Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 212 in total

  1. Chong YH, Ho GS, Dewitt GF
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Dec;23(2):115-7.
    PMID: 4241496
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Proteins/analysis*
  2. Srivastava AK, Igarashi A
    Acta Virol., 1986 Mar;30(2):126-30.
    PMID: 2873729
    Purified preparations of Getah virus strains have been analysed by sodium-dodecyl-sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) to reveal their structural proteins. Two envelope proteins (E1 and E2) and core protein (C) were found with the prototype AMM2021 strain both under reducing and nonreducing conditions, while separation of E1 and E2 was observed only under nonreducing conditions for 3 strains isolated in Japan. Limited digestion by Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease revealed difference in the peptide patterns of E1 between AMM2021 and Japanese isolates. Mobility of E1 and E2 was slower for the virus grown in BHK21 cells compared with the virus grown in Aedes albopictus cells, indicating host-controlled modification on the envelope glycoproteins.
    Matched MeSH terms: Viral Core Proteins/analysis*; Viral Envelope Proteins/analysis*
  3. Chandrasekharan N
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Sep;23(1):47-50.
    PMID: 4237556
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Proteins/analysis*
  4. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1993 Jun;35(2):104-8.
    PMID: 7692015
    Seventeen cases of desmoplastic ameloblastoma were examined immunohistochemically. Immunoperoxidase techniques were applied for detection of keratin, desmin, vimentin and S-100 protein expression in these tumors. The tumor epithelium of desmoplastic ameloblastoma exhibited weak, focal, inconstant keratin staining, weak, variable expression of S-100 protein, desmin immunoreactivity of mild to moderate intensity and vimentin non-reactivity. The pertinent literature on the immunohistochemistry of ameloblastomas is briefly reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Intermediate Filament Proteins/analysis*; Neoplasm Proteins/analysis*; S100 Proteins/analysis*
  5. Chew FN, Tan WS, Tey BT
    J Biosci Bioeng, 2011 Feb;111(2):246-8.
    PMID: 21036662 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2010.10.004
    A gel imaging method was employed to quantitate the GFP that had been subjected to denaturation and degradation treatments. This method is able to differentiate the nativity of GFP by relating the observed changes in the position of fluorescent bands which is unable to be detected using the spectrofluorometric method.
    Matched MeSH terms: Green Fluorescent Proteins/analysis*
  6. Raman IA, Satgunasingam N
    Malays J Pathol, 1993 Dec;15(2):115-8.
    PMID: 8065171
    The direct assay of serum progesterone after denaturation of the binding proteins was investigated. 50ul of patients' serum was diluted with 750ul phosphate buffer (0.05M, pH 7.4) and heated to 65 degrees C for 20 minutes. After cooling, 300ul of the treated serum was reacted with a rabbit antiserum to progesterone-11 alpha-hemicuccinyl-bovine serum albumin conjugate (Bioclin, U.K) and 1,2,6,7, tritium labelled progesterone. Separation of bound and free fractions was achieved with dextran coated charcoal. The method correlated well (r = 0.98) with an established method involving ether extraction of progesterone prior to assay. The mean sensitivity was 2.01 nmol/L (range 1.90-2.23nmol/L). The proposed method considerably shortens assay time and removes a tedious and imprecise stage in the conventional method involving extraction of serum.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Proteins/analysis*
  7. Kunalan S, Othman I, Syed Hassan S, Hodgson WC
    Toxins (Basel), 2018 Oct 26;10(11).
    PMID: 30373186 DOI: 10.3390/toxins10110434
    Calloselasma rhodostoma (CR) and Ophiophagus hannah (OH) are two medically important snakes found in Malaysia. While some studies have described the biological properties of these venoms, feeding and environmental conditions also influence the concentration and distribution of snake venom toxins, resulting in variations in venom composition. Therefore, a combined proteomic approach using shotgun and gel filtration chromatography, analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry, was used to examine the composition of venoms from these Malaysian snakes. The analysis revealed 114 proteins (15 toxin families) and 176 proteins (20 toxin families) in Malaysian Calloselasma rhodostoma and Ophiophagus hannah species, respectively. Flavin monoamine oxidase, phospholipase A₂, phosphodiesterase, snake venom metalloproteinase, and serine protease toxin families were identified in both venoms. Aminopeptidase, glutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferase along with ankyrin repeats were identified for the first time in CR venom, and insulin, c-type lectins/snaclecs, hepatocyte growth factor, and macrophage colony-stimulating factor together with tumor necrosis factor were identified in OH venom for the first time. Our combined proteomic approach has identified a comprehensive arsenal of toxins in CR and OH venoms. These data may be utilized for improved antivenom production, understanding pathological effects of envenoming, and the discovery of biologically active peptides with medical and/or biotechnological value.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reptilian Proteins/analysis*
  8. Zainal Abidin SA, Rajadurai P, Chowdhury ME, Ahmad Rusmili MR, Othman I, Naidu R
    Toxins (Basel), 2016 10 18;8(10).
