Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 135 in total

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  1. Chell D
    Nurs Times, 2000 Aug;97(31):26-7.
    PMID: 11957529
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  2. Hajialibeigloo R, Mazlum SR, Mohajer S, Morisky DE
    Nurs Open, 2021 07;8(4):1947-1957.
    PMID: 33811803 DOI: 10.1002/nop2.870
    AIM: To investigate the effect of self-administration of medication programme on medication adherence in cardiovascular inpatients and nurse's satisfaction.

    DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with parallel-group design guided by the CONSORT checklist.

    METHODS: In this study, sixty cardiovascular inpatients were selected through convenience sampling and then randomly assigned to control and intervention groups, in 2018, Iran. The intervention group took responsibility for consuming their prescribed medication according to the self-administration of medication programme and the control group took medications routinely. Medication adherence was measured one and two weeks after the discharge via telephonic follow-up by Morisky Medication Adherence Scale MMAS-8-item and nurses' satisfaction by researcher-made questioner.

    RESULT: There was a higher medication adherence level in the intervention group rather than the usual care group at the follow-up. Most nurses in the study environment were very satisfied.

    CONCLUSION: The self-administration of medication programme can effectively increase patients' medication adherence and nurses' satisfaction.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  3. Chong MC, Francis K, Cooper S, Abdullah KL, Hmwe NT, Sohod S
    Nurse Educ Today, 2016 Jan;36:370-4.
    PMID: 26455411 DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2015.09.011
    Continuous nursing education (CNE) courses delivered through e-learning is believed to be an effective mode of learning for nurses. Implementation of e-learning modules requires pre-assessment of infrastructure and learners' characteristics. Understanding the learners' needs and their perspectives would facilitate effective e-learning delivery by addressing the underlying issues and providing necessary support to learners.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  4. Chong MC, Francis K, Cooper S, Abdullah KL
    Nurs Res Pract, 2014;2014:126748.
    PMID: 24523961 DOI: 10.1155/2014/126748
    Nurses need to participate in CPE to update their knowledge and increase their competencies. This research was carried out to explore their current practice and the future general needs for CPE. This cross-sectional descriptive study involved registered nurses from government hospitals and health clinics from Peninsular Malaysia. Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1000 nurses from four states of Malaysia. Self-explanatory questionnaires were used to collect the data, which were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Seven hundred and ninety-two nurses participated in this survey. Only 80% (562) of the nurses had engaged in CPE activities during the past 12 months. All attendance for the various activities was below 50%. Workshops were the most popular CPE activity (345, 43.6%) and tertiary education was the most unpopular activity (10, 1.3%). The respondents did perceive the importance of future CPE activities for career development. Mandatory continuing professional education (MCPE) is a key measure to ensure that nurses upgrade their knowledge and skills; however, it is recommended that policy makers and nurse leaders in the continuing professional development unit of health service facilities plan CPE activities to meet registered nurses' (RNs) needs and not simply organizational requirements.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  5. Chong MC, Sellick K, Francis K, Abdullah KL
    PMID: 25029948 DOI: 10.1016/S1976-1317(11)60012-1
    PURPOSE: A cross sectional descriptive study, which involved government hospitals and health clinics from Peninsular Malaysia sought to identify the continuing professional education (CPE) needs and their readiness for E-learning. This paper focuses on the first phase of that study that aimed to determine the factors that influence nurses' participation in CPE.
    METHODS: Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1,000 nurses randomly from 12 hospitals and 24 health clinics from four states in Peninsular Malaysia who agreed to be involved. The respondent rate was 792 (79.2%), of which 562 (80%) had participated in CPE in the last 12 months.
    RESULTS: Findings suggested that updating knowledge and providing quality care are the most important factors that motivate participation in CPE, with respective means of 4.34 and 4.39. All the mean scores for educational opportunity were less than 3.0. Chi-square tests were used to test the association of demographic data and CPE participation. All demographical data were significantly associated with CPE participation, except marital status.
    CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of mandatory CPE is considered an important measure to increase nurse's participation in CPE. However, effective planning that takes into consideration the learning needs of nurses is recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  6. Hassan H, Das S, Se H, Damika K, Letchimi S, Mat S, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2009;160(6):477-9.
    PMID: 20198291
    Medication error is defined as any preventable event that might cause or lead to an inappropriate use or harming of the patient. Such events could be due to compounding, dispensing, distribution, administration and monitoring. The aim of the present study was to determine the nurses' perception on medication error that were related directly or indirectly to the process of administration of drugs. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This was a descriptive cross sectional study conducted on 92 staff nurses working in the selected wards in one of the hospitals in East Malaysia. Data was obtained through structured questionnaires. RESULTS. Analysis of data was done through SPSS program for descriptive inferential statistics. Out of a total of 92 subjects, sixty-eight (73.9%) indicated medication error occurred because the nurses were tired and exhausted. Seventy nine subjects (85.9%) believed that any medication error should be reported to the doctors; another 74 (80.2%) knew that their colleagues committed medication error and 52 (56.5%) did not report the case. Forty eight (52.17%) subjects committed medication error at least once throughout their life. Of the 48 committed medication, 45 (93.75%) nurses believed that the error committed was not serious; while 39 (81.25%) believed the error occurred during the 1st 5 years of their working experience.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  7. McLeod M, Francis K
    Int J Nurs Pract, 2007 Dec;13(6):341-7.
    PMID: 18021162
    This paper highlights the role of women from the Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps who served in the Malayan Emergency. The British administrators of Malaya declared an Emergency in 1948 in response to threats posed by Chinese Communist Terrorists. Australia was slow to support Britain, but in 1955 Australian ground troops, accompanied by six Army nurses were deployed to Malaya. The nurses worked in British Military Hospitals, continuing the traditions of their antecedents; yet their contributions remain hidden from view. The exact number of Australian nurses who served in the Emergency is unknown, because of the poor record-keeping of the Southeast Asian conflicts. However, it is estimated that 33 Australian Army nurses served in Malaya from 1955, with some continuing their service into the early 1960s. The experiences of four of these nurses are revealed in this paper: they are no longer invisible partners.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  8. Wan YC, Poi PJH
    Med J Malaysia, 1997 Sep;52(3):238-43.
    PMID: 10968092
    A comparative study was carried out to assess Year I and Year III student nurses' attitudes and knowledge of the elderly. Significantly more Year I students disagreed that the elderly had a capacity to learn (chi 2 = 11.08, p = 0.0006). Year III students were significantly more likely to obtain information about the elderly from the mass media, agencies, and relatives but not from health personnel. Nearly all respondents (96.25%) in the study wanted to know more about the elderly. Only 3 of the 14 questions on ageing revealed significant differences in knowledge between the two groups. The basic course in gerontology should be expanded and revised to dispel erroneous attitudes, allow better understanding of the ageing process, and ensure entry-level competence in caring for older people.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  9. Tan CC
    Scand J Work Environ Health, 1991 Aug;17(4):221-30.
    PMID: 1925433
    Nurses are an integral component of the health care delivery system. In discharging their duties, nurses encounter a variety of occupational health problems which may be categorized into biological hazards, chemical hazards, physical hazards, and psychosocial hazards. A review of some examples of each of these four types of hazards is presented in this article. Particular attention has been devoted to hepatitis B, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, tuberculosis, cytotoxic drugs, anesthetic agents, needlestick injury, back pain, and stress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  10. KOVACS M
    Nurs Outlook, 1963 Dec;11:890-4.
    PMID: 14089137
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  11. Lee DS, Abdullah KL, Subramanian P, Bachmann RT, Ong SL
    J Clin Nurs, 2017 Dec;26(23-24):4065-4079.
    PMID: 28557238 DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13901
    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore whether there is a correlation between critical thinking ability and clinical decision-making among nurses.

    BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is currently considered as an essential component of nurses' professional judgement and clinical decision-making. If confirmed, nursing curricula may be revised emphasising on critical thinking with the expectation to improve clinical decision-making and thus better health care.

