Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 269 in total

  1. Root R
    Med Anthropol, 2008 Oct-Dec;27(4):405-34.
    PMID: 18958787 DOI: 10.1080/01459740802427737
    Since the early 1990s, the Malaysian government has identified factories as high risk for HIV and AIDS. Signaling epidemiological concerns over the rising rates of HIV among factory workers, a significant proportion of whom are women, the label also appeared to reconstitute stereotypes of factory women as dangerously sexual and of factories as immoral spaces. Drawing on ethnographic research in the export processing zones of Penang, Malaysia in the mid-1990s, I examine the meanings and experiences of HIV risk among factory women themselves. Data were analyzed using discourse and grounded theory methods, the former to identify women's multiple modes of rationalizing HIV risks, and the latter to theorize the sources and significance of women's HIV risk assemblages. The heuristic of assemblages as localized knowledge spaces helped to show that biomedical and socioreligious risk lexica operated not as fixed epistemological categories but as situational resources in women's risk scripts. Overall, women desired multiple risk knowledges to help them "control themselves by themselves," a project of reflexive self-shaping mediated by the diverse and discordant discourses of gender, ethnicity, and modernity in Malaysia that shaped how HIV risks were engendered and experienced.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace/psychology*
  2. Deros, B.M., Daruis, D.D.I., Ghani, J.A., Saleh, C., Wazir, R.M., Yasim, M.K., et al.
    This An Ergonomic hazard often exists in any industry. However, majority of the employees are not aware of practicing good body posture until the MSDs symptoms become permanent and chronic. The main objective of this study is to determine the manual handling problems among workers at an electronic component manufacturing company. The scope of this study focused on the study entire body disorders among workers on electronic manufacturing company using the Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA). A cross sectional study involving observation of the workplace, the work task and the working environment, photographs and videos taken during the observation. Later, a survey questionnaire was given to the respondents to obtain their socio-demography information, work activity and health problems. Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) was conducted on all respondents to determined REBA scores in different work positions. The study was conducted at an electronic component manufacturing company located in Klang Valley, Selangor. A total of 124 workers were surveyed and REBA assessment was performed on 20 workers at Company X production area. It includes 5 categories of position at Company X, such as:loading steel bar into casing; pushing the steel bar, turning movement while adjusting the steel bar, adjusting steel bar into the loading area, unloading steel bar from casing into the machine. The study found that turning section has the highest MSDs problems regarding manual handling because majority of the respondents in the turning department felt the pain while performing their work. This is due to their job demand, which they need to handle with tools weighing from 200 to 400 kg. The REBA scores showed that17 out of 20 respondents performing turning operations, moving and pushing the steel bar recorded the highest score of 11 or more which are categorize in the very high risk group. The position of pushing and turning steel bar while moving the steel bar has higher risk that contributed to the ergonomics risk factor, which in-turn can contribute to Muscular Skeletal Disorders (MSDs). More detailed investigation and remedial measures should be taken immediately, especially for the workers performing the manual handlings activities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  3. Saravanan Dhanabal, Karmegam Karuppiah, Kulanthayan K.C Mani, Irniza Rasdi, Sivasankar Sambasivam
    Workplace accident is a big challenges for a safety professional. Workplace accidents may lead from minor to serious
    effects to both employees and employers alike. Accident is an unexpected and undesirable event, especially those
    resulting in damage, harm or unforeseen incidents. This paper also discussed all available accident theories that are
    commonly used in workplace as fundamental to mitigating accident. Throughout this paper, the author justified that a
    new or updated accident theory is needed in Malaysia. The author stated that current accident theories are based on
    different environments and are different in terms physical of the employee who involved in the accident. This author
    also stated that technology changes is also another factor which can be supporting the new or updated accident
    theory needed in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  4. Burton D, Zeng XX, Chiu CH, Sun J, Sze NL, Chen Y, et al.
    J Community Health, 2010 Dec;35(6):579-85.
