Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 27 in total

  1. Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  2. Malayan Medical Journal, 1930;5:97-102.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  3. Awang Bulgiba AM
    JUMMEC, 2000;5:36-40.
    In 1999, the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine set up its website on the Internet (http://ummc.med.uni.edu.my/sps/. Setting up the website was a whole new experience for the author and many new things were learnt along the way. This paper describes how the website was constructed, the problems, and solutions to all these problems. The experience of the author in setting up the SPM website may be useful to others wishing to set up their own department websites. KEYWORDS: Internet, SPM, website, web page
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  4. Rani M, Nusrat S, Hawken LH
    BMC Public Health, 2012;12:877.
    PMID: 23067232 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-877
    Segmented service delivery with consequent inefficiencies in health systems was one of the main concerns raised during scaling up of disease-specific programs in the last two decades. The organized response to NCD is in infancy in most LMICs with little evidence on how the response is evolving in terms of institutional arrangements and policy development processes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine/economics; Preventive Medicine/legislation & jurisprudence; Preventive Medicine/organization & administration*
  5. Chen PCY
    Family Practitioner, 1977;2:36-38.
    In the behavioural conceptual model of health education, behavioural pattern is placed first in the chain of events which can lead from health to disease. If such a model is acceptable, it implies that primary health education must be directed at those behavioural patterns that pre-dispose to diseases. There are obviously numerous behavioural patterns that one is familiar with which would pre-dispose to diseases. The paper discussed some of the more important examples to illustrate the role of behavioural patterns in the causation of disease and the consequential need for health education directed at such behavioural patterns. In relation to nutritional diseases, behavioural patterns in many areas of the developing world are a major contributory factor to the prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition. Such dietary restrictions may even cause the sick individual to be denied the very food he requires. Examples of behavioural patterns in relation to communicable and non-communicable diseases and to medical care were also discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  6. Teh KH, Ling KH
    JUMMEC, 2000;5:86-88.
    A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of smoking among Form 3, 4 and 5 students of a rural national co-educational school was carried out using a selfadministered questionnaire. By the age of 18 years old, three quarters of boys had tried smoking compared with 12% of girls. About a third of boys were still smokers while only 0.7% of girls were still smokers. There was a higher prevalence of smokers among students who stayed with their parents and those who were working part-time. Most smokers knew about the dangerous and addictive effect of cigarette smoking but smoked because of "influence by school peers", "curiosity" and "to increase concentration and decrease tension".
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  7. Hayakawa K
    Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi, 2011 Jan;66(1):29-30.
    PMID: 21358129
    The importance of twin research in the field of preventive medicine is described from the viewpoint of gene-environment interaction. The recent advancements in twin research in Japan and other countries are the major topics in this paper. The historical background of the Japan Society for Twin Studies is described. The Center for Twin Research of Osaka University is also described as the first center of this kind in Japan. The advancement of epigenetic research is described as a new global trend of twin research, particularly in European countries. Other new trends in twin research in Asian countries, such as China, Indonesia, Russia, Iran, and Malaysia, are also described.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  8. Ahmad S
    Nutr Rev, 1996 Nov;54(11 Pt 2):S169-71.
    PMID: 9110599
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  9. Anil S, Zawahir MS, Al-Naggar RA
    Front Med, 2016 Mar;10(1):91-100.
    PMID: 26715159 DOI: 10.1007/s11684-016-0428-0
    Preventive medicine has been incorporated in the medical school curriculum, but its effectiveness and the factors that affect it are yet to be widely looked into in the context of Malaysia. We aimed to measure the familiarity with, perception about the importance to learn, and the ability to practice preventive medicine as well as its determinants among the medical students in Malaysia. Thus, a cross sectional study was conducted through an anonymous online survey among 387 randomly selected final year medical students of four large public medical schools in Malaysia from March to September 2014. Of the total sample, 340 (response rate 87.8%) gave a written informed consent and took part in the survey. The familiarity of the sample with preventive medicine was measured in 19 preventive medicine areas, and their perception about the importance of preventive medicine and their ability to practice it were gauged on a Likert scale (low score indicates disagreement and high indicates agreement). Descriptive statistical analysis was performed, followed by logistic regression. The mean age of the respondents was 23.7 (SD 0.77) years, and 61.2% (n = 208) of them were females. Results showed that 22.9% of the sample (n = 78) had a low familiarity with preventive medicine, whereas 76.8% (n = 261) had a high familiarity. The study sample specified that among all the preventive medicine subjects, screening and control as well as smoking cessation and immunization are "extremely important to learn." In univariable analysis, being a female, medical school, family size, and perception about the importance to learn preventive medicine were associated with the ability to practice it. In multivariable analysis, the perception towards the importance to learn preventive medicine was the only significant determinant: aOR (adjusted odds ratio) for those who "agreed" 17.28 (95% CI aOR 4.44-67.26, P < 0.001) and for "strongly agreed" 35.87 (95% CI aOR 8.04-159.87, P < 0.001). Considering these findings, the familiarity of medical students with preventive medicine should be increased. The perception about the importance to learn preventive medicine is a strong determinant for the ability to practice it.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine/education*
  10. Kennedy KM, Flaherty GT
    J Travel Med, 2015 Apr-Aug;22(4):282-4.
