Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 52 in total

  1. Wahab AFFA, Abdul Karim NA, Ling JG, Hasan NS, Yong HY, Bharudin I, et al.
    Protein Expr. Purif., 2019 02;154:52-61.
    PMID: 30261309 DOI: 10.1016/j.pep.2018.09.014
    Cellobiohydrolases catalyze the processive hydrolysis of cellulose into cellobiose. Here, a Trichoderma virens cDNA predicted to encode for cellobiohydrolase (cbhI) was cloned and expressed heterologously in Aspergillus niger. The cbhI gene has an open reading frame of 1518 bp, encoding for a putative protein of 505 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of approximately 54 kDa. The predicted CbhI amino acid sequence has a fungal type carbohydrate binding module separated from a catalytic domain by a threonine rich linker region and showed high sequence homology with glycoside hydrolase family 7 proteins. The partially purified enzyme has an optimum pH of 4.0 with stability ranging from pH 3.0 to 6.0 and an optimum temperature of 60 °C. The partially purified CbhI has a specific activity of 4.195 Umg-1 and a low Km value of 1.88 mM when p-nitrophenyl-β-D-cellobioside (pNPC) is used as the substrate. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) was 5.68 × 10-4 mM-1s-1, which is comparable to the CbhI enzymes from Trichoderma viridae and Phanaerochaete chrysosporium. CbhI also showed activity towards complex substrates such as Avicel (0.011 Umg-1), which could be useful in complex biomass degradation. Interestingly, CbhI also exhibited a relatively high inhibition constant (Ki) for cellobiose with a value of 8.65 mM, making this enzyme more resistant to end-product inhibition compared to other fungal cellobiohydrolases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  2. Lim CS, Goh SL, Krishnan G, Ng CC
    Protein Expr. Purif., 2014 Mar;95:8-12.
    PMID: 24291446 DOI: 10.1016/j.pep.2013.11.007
    This paper describes the recombinant production of a biologically active Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 trans-activator, i.e., Z-encoded broadly reactive activator (ZEBRA), that recognized specific DNA motifs. We used auto-induction for histidine-tagged BZLF1 expression in Escherichia coli and immobilized cobalt affinity membrane chromatography for protein purification under native conditions. We obtained the purified BZLF1 at a yield of 5.4mg per gram of wet weight cells at 75% purity, in which 27% of the recombinant BZLF1 remained biologically active. The recombinant BZLF1 bound to oligonucleotides containing ZEBRA response elements, either AP-1 or ZIIIB, but not a ZIIIB mutant. The recombinant BZLF1 showed a specific DNA-binding activity which could be useful for functional studies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  3. Khoo TK, Noordin R, Santhanam A
    Indian J. Exp. Biol., 2012 Apr;50(4):256-64.
    PMID: 22611913
    A rapid antibody detection test is very useful for the detection of lymphatic filariasis, especially for certification and surveillance of post-mass drug administration. panLF Rapid kit is suitable for this purpose since it can detect all species of lymphatic filaria. It is based on the detection of anti-filarial IgG4 antibodies that react with recombinant B. malayi antigens, BmR1 and BmSXP. There is an increase demand for the test due to its attributes of being rapid, sensitive and specific results, as well as its field-applicability. The main aim of this paper is to obtain high recovery and purity of recombinant antigen BmSXP via a modified method of immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC). The highest product yield of 11.82 mg/g dry cell weight (DCW) was obtained when IMAC was performed using the optimized protocol of 10 mM imidazole concentration in lysis buffer, 30 mM imidazole concentration in wash buffer, and 10 column volume wash buffer containing 300 mM salt concentration. This gave a 54% protein recovery improvement over the manufacturer's protocol which recorded a product yield of only 7.68 mg/g DCW. The recovered BmSXP recombinant antigen showed good western blot reactivity, high sensitivity (31/32, 97%) and specificity (32/32, 100%) in ELISA, thus attesting to its good purity and quality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  4. Chong FC, Tan WS, Biak DR, Ling TC, Tey BT
    J Chromatogr A, 2010 Feb 19;1217(8):1293-7.
