Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 100 in total

  1. Arshad AR, Ganesananthan S, Ajik S
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55(3):331-40.
    PMID: 11200713
    A study was carried out in Kuala Lumpur Hospital to review the adequacy of documentation of bio-data and clinical data including clinical examination, progress review, discharge process and doctor's identification in ten of our clinical departments. Twenty criteria were assessed in a retrospective manner to scrutinize the contents of medical notes and subsequently two prospective evaluations were conducted to see improvement in case notes documentation. Deficiencies were revealed in all the criteria selected. However there was a statistically significant improvement in the eleven clinical data criteria in the subsequent two evaluations. Illegibility of case note entries and an excessive usage of abbreviations were noted during this audit. All clinical departments and hospitals should carry out detailed studies into the contents of their medical notes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients*
  2. Aishah AB, Foo YN
    Med J Malaysia, 1995 Sep;50(3):246-9.
    PMID: 8926903
    A retrospective six-month study of serum calcium and albumin in patients treated at the Kuala Lumpur Hospital was carried out. There were 19,291 subjects, of which the prevalences of hypocalcemia (corrected serum calcium of < or = 2.1 mmol/l) and hypercalcemia (corrected serum calcium of > 2.7 mmol/l) were 18.0% (3460 subjects) and 2.4% (468 subjects) respectively. Persistent hypocalcemia (a minimum of first two consecutive corrected serum calcium of < or = 2.1 mmol/l) was found in 408/19,291 subjects 2.1%). Serum calcium values of < 2.00 mmol/l were found in 98.5% of this group. Persistent hypercalcemia (a minimum of first two consecutive corrected serum calcium of > 2.7 mmol/l) was found in 108/19,291 subjects (0.5%) and 52/108 subjects (48.1%) had serum calcium values of > or = 3.0 mmol/l. 2902/3460 subjects (83.8%) and 313/468 subjects (66.9%) the hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia groups respectively failed to be retested (singletons). In the hypocalcemia group, 1115/2902 (38.4%) showed corrected serum calcium values of < 2.00 mmol/l), whilst 100/313 subjects (31.9%) of the hypercalcemia group had corrected serum calcium values of > or = 3.00 mmol/l. There were no significant differences between the mean corrected serum calcium between 3 age groups of the test population, namely in childhood ( < or = 65 years).
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients*
  3. Zain AM
    Med J Malaysia, 1991 Jun;46(2):171-6.
    PMID: 1839422
    A study of completed in-patient suicides at the University Hospital Kuala Lumpur (UHKL) and Hospital Bahagia Ulu Kinta (HBUK) between 1st January 1967 to 31st December 1987 were conducted. Records of completed in-patient suicides during the period were exhaustively studied. Only 18 cases were from UHKL and 23 cases were from HBUK. It was found that the suicide patients were mainly young Chinese males from the lower socio economic group. The main reasons for suicide were interpersonal conflicts and physical illness. Alcohol was not an important factor unlike patients in the West.. Suicidal intent was also important. Many of the suicides were committed during the early hours of the morning and they usually occurred at inaccessible places. The method was strongly influenced by availability. To the best knowledge of the author, this is the first study of in-patient suicides in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients/psychology
