Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 96 in total

  1. Chell D
    Nurs Times, 2000 Aug;97(31):26-7.
    PMID: 11957529
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  2. Leng, Chun Hoe, Lim, Suk Yin, Siew, Wei Fern
    Background: Nurses are the highest numbered
    healthcare professionals who work in a knowledgedriven
    environment, where accurate and updated
    information is needed when delivering care to clients.
    Information literacy has therefore become one of the
    criteria in determining nurses’ readiness for evidencebased
    practice in recent years. In the actual day-to-day
    care practice, are nurses ready for this?

    Objective: To determine the information literacy
    competency in readiness for evidence-based practice
    among clinical practicing registered nurses in a private
    hospital in Penang, Malaysia.

    Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was
    conducted in the selected private hospital. Universal
    sampling method was used. At the time of study, there
    were 443 registered nurses who met the eligibility
    criteria of this study. The registered nurses were asked
    to complete a self-reporting questionnaire about
    information literacy for evidence-based practice.

    Results: The response rate was 86.2%, with a total of
    382 returned questionnaires. Less than half of the
    participants (47%) stated that they frequently sourced
    information to support nursing practice. Poor research
    experiences among these participants were identified
    where 56% of the registered nurses never identified
    researchable problems, 59% have not evaluated a
    research report and 54% have never utilised research
    into practice. Registered nurses frequently sought
    information sources from colleagues or peers (65%)
    rather than from printed resources, where only 43% and
    33% respectively make use of CINAHL and MEDLINE
    bibliography databases as the electronic resources for
    their practice.

    Conclusions: Results demonstrated that information
    literacy among registered nurses from this hospital
    was lacking. Organisation efforts are needed to create
    awareness of information for evidence-based practice
    as well as to encourage more research activities and the
    search of bibliography database among its registered