    PMID: 27763534
    Tropidolaemus wagleri and Cryptelytrops purpureomaculatus are venomous pit viper species commonly found in Malaysia. Tandem mass spectrometry analysis of the crude venoms has detected different proteins in T. wagleri and C. purpureomaculatus. They were classified into 13 venom protein families consisting of enzymatic and nonenzymatic proteins. Enzymatic families detected in T. wagleri and C. purpureomaculatus venom were snake venom metalloproteinase, phospholipase A₂, ʟ-amino acid oxidase, serine proteases, 5'-nucleotidase, phosphodiesterase, and phospholipase B. In addition, glutaminyl cyclotransferase was detected in C. purpureomaculatus. C-type lectin-like proteins were common nonenzymatic components in both species. Waglerin was present and unique to T. wagleri-it was not in C. purpureomaculatus venom. In contrast, cysteine-rich secretory protein, bradykinin-potentiating peptide, and C-type natriuretic peptide were present in C. purpureomaculatus venom. Composition of the venom proteome of T. wagleri and C. purpureomaculatus provides useful information to guide production of effective antivenom and identification of proteins with potential therapeutic applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reptilian Proteins/analysis*
  9. Al-Joudi FS, Iskandar ZA, Imran AK
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Mar;62(1):6-8.
    PMID: 17682561 MyJurnal
    Survivin is a 16.5-kDa intracellular protein also known as AP14 or BIRC5. It inhibits apoptosis and regulates cell division and belongs to the inhibitors of apoptosis (IAP) gene family. In the majority of neoplasms investigated for survivin expression, high levels of the IAP proteins were predictive of tumour progression, either in terms of disease-free survival or overall survival, thus providing significant prognostic information. Hence, the prognostic value of survivin expression in tumour masses of invasive ductal carcinoma has been investigated. It was found that negative and low expression of survivin correlated significantly with favourable outcomes. Conversely, high expression correlated with unfavourable outcomes. The five-year survival rate was higher among the cases with low and negative survivin expression, compared to those with higher survivin expression. However, this correlation was found to be insignificant statistically. Furthermore, a statistical model has been devised to explain the combined effects of survivin expression and its sub-cellular localisation, p-53 expression and lymph nodal involvement, on the outcomes of these patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Microtubule-Associated Proteins/analysis*; Neoplasm Proteins/analysis*
  10. Tan AA, Azman SN, Abdul Rani NR, Kua BC, Sasidharan S, Kiew LV, et al.
    Trop Biomed, 2011 Dec;28(3):620-9.
    PMID: 22433892 MyJurnal
    There is a great diversity of protein samples types and origins, therefore the optimal procedure for each sample type must be determined empirically. In order to obtain a reproducible and complete sample presentation which view as many proteins as possible on the desired 2DE gel, it is critical to perform additional sample preparation steps to improve the quality of the final results, yet without selectively losing the proteins. To address this, we developed a general method that is suitable for diverse sample types based on phenolchloroform extraction method (represented by TRI reagent). This method was found to yield good results when used to analyze human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7), Vibrio cholerae, Cryptocaryon irritans cyst and liver abscess fat tissue. These types represent cell line, bacteria, parasite cyst and pus respectively. For each type of samples, several attempts were made to methodically compare protein isolation methods using TRI-reagent Kit, EasyBlue Kit, PRO-PREP™ Protein Extraction Solution and lysis buffer. The most useful protocol allows the extraction and separation of a wide diversity of protein samples that is reproducible among repeated experiments. Our results demonstrated that the modified TRI-reagent Kit had the highest protein yield as well as the greatest number of total proteins spots count for all type of samples. Distinctive differences in spot patterns were also observed in the 2DE gel of different extraction methods used for each type of sample.
    Matched MeSH terms: Proteins/analysis*
  11. Chua LS, Abdul-Rahman N, Rosidi B, Lee CT
    Nat Prod Res, 2013 Mar;27(4-5):314-8.
