• 1 International Medical University
Medicine & Health, 2016;11(2):181-188.


Peripheral Intravenous Catheters (PIC) are widely used. Nurses are required to
possess appropriate knowledge and practice. The present study aimed to determine nurses' knowledge and practice towards care of PIC. A cross-sectional descriptive
study was conducted and 84 respondents participated in the study. A 26-item
questionnaire comprising 11 items on knowledge and 15 items related to nursing
practice was adapted and modified. The findings reported higher mean score from
specialty unit respondents, with knowledge (M = 49.19, SD = 3.44) and practice (M =
66.38, SD = 5.15), compared to medical surgical wards with knowledge (M = 46.25,
SD = 4.68) and practice (M = 63.17, SD = 4.63) towards the care of PIC, which was
significant (p value = 0.010 and p value = 0.009, respectively). The study indicated a
higher mean score of charge nurse respondents as compared with registered nurse
with knowledge (M = 49.68, SD = 3.23); (M = 46.20, SD = 4.62) and practice (M =
67.11, SD = 4.84); (M = 63.06, SD = 4.61), which was significant (p value = 0.003
and p value = 0.001, respectively). There were no significant differences between
respondents’ education qualification towards care of PIC with p > 0.05. However,
the findings reported that respondents who possessed Bachelor of Nursing were
deemed to score slightly higher in their knowledge and practice towards the care of
PIC. In conclusion, the specialty unit and charge nurse respondents were deemed
to possess better knowledge and practice towards the care of PIC in the hospital.