    PMID: 20186474 DOI: 10.1007/s10900-010-9244-7
    We sought to develop a smoking-cessation intervention for male Chinese restaurant workers in New York City that required no seeking out by participants; provided support over a relatively long period of time; and was responsive to participants' cultural backgrounds and daily lives. The resulting intervention consisted of a minimum of 9 proactive phone counseling sessions within a 6-month period for each participant recruited at his worksite. All activities were conducted in Chinese languages. The efficacy of this proactive phone-counseling intervention was assessed in a pretest/posttest design comparing baseline smoking with smoking 6 months after the intervention ended. Of 137 male employees recruited at their restaurants, 101 (median age 40.5) participated in the phone-counseling intervention in 2007-2008, with 75 completing the program with at least 9 counseling calls. We found a linear increase in smoking cessation from 0% at Call 1 to 50.7% at Call 9 for 75 men who completed the program, and we found for all 101 participants a 32.7% intent-to-treat cessation rate for 6 months post-end of program, adjusted to 30.8% by saliva cotinine assessments. The results indicate that combining field outreach with phone counseling over an extended period of time can facilitate smoking cessation for population groups whose environments do not support efforts to quit smoking.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  5. Tam, Jenn Zhueng, Sharifa Ezat Wan Putih, Noor Hassim
    The study objective is to examine the effects of the identified attributes (i.e. employee characteristics and ergonomics) that influences the chronic back pain disabilities acquired and benefits awarded via the recognition of workplace relatedness. As these factors are considered in work- related chronic back pain, we hypothesized that the ascertainment of work relatedness would depend on employees’ workplace conditions (poor ergonomic practices) and innate personal conditions (excellent pre-existing medical health). Two set of data was collected from a registry owned by a social security organization in 2012. Factor analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data. As predicted, workplace conditions and employees’ pre- existing medical health status mediated occupational back pain to develop disability and monetary benefit relationships. In conclusion, the results support the importance of obtaining workplace evidence and employees’ pre- existing medical health status that produces stronger relationship in terms of the amount of benefits to be given compared to the lesser effects on disability. Both models with different samples showed consistent SEM results. The proposed model would be applicable in the heterogenous Asian setting and that occupational back pain consensus is the key element in providing effective social security protection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  6. Shah Rollah Abdul Wahab, Yeong, Sook Shuen
    Recent development in industrialization and global economy has contributed to the increased number of workplace
    injuries and accidents. Safety culture has been seen as a central medium to curb the worrying trend of workplace
    accidents. The term of safety culture has emerged from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986 and the concept has
    been widely used until today. However, the conceptualization of safety culture suffers from several major drawbacks
    such as no definite understanding of how safety culture is being defined and measured. This paper hypothesized that
    higher levels of safety culture in the workplace will display lower numbers of accidents. Due to this concern, this
    paper seeks to provide a clear conceptualization of safety culture, dimensions used to measure it and common research
    methodology used in the previous safety research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  7. Han LM, Haron Z, Yahya K, Bakar SA, Dimon MN
    PLoS One, 2015;10(4):e0120667.