    PMID: 22468741 DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2012.676552
    A water extraction method has been used to extract plant proteins from the roots of Eurycoma longifolia harvested from Perak and Pahang, Malaysia. On the basis of the spectroscopic Bradford assay, Tongkat Ali Perak and Pahang contained 0.3868 and 0.9573 mg mL(-1) of crude protein, respectively. The crude proteins were separated by one dimensional 15% sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis into two (49.8 and 5.5 kD) and four (49.8, 24.7, 21.1 and 5.5 kD) protein spots for Tongkat Ali Perak and Pahang, respectively. Isoleucine was present in the highest concentration significantly. Both plant samples showed differences in the mineral and trace element profiles, but the minerals calcium, magnesium and potassium were present in the highest concentration. The highly concerned toxic metals such as arsenic and lead were not detected.
    Matched MeSH terms: Plant Proteins/analysis*
  12. Nhari RM, Ismail A, Che Man YB
    J Food Sci, 2012 Jan;77(1):R42-6.
    PMID: 22260124 DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02514.x
    Usage of gelatin in food products has been widely debated for several years, which is about the source of gelatin that has been used, religion, and health. As an impact, various analytical methods have been introduced and developed to differentiate gelatin whether it is made from porcine or bovine sources. The analytical methods comprise a diverse range of equipment and techniques including spectroscopy, chemical precipitation, chromatography, and immunochemical. Each technique can differentiate gelatins for certain extent with advantages and limitations. This review is focused on overview of the analytical methods available for differentiation of bovine and porcine gelatin and gelatin in food products so that new method development can be established.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dietary Proteins/analysis*
  13. Siar CH, Nakano K, Han PP, Nagatsuka H, Ng KH, Kawakami T
    J Oral Pathol Med, 2010 Aug 1;39(7):552-8.
    PMID: 20337864 DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0714.2009.00871.x
    In mammals, the Notch gene family encodes four receptors (Notch1-4), and all of them are important for cell fate decisions. Notch signaling pathway plays an essential role in tooth development. The ameloblastoma, a benign odontogenic epithelial neoplasm, histologically recapitulates the enamel organ at bell stage. Notch has been detected in the plexiform and follicular ameloblastoma. Its activity in the desmoplastic ameloblastoma is unknown.
    Matched MeSH terms: Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis; Membrane Proteins/analysis; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/analysis; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/analysis
  14. Rosmilah M, Shahnaz M, Patel G, Lock J, Rahman D, Masita A, et al.
    Trop Biomed, 2008 Dec;25(3):243-51.
    PMID: 19287364 MyJurnal
    Royal jelly is widely consumed in the community and has perceived benefits ranging from promoting growth in children and improvement of general health status to enhancement of longevity for the elderly. However, royal jelly consumption has been linked to contact dermatitis, acute asthma, anaphylaxis and death. High prevalence of positive skin tests to royal jelly have been reported among atopic populations in countries with a high rate of royal jelly consumption. The present study is aimed to identify the major allergens of royal jelly. Royal jelly extract was separated by sodium dodecyl polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-D). Immunoblotting of the SDS-PAGE and 2-D profiles were performed to identify the allergenic spots. Spots were then excised from the 2-D gel, digested with trypsin and analyzed by mass spectrometry. The SDS-PAGE of royal jelly extract revealed 18 bands between 10 to 167 kD. Western blot of the fractionated proteins detected 15 IgE-binding bands between 14 to 127 kD with seven major allergens of 32, 40, 42, 49, 55, 60 and 67 kD using serum from 53 subjects with royal jelly allergy. The 2-D gel fractionated the royal jelly proteins to more than 50 different protein spots. Out of these, 30 spots demonstrated specific IgE affinity to the sera tested. Eight spots of the major royal jelly allergens were selected for mass-spectrometry analysis. Digested tryptic peptides of the spots were compared to the amino acid sequence search in protein databases which identified the fragments of royal jelly homologus to major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJ1) and major royal jelly protein 2 (MRJ2). In conclusion, the major allergens of royal jelly are MRJ1 and MRJ2 in our patients' population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Insect Proteins/analysis*
  15. Chew FN, Tan WS, Ling TC, Tan CS, Tey BT
    Anal Biochem, 2009 Jan 15;384(2):353-5.
    PMID: 18952038 DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2008.10.010
    Green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a versatile reporter protein and has been widely used in biological research. However, its quantitation requires expensive equipment such as a spectrofluorometer. In the current study, a gel documentation imaging system using a native polyacrylamide gel for the quantitation of GFP was developed. The assay was evaluated for its precision, linearity, reproducibility, and sensitivity in the presence of Escherichia coli cells and was compared with the spectrofluorometric method. Using this newly established, gel-based imaging technique; the amount of GFP can be quantified accurately.