    Study site: Private hospital, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses
  3. Hassan H, Das S, Se H, Damika K, Letchimi S, Mat S, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2009;160(6):477-9.
    PMID: 20198291
    Medication error is defined as any preventable event that might cause or lead to an inappropriate use or harming of the patient. Such events could be due to compounding, dispensing, distribution, administration and monitoring. The aim of the present study was to determine the nurses' perception on medication error that were related directly or indirectly to the process of administration of drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This was a descriptive cross sectional study conducted on 92 staff nurses working in the selected wards in one of the hospitals in East Malaysia. Data was obtained through structured questionnaires. RESULTS. Analysis of data was done through SPSS program for descriptive inferential statistics. Out of a total of 92 subjects, sixty-eight (73.9%) indicated medication error occurred because the nurses were tired and exhausted. Seventy nine subjects (85.9%) believed that any medication error should be reported to the doctors; another 74 (80.2%) knew that their colleagues committed medication error and 52 (56.5%) did not report the case. Forty eight (52.17%) subjects committed medication error at least once throughout their life. Of the 48 committed medication, 45 (93.75%) nurses believed that the error committed was not serious; while 39 (81.25%) believed the error occurred during the 1st 5 years of their working experience.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  4. Chong MC, Sellick K, Francis K, Abdullah KL
    PMID: 25029948 DOI: 10.1016/S1976-1317(11)60012-1
    PURPOSE: A cross sectional descriptive study, which involved government hospitals and health clinics from Peninsular Malaysia sought to identify the continuing professional education (CPE) needs and their readiness for E-learning. This paper focuses on the first phase of that study that aimed to determine the factors that influence nurses' participation in CPE.
    METHODS: Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1,000 nurses randomly from 12 hospitals and 24 health clinics from four states in Peninsular Malaysia who agreed to be involved. The respondent rate was 792 (79.2%), of which 562 (80%) had participated in CPE in the last 12 months.
    RESULTS: Findings suggested that updating knowledge and providing quality care are the most important factors that motivate participation in CPE, with respective means of 4.34 and 4.39. All the mean scores for educational opportunity were less than 3.0. Chi-square tests were used to test the association of demographic data and CPE participation. All demographical data were significantly associated with CPE participation, except marital status.
    CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of mandatory CPE is considered an important measure to increase nurse's participation in CPE. However, effective planning that takes into consideration the learning needs of nurses is recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  5. McLeod M, Francis K
    Int J Nurs Pract, 2007 Dec;13(6):341-7.
    PMID: 18021162
    This paper highlights the role of women from the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps who served in the Malayan Emergency. The British administrators of Malaya declared an Emergency in 1948 in response to threats posed by Chinese Communist Terrorists. Australia was slow to support Britain, but in 1955 Australian ground troops, accompanied by six Army nurses were deployed to Malaya. The nurses worked in British Military Hospitals, continuing the traditions of their antecedents; yet their contributions remain hidden from view. The exact number of Australian nurses who served in the Emergency is unknown, because of the poor record-keeping of the Southeast Asian conflicts. However, it is estimated that 33 Australian Army nurses served in Malaya from 1955, with some continuing their service into the early 1960s. The experiences of four of these nurses are revealed in this paper: they are no longer invisible partners.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  6. Chong MC, Francis K, Cooper S, Abdullah KL
    Nurs Res Pract, 2014;2014:126748.
    PMID: 24523961 DOI: 10.1155/2014/126748
    Nurses need to participate in CPE to update their knowledge and increase their competencies. This research was carried out to explore their current practice and the future general needs for CPE. This cross-sectional descriptive study involved registered nurses from government hospitals and health clinics from Peninsular Malaysia. Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1000 nurses from four states of Malaysia. Self-explanatory questionnaires were used to collect the data, which were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Seven hundred and ninety-two nurses participated in this survey. Only 80% (562) of the nurses had engaged in CPE activities during the past 12 months. All attendance for the various activities was below 50%. Workshops were the most popular CPE activity (345, 43.6%) and tertiary education was the most unpopular activity (10, 1.3%). The respondents did perceive the importance of future CPE activities for career development. Mandatory continuing professional education (MCPE) is a key measure to ensure that nurses upgrade their knowledge and skills; however, it is recommended that policy makers and nurse leaders in the continuing professional development unit of health service facilities plan CPE activities to meet registered nurses' (RNs) needs and not simply organizational requirements.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  7. Wan YC, Poi PJH
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1997 Sep;52(3):238-43.
    PMID: 10968092
    A comparative study was carried out to assess Year I and Year III student nurses' attitudes and knowledge of the elderly. Significantly more Year I students disagreed that the elderly had a capacity to learn (chi 2 = 11.08, p = 0.0006). Year III students were significantly more likely to obtain information about the elderly from the mass media, agencies, and relatives but not from health personnel. Nearly all respondents (96.25%) in the study wanted to know more about the elderly. Only 3 of the 14 questions on ageing revealed significant differences in knowledge between the two groups. The basic course in gerontology should be expanded and revised to dispel erroneous attitudes, allow better understanding of the ageing process, and ensure entry-level competence in caring for older people.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  8. Tan CC
    Scand J Work Environ Health, 1991 Aug;17(4):221-30.
    PMID: 1925433
    Nurses are an integral component of the health care delivery system. In discharging their duties, nurses encounter a variety of occupational health problems which may be categorized into biological hazards, chemical hazards, physical hazards, and psychosocial hazards. A review of some examples of each of these four types of hazards is presented in this article. Particular attention has been devoted to hepatitis B, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, tuberculosis, cytotoxic drugs, anesthetic agents, needlestick injury, back pain, and stress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
    Nurs Outlook, 1963 Dec;11:890-4.
    PMID: 14089137
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  10. Lee DS, Abdullah KL, Subramanian P, Bachmann RT, Ong SL
    J Clin Nurs, 2017 Dec;26(23-24):4065-4079.
    PMID: 28557238 DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13901
    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore whether there is a correlation between critical thinking ability and clinical decision-making among nurses.

    BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is currently considered as an essential component of nurses' professional judgement and clinical decision-making. If confirmed, nursing curricula may be revised emphasising on critical thinking with the expectation to improve clinical decision-making and thus better health care.

    DESIGN: Integrated literature review.

    METHODS: The integrative review was carried out after a comprehensive literature search using electronic databases Ovid, EBESCO MEDLINE, EBESCO CINAHL, PROQuest and Internet search engine Google Scholar. Two hundred and 22 articles from January 1980 to end of 2015 were retrieved. All studies evaluating the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making, published in English language with nurses or nursing students as the study population, were included. No qualitative studies were found investigating the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making, while 10 quantitative studies met the inclusion criteria and were further evaluated using the Quality Assessment and Validity Tool. As a result, one study was excluded due to a low-quality score, with the remaining nine accepted for this review.