    PMID: 20044094 DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.12.039
    A direct recovery of recombinant nucleocapsid protein of Nipah virus (NCp-NiV) from crude Escherichia coli (E. coli) homogenate was developed successfully using a hydrophobic interaction expanded bed adsorption chromatography (HI-EBAC). The nucleic acids co-released with the recombinant protein have increased the viscosity of the E. coli homogenate, thus affected the axial mixing in the EBAC column. Hence, DNase was added to reduce the viscosity of feedstock prior to its loading into the EBAC column packed with the hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) adsorbent. The addition of glycerol to the washing buffer has reduced the volume of washing buffer applied, and thus reduced the loss of the NCp-NiV during the washing stage. The influences of flow velocity, degree of bed expansion and viscosity of mobile phase on the adsorption efficiency of HI-EBAC were studied. The dynamic binding capacity at 10% breakthrough of 3.2mg/g adsorbent was achieved at a linear flow velocity of 178 cm/h, bed expansion of two and feedstock viscosity of 3.4 mPas. The adsorbed NCp-NiV was eluted with the buffer containing a step gradient of salt concentration. The purification of hydrophobic NCp-NiV using the HI-EBAC column has recovered 80% of NCp-NiV from unclarified E. coli homogenate with a purification factor of 12.5.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
  5. Ho CW, Tan WS, Kamaruddin S, Ling TC, Tey BT
    Biotechnol Appl Biochem, 2008 May;50(Pt 1):49-59.
    PMID: 17760564
    HBcAg (hepatitis B core antigen) is a nanoplex bioproduct that has a great potential in the development of therapeutic drugs and vaccines. In the present study, a continuous-flow bead milling for the disruption of Escherichia coli was optimized and a direct recovery protocol to isolate the recombinant HBcAg from the unclarified E. coli disruptate was developed. The optimal condition for continuous-flow bead milling for the release of HBcAg from E. coli was achieved at a feed flow rate of 15 litres/h, biomass concentration of 10% [ww/v (wet weight/vol.)] and impeller tip speed of 14 m/s. The sucrose-density-gradient analysis showed that the particulate form of the HBcAg released by this optimal condition is still preserved. In the direct purification of HBcAg from the unclarified disruptate, the AE-EBAC (anion-exchange expanded-bed adsorption chromatography) technique was employed. A 54% adsorption and 50.7% recovery of HBcAg were achieved in this direct recovery process. The purity of HBcAg recovered was 49.8%, which corresponds to a purification factor of 2.0. ELISA showed that the HBcAg recovered is functionally active.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
  6. Tan YP, Ling TC, Tan WS, Yusoff K, Tey BT
    Protein Expr. Purif., 2006 Mar;46(1):114-21.
    PMID: 16139513
    In the present work, a single-step purification of recombinant nucleocapsid protein (NP) of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) directly from unclarified feedstock using an expanded bed adsorption chromatography (EBAC) was developed. Streamline 25 column (ID = 25 mm) was used as a contactor and Streamline chelating adsorbent immobilized with Ni2+ ion was used as affinity adsorbent. The dynamic binding capacity of Ni2+ -loaded Streamline chelating adsorbent for the NP protein in unclarified feedstock was found to be 2.94 mg ml(-1) adsorbent at a superficial velocity of 200 cm h(-1). The direct purification of NP protein from unclarified feedstock using expanded bed adsorption has resulted in a 31% adsorption and 9.6% recovery of NP protein. The purity of the NP protein recovered was about 70% and the volume of processing fluid was reduced by a factor of 10. The results of the present study show that the IMA-EBAC developed could be used to combine the clarification, concentration and initial purification steps into a single-step operation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  7. Kwan SH, Ismail MN
    Biomed Chromatogr, 2019 Dec;33(12):e4686.
    PMID: 31452214 DOI: 10.1002/bmc.4686
    Researchers frequently use two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) prior to mass spectrometric analysis in a proteomics approach. The i2D-PAGE method, which 'inverts' the dimension of protein separation of the conventional 2D-PAGE, is presented in this publication. Protein lysate of Channa striata, a freshwater snakehead fish, was separated based on its molecular weight in the first dimension and its isoelectric point in the second dimension. The first-dimension separation was conducted on a gel-free separation device, and the protein mixture was fractionated into 12 fractions in chronological order of increasing molecular weight. The second-dimension separation featured isoelectric focusing, which further separated the proteins within the same fraction according to their respective isoelectric point. Advantages of i2D-PAGE include better visualisation of the isolated protein, easy identification on protein isoforms, shorter running time, customisability and reproducibility. Erythropoietin standard was applied to i2D-PAGE to show its effectiveness for separating protein isoforms. Various staining methods such as Coomassie blue staining and silver staining are also applicable to i2D-PAGE. Overall, the i2D-PAGE separation method effectively separates protein lysate and is suitable for application in proteomics research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  8. Song CP, Ooi CW, Tey BT, Lu CX, Liu BL, Chang YK
    Int J Biol Macromol, 2020 Dec 01;164:4455-4465.
