• 1 Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre, Institute of Graduate Studies, University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia
  • 2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Centre for Innovation in Medical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya , Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia
Crit Rev Anal Chem, 2019;49(6):510-533.
PMID: 30648398 DOI: 10.1080/10408347.2018.1561243


The development of easy to use, rapid and sensitive methods for direct detection of foodborne bacterial pathogens has become significantly important due to their impact on human health. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials have been adapted in the fabrication of electrochemical biosensors due to their exceptional combination of intrinsic properties such as high conductivity, stability and biocompatibility that render them as a promising candidate for bio-sensing material. The scope of this review is to provide a brief history of the current methods and different types of electrochemical biosensors used for the detection of bacterial pathogens. We primarily focus on the recent progress and applications of graphene, carbon nanotubes and their derivatives in electrochemical biosensors for foodborne bacterial pathogens detection. Finally, the status and future prospects of carbon-based electrochemical biosensors are also reviewed and discussed.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.