    RESULTS: Four of nine studies established a positive relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making. Another five studies did not demonstrate a significant correlation. The lack of refinement in studies' design and instrumentation were arguably the main reasons for the inconsistent results.

    CONCLUSIONS: Research studies yielded contradictory results as regard to the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making; therefore, the evidence is not convincing. Future quantitative studies should have representative sample size, use critical thinking measurement tools related to the healthcare sector and evaluate the predisposition of test takers towards their willingness and ability to think. There is also a need for qualitative studies to provide a fresh approach in exploring the relationship between these variables uncovering currently unknown contributing factors.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This review confirmed that evidence to support the existence of relationships between critical thinking and clinical decision-making is still unsubstantiated. Therefore, it serves as a call for nurse leaders and nursing academics to produce quality studies in order to firmly support or reject the hypothesis that there is a statistically significant correlation between critical thinking and clinical decision-making.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/psychology*
  11. Ng, Mei Foong, Ooi, Bee Yean, Siew, Wei Fern
    Background: In Malaysia the percentage of diploma registered nurses outnumber the percentage of degree registered nurses. Internationally, most registered nurses earn associate degrees or bachelor’s degrees in nursing. Malaysia is in the pipeline of ensuring that its registered nurses are professionally qualified with nursing degree by year 2020. Registered nurses with diploma qualification are feeling the pressure to upgrade their qualification to degree. There are concerns as to why these nurses are not pursuing their post registration nursing degree. Objective: To determine factors that are deterring the registered nurses of a private hospital in Penang from pursuing the post registered nursing degree. Methods: This descriptive study utilised a convenient sample of 150 registered nurses from Lam Wah Ee Hospital in Penang. The instrument of this study was developed based on literature search and the conceptual framework of Force Fields Analysis developed by Kurt Lewin in 1952. Results: The deterring factors for registered nurses not pursuing post registration nursing degree from this hospital were determined through negative mean score, which was valued at less than 2.5. The top 3 deterring factors identified were: high educational cost, with a score of 1.92; financial commitment, with a score of 2.22 and time constraints and high workload, with a score of 2.27. Conclusions: High educational cost, financial commitment, time constraint and high workload were the main factors deterring the registered nurses from this hospital from pursuing their post registration nursing degree. Thus it is timely for the organisational management to consider workable measures to assist and motivate their nurses to upgrade themselves with nursing degree in line with Malaysia’s vision to meet the increasing challenges and complex needs in the care of clients in health services.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses
  12. Barnett T, Namasivayam P, Narudin DA
    Int Nurs Rev, 2010 Mar;57(1):32-9.
    PMID: 20487472 DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00784.x
    This paper describes and critically reviews steps taken to address the nursing workforce shortage in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/supply & distribution*
  13. Birks M, Francis K, Chapman Y
    Int J Nurs Pract, 2009 Jun;15(3):164-71.
    PMID: 19531074 DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2009.01741.x
    Changes to the nursing profession over recent decades have provoked an increasing migration of nursing education into the tertiary sector. For nurses who live and work in developing nations, such as Malaysia, opportunities for further study might be limited, particularly for those located in more remote regions. This paper reports on a research study of registered nurses who undertook baccalaureate degree studies in off-campus mode in Malaysian Borneo. A grounded theory methodology was employed in this research, which is part of a larger study into the nature and outcomes of change experienced as a result of postregistration degree studies. This paper explores the reasons why nurses in this location enrolled in one such course and the extent to which completion of their studies addressed their motivational goals. The findings indicate that the experience of learning and acquisition of knowledge was well beyond what was expected, resulting in a sense of achievement that was similarly unanticipated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/psychology*
  14. Abdollahi A, Abu Talib M, Yaacob SN, Ismail Z
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs, 2014;21(9):789-96.
    PMID: 24661763 DOI: 10.1111/jpm.12142