    Matched MeSH terms: Green Fluorescent Proteins/analysis*
  16. Ismail M, Mariod A, Pin SS
    Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment, 2013 Jan-Mar;12(1):21-31.
    PMID: 24584862
    The effect of preparation methods (raw, half-boiled and hard-boiled) on protein and amino acid contents, as well as the protein quality (amino acid score) of regular, kampung and nutrient enriched Malaysian eggs was investigated.
    The protein content was determined using a semi-micro Kjeldahl method whereas the amino acid composition was determined using HPLC.
    The protein content of raw regular, kampung and nutrient enriched eggs were 49.9 ±0.2%, 55.8 ±0.2% and 56.5 ±0.5%, respectively. The protein content of hard-boiled eggs of regular, kampung and nutrient enriched eggs was 56.8 ±0.1%, 54.7 ±0.1%, and 53.7 ±0.5%, while that for half-boiled eggs of regular, kampung and nutrient enriched eggs was 54.7 ±0.6%, 53.4 ±0.4%, and 55.1 ±0.7%, respectively. There were significant differences (p < 0.05) in protein and amino acid contents of half-boiled, hard-boiled as compared with raw samples, and valine was found as the limiting amino acid. It was found that there were significant differences (p < 0.05) of total amino score in regular, kampung and nutrient enriched eggs after heat treatments.Furthermore, hard-boiling (100°C) for 10 minutes and half-boiling (100°C) for 5 minutes affects the total amino score, which in turn alter the protein quality of the egg.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dietary Proteins/analysis*
  17. Futra D, Heng LY, Ahmad A, Surif S, Ling TL
    Sensors (Basel), 2015 May 28;15(6):12668-81.
    PMID: 26029952 DOI: 10.3390/s150612668
    A fluorescence-based fiber optic toxicity biosensor based on genetically modified Escherichia coli (E. coli) with green fluorescent protein (GFP) was developed for the evaluation of the toxicity of several hazardous heavy metal ions. The toxic metals include Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), Cr(VI), Co(II), Ni(II), Ag(I) and Fe(III). The optimum fluorescence excitation and emission wavelengths of the optical biosensor were 400 ± 2 nm and 485 ± 2 nm, respectively. Based on the toxicity observed under optimal conditions, the detection limits of Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), Cr(VI), Co(II), Ni(II), Ag(I) and Fe(III) that can be detected using the toxicity biosensor were at 0.04, 0.32, 0.46, 2.80, 100, 250, 400, 720 and 2600 μg/L, respectively. The repeatability and reproducibility of the proposed biosensor were 3.5%-4.8% RSD (relative standard deviation) and 3.6%-5.1% RSD (n = 8), respectively. The biosensor response was stable for at least five weeks, and demonstrated higher sensitivity towards metal toxicity evaluation when compared to a conventional Microtox assay.
    Matched MeSH terms: Green Fluorescent Proteins/analysis*
  18. Vadivelu J, Puthucheary SD, Navaratnam P
    Singapore Med J, 1992 Aug;33(4):375-7.
    PMID: 1411668
    The haemolysins produced by Aeromonas species were detected and compared by two assay methods--a modified blood agar plate assay and the rabbit erythrocyte haemolysin method. Both assays showed a high level of agreement (86%). The titres of the rabbit erythrocyte haemolysin assay correlated with the haemolytic zone diameter of the ox blood agar assay. In addition the agar haemolysin assay had simple media requirements, was easy to perform and results were well defined.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hemolysin Proteins/analysis*
  19. Tan NH, Poh CH, Tan CS
    PMID: 2799837
    Bungarus candidus venom exhibited high hyaluronidase, acetylcholinesterase and phospholipase A activities; low proteinase, 5'-nucleotidase, alkaline phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase activities and moderately high L-amino acid oxidase activity. SP-Sephadex C-50 ion exchange chromatographic fractionation of the venom and Sephadex G-50 chromatography of the major lethal venom fractions indicate that the venom contains at least two highly lethal, basic phospholipases A with LD50 (i.v.) values of 0.02 micrograms/g (F6A) and 0.18 micrograms/g (F4A), respectively; as well as two polypeptide toxins with LD50 (i.v.) values of 0.17 micrograms/g and 0.83 micrograms/g, respectively. The major lethal toxin is the basic lethal phospholipase A, F6A, which accounts for approximately 13% of the venom protein and has a mol. wt of 21,000.
    Matched MeSH terms: Proteins/analysis
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