PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the antimicrobial effect of sub 10-nm AgNPs in maxillofacial silicone against Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and mixed species biofilms containing both and to test the effectiveness of different AgNP concentrations against all 3 biofilms in vitro.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Silicone disks (M511; Technovent Ltd) containing 0.0% (control), 0.1%, and 0.5% AgNPs were fabricated and treated with S. aureus, C. albicans, and mixed species strains of both in 24-well culture plates containing appropriate media. Each well received a 0.1-mL aliquot of the standardized suspension of microorganisms. The plates were incubated for 21 consecutive days, and colony-forming units per milliliter (CFU/mL) were measured on the first, third, fifth, seventh, fifteenth, and twenty-first day with the Miles and Misra method. Data were analyzed by 2-way ANOVA and the paired t test to evaluate the relationship between AgNP concentration, microbial strain, and time (α=.05). Mean CFU/mL differences for each time and for each biofilm category were assessed by repeated measure ANOVA.
RESULTS: AgNPs decreased the mean CFU/mL in both concentrations compared with the control. The 0.1% concentration showed sustained efficacy throughout the test, while the 0.5% concentration had high efficacy initially with a gradual decrease. However, the results were inconsistent for the mixed biofilm. The paired sample t test at day 3 and 15 and day 3 and 21 showed statistically significantly different results (Psilver ion leaching, and cellular internalization. Mixed species biofilm needs further exploration with standardized study parameters.