Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 437 in total

    Med J Malaysia, 1964 Sep;19:1-2.
    PMID: 14240056
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  2. Movahed M, Khaleghi-Nekou M, Alvani E, Sharif-Alhoseini M
    Disaster Med Public Health Prep, 2022 Mar 25;17:e120.
    PMID: 35332859 DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2022.27
    OBJECTIVE: The consensus is that psychological first aid is a practical, early psychosocial intervention to mitigate the distress caused by disasters. This review aimed to investigate PFA training's efficacy in the existing studies and evaluate these programs' impact on trainees.

    METHODS: MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD), EMBASE (Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands), PsycInfo (American Psychological Association, Washington, DC), and Cochrane Library (John Wiley & Sons, Hobken, NJ, USA) were searched on August 1, 2020 without language and date limitation. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for randomized controlled trials and the Risk of Bias in Non-Randomized Studies - of Interventions (ROBINS-I) (Cochrane, London, UK) were used to assess the quality of the studies included. SPSS (IBM Corp., Endicott, NY, USA) was used for descriptive, comparative, and correlational summaries.

    RESULTS: From 376 articles, only 9 studies met the criteria and were included after screening. The most common outcome was knowledge improvement, followed by increased confidence, and competence. Other outcomes encompassed Attitude, preparedness, and therapeutic engagement.

    CONCLUSION: PFA is the most suggested early intervention aftermath and could be acquired by professionals and non-professionals in the mental health area. Nonetheless, to obtain the desired outcome, PFA training programs' quality is vital. This review revealed that most training programs' duration was short, without scenario-based interactions and post-training supervisions. More controlled trials are required to measure the effectiveness of PFA training on the providers.

    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  3. Ramli FF, Syed Hashim SA
    Int J Med Sci, 2023;20(9):1163-1164.
    PMID: 37575272 DOI: 10.7150/ijms.86368
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  4. Momtaz YA, Hamid TA, Haron SA, Bagat MF
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 2016 Mar-Apr;63:85-91.
    PMID: 26627531 DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2015.11.001
    Flourishing is a relatively new concept in positive psychology that considers hedonic and eudaimonic aspects of well-being. The current study aims to identify the prevalence and socio-demographic and health factors associated with flourishing among older Malaysians.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health
  5. Mohd Sidik S
    ISBN: 978-967-344-655-1
    Citation: Mohd Sidik S. Mental Health in the Community - Malaysia: A 20-Year Journey of a Family Medicine Consultant. Serdang: Universiti Pura Malaysia Press; 2017
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health
  6. Kurniawan L, Sutanti N, Ningsih R, Wulandari NY, Ahmad AB, Kee P, et al.
    Asian J Psychiatr, 2022 Sep;75:103226.
    PMID: 35926297 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2022.103226
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health
  7. Simon PD, Adams C, Goh MCW, Suhaimi AF, Hassem T
    Asian J Psychiatr, 2021 Nov;65:102813.
    PMID: 34419720 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102813
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health; Mental Health Services*
  8. Yeoh OH
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Jun;33(4):289-93.
    PMID: 522738
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health Services/manpower; Mental Health Services/utilization*
  9. Elshaikh U, Sheik R, Saeed RKM, Chivese T, Alsayed Hassan D
    BMC Geriatr, 2023 Aug 25;23(1):516.
    PMID: 37626290 DOI: 10.1186/s12877-023-04229-x
    BACKGROUND: Older adults are at an increased risk for mental health issues, yet they are less likely to seek professional help. This systematic review aims to identify and summarize literature on the barriers and facilitators that older adults face when seeking professional mental health help.

    METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using multiple databases including PubMed-Medline, EMBASE, ProQuest central, CINAHL and Scopus to identify relevant studies published between 2010 and 2021 that focused on barriers and/or facilitators to seeking help for depression, anxiety, and psychological distress among older adults aged 65 years or older. Studies' risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and results of studies were synthesized guided by the methodological framework of Rodgers and colleagues.

    RESULTS: A total of eight cross-sectional studies, from Australia, United States, Mexico, Netherlands, and Malaysia met the inclusion criteria for this review. Included studies reported that the majority of their participants had anxiety or depression, yet they exhibited a preference for informal mental health help over professional help. Stigma, negative beliefs about mental health professional services, and cost were the most reported barriers. Main reported facilitators were prior positive experience with mental health services and high socioeconomic status.

    CONCLUSION: Older adults are in need of interventions normalizing mental health help seeking and ensuring these services are accessible in terms of costs. This should be the focus of policy makers, healthcare providers, and public health practitioners working with older adults.


