• 1 School of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul, 02504, Republic of Korea
  • 2 School of Chemical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea
  • 3 Department of Environmental and Safety Engineering & Department of Energy Systems Research, Ajou University, Suwon, 16499, Republic of Korea
  • 4 Department of Mineral Resource and Energy Engineering, Jeonbuk National University, Jeonju, 54896, Republic of Korea
  • 5 Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia, Jalan Broga, 43500, Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • 6 Department of Mechanical and Information Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul, 02504, Republic of Korea
  • 7 School of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul, 02504, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
J Environ Manage, 2021 Sep 15;294:112959.
PMID: 34116308 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112959


This study highlights the potential of pyrolysis of food waste (FW) with Ni-based catalysts under CO2 atmosphere as an environmentally benign disposal technique. FW was pyrolyzed with homo-type Ni/Al2O3 (Ni-HO) or eggshell-type Ni/Al2O3 (Ni-EG) catalysts under flowing CO2 (50 mL/min) at temperatures from 500 to 700 °C for 1 h. A higher gas yield (42.05 wt%) and a lower condensable yield (36.28 wt%) were achieved for catalytic pyrolysis with Ni-EG than with Ni-HO (34.94 wt% and 40.06 wt%, respectively). In particular, the maximum volumetric content of H2 (21.48%) and CO (28.43%) and the lowest content of C2-C4 (19.22%) were obtained using the Ni-EG. The formation of cyclic species (e.g., benzene derivatives) in bio-oil was also effectively suppressed (24.87%) when the Ni-EG catalyst and CO2 medium were concurrently utilized for the FW pyrolysis. Accordingly, the simultaneous use of the Ni-EG catalyst and CO2 contributed to altering the carbon distribution of the pyrolytic products from condensable species to value-added gaseous products by facilitating ring-opening reactions and free radical mechanisms. This study should suggest that CO2-assisted catalytic pyrolysis over the Ni-EG catalyst would be an eco-friendly and sustainable strategy for disposal of FW which also provides a clean and high-quality source of energy.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.