    PMID: 25875019 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120667
    Strategic noise mapping provides important information for noise impact assessment and noise abatement. However, producing reliable strategic noise mapping in a dynamic, complex working environment is difficult. This study proposes the implementation of the random walk approach as a new stochastic technique to simulate noise mapping and to predict the noise exposure level in a workplace. A stochastic simulation framework and software, namely RW-eNMS, were developed to facilitate the random walk approach in noise mapping prediction. This framework considers the randomness and complexity of machinery operation and noise emission levels. Also, it assesses the impact of noise on the workers and the surrounding environment. For data validation, three case studies were conducted to check the accuracy of the prediction data and to determine the efficiency and effectiveness of this approach. The results showed high accuracy of prediction results together with a majority of absolute differences of less than 2 dBA; also, the predicted noise doses were mostly in the range of measurement. Therefore, the random walk approach was effective in dealing with environmental noises. It could predict strategic noise mapping to facilitate noise monitoring and noise control in the workplaces.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  8. Siti Norhafiza Abd Razak, Nurul Hazwani Mohd Yusoff, Farah Hana Mukhtar, Norsehah Abdul Karim, Noor Hasyimah Abu Rahim
    Working for a minimum of 8 hours, 6 days a week might have exposed the workers of public transportation to
    high noise risks. However, occupational exposures in their workplace have not been adequately characterized and
    identified. Assessment of occupational noise exposure among workers at five public transportation stations was made
    using Sound Level Meter and through questionnaire survey. The data obtained was combined to estimate the work
    shift exposure level and health impacts to the workers by using statistical analysis. The respondents participated in the
    survey to identify the symptoms of noise-induced hearing loss and other health-related problems. Results of the study
    indicated that occupational noise exposure among workers for Mean Continuous Equivalent Level, Leq= 76.17 dB(A)
    presents small risks of developing a hearing disability. Some of the workers show symptoms of noise-induced hearing
    loss and are annoyed by the sources of noise present at the public transportation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  9. Mohd Zukri, I., Noor Hassim, I.
    Introduction: The effect of stress among correctional officers at the workplace can contribute to various health problems and this also affect their work performance and motivation.
    Methodology: Study was done at a prison located at the rural district in Kedah. The study was conducted by using randomized stratified sampling method. A total of 418 self administrated questionnaires were distributed. These questionnaires included socio demographic factor, family and marriage factor, Personal Stress Inventory (using Stress Symptom Scale with 52 items), work related stressors (Job Stress Survey) and Brief COPE (Coping Orientation for Problems Experienced with 28 items).
    Result: Response rate was 90.9%. Stress prevalence for correctional officers was 45.8%. Socio demographic factors which have significant relation with stress status were marital status, promotion factor, age, monthly salary, duration of service and number of children (p< 0.05). Family and marriage factor which have significant relation with stress status among married officer were pressure from relatives, clean up house, sexual frustration, conflict with spouse, conflict with children, conflict due to household work and no babysitter (p< 0.05).
    Discussion: The study showed that work related stressors that have influence with stress were excessive workload, working after work hours, not enough staff, disgraced words from fellow workers, competition in carrier development and excessive work stress (p< 0.05). Multiple linear regression model was done in this study and revealed factors that explained 52% of variation in stress score distributions were behavioural disengagement, no babysitter, denial, conflict with children, replace other worker’s duty, not enough time with family, competition in carrier development, venting of emotion, positive reframing and emotional support. Coping strategies that have significant effect in reducing stress symptoms are positive reframing and emotional support.
    Conclusion: Stress management programs should be implemented and emphasizing on specific stressors and coping mechanism are important to reduce the risk of occupational stress among correctional officers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  10. Siti Hajar Abdul Aziz
    Lack of safety awareness among quarry workers caused a number of accidents in quarry industries. The objective
    of this study is to gauge the awareness level towards safety among quarry workers. A questionnaire was distributed
    randomly among quarry workers in Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan. The questionnaire consists of 6 questions
    regarding safety at workplace. Results revealed that 56.9% of the respondents agreed and totally agreed for the health
    and safety suggestions made to be given consideration and used. As many as 79.3% respondents admitted that they
    obeyed all the safety rules stated at the workplace and 86.3% respondents said that they always focused and gave
    full attention while completing their task. A high percentage of 88% of the respondents agreed for all accidents
    to be reported to responsible persons while 77.6% respondents agreed for all personal protective equipment to be
    used suitable with the task given and 86.2% respondents answered that they performed their task following the safe
    operation procedures provided by the company.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  11. Ang YK, Mirnalini K, Zalilah MS
    Malays J Nutr, 2013 Apr;19(1):37-51.
