Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 259 in total

  1. Raina P, Sohel N, Oremus M, Shannon H, Mony P, Kumar R, et al.
    Inj. Prev., 2016 Apr;22(2):92-98.
    PMID: 26512093 DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2014-041476
    To assess risk factors associated with non-fatal injuries (NFIs) from road traffic accidents (RTAs) or falls.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  2. Yeap SS, Akhir NSM, Thirunavukkarasu V, Thambiah SC, Samsudin IN, Sham SYZ, et al.
    DOI: 10.11138/ccmbm/2017.15.1.074
    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the treatment given to patients following a low trauma wrist fracture presenting to an Accident and Emergency (A&E) Department at a tertiary private hospital in Malaysia. Methods: The records of patients over the age of 50 attending A&E Department from 2011-2015 with a diagnosis of Colles Vdistal radius/wrist fracture were obtained. Information was extracted for those with a low trauma fracture. Data was analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 22.0 for Windows. Results: 191 patients presented with a wrist fracture for the years 2011-2015. 57 of these were due to accidents which left 134 (70.2%) low trauma wrist fractures for analysis. The mean age of the patients was 61.75 ± 10.23 [standard deviation (SD)] years. There were 87 (64.9%) females, and 90 (67.2%) were of Chinese ethnicity. Following the index low trauma wrist fracture, 16/134 (11.9%) were given anti-osteoporotic medication. Of those given treatment, 11/16 (68.8%) were given calcium/Vitamin D/activated Vitamin D and only 5/16 (31.2%) were given active anti-osteoporotic treatment. The median duration of prescribed treatment was one month. There was no significant difference in demographic factors between patients who were treated and not treated with anti-osteoporosis medication. Conclusions: Currently, treatment for osteoporosis following low trauma wrist fractures in Malaysia is inadequate with only 11.9% receiving treatment, and in those who are treated, the median duration of treatment was only one month. This represents a missed opportunity for the prevention of future fractures. © 2018 CIC Edizioni Internazionali s.r.l. All rights reserved.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  3. Chahnazarian A
    Comp Soc Res, 1984;7:231-55.
    PMID: 12340260
    "This paper will focus on ethnic differentials in the nuptiality of West Malaysia and on their evolution since the Second World War. The growing similarity of nuptiality patterns in the Malay, Chinese, and Indian communities will be outlined and the influence of age and sex distributions on the observed changes will be examined. The sources of data for this study are the 1947, 1957, and 1970 Population Censuses and the 1974 Malaysian Family and Fertility Survey."
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution*
  4. CIRDAP Dev Dig, 1998 Dec.
    PMID: 12322095
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution*
  5. Muhammad Zayyid M, Saidatul Saadah R, Adil AR, Rohela M, Jamaiah I
    Trop Biomed, 2010 Dec;27(3):442-6.
    PMID: 21399584 MyJurnal
    This is a survey of 120 children for scabies and head lice infestations in a welfare home in Pulau Pinang. Children from this welfare home (Rumah Kanak-Kanak Taman Bakti, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang) were randomly selected. Majority of them were Malays (72.5%) and the rest were Indians. The infestation rates were highest in the 10-12 years age group with 46% and 70% for scabies and head lice respectively. Head lice was more commonly seen in girls (65%) than boys (29%). Scabies was more commonly seen in boys (50%) than girls (16%). Overall prevalence rate for scabies was 31% and for head lice infestation was 49%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  6. Giak CL, Singh HS, Nallusamy R, Leong TY, Ng TL, Bock HL
    PMID: 19058579
    This study aimed to document the baseline incidence and epidemiology of intussusception (IS) in Malaysia. This retrospective surveillance examined hospital discharge data from three hospitals in Malaysia to identify IS cases over a 3-year period (2000-2003) in children <5 years of age. Identification of definite cases of IS was done through a search of computerized hospital discharge records (ICD-9-CM code 560.0) followed by confirmation of diagnosis through medical record review. The definition of IS was based on the clinical guidelines from the IS Brighton Collaboration Working Group, version 2002. During the 3-year study period, there were 62 cases hospitalized due to IS, of which 74.2% were < 1 year of age. The incidences for hospitalization due to IS in children < 1 year old and < 5 years old averaged 17.8 and 4.8 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. No IS-associated deaths were recorded and all IS cases had a favorable outcome. No distinct seasonality with IS occurrence was observed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  7. Liam CK, Lim KH, Wong CM
    Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis., 1999 Sep;3(9):816-22.
    PMID: 10488891
    A teaching hospital in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  8. Nik Khairulddin NY, Choo KE, Johari MR
    Singapore Med J, 1999 Feb;40(2):96-100.
