; Bb). RNA was isolated, genes were amplified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and sequence was characterized. The BbGHR sequence showed three amino acid variations in the extracellular domain when compared with Indian BbGHR. For the production of full length BbGHR and BbGHBP in Escherichia coli (E. coli) BL21 (RIPL) Codon Plus, expression plasmids were constructed under the control of T7lac promoter and isopropyl β-D thiogalactopyranoside was used as an inducer. BbGHR and BbGHBP were expressed as inclusion bodies at ~ 40% and > 30% of the total E. coli proteins, respectively. The BbGHBP was solubilized and refolded by dilution method using cysteine-cystine redox potential. The recombinant BbGHBP was purified and biological activity was checked on HeLa cell lines showing increase cell proliferation in the presence of ovine GH (oGH), hence justifying the increase in the half-life of GH in the presence of BbGHBP. For the molecular interactions of oGH-BbGHBP multiple docking programs were employed to explore the subsequent interactions which showed high binding affinity and presence of large number of hydrogen bonds. Molecular Dynamics studies performed to examine the stability of proteins and exhibited stable structures along with favorable molecular interactions. This study has described the sequence characterization of BbGHR in Nili-Ravi buffaloes and hence provided the basis for the assessment of GH-GHR binding in other Bovidae species.
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  19. Tan FH, Ng JF, Mohamed Alitheen NB, Muhamad A, Yong CY, Lee KW
    J Virol Methods, 2023 Sep;319:114771.
    PMID: 37437780 DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2023.114771
    Virus-like particles (VLPs) is one of the most favourable subjects of study, especially in the field of nanobiotechnology and vaccine development because they possess good immunogenicity and self-adjuvant properties. Conventionally, VLPs can be tagged and purified using affinity chromatography or density gradient ultracentrifugation which is costly and time-consuming. Turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) is a plant virus, where expression of the viral coat protein (TYMVc) in Escherichia coli (E. coli) has been shown to form VLP. In this study, we report a non-chromatographic method for VLP purification using C-terminally His-tagged TYMVc (TYMVcHis6) as a protein model. Firstly, the TYMVcHis6 was cloned and expressed in E. coli. Upon clarification of cell lysate, nickel (II) chloride [NiCl2; 15 µM or equivalent to 0.0000194% (w/v)] was added to precipitate TYMVcHis6. Following centrifugation, the pellet was resuspended in buffer containing 1 mM EDTA to chelate Ni2+, which is then removed via dialysis. A total of 50% of TYMVcHis6 was successfully recovered with purity above 0.90. Later, the purified TYMVcHis6 was analysed with sucrose density ultracentrifugation, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to confirm VLP formation, which is comparable to TYMVcHis6 purified using the standard immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) column. As the current method omitted the need for IMAC column and beads while significantly reducing the time needed for column washing, nickel affinity precipitation represents a novel method for the purification of VLPs displaying poly-histidine tags (His-tags).
    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
  20. Yap PSX, Chong CW, Ponnampalavanar S, Ramli R, Harun A, Tengku Jamaluddin TZM, et al.
    PeerJ, 2023;11:e16393.
    PMID: 38047021 DOI: 10.7717/peerj.16393
    BACKGROUND: The high burden of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales worldwide, especially in the densely populated South East Asia poses a significant threat to the global transmission of antibiotic resistance. Molecular surveillance of ESBL-producing pathogens in this region is vital for understanding the local epidemiology, informing treatment choices, and addressing the regional and global implications of antibiotic resistance.

    METHODS: Therefore, an inventory surveillance of the ESBL-Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) isolates responsible for infections in Malaysian hospitals was conducted. Additionally, the in vitro efficacy of flomoxef and other established antibiotics against ESBL-EC was evaluated.

    RESULTS: A total of 127 non-repetitive ESBL-EC strains isolated from clinical samples were collected during a multicentre study performed in five representative Malaysian hospitals. Of all the isolates, 33.9% were isolated from surgical site infections and 85.8% were hospital-acquired infections. High rates of resistance to cefotaxime (100%), cefepime (100%), aztreonam (100%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (100%) were observed based on the broth microdilution test. Carbapenems remained the most effective antibiotics against the ESBL-EC, followed by flomoxef. Antibiotic resistance genes were identified by PCR. The blaCTX-M-1 was the most prevalent ESBL gene, with 28 isolates (22%) harbouring blaCTX-M-1 only, 27 isolates (21.3%) co-harbouring blaCTX-M-1 and blaTEM, and ten isolates (7.9%) co-harbouring blaCTX-M-1, blaTEM and blaSHV. A generalised linear model showed significant antibacterial activity of imipenem against different types of infection. Besides carbapenems, this study also demonstrated a satisfactory antibacterial activity of flomoxef (81.9%) on ESBL-EC, regardless of the types of ESBL genes.

    Matched MeSH terms: Escherichia coli/genetics
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links