Displaying all 9 publications

  1. Mohd Fauzi NA, Abdullah S, Tan AH, Mohd Ramli N, Tan CY, Lim SY
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord, 2020 06;75:110-113.
    PMID: 30846242 DOI: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.02.025
    We report a case of relapsing-remitting opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome (OMAS) in a patient with Hashimoto's encephalopathy, diagnosed after comprehensive evaluation. OMAS as a manifestation of Hashimoto's encephalopathy has been reported once previously. It is hoped that recognition of this entity and early initiation of immunotherapy will improve clinical outcomes for patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease/complications*; Hashimoto Disease/diagnosis; Hashimoto Disease/drug therapy
  2. Ngiu CS, Ibrahim NM, Yahya WN, Tan HJ, Mustafa N, Basri H, et al.
    BMJ Case Rep, 2009;2009.
    PMID: 21709844 DOI: 10.1136/bcr.01.2009.1501
    Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is a poorly recognised steroid-responsive encephalopathy, with prominent neuropsychiatric features. Diagnosis is often difficult due to its heterogeneous clinical presentation, especially since the thyroid status or anti-thyroid antibody titres may not be related to the disease state. Here, the case of a 23-year-old Malay woman with Graves disease who presented with progressive encephalopathy diagnosed as HE is presented. She responded dramatically to high dose intravenous and then oral corticosteroid. A month after the initiation of treatment, she regained full independency.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease
  3. Yan Hung SK, Hiew FL, Viswanathan S
    Ann Indian Acad Neurol, 2019 1 30;22(1):102-103.
    PMID: 30692769 DOI: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_232_18
    Multiple co-infections can predispose a patient to autoimmune encephalitis. Out of thirty cases of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis seen at a single tertiary referral center, only two cases of co-infection with NMDAR encephalitis were identified. One of these cases was highly interesting due to the presence of more than one co-infections along with the presence of cortical dysfunction, seizures, and orofacial dyskinesias at the onset in a male in the absence of tumors, which was refractory to initial treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease
  4. Ahmed RH, Huri HZ, Al-Hamodi Z, Salem SD, Al-Absi B, Muniandy S
    PLoS One, 2016;11(4):e0154369.
    PMID: 27111895 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154369
    BACKGROUND: Genetic polymorphisms of the Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 (DPP4) gene may play a role in the etiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to investigate the possible association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the DPP4 gene in Malaysian subjects with T2DM and evaluated whether they had an effect on the serum levels of soluble dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (sDPP-IV).

    METHOD: Ten DPP4 SNPs were genotyped by TaqMan genotyping assays in 314 subjects with T2DM and 235 controls. Of these, 71 metabolic syndrome (MetS) subjects were excluded from subsequent analysis. The odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated using multiple logistic regression for the association between the SNPs of DPP4 and T2DM. In addition, the serum levels of sDPP-IV were investigated to evaluate the association of the SNPs of DPP4 with the sDPP-IV levels.

    RESULTS: Dominant, recessive, and additive genetic models were employed to test the association of DPP4 polymorphisms with T2DM, after adjusting for age, race, gender and BMI. The rs12617656 was associated with T2DM in Malaysian subjects in the recessive genetic model (OR = 1.98, p = 0.006), dominant model (OR = 1.95, p = 0.008), and additive model (OR = 1.63, p = 0.001). This association was more pronounced among Malaysian Indians, recessive (OR = 3.21, p = 0.019), dominant OR = 3.72, p = 0.003) and additive model (OR = 2.29, p = 0.0009). The additive genetic model showed that DPP4 rs4664443 and rs7633162 polymorphisms were associated with T2DM (OR = 1.53, p = 0.039), and (OR = 1.42, p = 0.020), respectively. In addition, the rs4664443 G>A polymorphism was associated with increased sDPP-IV levels (p = 0.042) in T2DM subjects.

    CONCLUSIONS: DPP4 polymorphisms were associated with T2DM in Malaysian subjects, and linked to variations in sDPP-IV levels. In addition, these associations were more pronounced among Malaysian Indian subjects.

