Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 123 in total

  1. Wahab ZA, Yahaya H
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55(3):388.
    PMID: 11200725
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping*
  2. Valero N, Quiroz Y
    Invest Clin, 2014 Sep;55(3):203-5.
    PMID: 25272519
    Dengue is a viral acute febrile illness, currently considered one of the most important arbovirosis worldwide in terms of morbidity, mortality and economic impact. Various theories have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of severe forms of dengue, involving among other factors, features related to the virus, such as the presence of more virulent strains and/or strains with increased replicative capacity. A crucial point at this time is the discovery of a new viral type, dengue 5, from nonhuman primates in Malaysia-Borneo, which could result in greater difficulties for control and vaccine production (currently in efficacy tests). Once the circulation of this viral type has been demonstrated in the human population, the high risk of infection will have extreme or controversial public health implications. Therefore, a worldwide program to combat dengue should include an urgent need to implement continuous vector elimination, community education and prevention and control of the disease. Only then, we will be aiming to reduce the morbidity and transmission risk of dengue, while new technological and effective alternatives come about.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping*
  3. Annan E, Nguyen UDT, Treviño J, Wan Yaacob WF, Mangla S, Pathak AK, et al.
    BMC Infect Dis, 2023 Mar 10;23(1):147.
    PMID: 36899304 DOI: 10.1186/s12879-023-08051-z
    BACKGROUND: Pregnancy increases a woman's risk of severe dengue. To the best of our knowledge, the moderation effect of the dengue serotype among pregnant women has not been studied in Mexico. This study explores how pregnancy interacted with the dengue serotype from 2012 to 2020 in Mexico.

    METHOD: Information from 2469 notifying health units in Mexican municipalities was used for this cross-sectional analysis. Multiple logistic regression with interaction effects was chosen as the final model and sensitivity analysis was done to assess potential exposure misclassification of pregnancy status.

    RESULTS: Pregnant women were found to have higher odds of severe dengue [1.50 (95% CI 1.41, 1.59)]. The odds of dengue severity varied for pregnant women with DENV-1 [1.45, (95% CI 1.21, 1.74)], DENV-2 [1.33, (95% CI 1.18, 1.53)] and DENV-4 [3.78, (95% CI 1.14, 12.59)]. While the odds of severe dengue were generally higher for pregnant women compared with non-pregnant women with DENV-1 and DENV-2, the odds of disease severity were much higher for those infected with the DENV-4 serotype.

    CONCLUSION: The effect of pregnancy on severe dengue is moderated by the dengue serotype. Future studies on genetic diversification may potentially elucidate this serotype-specific effect among pregnant women in Mexico.

    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  4. Le CF, Palanisamy NK, Mohd Yusof MY, Sekaran SD
    PLoS One, 2011;6(5):e19547.
    PMID: 21603602 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019547
    BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major causative agent of severe infections, including sepsis, pneumonia, meningitis, and otitis media, that has since become a major public health concern. In this study, the serotypes distribution of pneumococcal isolates was investigated to predict the efficacy of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) among the Malaysian populations.
    METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 151 clinical isolates were serotyped using multiplex PCR assays. Out of them, there were 21.2% penicillin-resistant, 29.1% penicillin-intermediate, and 49.7% penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae strains. Serotypes detected among the Malaysian isolates were 1, 3, 10A, 11A/11D, 12F/12A, 14, 15A, 15B/15C, 16F, 18C/18B/18A/18F, 19A, 19F, 23F, 35B, 35F/47F, 6A/6B, 7C/7B/40, 7F/7A, 9V/9A, and 34. Serotype 19F and 23F were the two most prevalent serotypes detected. Serotypes are highly associated with invasiveness of isolates (p = 0.001) and penicillin susceptibility (p<0.001). Serotype 19F was observed to have increased resistance against penicillin while serotype 19A has high invasive tendency. Age of patients was an important factor underlying the pneumococcal serotypes (p = 0.03) and clinical sites of infections (p<0.001). High prevalence of pneumococcal isolates were detected among children <5 years old at nasopharyngeal sites while elderly adults ≥60 years old were at increased risk for pneumococcal bacteremia.
    CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Current study revealed that a number of serotypes, especially those associated with high penicillin resistance, have been formulated in the PCV7. Therefore, the protections expected from the routine use of PCV7 would be encouraging for the Malaysian. However, it is not possible to predict serotypes that might become predominant in the future and hence continued surveillance of circulating serotypes will be needed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping*
  5. Vinomarlini G, Rogayah T, Saraswathy TS, Thayan R, Apandi M, Fauziah MK, et al.
    PMID: 21323170
    From 2005 to 2009, the Institute for Medical Research (IMR), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia received 488 serum and blood samples from hospitalized patients on the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, suspected of having dengue infection. In this study we determined the prevailing dengue serotypes using a real time polymerase chain reaction assay (RT-PCR). All 4 dengue virus serotypes were found circulating during the study period; however the predominant serotype varied. In 2005 and 2006, the predominant serotypes circulating were DENV-1 and DENV-3, in 2007, DENV-1 and DENV-2 were predominant, and in 2008 and 2009, DENV-3 was the predominant serotype.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping/methods
  6. Salasawati H, Ramelah M, Pitt TL, Holmes B
    PMID: 10772579
    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the usefulness of a co-agglutination procedure for the typing of Flavobacterium meningosepticum. The sensitivity and specificity of the co-agglutination test was compared to the slide agglutination test using reference strains of the bacterial species. Antisera were characterized by both technics to determine their titer and working dilution. The specificity of the sera was assessed by performing tests which include strains of other species and serotypes. A collection of 47 strains of F. meningosepticum isolated from clinical specimens were typed by both co-agglutination and slide agglutination methods. Co-agglutination proved to be markedly more specific than the slide procedure although both methods were similar in sensitivity. It was concluded that co-agglutination proved to be an excellent method for the serotyping of F. meningosepticum.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping/methods*
  7. Sharifah SH, Ali MA, Gard GP, Polkinghorne IG
    Trop Anim Health Prod, 1995 Feb;27(1):37-42.
    PMID: 7770950
    Sixteen isolations of bluetongue virus (BTV) were made from the heparinised bloods of 4 groups of cattle and sheep in Peninsular Malaysia. These viruses were typed as BTV serotypes 1, 2, 3, 9, 16 and 23. Multiple serotypes of BTV are apparently endemic in Malaysia and in other countries in the region.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping/veterinary
  8. Vadivelu J, Puthucheary SD, Drasar BS, Dance DA, Pitt TL
    Trop Med Int Health, 1998 Jul;3(7):518-21.
    PMID: 9705184
    The constancy of strain genotypes of multiple isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei from 13 patients with melioidosis was examined by BamHI ribotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of XbaI digests of DNA. Seven of 8 patients with single episodes of melioidosis each yielded genetically identical isolates and only one of five patients with recurrent episodes was infected with a new strain clearly distinct from the original primary strain. Variation was observed in PFGE patterns of primary and relapse isolates of another patient but this was insufficient to define genetically distinct strains. We conclude that most patients with single or multiple episodes of melioidosis retain a single strain.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping/methods
  9. Shakrin NN, Balasubramaniam SD, Yusof HA, Mastuki MF, Masri SN, Taib NM, et al.
    Trop Biomed, 2013 Jun;30(2):338-44.
    PMID: 23959499 MyJurnal
    Determination of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes is essential for epidemiological surveillance. Therefore accurate, reliable and cost effective serotyping method is crucial. In this study, we determined the serotypes of 41 pneumococcal isolates recovered from human anterior nares by multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) utilizing published primers. The data was then compared with conventional serology using latex agglutination (LA) and the Quellung reaction. Based on the PCR-approach, 8 different serogroups/serotypes were detected with one isolate classified as non-typeable (cpsA-negative). In reference to the serology-based data, the results were in agreement except for one isolate. For the latter isolate, the LA and Quellung tests failed to show a reaction but the PCR-approach and sequencing identified the isolate as serogroup 15B/C. Based on this experimental setting, we found that the PCR-approach for pneumococcal serotypes determination is reliable to serve as the alternative for determining the pneumococcal serotyping.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping/methods
  10. Chan SK, Kuzuya A, Choong YS, Lim TS
    SLAS Discov, 2019 01;24(1):68-76.
    PMID: 30063871 DOI: 10.1177/2472555218791743
    The inherent ability of nucleic acids to recognize a complementary pair has gained wide popularity in DNA sensor applications. DNA molecules can be produced in bulk and easily incorporated with various nanomaterials for sensing applications. More complex designs and sophisticated DNA sensors have been reported over the years to allow DNA detection in a faster, cheaper, and more convenient manner. Here, we report a DNA sensor designed to function like a switch to turn "on" silver nanocluster (AgNC) generation in the presence of a specific DNA target. By defining the probe region sequence, we are able to tune the color of the AgNC generated in direct relation to the different targets. As a proof of concept, we used dengue RNA-dependent RNA polymerase conserved sequences from all four serotypes as targets. This method was able to distinguish each dengue serotype by generating the serotype-respective AgNCs. The DNA switch was also able to identify and amplify the correct target in a mixture of targets with good specificity. This strategy has a detection limit of between 1.5 and 2.0 µM depending on the sequence of AgNC. The DNA switch approach provides an attractive alternative for single-target or multiplex DNA detection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping/methods*
  11. Huang L, Luo X, Shao J, Yan H, Qiu Y, Ke P, et al.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis, 2016 Feb;35(2):269-77.
