Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 96 in total

  1. Ghani, S.H.A.
    Ann Dent, 1996;3(1):-.
    Fixed-removable appliance is frequently used to extrude a tooth but the idea of incorporating an acrylic capping or stop has not been documented in the literature. This article reports on a case treated with this new approach and describes the technique used.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion
  2. Qamruddin I, Alam MK, Shahid F, Tanveer S, Mukhtiar M, Asim Z
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 2016 May;26(5):390-3.
    PMID: 27225144 DOI: 2321
    OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the cephalometric values among Pakistani males and females using commonly used sagittal skeletal measurements (ANB, Wits appraisal, Beta-angle) and newly developed cephalometric analyses (Yen-angle and W-angle).

    STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study.

    PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Orthodontic Department of Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan, from August to October 2013.

    METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 209 pre-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs of orthodontic patients were selected from departmental records, comprised of 92 males and 117 females. Radiographs were traced for measurements of ANB, Wits appraisal, Beta-angle, W-angle and Yen-angle. Patients were categorized into skeletal classes I, II, and III on the basis of performed measurements, incisor classification, and profile recorded from their records. Descriptive analysis was used to obtain median interquartile range in both the genders and Mann-Whitney U-test was used to observe gender dimorphism.

    RESULTS: Skeletal class II was the most prevalent type of malocclusion. There were no difference in the obtained measurements between males and females except the Wits appraisal and Beta-angle in class II patients, which showed significant difference in values (p < 0.05).

    CONCLUSION: Pakistani population has no significant different difference in the craniofacial morphology of males and females, with the exception of Wits-appraisal and Beta-angle in class II cases.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion/classification*; Malocclusion/epidemiology; Malocclusion, Angle Class I/epidemiology; Malocclusion, Angle Class II/epidemiology; Malocclusion, Angle Class III/epidemiology
  3. Khiang LS
    Dent J Malaysia Singapore, 1967 Oct;7(2):25-31.
    PMID: 5247438
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion/etiology; Malocclusion/surgery
  4. Noraini Abu Bakar, Khairani Idah Mokhtar, Azrul Fazwan Kharuddin
    PAX9 (Paired box 9) gene is one of the genes which play significant role during
    craniofacial development. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in PAX9 has been associated with
    Class II/Division 2 malocclusion (with or without hypodontia). However, the relationship between
    PAX9 SNP marker (rs8004560) with mandibular prognathism (MP) has not been analysed, at least in
    our local population. This study aimed to detect the presence of PAX9 (rs8004560) SNP in Class III
    malocclusion patients (with MP) in the local population. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion; Malocclusion, Angle Class II; Malocclusion, Angle Class III
  5. Mulimani PS, Azmi MIB, Jamali NR, Basir NNBM, Soe HHK
    Singapore Dent J, 2017 12;38:71-77.
    PMID: 29229077 DOI: 10.1016/j.sdj.2017.09.002
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion/diagnosis; Malocclusion/ethnology*; Malocclusion/therapy
  6. Alhammadi MS, Halboub E, Fayed MS, Labib A, El-Saaidi C
    Dental Press J Orthod, 2019 1 24;23(6):40.e1-40.e10.
    PMID: 30672991 DOI: 10.1590/2177-6709.23.6.40.e1-10.onl
    OBJECTIVE: Considering that the available studies on prevalence of malocclusions are local or national-based, this study aimed to pool data to determine the distribution of malocclusion traits worldwide in mixed and permanent dentitions.

    METHODS: An electronic search was conducted using PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar search engines, to retrieve data on malocclusion prevalence for both mixed and permanent dentitions, up to December 2016.

    RESULTS: Out of 2,977 retrieved studies, 53 were included. In permanent dentition, the global distributions of Class I, Class II, and Class III malocclusion were 74.7% [31 - 97%], 19.56% [2 - 63%] and 5.93% [1 - 20%], respectively. In mixed dentition, the distributions of these malocclusions were 73% [40 - 96%], 23% [2 - 58%] and 4% [0.7 - 13%]. Regarding vertical malocclusions, the observed deep overbite and open bite were 21.98% and 4.93%, respectively. Posterior crossbite affected 9.39% of the sample. Africans showed the highest prevalence of Class I and open bite in permanent dentition (89% and 8%, respectively), and in mixed dentition (93% and 10%, respectively), while Caucasians showed the highest prevalence of Class II in permanent dentition (23%) and mixed dentition (26%). Class III malocclusion in mixed dentition was highly prevalent among Mongoloids.