    PMID: 32937154 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.09.051
    A stirred fluidized bed (SFB) ion exchange chromatography was successfully applied in the direct recovery of recombinant enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) from the unclarified Escherichia coli homogenate. Optimal conditions for both adsorption and elution processes were determined from the packed-bed adsorption systems conducted at a small scale using the clarified cell homogenate. The maximal adsorption capacity and dissociation constant for EGFP-adsorbent complex were found to be 6.3 mg/mL and 1.3 × 10-3 mg/mL, respectively. In an optimal elution of EGFP with 0.2 M of NaCl solution (pH 9) and at 200 cm/h, the recovery percent of the EGFP was approximately 93%. The performances of SFB chromatography for direct recovery of EGFP was also evaluated under different loading volumes (50-200 mL) of crude cell homogenate. The single-step purification of EGFP by SFB recorded in a high yield (95-98%) and a satisfactory purification factor (~3 folds) of EGFP from the cell homogenate at 200 rpm of rotating speed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
  9. Chew FN, Tan WS, Ling TC, Tey BT
    Electrophoresis, 2009 Sep;30(17):3017-3023.
    PMID: 19685471 DOI: 10.1002/elps.200900246
    Mechanical and non-mechanical breakages of bacterial cells are usually the preliminary steps in intracellular protein purification. In this study, the recombinant green fluorescent protein (GFP) was purified from intact Escherichia coli cells using preparative PAGE. In this purification process, cells disruption step is not needed. The cellular content of E. coli was drifted out electrically from cells and the negatively charged GFP was further electroeluted from polyacrylamide gel column. SEM investigation of the electrophoresed cells revealed substantial structural damage at the cellular level. This integrated purification technique has successfully recovered the intracellular GFP with a yield of 82% and purity of 95%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
  10. Ng MY, Tan WS, Abdullah N, Ling TC, Tey BT
    J Biotechnol, 2008 Nov 25;138(3-4):74-9.
    PMID: 18786579 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2008.08.004
    Expanded bed adsorption chromatography (EBAC) is a single pass operation that has been used as primary capture step in various protein purifications. The most common problem in EBAC is often associated with successful formation of a stable fluidized bed during the absorption stage, which is critically dependent on parameters such as liquid velocity, bed height, particle (adsorbent) size and density as well as design of column and type of flow distributor. In this study, residence time distribution (RTD) test using acetone as non-binding tracer acetone was performed to evaluate liquid dispersion characteristics of the EBAC system. A high B(o) number was obtained indicating the liquid dispersion in the system employed is very minimal and the liquid flow within the bed was close to plug flow, which mimics a packed bed chromatography system. Evaluation on the effect of flow velocities and bed height on the performance of Streamline DEAE using feedstock containing heat-treated crude Escherichia coli homogenate of different biomass concentrations was carried out in this study. The advantages and disadvantages as well as the problems encountered during recovery of HBcAg with aforementioned parameters are also discussed in this paper.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
  11. Ng MY, Tan WS, Abdullah N, Ling TC, Tey BT
    J Virol Methods, 2006 Oct;137(1):134-9.
    PMID: 16860402
    Heat precipitation procedure has been regularly incorporated as a selective purification step in various thermostable proteins expressed in different hosts. This method is efficient in precipitation of most of the host proteins and also deactivates various host proteases that can be harmful to the desired gene products. In this study, introduction of heat treatment procedure in the purification of hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) produced in Escherichia coli has been investigated. Thermal treatment of the cell homogenate at 60 degrees C for 30 min prior to subsequent clarification steps has resulted in 1.4 times and 18% higher in purity and recovery yield, respectively, compared to the non-heat-treated cell homogenate. In direct capture of HBcAg by using anion-exchangers from unclarified feedstock, pre-conditioning the feedstock by heat treatment at 60 degrees C for 45 min has increased the recovery yield of HBcAg by 2.9-fold and 42% in purity compared to that treated for 10 min. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis showed that the antigenicity of the core particles was not affected by the heat treatment process.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  12. Muhammed NS, Hussin N, Lim AS, Jonet MA, Mohamad SE, Jamaluddin H
    Protein J, 2021 06;40(3):419-435.