    PMID: 10414167
    Data is lacking with regard to the epidemiology of invasive haemophilus influenzae (HI) disease in Malaysia. This study was carried out to document the epidemiology of invasive HI disease in hospitalised Kelantanese children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  9. Pang TY, Radin Umar RS, Azhar AA, Ahmad MM, Nasir MTM, Harwant S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2000 Mar;55(1):45-50.
    PMID: 11072490 MyJurnal
    This study examines the accident characteristics of injured motorcyclists in Malaysia. The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics of motorcyclists who are at higher fatality risk and subsequently be the targeted group for the fatality-reduction countermeasures. A total of 412 motorcycle crash victims with serious or fatal injuries were analysed. The results showed that the injured motorcyclists were predominant young, novice riders of less than 3 years licensure and male. A fatal outcome was more likely to be associated with a larger engine capacity motorcycle, collision with a heavy vehicle, head on collision, and collision at a non-junction road. In contrast, a non-fatal outcome was more likely to be associated with a small engine capacity motorcycle, collision with another motorcycle or passenger car, junction accidents, and side or rear collisions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  10. Wkly. Epidemiol. Rec., 1998 Jun 12;73(24):182-3.
    PMID: 9652206
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  11. Pagalavan L
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Dec;60(5):599-605.
    PMID: 16515111
    A 5 year retrospective review of cases of melioidosis was carried out in Sultanah Aminah Hospital, Johor Bahru. There were 44 new cases of melioidosis which was proven by either blood or pus culture growing Burkholderia pseudomallei from the period between January 1999 and December 2003. Of these, 38 (86.4%) were males compared to only 6 (13.6%) females. Thirty-one (70.5%) were Malays, 7 (15.9%) were Chinese, 5 (11.4%) were Indians and 1 (2.2%) was a Sarawakian. The peak age group was between 50 and 59 years (31.8%). Out of these 44 new cases, only 32 medical records could be retrieved and analysed. Twenty-four out of 32 patients (75%) analysed had diabetes mellitus, 4 had chronic or end stage renal failure (CRF/ESRF) and only 1 had Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). One case of "near drowning" was also recorded. Twenty-one out of 44 patients or 47.7% died, of which 8 (38.1%) died within 24 hours of admission. Pulmonary involvement was recorded in 62.6% of the patients but many had signs and symptoms of multiorgan involvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  12. Hoy DG, Rao C, Hoa NP, Suhardi S, Lwin AM
    Int J Stroke, 2013 Oct;8 Suppl A100:21-7.
    PMID: 23013164 DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-4949.2012.00903.x
    Stroke is a leading cause of death in Asia; however, many estimates of stroke mortality are based on epidemiological models rather than empirical data. Since 2005, initiatives have been undertaken in a number of Asian countries to strengthen and analyse vital registration data. This has increased the availability of empirical data on stroke mortality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  13. Hooi LN, Goh KY
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1995 Dec;50(4):306-13.
    PMID: 8668048
    An audit was done on 54 tuberculosis patients presenting to Penang Hospital who died during 1993. Active tuberculosis was the cause of death in 29 (53.7%) and 48.3% were aged under 50 years. Tuberculosis was a contributory cause of death in 8 patients and in 17 patients tuberculosis was irrelevant to the cause of death. The diagnosis of tuberculosis was made after death in 17 patients (31.5%). Late diagnosis was the most important factor resulting in death. Only 41.4% of the deaths from active tuberculosis were correctly certified in government hospitals. Medically inspected and certified deaths from tuberculosis is an unreliable indicator of tuberculosis mortality because of inaccuracies in death certification, tuberculosis deaths occurring outside hospital and tuberculosis patients undiagnosed until after death.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  14. Jones GW, Tan PC
    J Southeast Asian Stud, 1985 Sep;16(2):262-80.
    PMID: 12267554
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution*
  15. Malhotra R, Bautista MAC, Müller AM, Aw S, Koh GCH, Theng YL, et al.
    Gerontologist, 2019 05 17;59(3):401-410.