    PMID: 25827813 DOI: 10.1111/jtm.12201
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine/methods
  11. Hess SY, Zimmermann MB
    Eur. J. Endocrinol., 2000 Jun;142(6):599-603.
    PMID: 10822222
    The determination of goiter prevalence in children by thyroid ultrasound is an important tool for assessing iodine deficiency disorders. The current World Health Organization/International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (WHO/ICCIDD) normative values, based on thyroid volume in iodine-sufficient European children, have recently been questioned, as thyroid volumes in iodine-sufficient children from the USA and Malaysia are smaller than the WHO/ICCIDD reference data. Our objective was to describe ultrasonographic thyroid volumes in a representative national sample of iodine-sufficient Swiss school children, and to compare these with the current reference data for thyroid volume.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine/methods*
  12. Ravindran J, Leow CH
    Med J Malaysia, 1996 Dec;51(4):409-14.
    PMID: 10968026
    This study aimed to look at the prevailing practice patterns of gynaecologists with regards to prophylactic oophorectomy and usage of hormone replacement therapy. Questionnaires were sent to the first 200 gynaecologists listed in the membership list of the Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society of Malaysia. The response rate was 30%. The results showed that most gynaecologists would perform prophylactic oophorectomy after the age of 49 years. The result was equivocal for the ages between 45 to 49 years. Of those who retained the ovaries at the age of 45 to the menopause, 55% did so because the ovaries were still functional. Almost all gynaecologists would prescribe hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after oophorectomy and the most commonly prescribed form was the oral type. Thirty-five per cent of gynaecologists claimed that more than 80% of their patients were compliant to HRT. The reasons perceived for the poor compliance were mainly poor knowledge and misconception.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine/methods*
  13. Erejuwa OO, Sulaiman SA, Ab Wahab MS
    Molecules, 2012 Apr 12;17(4):4400-23.
    PMID: 22499188 DOI: 10.3390/molecules17044400
    The global prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, atherosclerosis, cancer and Alzheimer's disease is on the rise. These diseases, which constitute the major causes of death globally, are associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is defined as an "imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in favor of the oxidants, potentially leading to damage". Individuals with chronic diseases are more susceptible to oxidative stress and damage because they have elevated levels of oxidants and/or reduced antioxidants. This, therefore, necessitates supplementation with antioxidants so as to delay, prevent or remove oxidative damage. Honey is a natural substance with many medicinal effects such as antibacterial, hepatoprotective, hypoglycemic, reproductive, antihypertensive and antioxidant effects. This review presents findings that indicate honey may ameliorate oxidative stress in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), liver, pancreas, kidney, reproductive organs and plasma/serum. Besides, the review highlights data that demonstrate the synergistic antioxidant effect of honey and antidiabetic drugs in the pancreas, kidney and serum of diabetic rats. These data suggest that honey, administered alone or in combination with conventional therapy, might be a novel antioxidant in the management of chronic diseases commonly associated with oxidative stress. In view of the fact that the majority of these data emanate from animal studies, there is an urgent need to investigate this antioxidant effect of honey in human subjects with chronic or degenerative diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
  14. Arokiasamy JT
    JUMMEC, 1996;1:33-36.
    A group of 265 urban private sector workers in Kuala Lumpur and adjacent Petaling Jaya responded to a self-administered questionnaires. Their knowledge of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, risk factors for and preventive measures against cardiovascular diasease a n d w h e n these should be started are relatively weak, though knowledge on symptoms of heart a attack are satisfactory. Relatively more males than females are current smokers and consumers of alcohol. Males tended to start smoking and drinking in their teen years while females tended to do so later in their non-teen years.
    Matched MeSH terms: Preventive Medicine
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