    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease/genetics; Hashimoto Disease/epidemiology
  5. Lwin S, San Yi M, Mardiana K, Woon SY, Nwe TM
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 11;75(6):731-733.
    PMID: 33219185
    The association of ovarian teratoma and anti-N-Methyl-Daspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) is one of the most common autoimmune encephalitis syndromes and it is a serious and potentially fatal pathology that occurs in young women. This case report describes of a pediatric patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. A-12-year-old girl presented with abnormal behavior for one week came to Emergency Department of Sarawak General Hospital, Malaysia. She had psychotic spectrum symptoms including suicidal tendency. She was diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis as positive antibody was seen in her cerebrospinal fluid. She was treated with Injection Immunoglobulin. She turned out to have teratoma which was successfully removed later. Her progress was remarkable after the surgery with the Immunoglobulin. A multi-disciplinary team involving a psychiatrist, neurologist and gynaecologist liaised with intensivist to successfully manage the case and achieve the good outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease
  6. Siti Yazmin Zahari Sham, Nor Aini Umar, Zarida Hambali, Rosdinom Razali, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf
    Subclinical hypothyroidism (SHT) is a biochemical diagnosis, defined as an elevated Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) with normal free thyroxine (FT4). It affects 4-10% of the adult population and is more prevalent in elderly women. Its commonest cause is autoimmune thyroiditis, detected by anti- thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO-Ab). About 2-5% of SHT patients progress to overt hypothyroidism annually. The SHT prevalence among depressed patients ranges between 3% and 17%. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of SHT and TPO-Ab positivity among patients diagnosed with depressive disorders. It was a cross-sectional study carried out in the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre over a 12 months period. Serum TSH, FT4 and TPO-Ab were measured. Results showed that 82% of depressed patients were euthyroid, 4% had SHT, 11% had subclinical hyperthyroidism and 2% had discordant thyroid function. TPO-Ab positivity among the subjects was 7%, one of whom had SHT. In conclusion, the prevalence of SHT and TPO-Ab positivity in the study population, at 4% and 7%, respectively, were comparable to previous findings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease
  7. Hanita, O., Azura, N.R., Faizal, M.M.Z.
    Medicine & Health, 2012;7(1):24-31.
    The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves disease (GD) which is characterised by the presence of autoantibodies which binds to the TSH receptor (TRAb). Recently, a rapid, fully automated electrochemiluminescent immunoassay ElecsysAnti-TSHR for detection of autoantibodies to TSH receptor was made available for routine clinical use. The objective of this study is to evaluate this assay and to determine the sensitivity, specificity and cut-off value. Interassay and total imprecision (CV) were determined at 3.78-7.02 IU/L and 13.5-21.2 IU/L respectively. A total of 124 samples which comprised of 46 GD, seven Hashimoto thyroiditis (HD), 11 non autoimmune nodular goitre (NAG), 2 thyroid cancers (Ca) and 58 normal controls were retrospectively analysed to determine the sensitivity, specificity and cut-off value. Inter-assay CV’s were 2.4% at a concentration of 3.90 IU/L (range: 3.78-7.02 IU/l) and 0.8% at 20.80 IU/L (range:13.5-21.2 IU/l). Total imprecision was 3.8% at a concentration of 3.80 IU/L (range:13.5-21.2 IU/l) and 1.0% at 20.8 IU/L (range:13.5-21.2 IU/l). The ROC analysis of patients with GD, other thyroid disorders and normal controls revealed that the highest sensitivity (94%) and specificity (98%) were seen at cut-off value of 1.69 IU/L. Positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) was 95% and 94% respectively. At this derived cut-off value of 1.69 IU/L, we found that the sensitivity of TRAb positivity within the group of 29 newly diagnosed GD patients was 94%. Our results demonstrate that this fully automated assay with testing time of 27 minutes has high sensitivity in detecting GD and high specificity for discriminating other thyroid disease and represent major improvement in the diagnosis and management of patients with thyroid diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease
  8. Abdullah NRA, Akbar RZA
    J ASEAN Fed Endocr Soc, 2017;32(1):50-53.
    PMID: 33442085 DOI: 10.15605/jafes.032.01.09
    Autoimmune thyroiditis in the course of other autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is common because these disorders are attributed to the production of autoantibodies against various autoantigens. Beyond this association, autoimmune thyroiditis can occur before, during or after the development of SLE. In this report, we describe a female who presented with facial puffiness, lethargy and progressive abdominal distension. She was diagnosed with autoimmune thyroiditis followed by the diagnosis of SLE complicated by a massive ascites, a rare form of lupus peritonitis, which is sterile ascites that results from severe serositis. Her presentation was complex and posed a diagnostic challenge and dilemma to the physicians involved in her care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease
  9. Yahaya N, Din SW, Ghazali MZ, Mustafa S
    Singapore Med J, 2011 Sep;52(9):e173-6.
    PMID: 21947158
    Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare form of thyroid cancer that is known to be associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis. This association is supported by the presence of elevated titres of both antithyroglobulin and antimicrosomal antibodies in up to 95 percent of patients with PTL. Most patients with PTL present with a rapidly enlarging neck mass and compressive symptoms. The majority of thyroid cancer patients have normal levels of thyroid hormones; they are rarely hyperthyroid, with no obvious clinical features of thyrotoxicosis. We describe a patient who presented with minimal clinical features of thyrotoxicosis despite having markedly elevated serum free thyroxine and suppressed serum thyroid-stimulating hormone levels.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hashimoto Disease/blood
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