Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev., 2019 07 01;20(7):2045-2050.
PMID: 31350964 DOI: 10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.7.2045


Objective: Assess and analyse the awareness, knowledge, and attitudes of university students regarding HPV and
its vaccine. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed with questionnaire serving as the research instrument.
A total of 425 university students were recruited voluntarily. Thirteen assessable questions were analysed to reveal
the mean total knowledge score of HPV and its vaccine. Both descriptive and statistical approach were employed
to analyse the research outcomes. Results: Students were moderately aware as 59.8% and 49.6% have heard about
HPV and its vaccine, respectively. The mean total knowledge score was 5.26 ± 3.10 out of 13 which was found to be
moderately knowledgeable. Female (N= 235) have a significantly higher mean knowledge score in comparison to male
(N= 190) at 5.58 ± 2.80 versus 4.87 ± 3.40, respectively (p<0.05), likely due to the disease profiles favouring female.
As hypothesised, health-related school students (N= 171) outperformed other schools (N= 254) at 7.00 ± 2.95 versus
4.10 ± 2.62, respectively (p<0.001). In general, the score depends on participant’s gender and educational background
(χ2= 25.426, p<0.01 and χ2= 105.337, p<0.001, respectively). Despite low vaccination uptakes (28.5%), students accept
the vaccine following physician’s recommendation and reject due to its cost. A positive attitude was seen as majority
(88.7%) wished to know more about HPV. Conclusion: Moderation in awareness, knowledge and attitudes reflect the
lifestyle of an urbanised population where information is accessible. Healthcare professionals, media campaign, and
educational talk refinement are therefore essential in controlling the disease by spreading awareness.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.