    DESIGN: Integrated literature review.

    METHODS: The integrative review was carried out after a comprehensive literature search using electronic databases Ovid, EBESCO MEDLINE, EBESCO CINAHL, PROQuest and Internet search engine Google Scholar. Two hundred and 22 articles from January 1980 to end of 2015 were retrieved. All studies evaluating the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making, published in English language with nurses or nursing students as the study population, were included. No qualitative studies were found investigating the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making, while 10 quantitative studies met the inclusion criteria and were further evaluated using the Quality Assessment and Validity Tool. As a result, one study was excluded due to a low-quality score, with the remaining nine accepted for this review.

    RESULTS: Four of nine studies established a positive relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making. Another five studies did not demonstrate a significant correlation. The lack of refinement in studies' design and instrumentation were arguably the main reasons for the inconsistent results.

    CONCLUSIONS: Research studies yielded contradictory results as regard to the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making; therefore, the evidence is not convincing. Future quantitative studies should have representative sample size, use critical thinking measurement tools related to the healthcare sector and evaluate the predisposition of test takers towards their willingness and ability to think. There is also a need for qualitative studies to provide a fresh approach in exploring the relationship between these variables uncovering currently unknown contributing factors.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This review confirmed that evidence to support the existence of relationships between critical thinking and clinical decision-making is still unsubstantiated. Therefore, it serves as a call for nurse leaders and nursing academics to produce quality studies in order to firmly support or reject the hypothesis that there is a statistically significant correlation between critical thinking and clinical decision-making.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/psychology*
  12. Chin JG, Tan M, Francis SY, Idris SR, Padtong M, Lotupas K, et al.
    MyJurnal
    Introduction: Medication error is a global issue. Despite, the various impacts on health and non-health, continuous monitoring, assessment and intervention are required to reduce the number of medication error. Precise information on the root cause of medication error in Hospital Queen Elizabeth II, Kota Kinabalu will aid in the preventative measures to reduce medication error among nurses. Thus, this study aims to describe the incident of medication errors among nurses.
    Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted to review medication error incidents Reports between 2015 to 2018. Data were analysed according to the type of error, day and shift of medication error occurred, causes and month of services. The collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics in SPSS 22.
    Results: A total of 54 reports was reviewed. The mean (SD) month of services among nurses involved in the medication error is 41.3 (24.9) months. The most common type of medication error is the wrong frequency with 23 (42.6%) cases. Majority cases of medication error occurred in weekdays with 41 (75.9%) cases and 24 (44.4%) cases happen during the night shift. Poor communication among healthcare workers was the most commonly reported human error with 42 (77.8%) reports, followed by36 (66.7%) reports of failure to comply standard of procedure in medication administration.
    Conclusion: Though this study found team factor is the recurrent causes, poorly designed work systems and individual factor should be imperious as well. A qualitative study is required to understand more on nurse behaviour practice towards medication administration. The high authority plays an important role to monitor this matter to improve medication safety practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  13. Mahamud N, Ludin SM
    Enferm Clin, 2021 04;31 Suppl 2:S334-S338.
    PMID: 33849194 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.09.023
    Recent studies provide an alarming view on the prevalence of burnout that has increased worldview markedly. This study aims to determine the level of burnout, association between socio-demographic characteristics and the correlation between burnout elements. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 118 critical care nurses using Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to assess their emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA). It consists of 22 items with a 7-point Likert type rating scale. No significant difference between socio-demographic characteristics and the levels of burnout. 64.4% of participants scored high on emotional exhaustion, most of the participants (72.9%) had high levels of depersonalization and 37.3% of the participants reported high levels of personal accomplishment. Despite having high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, critical care nurses in the tertiary hospital can maintain a positive evaluation of their accomplishment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  14. Mohamed Ludin S, Mohd Nor Rudin N, Makhtar A
    Enferm Clin, 2021 04;31 Suppl 2:S286-S290.
    PMID: 33849182 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.09.017
    The researcher aims to evaluate the effect of the knowledge transfer programme on community nurses' knowledge and nursing care skills on enteral nutrition in the care of critically ill survivors. In this study, the researcher used an interventional study; a pre-test and post-test for community nurses' knowledge of enteral nutrition and a post-test for nursing care skills on enteral nutrition. This programme involved community nurses currently working at community clinics under the Ministry of Health Malaysia. Pre- and post-test community nurses' knowledge of the knowledge transfer programme shows an improvement result. There was no association between the knowledge of community nurses and nursing care skills on enteral nutrition. Knowledge transfer programme enhanced community nurses' knowledge and nursing care skills on enteral nutrition care for critically ill survivors in community settings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  15. Nahasaram ST, Ramoo V, Lee WL
    J Nurs Manag, 2021 Sep;29(6):1848-1856.
    PMID: 33544403 DOI: 10.1111/jonm.13281
    AIM: To determine the occurrence, factors and outcome of missed nursing care from the perspective of Malaysian nurses.