  4. Norshariza, J., Neoh, M.K., Betti, Sharina M.H.L., Aeininhayatey, A., Siti Farrah Zaidah, M.Y., Aini Zaharah, A.J., et al.
    Malays J Nutr, 2017;23(2):161-174.
    Introduction: Malnutrition in cancer patients affects the quality of life (QoL) of the patients and brings about adverse outcomes including morbidity and mortality. This study aims to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among cancer patients at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), Putrajaya.
    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 97 respondents who were admitted to the NCI between August 2014 and January 2015. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, anthropometric measurements, dietary intake and biochemical data were obtained. The Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) was used to identify malnutrition risk, while the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) determined patients’ nutritional status.
    Results: Approximately 61.9% and 43.5% of the patients were malnourished upon admission based on the MST and SGA scores, respectively. Four most common types of cancer among the malnourished patients were nasopharyngeal (NPC), lung, breast and colorectal cancer. About 56.9% and 21.6% of the malnourished patients, according to MST, were at Stage 4 and Stage 3 cancer, respectively. Meanwhile 69.7% of the malnourished respondents, based on SGA, were at Stage 4 cancer. Mean energy intake was 1463±577 kcal and protein intake was 54±22 g proteins.
    Conclusion: Prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalised cancer patients in the NCI was high, depending on age, body mass index (BMI), tumour location and cancer stage. Early identification of malnutrition status is required for proper nutritional intervention.
    Study site: National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Putrajaya, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  5. Black K
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  6. Subermaniam K, Welfred R, Subramanian P, Chinna K, Ibrahim F, Mohktar MS, et al.
    Front Public Health, 2016;4:292.
    PMID: 28119908 DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00292
    Falls and fall-related injuries are increasingly serious issues among elderly inpatients due to population aging. The bed-exit alarm has only previously been evaluated in a handful of studies with mixed results. Therefore, we evaluated the effectiveness of a modular bed absence sensor device (M-BAS) in detecting bed exits among older inpatients in a middle income nation in East Asia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  7. Lau SC, Azim E, Abdul Latiff Z, Syed Zakaria SZ, Wong SW, Wu LL, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2018 12;73(6):382-387.
    PMID: 30647208
    INTRODUCTION: A smooth transition of healthcare for young people with chronic illnesses from paediatric to adult healthcare services is important to ensure optimal outcome. At the moment, there are no standard guidelines to assess a patient's readiness to transfer care.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire, adapted from UNC (University of North Carolina) TRxANSITION self-assessment tool was conducted to evaluate patients' transition care readiness in paediatric haematology and paediatric diabetes clinic.