    PMID: 26700953 DOI: 10.1007/s10096-015-2540-5
    Dengue is a rapidly spreading mosquito-borne disease caused by the dengue virus (DENV) and has emerged as a severe public health problem around the world. Guangdong, one of the southern Chinese provinces, experienced a serious outbreak of dengue in 2014, which was believed to be the worst dengue epidemic in China over the last 20 years. To better understand the epidemic, we collected the epidemiological data of the outbreak and analyzed 14,594 clinically suspected dengue patients from 25 hospitals in Guangdong. Dengue cases were then laboratory-confirmed by the detection of DENV non-structural protein 1 (NS1) antigen and/or DENV RNA. Afterwards, clinical manifestations of dengue patients were analyzed and 93 laboratory-positive serum specimens were chosen for the DENV serotyping and molecular analysis. Our data showed that the 2014 dengue outbreak in Guangdong had spread to 20 cities and more than 45 thousand people suffered from dengue fever. Of 14,594 participants, 11,387 were definitively diagnosed. Most manifested with a typical non-severe clinical course, and 1.96 % developed to severe dengue. The strains isolated successfully from the serum samples were identified as DENV-1. Genetic analyses revealed that the strains were classified into genotypes I and V of DENV-1, and the dengue epidemic of Guangdong in 2014 was caused by indigenous cases and imported cases from the neighboring Southeast Asian countries of Malaysia and Singapore. Overall, our study is informative and significant to the 2014 dengue outbreak in Guangdong and will provide crucial implications for dengue prevention and control in China and elsewhere.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  12. Nimir AR, Ibrahim R, Ibrahim IA
    BMJ Case Rep, 2011;2011.
    PMID: 22689601 DOI: 10.1136/bcr.04.2011.4096
    The authors report a case of a 6-week-old baby girl who was admitted to the paediatric ward due to a high fever for 2 days. The patient experienced three fits which took place while in the ward. A brain sonogram showed subdural heterogeneous collection consistent with focal empyema; however, no hydrocephalus or infarction was detected. An urgent Burr hole procedure was performed to remove the collected pus. Both blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture grew Salmonella species which remain sensitive to some antibiotics. This strain was sent to the institute of medical research (IMR) for serotyping. The patient was treated with intravenous combination of ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin for 3 weeks. One week later, IMR sent results that identified the strain as Salmonella enterica serotype Houtenae. Following antibiotic treatment, repeat ultrasound illustrated an improvement of the subdural empyema, and the gram stain of the CSF specimen failed to isolate bacteria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  13. Rohani A, Wong YC, Zamre I, Lee HL, Zurainee MN
    PMID: 19842378
    Dengue 2 and 4 viruses obtained from dengue-infected patients were maintained in a C6/36 Aedes albopictus Skuse cell line and used to infect adult female Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Each serotype was mixed separately with fresh human erythrocytes and fed to adult female mosquitoes using an artificial membrane feeding technique. Fully engorged mosquitoes were selected and retained at 26 degrees C, 28 degrees C and 30 degrees C to observe dengue virus development in Aedes vectors. Virus detection was carried out by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The virus was first detected on Day 9 at 26 degrees C and 28 degrees C and on Day 5 at 30 degrees C for both dengue 2 and 4. The study shows the incubation period of the viruses decreased when the extrinsic incubation temperature increases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  14. Bravo LC, Asian Strategic Alliance for Pneumococcal Disease Prevention (ASAP) Working Group
    Vaccine, 2009 Dec 9;27(52):7282-91.
    PMID: 19393708 DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.04.046
    This paper represents a collaborative effort by the Asian Strategic Alliance for Pneumococcal Disease Prevention (ASAP) Working Group to collate data on the disease burden due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in participating Asian countries and territories; namely, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Korea, Macau, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Thailand. A review of both published and unpublished data revealed that the incidence of IPD in some countries is well documented by way of large, long-duration studies, while in other countries, much of the available data have been extrapolated from international studies or have come from small population studies of limited geographical coverage. This paper confirms that data regarding the incidence of IPD in Asia are grossly lacking and reinforces the need for urgent and more substantial studies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  15. Ng LC, Chem YK, Koo C, Mudin RNB, Amin FM, Lee KS, et al.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2015 Jun;92(6):1150-1155.