    PMID: 24800383 MyJurnal
    Introduction: The use of email and website as channels for workplace health
    information delivery is not fully explored. This study aims to describe the
    rationale, design, and baseline findings of an email-linked website intervention
    to improve modifiable cancer risk factors. Methods: Employees of a Malaysian
    public university were recruited by systematic random sampling and randomised
    into an intervention (n=174) or control group (n=165). A website was developed
    for the intervention and educational modules were uploaded onto the website.
    The intervention group received ten consecutive weekly emails with hypertext
    links to the website for downloading the modules and two individual phone
    calls as motivational support whilst the control group received none. Diet,
    lifestyle, anthropometric measurements, psychosocial factors and stages of change
    related to dietary fat, fruit and vegetable intake, and physical activity were
    assessed. Results: Participants were predominantly female and in non-academic
    positions. Obesity was prevalent in 15% and 37% were at risk of co-morbidities.
    Mean intake of fats was 31%, fruit was ~1 serving/day and vegetable was <1
    serving/day. Less than 20% smoked and drank alcohol and about 40% were
    physically inactive. The majority of the participants fell into the Preparation
    stage for decreasing fat intake, eating more fruit and vegetables, and increasing
    physical activity. Self-efficacy and perceived benefits were lowest among participants in the Precontemplation/Contemplation stage compared to the Preparation
    and Action/Maintenance stages. Conclusion: Baseline data show that dietary and
    lifestyle practices among the employees did not meet the international guidelines
    for cancer prevention. Hence the findings warrant the intervention planned.
    Keywords: Cancer, risk factors, email, website, worksite
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  12. Zhang G, Jing W, Tao H, Rahman MA, Salih SQ, Al-Saffar A, et al.
    Work, 2021;68(3):935-943.
    PMID: 33612535 DOI: 10.3233/WOR-203427
    BACKGROUND: Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) has become a prominent solution to improve the robustness of real-time service provisioning through assisted functions for day-to-day activities. The application of the robotic system in security services helps to improve the precision of event detection and environmental monitoring with ease.

    OBJECTIVES: This paper discusses activity detection and analysis (ADA) using security robots in workplaces. The application scenario of this method relies on processing image and sensor data for event and activity detection. The events that are detected are classified for its abnormality based on the analysis performed using the sensor and image data operated using a convolution neural network. This method aims to improve the accuracy of detection by mitigating the deviations that are classified in different levels of the convolution process.

    RESULTS: The differences are identified based on independent data correlation and information processing. The performance of the proposed method is verified for the three human activities, such as standing, walking, and running, as detected using the images and sensor dataset.

    CONCLUSION: The results are compared with the existing method for metrics accuracy, classification time, and recall.

    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  13. Khoo SB
    Malays Fam Physician, 2010;5(2):61-7.
    PMID: 25606190
    Academic mobbing is a non-violent, sophisticated, 'ganging up' behaviour adopted by academicians to "wear and tear" a colleague down emotionally through unjustified accusation, humiliation, general harassment and emotional abuse. These are directed at the target under a veil of lies and justifications so that they are "hidden" to others and difficult to prove. Bullies use mobbing activities to hide their own weaknesses and incompetence. Targets selected are often intelligent, innovative high achievers, with good integrity and principles. Mobbing activities appear trivial and innocuous on its own but the frequency and pattern of their occurrence over long period of time indicates an aggressive manipulation to "eliminate" the target. Mobbing activities typically progress through five stereotypical phases that begins with an unsolved minor conflict between two workers and ultimately escalates into a senseless mobbing whereby the target is stigmatized and victimized to justify the behaviours of the bullies. The result is always physical, mental, social distress or illness and, most often, expulsion of target from the workplace. Organizations are subjected to great financial loss, loss of key workers and a tarnished public image and reputation. Public awareness, education, effective counselling, establishment of anti-bullying policies and legislations at all levels are necessary to curb academic mobbing. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in supporting patients subjected to mental and physical health injury caused by workplace bullying and mobbing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  14. Chong HY, Low TS
    Int J Occup Saf Ergon, 2014;20(3):503-13.
