Data from the WHO state that up to 85% of cases of human schistosomiasis are from Africa. The common sites of this parasitic infection are the intestine and bladder. Testicular schistosomiasis is extremely rare but the number of reported cases worldwide has doubled over the past decade. The authors report a case of testicular schistosomiasis of a Myanmar immigrant in Malaysia who presented with a 6-month history of progressively enlarging left testicular swelling. His biochemical markers and cultures were not suggestive of an ongoing infection. Hence, a testicular malignancy was strongly suspected, for which, he underwent a left orchidectomy. Our clinical suspicion was proven wrong when the histopathology of the removed left testis revealed schistosomal eggs with granulamatous tissue formation. Subsequently, the patient was treated with praziquantel.
* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.