    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*; Mental Health Services*
  10. Chang KH, Horrocks S
    Int J Nurs Pract, 2008 Oct;14(5):383-90.
    PMID: 18808539 DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2008.00702.x
    A lot of research carried out within the context of mental-health nursing using qualitative data collection tools claims that it is hermeneutical, with usually just a short section describing the hermeneutical methodology as though it is a very broad philosophical approach. Criticisms of the latter approach more often than not concentrate on the level of the data collection tools without getting to grips with the underlying hermeneutical philosophy. This paper examines the difference between methodological and ontological hermeneutics and then gives an example of a piece of research using the latter approach. It is then argued that criticisms of the hermeneutical approach usually only concentrate on methodological hermeneutics with the consequence that they seriously misapply their criticisms if the research is using ontological hermeneutics.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  11. Ho RC, Ho CS, Khan N, Kua EH
    BJPsych Int, 2015 May;12(2):42-44.
    PMID: 29093849
    This article summarises the development of mental health legislation in Singapore in three distinctive periods: pre-1965; 1965-2007 and 2007 onwards. It highlights the origin of mental health legislation and the relationship between mental health services and legislation in Singapore. The Mental Health (Care and Treatment) Act 2008 and Mental Capacity Act 2008 are described in detail.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health; Mental Health Services
  12. Matiashova L, Tsagkaris C, Essar MY, Danilchenko V, Isayeva G
    Lancet, 2022 04 30;399(10336):1689-1690.
    PMID: 35397235 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)00579-7
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  13. Aruta JJBR, Salcedo SS, Guilaran J, Guinto RR
    Int Rev Psychiatry, 2022 08;34(5):530-533.
    PMID: 36165758 DOI: 10.1080/09540261.2022.2123701
    A growing body of research shows the inimical impact of climate change on people's mental health. However, attention to mental health providers at the frontlines is rather sparse, especially in climate-vulnerable countries. This commentary aims to present the perspectives and experiences of mental health providers within the context of climate change in the Philippines. Specifically, this paper explicates the challenges faced by mental health providers in trying to address the increasing climate-related distress experienced by many Filipinos and the recent progress in promoting climate change and mental health nexus in the country. The recommendations offered in this commentary will hopefully provide the basis for a more comprehensive mental health framework that incorporates climate change and supports mental health providers in their pursuit to preserve Filipino mental health on a warming planet.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  14. Harith S, Backhaus I, Mohbin N, Ngo HT, Khoo S
    PeerJ, 2022;10:e13111.
    PMID: 35382010 DOI: 10.7717/peerj.13111
    BACKGROUND: Poor mental health among university students remains a pressing public health issue. Over the past few years, digital health interventions have been developed and considered promising in increasing psychological wellbeing among university students. Therefore, this umbrella review aims to synthesize evidence on digital health interventions targeting university students and to evaluate their effectiveness.

    METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in April 2021 searching PubMed, Psychology and Behavioural Science Collection, Web of Science, ERIC, and Scopus for systematic reviews and meta-analyses on digital mental health interventions targeting university students. The review protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews PROSPERO [CRD42021234773].

    RESULTS: The initital literature search resulted in 806 records of which seven remained after duplicates were removed and evaluated against the inclusion criteria. Effectiveness was reported and categorized into the following six delivery types: (a) web-based, online/computer-delivered interventions (b) computer-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), (c) mobile applications and short message service (d) virtual reality interventions (e) skills training (f) relaxation and exposure-based therapy. Results indicated web-based online/computer delivered-interventions were effective or at least partially effective at decressing depression, anxiety, stress and eating disorder symptoms. This was similar for skills-training interventions, CBT-based intervention and mobile applications. However, digital mental health interventions using virtual reality and relaxation, exposure-based therapy was inconclusive. Due to the variation in study settings and inconsistencies in reporting, effectiveness was greatly dependent on the delivery format, targeted mental health problem and targeted purpose group.

    CONCLUSION: The findings provide evidence for the beneficial effect of digital mental health interventions for university students. However, this review calls for a more systematic approach in testing and reporting the effectiveness of digital mental health interventions.

    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  15. Tong WT, Bono SA, Low WY
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2023 Sep;35(6-7):449-450.
    PMID: 37649284 DOI: 10.1177/10105395231198919
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  16. Chin H, Song H, Baek G, Shin M, Jung C, Cha M, et al.
    J Med Internet Res, 2023 Oct 20;25:e51712.
    PMID: 37862063 DOI: 10.2196/51712
    BACKGROUND: Artificial intelligence chatbot research has focused on technical advances in natural language processing and validating the effectiveness of human-machine conversations in specific settings. However, real-world chat data remain proprietary and unexplored despite their growing popularity, and new analyses of chatbot uses and their effects on mitigating negative moods are urgently needed.

    OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated whether and how artificial intelligence chatbots facilitate the expression of user emotions, specifically sadness and depression. We also examined cultural differences in the expression of depressive moods among users in Western and Eastern countries.

    METHODS: This study used SimSimi, a global open-domain social chatbot, to analyze 152,783 conversation utterances containing the terms "depress" and "sad" in 3 Western countries (Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and 5 Eastern countries (Indonesia, India, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand). Study 1 reports new findings on the cultural differences in how people talk about depression and sadness to chatbots based on Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count and n-gram analyses. In study 2, we classified chat conversations into predefined topics using semisupervised classification techniques to better understand the types of depressive moods prevalent in chats. We then identified the distinguishing features of chat-based depressive discourse data and the disparity between Eastern and Western users.

    RESULTS: Our data revealed intriguing cultural differences. Chatbot users in Eastern countries indicated stronger emotions about depression than users in Western countries (positive: Pmental health (Pmental health support, emphasizing the importance of continued technical and policy-wise efforts to improve chatbot interactions for those in need of emotional assistance. Our data indicate the possibility of chatbots providing helpful information about depressive moods, especially for users who have difficulty communicating emotions to other humans.

    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  17. Liu X, Soh KG, Omar Dev RD
    BMC Public Health, 2023 Jul 11;23(1):1332.
    PMID: 37434149 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-023-16221-6
    BACKGROUND: Latin dance is a well-liked physical activity. It has gained increasing attention as an exercise intervention for improving physical and mental health outcomes. This systematic review examines the effects of Latin dance on physical and mental health.

    METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) were used to report the data for this review. To gather research from the literature, we used recognized academic and scientific databases such SportsDiscus with Full Text, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science. The systematic review only included 22 studies out of the 1,463 that matched all inclusion criteria. The PEDro scale was used to rate each study's quality. 22 research received scores between 3 and 7.

    RESULTS: Latin dance has been demonstrated to promote physical health by helping people lose weight, improve cardiovascular health, increase muscle strength and tone, and improve flexibility and balance. Furthermore, Latin dance can benefit mental health by reducing stress, improving mood, social connection, and cognitive function.

    CONCLUSIONS: Finding from this systematic review provide substantial evidence that Latin dance has effect on physical and mental health. Latin dance has the potential to be a powerful and pleasurable public health intervention.

    SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: CRD42023387851, https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero .

    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health*
  18. Oram S, Fisher HL, Minnis H, Seedat S, Walby S, Hegarty K, et al.
    Lancet Psychiatry, 2022 Jun;9(6):487-524.
    PMID: 35569504 DOI: 10.1016/S2215-0366(22)00008-6
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health; Mental Health Services*
  19. Gopinathan S, Kaur AH, Ming LM, Alias MB, Veeraya S
    Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2022 Nov 21;19(22).
    PMID: 36430098 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192215376
    Mental health is a growing concern among people worldwide. Mental health issues are one of the main factors contributing to adolescent health-related burden. Malaysia, in particular, has seen an increase in the number of youths facing mental health issues. The government aims to take action by promoting mental health well-being as well as providing care and recovery to those who are affected. This study aimed to examine measures that could potentially improve and curb mental health issues among youth in Malaysia by adopting the use of behavioural intervention technologies. Three underlying models of intervention were studied, namely, the internet intervention model, Fogg behaviour model, and persuasive system design. A total of 103 respondents between the ages of 18 to 23 years participated in the research survey, and the results revealed that mood changes and thoughts, feelings, and actions were the intervention strategies that showed a positive significance in the improvement of mental health among youth in Malaysia. Social distractions, peer motivation, ease of access to help, and sense of belonging and mindfulness did not show a positive significance when it came to behavioural intervention technologies used to improve mental health.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health; Mental Health Services*
  20. Javaid MU, Isha ASN, Sabir AA, Ghazali Z, Nübling M
    Biomed Res Int, 2018;2018:9563714.
    PMID: 29568773 DOI: 10.1155/2018/9563714
    Psychosocial risks are considered as a burning issue in the Asia-Pacific region. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of psychosocial work environment factors on health of petrochemical industry workers of Malaysia. In lieu to job demands-resources theory, significant positive associations were found between quantitative demands, work-family conflict, and job insecurity with stress, while a significant negative association of role clarity as a resource factor with stress was detected. We also found that quantitative demands were significantly associated with the mean arterial pressure (MAP). Multistage sampling procedure was used to collect study sample. Structural Equation Modeling was used to identify relationship between the endogenous and exogenous variables. Finally, the empirically tested psychosocial work environment model will further help in providing a better risk assessment in different industries and enterprises.
    Matched MeSH terms: Mental Health
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