    CONCLUSION: Worldwide, in mixed and permanent dentitions, Angle Class I malocclusion is more prevalent than Class II, specifically among Africans; the least prevalent was Class III, although higher among Mongoloids in mixed dentition. In vertical dimension, open bite was highest among Mongoloids in mixed dentition. Posterior crossbite was more prevalent in permanent dentition in Europe.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion/epidemiology*; Malocclusion, Angle Class I/epidemiology; Malocclusion, Angle Class II/epidemiology; Malocclusion, Angle Class III/epidemiology
  7. Abd Rahman ANA, Othman SA, Marya A
    BMC Oral Health, 2023 Aug 02;23(1):534.
    PMID: 37533057 DOI: 10.1186/s12903-023-03185-7
    BACKGROUND: The Bolton analysis is one of the commonly used tooth size analysis or diagnostic tools in deriving a treatment plan for orthodontic patients. Many studies have indicated and concluded that normal measurements for one group should not be considered normal for other ethnic groups. The aims and objectives of this study were to investigate the applicability of Bolton's ratios in the orthodontic population of Malaysian main ethnics, Malay, Chinese, and Indians. Comparisons were made in terms of size and distribution of tooth size discrepancy in the Malaysian orthodontic population and the findings were converted in terms of millimeters.

    METHODS: Hundred fifty pre-orthodontic study casts comprised of 52 Malay, 54 Chinese, and 44 Indian patients were selected. Digital calipers (Fowler Pro-Max) linked to Hamilton Tooth Arch Software were used to measure the tooth width and ratios. Statistical analysis was carried out to test for gender differences (independent t-test), to identify the effects of malocclusion and ethnic groups (Two-way ANOVA), and to compare the means of the current study with Bolton's standards (one sample t-test).

    RESULTS: This study showed that there was no significant difference between the genders of the sample of each ethnicity. There was no correlation found between ethnic groups and malocclusion classes. There was a significant difference when comparing Bolton values with the Malay sample for both ratios. It was found that more Malay subjects presented with maxillary excess contrary to Chinese and Indians who presented more maxillary deficiency for the anterior and overall ratio.

    CONCLUSION: There was a significant difference found between the TSD of the three major ethnicities in Malaysia. The Bolton standards can be applied to Malaysian Chinese and Indians but not to Malays orthodontic populations for both anterior and overall ratios. Subsequently, a specific standard should be used for the Malays orthodontic population. It was found that more Malay subjects presented with maxillary excess contrary to Chinese and Indians who presented more maxillary deficiency for the anterior and overall ratio.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion*
  8. Banabilh SM, Rajion ZA, Samsudin AR, Singh GD
    Int J Orthod Milwaukee, 2006;17(4):17-20.
    PMID: 17256439
    Facial soft tissues are a major determinant of treatment choice. When Class I and Class II malocclusions were compared using finite-element analysis, morphologic differences were localized and quantified. This study highlights the importance of determining the timing, magnitude and direction offacial growth prior to treatment to achieve stable results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion, Angle Class I/pathology; Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy; Malocclusion, Angle Class II/pathology; Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy
  9. Sultana S, Hossain Z
    Dental Press J Orthod, 2019 Aug 01;24(3):44.e1-44.e9.
    PMID: 31390447 DOI: 10.1590/2177-6709.24.3.44.e1-9.onl
    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the prevalence of normative and perceived orthodontic treatment need in schoolchildren and adolescents, related risk factors, and children/parent's aesthetic perception, compared to orthodontist's opinion, in Dhaka city, Bangladesh.

    METHODS: A random sample of 800 schoolchildren aging 11-15 years was selected from different schools in the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh. The Dental Health Component (DHC) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) were assessed as normative treatment need. The Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index was used to record caries experience. Children were interviewed on the perception of orthodontic treatment need. Parents also completed a questionnaire on the perception of their child's orthodontic treatment need, assessed by AC/ IOTN.

    RESULTS: According to the DHC/IOTN, only 24.7% were in the category of definite need (grade 4-5) for orthodontic treatment. A significant difference was found between the clinician/children and clinician/parents perceived AC score of IOTN (p= 0.0001). Multiple logistic regression showed children with a higher DMFT were significantly more likely to need orthodontic treatment, according to the DHC of IOTN.