    PMID: 33870461 DOI: 10.1007/s10930-021-09986-5
    Acinetobacter baumannii is a ubiquitous bacteria that is increasingly becoming a formidable nosocomial pathogen. Due to its clinical relevance, studies on the bacteria's secretory molecules especially extracellular proteases are of interest primarily in relation to the enzyme's role in virulence. Besides, favorable properties that extracellular proteases possess may be exploited for commercial use thus there is a need to investigate extracellular proteases from Acinetobacter baumannii to gain insights into their catalytic properties. In this study, an extracellular subtilisin-like serine protease from Acinetobacter baumannii designated as SPSFQ that was isolated from fermented food was recombinantly expressed and characterized. The mature catalytically active form of SPSFQ shared a high percentage sequence identity of 99% to extracellular proteases from clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae as well as a moderately high percentage identity to other bacterial proteases with known keratinolytic and collagenolytic activity. The homology model of mature SPSFQ revealed its structure is composed of 10 β-strands, 8 α-helices, and connecting loops resembling a typical architecture of subtilisin-like α/β motif. SPSFQ is catalytically active at an optimum temperature of 40 °C and pH 9. Its activity is stimulated in the presence of Ca2+ and severely inhibited in the presence of PMSF. SPSFQ also displayed the ability to degrade several tissue-associated protein substrates such as keratin, collagen, and fibrin. Accordingly, our study shed light on the catalytic properties of a previously uncharacterized extracellular serine protease from Acinetobacter baumannii that warrants further investigations into its potential role as a virulence factor in pathogenicity and commercial applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  13. Ong EB, Anthony AA, Ismail A, Ismail A, Lim TS
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis, 2013 Sep;77(1):87-9.
    PMID: 23790417 DOI: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2013.05.010
    The hemolysin (HlyE) protein of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi was reported to be antigenic. This work describes the cloning, expression, and purification of a hexahistidine-tagged HlyE protein under native conditions. Immunoblot analysis and a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using sera from typhoid patients showed the presence of HlyE-specific antibodies in circulation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  14. Cheong FW, Lau YL, Fong MY, Mahmud R
    Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2013 May;88(5):835-40.
    PMID: 23509118 DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.12-0250
    Plasmodium knowlesi is now known as the fifth Plasmodium species that can cause human malaria. The Plasmodium merozoite surface protein (MSP) has been reported to be potential target for vaccination and diagnosis of malaria. MSP-1(33) has been shown to be immunogenic and its T cell epitopes could mediate cellular immune protection. However, limited studies have focused on P. knowlesi MSP-133. In this study, an approximately 28-kDa recombinant P. knowlesi MSP-1(33) (pkMSP-1(33)) was expressed by using an Escherichia coli system. The purified pkMSP-1(33) reacted with serum samples of patients infected with P. knowlesi (31 of 31, 100%) and non-P. knowlesi malaria (27 of 28, 96.43%) by Western blotting. The pkMSP-1(33) also reacted with P. knowlesi (25 of 31, 80.65%) and non-P. knowlesi malaria sera (20 of 28, 71.43%) in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Most of the non-malarial infection (49 of 52 in by Western blotting and 46 of 52 in the ELISA) and healthy donor serum samples (65 of 65 by Western blotting and ELISA) did not react with recombinant pkMSP-1(33).
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  15. Hashim NH, Bharudin I, Nguong DL, Higa S, Bakar FD, Nathan S, et al.
    Extremophiles, 2013 Jan;17(1):63-73.
    PMID: 23132550 DOI: 10.1007/s00792-012-0494-4
    The psychrophilic yeast Glaciozyma antarctica demonstrated high antifreeze activity in its culture filtrate. The culture filtrate exhibited both thermal hysteresis (TH) and ice recrystallization inhibition (RI) properties. The TH of 0.1 °C was comparable to that previously reported for bacteria and fungi. A genome sequence survey of the G. antarctica genome identified a novel antifreeze protein gene. The cDNA encoded a 177 amino acid protein with 30 % similarity to a fungal antifreeze protein from Typhula ishikariensis. The expression levels of AFP1 were quantified via real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and the highest expression levels were detected within 6 h of growth at -12 °C. The cDNA of the antifreeze protein was cloned into an Escherichia coli expression system. Expression of recombinant Afp1 in E. coli resulted in the formation of inclusion bodies that were subsequently denatured by treatment with urea and allowed to refold in vitro. Activity assays of the recombinant Afp1 confirmed the antifreeze protein properties with a high TH value of 0.08 °C.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  16. Arockiaraj J, Easwvaran S, Vanaraja P, Singh A, Othman RY, Bhassu S
    Fish Shellfish Immunol, 2012 Jul;33(1):121-9.