    PMID: 25189753
    Safety and health issues remain critical to the construction industry due to its working environment and the complexity of working practises. This research attempts to adopt 2 research approaches using statistical data and court cases to address and identify the causes and behavior underlying construction safety and health issues in Malaysia. Factual data on the period of 2000-2009 were retrieved to identify the causes and agents that contributed to health issues. Moreover, court cases were tabulated and analyzed to identify legal patterns of parties involved in construction site accidents. Approaches of this research produced consistent results and highlighted a significant reduction in the rate of accidents per construction project in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace/legislation & jurisprudence; Workplace/statistics & numerical data
  15. Farah Elida Selamat, Rozli Zulkifli
    Acoustics issues such as noise in the workplace remains one of the most prevalence occupational hazard especially in
    the manufacturing industry with heavy machineries. Increasing mechanization in all industries and most trades has
    since proliferated the noise problem. In Malaysia, much has been studied and is known about the auditory effects of
    noise. However less attention has been given to the non-auditory effects of noise such as annoyance, stress, and work
    performance, and concern about such effects is a relatively recent phenomenon. In view of this, this study aims to
    determine the level of noise from different type of machines and tools in a manufacturing plant and also the effects
    of noise to the employees. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the effects of noise on the workers and
    sound level meter was used to measure the noise level at selected work areas. The results of this study showed that
    nearly all the identified work areas exceeded the action level of 85 dB(A) and four of these areas noise levels’ are
    more than 90 dB(A) which is the permissible exposure limit according to the Factories and Machinery (Noise
    Exposure) Regulations 1989. For the questionnaire, it was found that annoyance topped the noise effects list with
    51.4%, followed by stress with 40.0%, hearing deterioration (14.3%) and job performance deterioration (2.9%). As a
    conclusion, noise control or preventive measures are suggested in order to minimize the health risks from noise
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  16. Armstrong RW, Rood MJ, Sani S, Mohamed M, Rashid M, Jab AT, et al.
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2001;13(1):24-9.
    PMID: 12109256 DOI: 10.1177/101053950101300106
    The objective of this study was to establish baseline data about air pollutants potentially related to nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the Federal Territory and Selangor, Malaysia. During 1991-1993, ambient air quality was monitored at 42 work sites representing ten industrial sectors: adhesive manufacturing, foundries, latex processing, metalworking, plywood/veneer milling, ricemilling, rubber tire manufacturing, sawmilling, shoemaking, and textile related industries. At each work site, aerosol particle size distributions and concentrations of formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, isopropyl alcohol, and furfural were measured. Mean aerosol particle concentrations ranged from 61 micrograms/m3 in foundries to 5,578 micrograms/m3 in ricemills, with five industries (adhesives, metalworking, ricemilling, sawmilling, and shoemaking) exceeding the US EPA 24-hr ambient air standard for PM-10. Formaldehyde concentrations exceeded the threshold limit value (TLV) in adhesives factories. Other vapours and elements measured were well below TLVs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  17. Mohd Nasir Selamat, Lilis Surienty
    Recent statistics from the Social Security Organization (SOCSO) of Malaysia shows Commuting Accident (CA)
    increased consistently by 1500 cases per year from 2008 to 2012. This has resulted in the rising of fatality rate,
    extensive claims of compensation payment and not to mention loss of valuable talents. However, little is known
    about the contributing factors to the occurrences of CA in Malaysia because CA is never considered to be work
    related before. This study aims to explore work related factors with occurrence of CA using 5-year statistical data
    from SOCSO, Malaysia. Moreover, we also reviewed studies published between 1990s and 2014 to support the
    statistical findings. Motorbike is found as the most common vehicle used which involved in CA. Individual factors
    concerning workers behaviour is a main risk factor of CA. Family related factors (parenting responsibility), work
    burden, workplace support as well as environmental factors such as bad weather and bad road conditions are also
    significant contributions of CA. It is very important to develop behavioural intervention strategies and provide proper
    training. Hence, more attention should be directed to young individual workers in balancing them with capabilities and
    organization performance demand. This may lead to the elimination of the other causes of CA. In conclusion, solutions
    to this problem involve not only a particular party to ensure the wellbeing of workers in Malaysia, but all authorities
    should play roles in enhancing safety and health matter of workers especially on the occurrence of accident.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  18. Marina Mior, S.N., Leman, A.M., Masripan, R., Baharudin, M.R., M. Faazir T., M. Ifwat A.