    PMID: 30517628 DOI: 10.1093/geront/gny160
    The juxtaposition of a young city-state showing relative maturity as a rapidly aging society suffuses the population aging narrative in Singapore and places the "little red dot" on the spotlight of international aging. We first describe population aging in Singapore, including the characteristic events that shaped this demographic transition. We then detail the health care and socioeconomic ramifications of the rapid and significant shift to an aging society, followed by an overview of the main aging research areas in Singapore, including selected population-based data sets and the main thrust of leading aging research centers/institutes. After presenting established aging policies and programs, we also discuss current and emerging policy issues surrounding population aging in Singapore. We aim to contribute to the international aging literature by describing Singapore's position and extensive experience in managing the challenges and maximizing the potential of an aging population. We hope that similar graying populations in the region will find the material as a rich source of information and learning opportunities. Ultimately, we aspire to encourage transformative collaborations-locally, regionally, and internationally-and provide valuable insights for policy and practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution*
  16. Yusof K, Zulkifli SN
    Malays J Reprod Health, 1985;3(1):31-45.
    PMID: 12268887
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution*
  17. Pengpid S, Peltzer K
    PMID: 27244964
    The aim of this study was to assess overweight or obesity and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries. The analysis included 30,284 school children 13-15 years of age from seven ASEAN members participating in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. The overall prevalence of overweight or obesity across seven ASEAN countries (excluding Brunei) was 9.9%, significantly higher in boys (11.5%) than in girls (8.3%). Among eight ASEAN countries, the highest prevalence of overweight or obesity was in Brunei Darus-salam (36.1%), followed by Malaysia (23.7%), and the lowest was in Myanmar (3.4%) and Cambodia (3.7%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis found that younger age, coming from an upper middle country, never been hungry, and not walking or biking to school were associated with overweight or obesity. In addition, among boys, having three or more servings of vegetables per day and having no close friends, and among girls, having fast foods two or more times per week, been victims of bullying and having peer support were additional factors associated with overweight or obesity. Increased strategies utilizing a number of the risk factors identified are needed to prevent and treat overweight or obesity in adolescents in ASEAN member countries.
    Study name: Global School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS)
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  18. Rahimi R, Ali N, Md Noor S, Mahmood MS, Zainun KA
    Malays J Pathol, 2015 Dec;37(3):259-63.
    PMID: 26712672 MyJurnal
    Suicidal feelings and a sense of hopelessness have been regarded as part of the ageing process more so in the context of being elderly and having physical difficulties. As older adults are the fastest growing population in the world, suicides among this population is also expected to increase. The authors retrospectively reviewed all cases recorded by the National Suicide Registry Malaysia (NSRM) for the year 2009. Suicide in victims 65 years and older totaled 23 in number and accounted for 7.1% of all suicides. All the cases were autopsied. The case records were retrospectively analyzed with respect to age, gender, ethnicity and method of death. Comparisons were also made between males and females, levels of education, presence of stressor and life events antecedent to suicide. The ages of these suicide victims ranged from 65 to 94 years. Men comprised almost 70% of the cases. The average age of the victim was 73 years. Hanging was the most common method of suicide, accounting for 56.5% of the cases. Other methods included jumping from height (13.1%), exposure to unspecified chemicals (13.1% ), jumping/lying before moving object (4.3%), exposure to pesticides (4.3%) and injuring oneself using sharp object (4.3%). Death of a loved one, legal problems, financial problems and physical illness were the stressors identified contributing to the suicide act.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  19. Hossain M, Mani KK, Mohd Sidik S, Hayati KS, Rahman AK
    BMC Pediatr, 2015;15:114.
    PMID: 26357879 DOI: 10.1186/s12887-015-0431-7
    Drowning contributes to incapacity and early death in many countries. In low- and middle-income countries, children are the most susceptible to fatalities. Over 50 % of the global drowning deaths occur among children aged under 15 years old with children aged between 1 and 4 years of age being most at risk. In Bangladesh, drowning rates are 10 to 20 times more than those in other developing countries. The object of this study is to determine the socio-demographic, environmental and caring hazard issues for child drowning in Bangladesh.
    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
  20. Mohd-Zaki AH, Brett J, Ismail E, L'Azou M
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2014;8(11):e3159.
    PMID: 25375211 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003159
    A literature survey and analysis was conducted to describe the epidemiology of dengue disease in Malaysia between 2000 and 2012. Published literature was searched for epidemiological studies of dengue disease, using specific search strategies for each electronic database; 237 relevant data sources were identified, 28 of which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The epidemiology of dengue disease in Malaysia was characterized by a non-linear increase in the number of reported cases from 7,103 in 2000 to 46,171 in 2010, and a shift in the age range predominance from children toward adults. The overall increase in dengue disease was accompanied by a rise in the number, but not the proportion, of severe cases. The dominant circulating dengue virus serotypes changed continually over the decade and differed between states. Several gaps in epidemiological knowledge were identified; in particular, studies of regional differences, age-stratified seroprevalence, and hospital admissions.


    Matched MeSH terms: Age Distribution
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