    CONCLUSION: A low proportion of schoolchildren needs normative orthodontic treatment in the city of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Children with a higher DMFT score were significantly more likely to need orthodontic treatment, according to the DHC of IOTN.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion*
  10. Wan Hassan WN, Yusoff Y, Mardi NA
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 2017 Jan;151(1):209-218.
    PMID: 28024776 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.08.019
    INTRODUCTION: Rapid prototyping models can be reconstructed from stereolithographic digital study model data to produce hard-copy casts. In this study, we aimed to compare agreement and accuracy of measurements made with rapid prototyping and stone models for different degrees of crowding.

    METHODS: The Z Printer 450 (3D Systems, Rock Hill, SC) reprinted 10 sets of models for each category of crowding (mild, moderate, and severe) scanned using a structured-light scanner (Maestro 3D, AGE Solutions, Pisa, Italy). Stone and RP models were measured using digital calipers for tooth sizes in the mesiodistal, buccolingual, and crown height planes and for arch dimension measurements. Bland-Altman and paired t test analyses were used to assess agreement and accuracy. Clinical significance was set at ±0.50 mm.

    RESULTS: Bland-Altman analysis showed the mean bias of measurements between the models to be within ±0.15 mm (SD, ±0.40 mm), but the 95% limits of agreement exceeded the cutoff point of ±0.50 mm (lower range, -0.81 to -0.41 mm; upper range, 0.34 to 0.76 mm). Paired t tests showed statistically significant differences for all planes in all categories of crowding except for crown height in the moderate crowding group and arch dimensions in the mild and moderate crowding groups.

    CONCLUSIONS: The rapid prototyping models were not clinically comparable with conventional stone models regardless of the degree of crowding.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion/pathology*
  11. Wan Hassan, W.N.
    Ann Dent, 2010;17(1):40-49.
    A late adolescent patient presented with a Class III malocclusion on a skeletal Class III base, complicated by severe upper arch and moderate lower arch crowding, reverse overjet, anterior and bilateral posterior crossbites with displacement, proclined upper incisors, retroclined lower incisors, distally tipped lower canines and non-coincident centrelines. Treatment was undertaken on an extraction basis by employing the use of an upper removable appliance with Z-springs and posterior bite blocks to correct the anterior crossbite, quad helix and jockey arch for arch expansion, and pre-adjusted edgewise fixed appliance to level and align, space closure and achieve a mutually protective functional occlusion. This paper discussed the rational and evidences behind the treatment employed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion; Malocclusion, Angle Class III
  12. Alizae Marny Mohamed, Wan Fariza Mohd Ariffin, Tanti Irawati Rosli, Alida Mahyuddin
    The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the use of Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) on labial segment malocclusion in determining the need for orthodontic treatment among 8 to 10- year old children. Convenient sample of one hundred and six (106) children (54 boys and 52 girls) were examined extra and intra-orally. Their skeletal and dental discrepancies were assessed in all three dimension planes. Any presence of mandibular displacement was identified. The IOTN score was determined for each child. Respectively it was found that 39.6%, 49.1% and 11.3% of the children presented with skeletal Class I, Class II and Class III malocclusion(p
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion; Malocclusion, Angle Class III
  13. Mohd Tahir N, Wan Hassan WN, Saub R
    Eur J Orthod, 2019 08 08;41(4):370-380.
    PMID: 30321319 DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjy063
    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare vacuum-formed thermoplastic retainers (VFRs) constructed on stone models (VFR-CV) and those constructed on three-dimensional (3D) printed models (VFR-3D) based on patients' perspective and post-treatment stability.

    STUDY DESIGN: The research was designed as a crossover, randomized control trial.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects comprised patients receiving fixed appliances at a teaching institution and indicated for VFRs. Post-treatment stone models were scanned with a structured-light scanner. A fused deposition modelling machine was used to construct acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)-based replicas from the 3D scanned images. VFRs were fabricated on the original stone and printed models. Analysis comprised independent t-tests and repeated measures analysis of variance.

    RANDOMIZATION: Subjects were allocated to two groups using Latin squares methods and simple randomization. A week after debond, subjects received either VFR-CV first (group A) or VFR-3D first (group B) for 3 months, then the interventions were crossed over for another 3 months.

    BLINDING: In this single-blinded study, subjects were assigned a blinding code for data entry; data were analysed by a third party.

    OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measured was oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) based on Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14). Secondary outcome was post-treatment stability measured using Little's Irregularity Index (LII).