    BACKGROUND: Missed nursing care is an important issue in the global health care sector. However, little is known on the extent of missed nursing care in the Malaysian context and its contributing factors.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional design was adopted for data collection using the MISSCARE Survey instrument. Participants comprised 364 nurses from medical and surgical wards of a large teaching hospital. Data were analysed using descriptive, binomial logistic and hierarchical regression analyses.

    RESULTS: The overall occurrence of missed nursing care was 1.88 (on a scale of 1.00-5.00), which differed across 24 nursing care elements. Basic nursing care and communication-related care were the most frequently missed elements. Types of ward and labour resources were identified as contributing factors to missed nursing care (p  .05).

    CONCLUSION: The occurrence of missed nursing care was noted to be low.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Practical strategies such as an acuity-based staffing system, close monitoring of rendered care and strengthening of teamwork are recommended to minimize missed nursing care.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  16. Ohue T, Aryamuang S, Bourdeanu L, Church JN, Hassan H, Kownaklai J, et al.
    Nurs Open, 2021 09;8(5):2439-2451.
    PMID: 34310070 DOI: 10.1002/nop2.1002
    AIM: To examine factors of a hypothetical model related to stressors, burnout and turnover in nurses from developed and developing countries-Canada, Japan, the United States, Malaysia and Thailand.

    DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

    METHODS: Conducted between April 2016 and October 2017, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Intention to Leave Scale, and Nursing Stress Scale collected data from acute care hospital nurses in Canada (n = 309), Japan (n = 319), Malaysia (n = 242), Thailand (n = 211) and the United States (n = 194).

    RESULTS: Compared to other countries, burnout "exhaustion" was the highest in Japan and "cynicism" and intention to leave the job were the highest in Malaysia. Thailand had lower burnouts and turnover than other countries and higher professional efficacy than Japan and Malaysia. In all countries, reducing stressors is important for reducing burnout and intention to leave jobs, especially as they relate to "lack of support."