    The relevance of the study of happiness and stress in nurses has been emphasized. In this sense, the intelligent use of hardiness is enable nurses to cope better with stress and contribute to being happier. This study aimed to examine the relationship among hardiness, perceived stress, and happiness in nurses. Moreover, we examined the mediator role of hardiness on the relationship between perceived stress and happiness in nurses. Our study revealed that hardi-attitude nurses evaluate situations as less stressful which results in a higher happiness. This study showed hardiness as being a protective factor against perceived stress and a facilitating factor for happiness in nurses. The findings could be important in training future nurses so that hardiness can be imparted, thereby giving them the ability to control their stress. Nursing is a stressful occupation with high levels of stress within the health professions. Given that hardiness is an important construct to enable nurses to cope better with stress and contribute to being happier; therefore, it is necessary we advance our knowledge about the aetiology of happiness, especially the role of hardiness in decreasing stress levels and increasing happiness. The present study sought to investigate the role of hardiness as a mediator between perceived stress and happiness. The participants, comprising 252 nurses from six private hospitals in Tehran, completed the Personal Views Survey, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Oxford Happiness Inventory. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to analyse the data and answer the research hypotheses. As expected, hardiness partially mediated between perceived stress and happiness among nurses, and nurses with low levels of perceived stress were more likely to report greater hardiness and happiness. In addition, nurses with high levels of hardiness were more likely to report happiness. This study showed hardiness as being a protective factor against perceived stress and a facilitating factor for happiness in nurses. The findings could be important in training future nurses so that hardiness can be imparted, thereby giving them the ability to control their stress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/psychology*
  15. Ho SE, Ho CC, Pang Yuen H, Lexshimi R, Choy YC, Jaafar MZ, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2013 May-Jun;164(3):215-9.
    PMID: 23868622 DOI: 10.7417/CT.2013.1551
    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nurses play a pivotal role in pain management. Unrelieved pain significantly interferes with patient's quality of life and is of great concern to nurses. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge level and attitudes of nurses related to pain management.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in an urban hospital. A total of 84 registered nurses were recruited using a modified version of questionnaire of Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain.
    RESULTS: The findings showed that respondents possessed good knowledge (99.12±14.810) and attitude (66.00 ±10.415) towards pain management. Fifty five respondents (66%) responded as positive to cultural beliefs affecting their pain management and 65 respondents (77%) viewed that their personal experiences had influenced their practice in pain management. Another 45 respondents (54%) reported they have attended pain course. There was no significant difference in pain management between respondents' year of service, cultural belief and personal experiences (p=>0.05). In terms of knowledge towards to pain management, respondents' age groups of more than 40 years were noted to possess better knowledge (p=0.046), unmarried respondents (p=0.018), and attended pain course (p=0.001) were significant. Attitude towards to pain management was not significant (p≤0.05).
    CONCLUSION: Nurses' knowledge and attitudes scores were impressive but there is room for further improvement to pain management. Continuing education organized by the hospital had significant impact on the nurses. However, this education course has to be reinforced from time to time in order to improve patients' pain experiences.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  16. Kowitlawkul Y, Yap SF, Makabe S, Chan S, Takagai J, Tam WWS, et al.
    Int Nurs Rev, 2018 Apr 06.
    PMID: 29633267 DOI: 10.1111/inr.12457
    AIMS: To investigate the key determinants of nurses' quality of life and work-life balance statuses in a tertiary hospital in Singapore.
    BACKGROUND: Nurses' quality of life can directly and indirectly impact patients' safety and quality of care. Therefore, identifying key factors that influence nurses' quality of life is essential in the healthcare delivery system.
    METHODS: A descriptive quantitative study design was adopted, and validated questionnaires were used. Data were collected in a period of 3 months (March to May 2014) at a 600-bed tertiary hospital in Singapore. One thousand and forty nurses participated in the study.
    RESULTS: Social support and sense of coherence were found to be significant predictors for high quality of life in all domains. Most nurses in this study spent more time on work than their private lives. However, there was no significant difference in job satisfaction among the four groups of nurses' proportions of percentages of actual time spent on work and private life.
    CONCLUSIONS: Cultivating social support from family, friends/colleagues and supervisors can help an individual cope with stress and enhance a nurse's quality of life.
    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING POLICY AND PRACTICE: Even though nurses who spent more time at work were still satisfied with their job, they might need to be aware of their physical health and work environment. Nursing policy related to nurses' physical health and environment should be established. Health promotion programmes such as physical exercise and mindfulness interventions should be conducted to promote nurses' well-being and healthy workplace environments to enhance nurses' quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  17. Bibi S, Rasmussen P, McLiesh P
    Int J Orthop Trauma Nurs, 2018 Aug;30:31-38.
    PMID: 29934253 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijotn.2018.05.002
    BACKGROUND: Nurses are involved in delivering care for patients following acute traumatic spinal cord injury throughout the entire care journey. An injury of this type is significant for the individual and their family and can be challenging for nurses delivering care for patients with life changing injuries, especially for nurses new to this setting. There is a lack of research that examines the experience of nurses caring for these patients in the acute setting.