    RESULTS: A total of 80 patients (37 thalassaemia and 43 diabetes) with the mean age of 21.2 (SD±4.3) years, were recruited during the 3-month study period. Majority of the patients have basic knowledge regarding their medications, and were able to comply with their follow-up. The mean total score obtained by the respondents on this questionnaire was 15.3 (SD±3.59). Self-management skills and knowledge on disease were the two poorly scored section; with mean score of 3.78 (SD±1.38) and 4.28 (SD±1.20) respectively. Overall, only 21 (26.2%) respondents obtained high score (score above 75th percentile). Seventy-five percent of the respondents admitted that they were not ready for transfer to an adult healthcare service yet at the time of the study.

    CONCLUSION: We suggest that patients with high score should be prepared for transition to adult facility whereas those with a low score need to be identified to ensure provision of continuous education.

    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients/psychology; Inpatients/statistics & numerical data
  8. Muhammad-Lutfi AR, Zaraihah MR, Anuar-Ramdhan IM
    Malays Orthop J, 2014 Nov;8(3):22-6.
    PMID: 26401231 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1411.005
    Good knowledge and practice regarding diabetic foot care will reduce the risk of diabetic foot complications and ultimately amputation. This study is conducted to assess patients' knowledge and compliance of diabetic foot care. A cross sectional study performed on patients who were admitted to HSNZ from the 1st September 2013 to 30th April 2014 for diabetic foot infections. They were interviewed with a questionnaire of 15 'yes' or 'no' questions on foot care knowledge and practice. Score of 1 was given for each 'yes' answer. The level of knowledge and practice, whether good or poor, was determined based on the median score of each category. The result was tested using a chi-square test in SPSS version 17. A total of 157 patients were included in this study with a mean age of 56.33 years (31-77). There were 72 male (45.9%) and 85 female (54.1%) patients with the majority of them being Malays (154 patients, 98.1%). Majority of the patients (58%) had poor foot care knowledge while 97 patients (61.8%) had poor diabetic foot care practice as compared to the median score. Based on the chi square test of relatedness, there was no significant association between knowledge and practice with any of the variables. In conclusion, the majority of patients admitted for diabetic foot infections had poor knowledge and practice of diabetic foot care. Education regarding foot care strategies should be emphasized and empowered within the diabetic population.
    Study site: Hospital Sultanah Nur Zahirah, Kuala Terengganu,Terengganu, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  9. Ade Suzana Eka Putri, Syed Mohamed Aljunid, Amrizal Muhammad Nur
    Indonesian government secures the access of the poor towards health services through subsidised schemes. This study is aimed to describe the pattern of health expenditure by households and to describe the pattern of health service utilisation across household’s socioeconomic level in the city of Padang after seven years of the introduction of subsidised schemes. A household survey was conducted involving 918 households, with multistage random sampling method. The proportion of out-of-pocket (OOP) health spending as a share of household’s capacity to pay was regressive across consumption quintiles. The proportion of households with catastrophic health expenditure was 1.6% while 1.1% faced impoverished health expenses. Among those who need health care, the utilisation among the rich was higher than the poor. Health insurance schemes in Padang provides financial protection, however with regards to household’s capacity to pay, the poor has the higher burden of health payment. The gap on health service utilisation between the poor and the better-offs was still apparent for outpatient services and it has been narrowed for inpatient care. This study suggests that the subsidised schemes for the poor are highly needed and the possibility of the leakage of subsidies to the rich should be considered by the government.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  10. Mohamad Isa, M.F., Tan, C.L., Gill, J.S.
    About 60% of people with mental illness developed co-morbid medical and physical illness that invariably worsens their lives. However, most of the studies regarding this issue were done either in the out-patient or community settings, ignoring long stay inpatients. Locally, no data exists among long stay patients in psychiatric institutions. The aim of this retrospective study was to look at the prevalence of physical illness among long-stay patients and to compare the occurrence of physical illness before and after admission to the psychiatric institution. We found that 85 (63.4%) out of 134 subjects there was suffering with co-morbid physical and medical illnesses. There were 33 (24.6%) subjects with hyperlipidaemia, 22 (16.4%) subjects with hypertension and 17 (12.7%) subjects with diabetes. Approximately 75 (55.9%) subjects developed medical illness after admission. In conclusion, long-stay psychiatric patients are at a high risk of developing medical problems that tends to begin after admission to the psychiatric institution.
    Study site: Hospital Bahagia, Ulu Kinta, Perak, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  11. Laere E, Tee SF, Tang PY
    Psychiatry Investig, 2018 Oct;15(10):945-955.
    PMID: 30223641 DOI: 10.30773/pi.2018.07.22
    OBJECTIVE: The present meta-analysis aimed to analyze the cognitive performance of schizophrenia patients measured by Trail Making Tests (TMT) and the contribution of socio-demographic factors to cognitive impairments.

    METHODS: PubMed and PsycARTICLES databases were searched for the studies published between January 1985 and November 2017. Data were drawn from 19 studies encompassing 1095 patients and 324 controls. The effect size and heterogeneity were assessed with Comprehensive Meta-Analysis version 2 using random-effect model.

    RESULTS: Overall, the results showed that the schizophrenia patients performed significantly (p<0.001) worse than healthy controls in both TMT-A and B. However, concurrent substance abuse, clinical status (inpatient or outpatient), duration of education and duration of illness were not associated with cognitive impairment among the schizophrenia patients.

    CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis confirmed the cognitive processing speed and flexibility of schizophrenia patients were impaired. However, their duration of education, duration of illness and clinical status (inpatient or outpatient) were not the risk factors.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  12. Saifuddin, T.M., Amilin, N., Zafri, A.
    Dissociative identity disorder (DID) previously known as multiple personality disorder is associated with depression and traumatic childhood which can be either physically or sexually abuse. It is hard to establish diagnosis of DID because of the complexity and controversies that surrounding it. We report a case of a young man who has DID and Major Depressive Disorder in the background of traumatic childhood experience who was recently admitted to our inpatient psychiatric unit and demonstrated transitions to other distinct personality state.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  13. Mazlinda, M., Ayu Sulaini, J., Suriawati, G., Mardiana, M., Zahri, M.K.
    A pressure ulcer is a common health problem, particularly among the physically limited or bedridden individuals. The most vulnerable group to suffer this condition is the elderly. The prevalence of Geriatric inpatient with pressure ulcer stage I, II, III or even IV for a month was 35.5% of the total admission. The understanding of recovery process, prevention remains the best management strategy as it improves their quality of life. This study aims to compare PU development outcomes in geriatric patients nursed on either using the Durable barrier cream (Cavillon cream) or non-pharmacological intervention alone. Using the Quasi experimental study-design, the selected participants were subjected to Cavaillon cream as well as the intervention. The assessment used were the outcome of the pressure ulcer was assessed using the measured size of the redness area. There was the statistically significant reduction in pressure ulcer size on day three compared to the size on day one among the intervention group, z value was -5.028, p
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  14. Scrimgeour H
    Malayan Medical Journal, 1932;7:137-40.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  15. Amer Siddiq AN, Ng CG, Aida SA, Nor Zuraida Z, Abdul Kadir R
    Objective: The aim of this study was to study the rate of readmission and look into factors that may contribute to this. Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of all psychiatric patients who were discharged from University Malaya Medical Center (UMMC). Case notes of those discharged during the study period was retrieved and analyzed. Those fulfilling the inclusion criteria were recruited and subjected to a questionnaire. Results: A total 107 patients were identified and only 95 participated. The readmission rate was 16.8%. Severity of illness was identified as the main risk factor for readmission in this study. Conclusion: Our readmission rate was similar to some developed nations and indicated good quality of care in UMMC. There appears to be other factors that may influence rate for readmission other than quality of in-patient care and outpatient community care. Keywords: readmission, mental illness, quality of care, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  16. Jepps MW
    Parasitology, 1923;15:213-20.
    DOI: 10.1017/S0031182000014682
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients
  17. Loh SY, Abdullah A, Abu Bakar AK, Thambu M, Nik Jaafar NR
    Glob J Health Sci, 2016;8(1):238-48.
    PMID: 26234968 DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v8n1p238
    Lifestyle moderate-intensity physical activity can lower the risk of over twenty chronic health conditions, whilst inactivity reduces daily functioning and physical health of individuals living with schizophrenia. This study conducted in 2014 examines the effect of structured walking participation on QOL, psychosocial functioning and symptoms in Hospital Permai, one of the largest psychiatry institution in Asia
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients*
  18. Tan SB, Loh EC, Lam CL, Ng CG, Lim EJ, Boey CCM
    BMJ Support Palliat Care, 2019 Mar;9(1):e19.
    PMID: 27098972 DOI: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2015-001064
    Although suffering in palliative care has received increasing attention over the past decade, the psychological processes that underpin suffering remain relatively unexplored.

    OBJECTIVE: To understand the psychological processes involved in the experiencing of suffering at the end phase of life.

    METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 palliative care inpatients from an academic medical centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The transcripts were thematically analysed with NVIVO9.

    RESULTS: 5 themes of psychological processes of suffering were generated: (1) perceptions, (2) cognitive appraisals, (3) hope and the struggles with acceptance, (4) emotions and (5) clinging. A model of suffering formation was constructed.

    CONCLUSION: The findings may inform the development of mechanism-based interventions in the palliation of suffering.

    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients/psychology*
  19. Al-Talib H, Yean CY, Hasan H, Nik Zuraina NM, Ravichandran M
    Pol. J. Microbiol., 2013;62(1):109-12.
    PMID: 23829087
    Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is a common source of nosocomial infection and colonization. The aim of the present study was to assess the burden of methicillin-resistant S. aureus nasal carriage, its association with factors of interest including its genetic relationships. The prevalence of S. aureus nasal carriage was found to be 28.7%. This study showed that patients with a history of previous antibiotic intake, nasogastric tube, and longer hospitalization had a significantly high risk of being MRSA nasal carriers. The genetic relationship of all 34 nasal MRSA isolates revealed four major clusters of isolates, and there was a relationship between MRSA isolated from inpatients and healthcare workers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients*
  20. Harwant S, Doshi HK, Moissinac K, Abdullah BT
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Jun;55(2):236-41.
    PMID: 19839152
    Sixty inpatients with diabetic foot were studied prospectively at the Orthopaedic wards of Hospital Kuala Lumpur. Data was evaluated to document the patient profile and the factors that were associated with a major amputation (either above knee or below knee) of the lower limb. Factors that were associated with increased risk of amputation were a low education level, manual occupation, poor foot care, peripheral vascular insufficiency of the lower limb, insulin dependence, anaemia and leucocytosis. However only anaemia, leucocytosis and hyperglycaemia were statistically significant in predicting a more adverse surgical procedure. This study recommends that foot care awareness and practice is important. This can be effectively dealt with at specially organised, multi disciplinary Diabetic Foot Clinics.
    Matched MeSH terms: Inpatients*
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