    PMID: 25846296 DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0588
    Characterization of 14,079 circulating dengue viruses in a cross-border surveillance program, UNITEDengue, revealed that the 2013 outbreaks in Singapore and Malaysia were associated with replacement of predominant serotype. While the predominant virus in Singapore switched from DENV2 to DENV1, DENV2 became predominant in neighboring Malaysia. Dominance of DENV2 was most evident on the southern states where higher fatality rates were observed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  16. Yasin RM, Jegathesan MM, Tiew CC
    PMID: 10050191
    From January 1983 to December 1992 a total of 20,874 salmonella were serotyped in the Bacteriology Division IMR, which showed an increase of 100% compared to the previous ten-years. There were 97 serotypes which belonged to 22 Kauffmann-white groups. Twenty two serotypes hitherto were seen in this study period. S. typhi was the commonest serotype isolated. Overall there was a rise in the isolation of non-typhoidal salmonella particularly S. enteritidis which increased by 760% and S. blockley which increased by 720%. However there is a drop in the isolation of S typhimurium by 223% and S. paratyphi B by 319%.
    Publication year=1996-1997
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  17. Joseph PG, Sivanandan SP, Yee HT
    Epidemiol Infect, 1988 Jun;100(3):351-9.
    PMID: 3378581
    During the 5-year (1981-5) surveillance period, 2322 salmonella isolations were recorded from animals and other non-human sources in Peninsular Malaysia. This was an increase of 356% over the preceding 5-year period. The 83 serotypes isolated were recovered from 41 sources. Of these 34 were new serotypes bringing the total number of serotypes isolated from non-human sources to date up 97. Food animals and edible animal products accounted for 92.2% of the total isolations, with cattle and beef accounting for 70% of the total. Salmonella dublin was the most frequently isolated serotype, whereas S. typhimurium had the widest zoological distribution. More than 80% of the non-human salmonella serotypes have also been reported in man in this country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  18. Shirai A, Dohany AL, Gan E, Chan TC, Huxsoll DL
    Jpn. J. Med. Sci. Biol., 1980 Aug;33(4):231-4.
    PMID: 6783774
    Fifty-one Rickettsia tsutsugamushi isolates from small mammals collected in central Peninsular Malaysia serologically characterized by direct immunofluorescence using eight prototype strains. Karp-related (TA763, TA686, TA716) antigens were found in 90.2% of the isolates.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  19. Kan SKP, Chan MKC
    Med J Malaysia, 1980 Sep;35(1):9-13.
    PMID: 7254007
    19,983 cases of diarrhoea throughout Sabah, Malaysia from January 1971 to December 1978 were bacteriologically examined for Shigella. A total of 241 Shigella isolates representing 9 serotypes were encountered. S. flexneri and S. sonnei accounted for 69.7% and 29.5% of the isolates respectively. S. flexneri type 2 was very common and comprised 47% of the flexneri strains. S. flexneri types 5.6 and Y were rarely found. Only two cases of S. boydii were isolated. S. dysenteriae was not encountered. Isolation rates ranged from 0.64% to 1.73% while the percentages or cases of diarrhoea bacteriologically examined in relation to the number notified range from 13.7 to 29.6. Kota Kinabalu. Tawau and Sandakan accounted for 50.6%. 21.2% and 8.2% of Shigella isolates respectively. However. no isolations were made from Lahad Datu, Semporna and Victoria [Labuan Island]. S. flexneri type 5 was only found in Sandakan while S. flexnert type Y was isolated from Kota Kinubulu. No S. Sonnel was found in Ranau and Tenom.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
  20. Okuno T, Okada T, Kondo A, Suzuki M, Kobayashi M, Oya A
    Bull World Health Organ, 1968;38(4):547-63.
    PMID: 5302450
    The immunological characteristics of 26 strains of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) isolated in Japan and Malaya between 1935 and 1966 have been investigated mainly by the antibody-absorption variant of the haemagglutination-inhibition test, and to a certain extent also by conventional haemagglutination-inhibition and complement-fixation tests. The antibody-absorption technique shows promise as a routine method for the immunotyping of JEV.At present, two immunotypes can be distinguished. One comprises 2 strains, Nakayama-NIH and I-58, and is designated as the I-58 immunotype. The other immunotype, JaGAr 01, comprises 17 strains which share the characteristics of the JaGAr 01 strain, including one subline of the Nakayama strain, Nakayama-Yakken. The Nakayama-RFVL strain was found to have the characteristics of both immunotypes. The I-58 immunotype differs more markedly from related arboviruses, such as the Murray Valley encephalitis virus and the West Nile Eg101 strain, than does the JaGAr 01 immunotype.Evidence is presented which suggests that a given JEV strain can change immunotype on repeated passage through mice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Serotyping
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