    METHOD: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach was used to understand the experience of nurses caring for patients in the acute setting who had sustained a traumatic spinal injury with associated neurological deficit. Using the phenomenological approach guided by the insight of Gadamer and Max Van Manen, participants with a broad range of experience were recruited and interviewed. The responses were transcribed into a text and subjected to hermeneutic analysis. Burnard's (1991) 14-step process and the hermeneutic approach were used to interpret and understand the phenomenon of interest.

    CONCLUSION: The study highlights the experience and challenges of providing care to these individuals. Although patients had significant physical disabilities and were often dependent physically, the nurses' concerns were directed more towards fulfilling their psychological needs. Nurses identified grieving patients and felt their role was to provide realistic hope to motivate them. They felt an internal tension regarding desensitisation towards their patients, but this was often an internal protective mechanism to deal with the significance of the events surrounding these patients. Nurses new to this setting took time to learn the routines and manage the unique challenges effectively. Caring for these patients gave the nurses the opportunity to understand their patients and their families, and appreciate that both groups will fluctuate in their behavior throughout the acute process, as they adjust to grief and loss.

    Matched MeSH terms: Practice Patterns, Nurses'*
  18. Nyi, Nyi Naing, Zabidi Azhar Mohd Hussin, Lin Nain, Abd Aziz Kori, Asrul Sani Samsuddin, Mohd Zakaria Mohd Zaki Chuah, et al.
    This study was conducted to identify factors which influence the safety of children in day-care centres and home-based nurseries in the state of Kelantan. A total of 20 registered day care centres (DCC) and 40 home-based nurseries (IIBN) identified in 3 districts in the state were included in the study. Problems identified which could affect the safety of children cared-for in these nurseries were inadequate and unsafe facilities, inappropriate location of nurseries, lack of trained workers and their ignorance of necessary safety measures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses, Community Health
  19. Ling, W.W., Ling, L.P., Chin, Z.H., Wong, I.T., Wong, A.Y., Nasef, A., et al.
    Int J Public Health Res, 2011;1(2):152-162.
    Intake and Output (I/O) records in hospitals were often found to be incomplete and illegible. The form used to record I/O is not user-friendly - i.e., they feature miniscule boxes, 'total' lines that do not correspond with shift changes and lack of instructions. Complaints often received from Specialists & Doctors regarding calculation errors or no totalling of I/O. Moreover, Nursing Sisters objective rounds often saw incompleteness of I/O chart. This study aims to identify the types of mistakes in recording the existing I/O chart. The second aim is to find out whether shift totalling of I/O chart helps in reducing mistakes. We try to determine whether the identified mistakes were repeated in the new I/O Chart. This study was conducted from October till December 2010 in 9 selected wards in Sibu Hospital. Data collection was divided into 3 phases. A pre-implementation audit using a checklist was carried out. The compliance rate of completeness of documentation of I/O Chart was 63%. A one month trial of new I/O chart was being done in the selected 9 wards. Post implementation audit showed a significant improvement of compliance rate (88%). Feedback from health care workers (N=110) showed that, 89% of doctors (n=17) and 60% of nurses (n=93) in the sample prefer to use the new format as more practical and relevant to the changing shift of nurses and doctors' ward round. It is suggested to implement the new format to increase compliance rate of documentation of I/O charting. Briefing should be given to nurses periodically and the new format should be introduced to nursing students in nursing colleges.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses
  20. Lim, Pek-Hong
    Nurse education is undergoing a process of transition. Nurses worldwide are working towards
    achievement of higher levels of education and training through an improved education system. Current trends and innovations in nursing education are emerging to prepare more nurses and to deliver education to students across geographical boundaries while taking into
    consideration their work and family responsibilities. The current trends and innovations in nursing education range from full time face-to-face interactions to distance education programmes. Teaching approaches such as blended learning, online or e-Learning have provided nurses with an avenue for continuing education for development and progression in their career pathways. Every nurse aspires to reach her highest potential. While the current trends and innovations in nursing education provides the flexibility for nurses to continue learning and upgrade their professional qualifications, there are issues to be considered in catering to the needs of the bottom billion nurses. An exploration of related issues will include views from different perspectives, such as that of the institution/provider, instructor/facilitator and student/learner involved in the development and implementation of the related education programmes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses
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