DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with parallel-group design guided by the CONSORT checklist.
METHODS: In this study, sixty cardiovascular inpatients were selected through convenience sampling and then randomly assigned to control and intervention groups, in 2018, Iran. The intervention group took responsibility for consuming their prescribed medication according to the self-administration of medication programme and the control group took medications routinely. Medication adherence was measured one and two weeks after the discharge via telephonic follow-up by Morisky Medication Adherence Scale MMAS-8-item and nurses' satisfaction by researcher-made questioner.
RESULT: There was a higher medication adherence level in the intervention group rather than the usual care group at the follow-up. Most nurses in the study environment were very satisfied.
CONCLUSION: The self-administration of medication programme can effectively increase patients' medication adherence and nurses' satisfaction.
BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is currently considered as an essential component of nurses' professional judgement and clinical decision-making. If confirmed, nursing curricula may be revised emphasising on critical thinking with the expectation to improve clinical decision-making and thus better health care.
DESIGN: Integrated literature review.
METHODS: The integrative review was carried out after a comprehensive literature search using electronic databases Ovid, EBESCO MEDLINE, EBESCO CINAHL, PROQuest and Internet search engine Google Scholar. Two hundred and 22 articles from January 1980 to end of 2015 were retrieved. All studies evaluating the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making, published in English language with nurses or nursing students as the study population, were included. No qualitative studies were found investigating the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making, while 10 quantitative studies met the inclusion criteria and were further evaluated using the Quality Assessment and Validity Tool. As a result, one study was excluded due to a low-quality score, with the remaining nine accepted for this review.
RESULTS: Four of nine studies established a positive relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making. Another five studies did not demonstrate a significant correlation. The lack of refinement in studies' design and instrumentation were arguably the main reasons for the inconsistent results.
CONCLUSIONS: Research studies yielded contradictory results as regard to the relationship between critical thinking and clinical decision-making; therefore, the evidence is not convincing. Future quantitative studies should have representative sample size, use critical thinking measurement tools related to the healthcare sector and evaluate the predisposition of test takers towards their willingness and ability to think. There is also a need for qualitative studies to provide a fresh approach in exploring the relationship between these variables uncovering currently unknown contributing factors.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This review confirmed that evidence to support the existence of relationships between critical thinking and clinical decision-making is still unsubstantiated. Therefore, it serves as a call for nurse leaders and nursing academics to produce quality studies in order to firmly support or reject the hypothesis that there is a statistically significant correlation between critical thinking and clinical decision-making.
BACKGROUND: Missed nursing care is an important issue in the global health care sector. However, little is known on the extent of missed nursing care in the Malaysian context and its contributing factors.
METHODS: A cross-sectional design was adopted for data collection using the MISSCARE Survey instrument. Participants comprised 364 nurses from medical and surgical wards of a large teaching hospital. Data were analysed using descriptive, binomial logistic and hierarchical regression analyses.
RESULTS: The overall occurrence of missed nursing care was 1.88 (on a scale of 1.00-5.00), which differed across 24 nursing care elements. Basic nursing care and communication-related care were the most frequently missed elements. Types of ward and labour resources were identified as contributing factors to missed nursing care (p .05).
CONCLUSION: The occurrence of missed nursing care was noted to be low.
IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Practical strategies such as an acuity-based staffing system, close monitoring of rendered care and strengthening of teamwork are recommended to minimize missed nursing care.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.
METHODS: Conducted between April 2016 and October 2017, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Intention to Leave Scale, and Nursing Stress Scale collected data from acute care hospital nurses in Canada (n = 309), Japan (n = 319), Malaysia (n = 242), Thailand (n = 211) and the United States (n = 194).
RESULTS: Compared to other countries, burnout "exhaustion" was the highest in Japan and "cynicism" and intention to leave the job were the highest in Malaysia. Thailand had lower burnouts and turnover than other countries and higher professional efficacy than Japan and Malaysia. In all countries, reducing stressors is important for reducing burnout and intention to leave jobs, especially as they relate to "lack of support."