    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  17. Ng, Mei Foong, Ooi, Bee Yean, Siew, Wei Fern
    MyJurnal
    Background: In Malaysia the percentage of diploma registered nurses outnumber the percentage of degree registered nurses. Internationally, most registered nurses earn associate degrees or bachelor’s degrees in nursing. Malaysia is in the pipeline of ensuring that its registered nurses are professionally qualified with nursing degree by year 2020. Registered nurses with diploma qualification are feeling the pressure to upgrade their qualification to degree. There are concerns as to why these nurses are not pursuing their post registration nursing degree. Objective: To determine factors that are deterring the registered nurses of a private hospital in Penang from pursuing the post registered nursing degree. Methods: This descriptive study utilised a convenient sample of 150 registered nurses from Lam Wah Ee Hospital in Penang. The instrument of this study was developed based on literature search and the conceptual framework of Force Fields Analysis developed by Kurt Lewin in 1952. Results: The deterring factors for registered nurses not pursuing post registration nursing degree from this hospital were determined through negative mean score, which was valued at less than 2.5. The top 3 deterring factors identified were: high educational cost, with a score of 1.92; financial commitment, with a score of 2.22 and time constraints and high workload, with a score of 2.27. Conclusions: High educational cost, financial commitment, time constraint and high workload were the main factors deterring the registered nurses from this hospital from pursuing their post registration nursing degree. Thus it is timely for the organisational management to consider workable measures to assist and motivate their nurses to upgrade themselves with nursing degree in line with Malaysia’s vision to meet the increasing challenges and complex needs in the care of clients in health services.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses
  18. Abdollahi A, Abu Talib M, Yaacob SN, Ismail Z
    J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs, 2014;21(9):789-96.
    PMID: 24661763 DOI: 10.1111/jpm.12142
    The relevance of the study of happiness and stress in nurses has been emphasized. In this sense, the intelligent use of hardiness is enable nurses to cope better with stress and contribute to being happier. This study aimed to examine the relationship among hardiness, perceived stress, and happiness in nurses. Moreover, we examined the mediator role of hardiness on the relationship between perceived stress and happiness in nurses. Our study revealed that hardi-attitude nurses evaluate situations as less stressful which results in a higher happiness. This study showed hardiness as being a protective factor against perceived stress and a facilitating factor for happiness in nurses. The findings could be important in training future nurses so that hardiness can be imparted, thereby giving them the ability to control their stress. Nursing is a stressful occupation with high levels of stress within the health professions. Given that hardiness is an important construct to enable nurses to cope better with stress and contribute to being happier; therefore, it is necessary we advance our knowledge about the aetiology of happiness, especially the role of hardiness in decreasing stress levels and increasing happiness. The present study sought to investigate the role of hardiness as a mediator between perceived stress and happiness. The participants, comprising 252 nurses from six private hospitals in Tehran, completed the Personal Views Survey, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Oxford Happiness Inventory. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to analyse the data and answer the research hypotheses. As expected, hardiness partially mediated between perceived stress and happiness among nurses, and nurses with low levels of perceived stress were more likely to report greater hardiness and happiness. In addition, nurses with high levels of hardiness were more likely to report happiness. This study showed hardiness as being a protective factor against perceived stress and a facilitating factor for happiness in nurses. The findings could be important in training future nurses so that hardiness can be imparted, thereby giving them the ability to control their stress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/psychology*
  19. Ho SE, Ho CC, Pang Yuen H, Lexshimi R, Choy YC, Jaafar MZ, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2013 May-Jun;164(3):215-9.
    PMID: 23868622 DOI: 10.7417/CT.2013.1551
    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nurses play a pivotal role in pain management. Unrelieved pain significantly interferes with patient's quality of life and is of great concern to nurses. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge level and attitudes of nurses related to pain management.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in an urban hospital. A total of 84 registered nurses were recruited using a modified version of questionnaire of Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain.
    RESULTS: The findings showed that respondents possessed good knowledge (99.12±14.810) and attitude (66.00 ±10.415) towards pain management. Fifty five respondents (66%) responded as positive to cultural beliefs affecting their pain management and 65 respondents (77%) viewed that their personal experiences had influenced their practice in pain management. Another 45 respondents (54%) reported they have attended pain course. There was no significant difference in pain management between respondents' year of service, cultural belief and personal experiences (p=>0.05). In terms of knowledge towards to pain management, respondents' age groups of more than 40 years were noted to possess better knowledge (p=0.046), unmarried respondents (p=0.018), and attended pain course (p=0.001) were significant. Attitude towards to pain management was not significant (p≤0.05).
    CONCLUSION: Nurses' knowledge and attitudes scores were impressive but there is room for further improvement to pain management. Continuing education organized by the hospital had significant impact on the nurses. However, this education course has to be reinforced from time to time in order to improve patients' pain experiences.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses*
  20. Barnett T, Namasivayam P, Narudin DA
    Int Nurs Rev, 2010 Mar;57(1):32-9.
    PMID: 20487472 DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00784.x
    This paper describes and critically reviews steps taken to address the nursing workforce shortage in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nurses/supply & distribution*
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