    An awareness of possible risk factor in pesticides, by changing attitude towards the correct technique during spraying and
    changing behavior can increase safety of workers safety as well as performance. However, there is a limited study and not highlighted
    deeply in knowledge, attitude and practices of workers in palm oil plantation issue. Therefore , the objective of this paper is to identify
    the relationship between knowledge, attitude and practices of pesticides among the plantation workers. The quantitative method were
    used in this paper whereby 132 respondents as pesticide sprayer which represent 90% of the population of palm oil workers in Johor.
    The result of spearman correlation indicates that there is significant relationship between knowledge and practices. It shows the
    common pattern of high knowledge resulting high practices of the workers during spraying the pesticides at plantation. There is no
    relationship between knowledge and attitude and between attitude and practice of the workers at the workplace. This paper shows that
    knowledge need to be strengthen in agricultural communities of Johor in order to reduce health problem and sosial issue statistic and
    prevent for any future accident. Human exposure to pesticides is an important health and sosial issue as it usually results in serious
    health problems such as stroke, epilepsy, respiratory disorders and cancer. Death has been known to occur in some places as a result
    of exposures to pesticides. Therefore, more impact knowledge-focused programs need to be arranged and implemented to inculcate
    the better awareness of pesticides among palm oil workers, as without knowledge, people may become less careful and therefore are
    exposed to pesticide poisoning and other long term exposure illness in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  19. Nuruzzakiyah Mohd Ishanuddin, Ezrin Hani Sukadarin, Hanida Abdul Aziz, Junaidah Zakaria
    To investigate the safety climate and knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on occupational safety and health (OSH)in the manufacturing industry, also to determine the association between safety climate factors and KAP of safety among manufacturing worker. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 59 respondents from two manufacturing plants located in Gebeng, Kuantan, Pahang. Most of the respondents were Malay (91.5%) and male (96.6%). Participants were administered a set of questionnaires (Cronbach alpha=0.674) that measured the safety climate as perceived by the workers towards their supervisor and KAP of the workers regarding safety-related matters at the workplace. Self-administered questionnaires consisted of 5 points Likert scale used to measure each of the items of safety climate and KAP. The scales for safety climate and KAP were probed using 16 items and 17 items in the questionnaires, respectively. The results were analysed using a non-parametric test, which is Spearman’s rho correlations and descriptive statistics. Bivariate analysis was performed. There was a moderate positive correlation between safety climate and KAP domains (Spearman’s rho: 0.581, p
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  20. Mohd Azimie Ahmad, Norazura Ismail, Mohamad Rizza Othman
    The trends of safety incident process have been put in the statistical research and development in order to prevent
    and mitigate the phenomenon. One of the incidents is known as dust explosion. It represents a constant hazard to
    industries which includes any manufacturing using and handling combustible dust materials. Lack of sharing and
    know-how on best practices in managing the workplace must be avoided throughout the industries. The severity and
    the consequences of not taking the safety precautions at workplace have not been foreseen by the process team. This
    present paper discusses the best practices in managing the hazards from the catastrophes to happen again. In addition,
    the mitigation response has also been explored thoroughly through database of best practices.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
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