    PMID: 22565019 DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2012.04.010
    In this study, we have reported a full length of peroxiredoxin (designated MrPrdx) gene, identified from the transcriptome of freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. The complete gene sequence of the MrPrdx is 940 base pairs in length, and encodes 186 amino acids. MrPrdx contains a long thioredoxin domain in the amino acid sequence between 34 and 186. The gene expressions of MrPrdx in healthy and the infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) challenged M. rosenbergii were examined using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction. MrPrdx is highly expressed in all the other tissues of M. rosenbergii considered for analysis and the highest in gills. The expression is strongly up-regulated in gills after IHHNV infection. To understand MrPrdx functional properties, the recombinant MrPrdx protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and purified. A peroxidise activity assay was conducted using recombinant MrPrdx protein at different concentrations. This peroxidises activity showed that the recombinant MrPrdx is a thiol-dependant protein. Additionally, this result showed that recombinant MrPrdx protein, as a secretory protein can remove H₂O₂ and protect DNA damage. This finding leads a possible way to propose the recombinant MrPrdx protein as an effective medicine for reactive oxygen species (ROS) related diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  17. Ho CW, Tan WS, Chong FC, Ling TC, Tey BT
    J Microbiol Biotechnol, 2009 Apr;19(4):416-23.
    PMID: 19421000
    Hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) is an important serological marker used in the diagnosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. In the current study, a fast and efficient preparative purification protocol for truncated HBcAg from Escherichia coli disruptate was developed. The recombinant HBcAg was first captured by anion exchange expanded bed adsorption chromatography integrated with a cell disruption process. This online capture process has shortened the process time and eliminated the "hold-up" period that may be detrimental to the quality of target protein. The eluted product from the expanded bed adsorption chromatography was subsequently purified using size-exclusion chromatography. The results showed that this novel purification protocol achieved a recovery yield of 45.1% with a product purity of 88.2%, which corresponds to a purification factor of 4.5. The recovered HBcAg is still biologically active as shown by ELISA test.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  18. Ng MY, Tan WS, Abdullah N, Ling TC, Tey BT
    J Chromatogr A, 2007 Nov 16;1172(1):47-56.
    PMID: 17945242
    Direct recovery of hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) from unclarified Escherichia coli homogenates via expanded bed adsorption chromatography (EBA) has been explored in this study. Streamline DEAE was selected as the anion exchanger to recover HBcAg from heat-treated and non-heat-treated unclarified feedstocks. The use of anion-exchanger for direct extraction of proteins from unclarified feedstock is not preferred due to lack of specificity of its ligand. In this study, thermal treatment of the unclarified feedstock at 60 degrees C has resulted in 1.2- and 1.8-fold increases in yield and purity of HBcAg, respectively, compared with that purified from non-heat-treated feedstock. Heating the crude feedstock has resulted in denaturation and precipitation of contaminants in the feedstock, hence reducing non-specific interactions between the cell debris and adsorbent. The selectivity of the anion-exchanger has also been increased as shown in the breakthrough curve obtained. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that the antigenicity of the HBcAg from heat-treated unclarified feedstock is still preserved.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
  19. Wan KL, Chang TL, Ajioka JW
    J. Biochem. Mol. Biol., 2004 Jul 31;37(4):474-9.
    PMID: 15469736
    The expressed sequence tag (EST) effort in Toxoplasma gondii has generated a substantial amount of gene information. To exploit this valuable resource, we chose to study tgd057, a novel gene identified by a large number of ESTs that otherwise show no significant match to known sequences in the database. Northern analysis showed that tgd057 is transcribed in this tachyzoite. The complete cDNA sequence of tgd057 is 1169 bp in length. Sequence analysis revealed that tgd057 possibly adopts two polyadenylation sites, utilizes the fourth in-frame ATG for translation initiation, and codes for a secretory protein. The longest open reading frame for the tgd057 gene was cloned and expressed as a recombinant protein (rd57) in Escherichia coli. Western analysis revealed that serum against rd57 recognized a molecule of ~21 kDa in the tachyzoite protein extract. This suggests that the tgd057 gene is expressed in vivo in the parasite.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification
  20. Tan YP, Ling TC, Yusoff K, Tan WS, Tey BT
    J Microbiol, 2005 Jun;43(3):295-300.
    PMID: 15995649
    In the present study, the performances of conventional purification methods, packed bed adsorption (PBA), and expanded bed adsorption (EBA) for the purification of the nucleocapsid protein (NP) of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) from Escherichia coli homogenates were evaluated. The conventional methods for the recovery of NP proteins involved multiple steps, such as centrifugation, precipitation, dialysis, and sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation. For the PBA, clarified feedstock was used for column loading, while in EBA, unclarified feedstock was used. Streamline chelating immobilized with Ni2+ ion was used as an affinity ligand for both PBA and EBA. The final protein yield obtained in conventional and PBA methods was 1.26% and 5.56%, respectively. It was demonstrated that EBA achieved the highest final protein yield of 9.6% with a purification factor of 7. Additionally, the total processing time of the EBA process has been shortened by 8 times compared to that of the conventional method.
    Matched MeSH terms: Recombinant Proteins/isolation & purification*
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