    RESULTS: A total of 30 subjects (15 in each group) were recruited but 3 dropped out. Analysis included 13 subjects from group A and 14 subjects from group B. Group A showed an increase in LII (P < 0.05) after wearing VFR-CV and VFR-3D, whereas group B had no significant increase in LII after wearing both VFRs. Both groups reported significant improvement in OHRQoL after the first intervention but no significant differences after the second intervention. LII changes and OHIP-14 scores at T2 and T3 between groups, and overall between the retainers were not significantly different. No harm was reported during the study.

    CONCLUSION: VFRs made on ABS-based 3D printed models showed no differences in terms of patients' OHRQoL and stability compared with conventionally made retainers.

    REGISTRATION: NCT02866617 (ClinicalTrials.gov).

    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion*
  14. Banabilh SM, Rajion ZA, Samsudin R, Singh GD
    Aust Orthod J, 2006 Nov;22(2):99-103.
    PMID: 17203572
    To quantify and localise differences in Class I and Class II dental arches in Malay schoolchildren.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion, Angle Class I/pathology; Malocclusion, Angle Class II/pathology*
  15. Muhammad Fauzinizam Razali, Abdus Samad Mahmud
    Introduction: Most patients with malocclusion are given orthodontic leveling therapy with the aim of reducing the vertical discrepancy between teeth. This computational study aims to evaluate the degree of deformation of su- perelastic NiTi arch wire upon bending at different deflections in a bracket system. Methods: A three-dimensional finite-element model of a wire-bracket system was developed to simulate the bending behavior of superelastic NiTi arch wire in three-brackets configuration. A superelastic subroutine was integrated in the model to anticipate the superelastic behavior of the arch wire. The mid span of the arch wire was loaded to different extent of deflections, ranging from 1.0 to 4.0 mm. The mechanical deformation of the arch wires was accessed from three parameters, in specific the unloading force, the bending stress and the martensite fraction. Results: The superelastic wire deflected at 4.0 mm yielded smaller unloading force than the wire bent at 1.0 mm. The bending stress was highly localized at the wire curvature, with the stress magnitude increased from 465 MPa at 1.0 mm to 951 MPa at 4.0 mm deflection. The martensite volume consistently increased throughout the bending, with a fully transformed martensite was ob- served as early as 2.0 mm of deflection. The magnitude of bending stress and the volume of fully transformed mar- tensite increased gradually in relation to the wire deflection. Conclusion: The wire-bracket system induced localize wire deformation, hindering complete utilization of superelasticity during orthodontic treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion
  16. Hassan, R., Rahimah, A.K.
    Epidemiological studies of occlusion and malocclusion not only help in orthodontic treatment planning and evaluation of dental health services but also offer a valid research tool for ascertaining the operation of distinct environmental and genetic factors in the aetiology of malocclusion. The objective of this article was to give an overview on occlusion, malocclusion and the various methods on measuring the occlusion. Each index and method of the assessment described was based on the opinion of an individual or a group of individuals. It had been widely agreed that no particular index or method available that are truly inclusive of all occlusal criteria. Therefore, different indices or method had been developed according to different requirements and it may be necessary to use more than one index in order to gather information to suit the objective of the particular study.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion
  17. Sockalingam SNMP, Khan KAM, Kuppusamy E
    Case Rep Dent, 2018;2018:4323945.
    PMID: 29854482 DOI: 10.1155/2018/4323945
    Anterior crossbite is relatively a common presentation in the mixed dentition stage. If left untreated, it can lead to a host of problems and may complicate future orthodontic treatment. One of the major difficulties in performing anterior crossbite correction in young children is treatment compliance. In most cases, poor compliance is due to the unacceptability of the removable appliance used. This article describes three cases of successful correction of anterior crossbite of patients in mixed dentition using short-span wire-fixed orthodontic appliances. This sectional appliance provides an alternative method of correcting anterior crossbite of dental origin and offers many advantages compared to the use of removable appliances.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion
  18. Tan CL, Wong XH
    Introduction: Transposition is a rare dental anomaly in positional interchange between two adjacent teeth. Studies indicated that tooth transpositions are more frequent unilateral than bilateral (12:1). It is a very rare phenomenon when the anomaly is bilateral and affects same teeth on both sides. The case of a 17 year old girl, with class I incisor relationship on class 1 skeletal base with bilateral transposition of maxillary canines-first premolars, severe crowding and posterior crossbite, is presented. This case report demonstrates the orthodontic management of bilateral transposition of maxillary canines-first premolars and by the end of treatment, the transpositions were maintained while achieving a good functional and aesthetic result.
    KEYWORDS: transposition, maxillary canine, malocclusion
    Matched MeSH terms: Malocclusion
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