• 1 Institute for Environment and Resources, National University of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, 740500, Vietnam
  • 2 Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam; Faculty of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam
  • 3 Institute for Process and Particle Engineering, Graz University of Technology, Graz, A-8010, Austria
  • 4 ARENA Research for Sustainable Resources, Graz, A-8010, Austria
  • 5 Water and Environmental Engineering, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, 852-851, Japan
  • 6 Faculty of Environmental Science, University of Sciences, Hue University, 77 Nguyen Hue Street, Hue City, Vietnam
  • 7 Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Electronic address:
  • 8 Henan Province Engineering Research Center for Biomass Value-added Products, School of Forestry, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450002, China
  • 9 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea
  • 10 Pyrolysis Technology Research Group, Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries (Akuatrop) & Institute of Tropical Biodiversity and Sustainable Development (Bio-D Tropika), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • 11 Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, 550000, Vietnam. Electronic address:
Environ Pollut, 2020 Oct;265(Pt B):114853.
PMID: 32480006 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114853


This study proposes an integrated cattle breeding and cultivation system that provides zero emission and sustainable livelihood for the community in rural areas. The proposed integrated farming system improves agricultural productivity and environmental and sanitation conditions, minimizes the amount of waste, and increases the family income up to 41.55%. Several waste types can be recycled and transformed into valuable products, such as energy for cooking, organic fertilizer for crops, and cattle feed for breeding. Wastewater effluent from the biogas tank can be treated by biochar and results show that it then meets the standards for irrigation purposes. Also, the waste flow from cattle breeding supplies enough nutrients to cultivate plants, and the plants grown supply are adequate food for the 30 cows living on the farm. This research shows that the use of an integrated farming system could achieve zero-emission goal. Thereby, it provides a sustainable livelihood for cattle breeding family farms. The proposed integrated cattle breeding and cultivation system improves agricultural productivity, environmental and increases the farmer income up to 41.55%.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.