Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 6201 in total

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  1. HOLMES W
    Med J Malaya, 1958 Mar;12(3):500-14.
    PMID: 13565022
    Matched MeSH terms: Poliomyelitis/epidemiology*
  2. SAID M
    Med J Malaya, 1955 Sep;10(1):20-47.
    PMID: 13287494
    Matched MeSH terms: Kwashiorkor/epidemiology*
  3. Nikolopoulos GK, Kostaki EG, Paraskevis D
    Infect. Genet. Evol., 2016 Dec;46:256-268.
    PMID: 27287560 DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.06.017
    HIV strains continuously evolve, tend to recombine, and new circulating variants are being discovered. Novel strains complicate efforts to develop a vaccine against HIV and may exhibit higher transmission efficiency and virulence, and elevated resistance to antiretroviral agents. The United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) set an ambitious goal to end HIV as a public health threat by 2030 through comprehensive strategies that include epidemiological input as the first step of the process. In this context, molecular epidemiology becomes invaluable as it captures trends in HIV evolution rates that shape epidemiological pictures across several geographical areas. This review briefly summarizes the molecular epidemiology of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Europe and Asia. Following high transmission rates of subtype G and CRF14_BG among PWID in Portugal and Spain, two European countries, Greece and Romania, experienced recent HIV outbreaks in PWID that consisted of multiple transmission clusters including subtypes B, A, F1, and recombinants CRF14_BG and CRF35_AD. The latter was first identified in Afghanistan. Russia, Ukraine, and other Former Soviet Union (FSU) states are still facing the devastating effects of epidemics in PWID produced by AFSU (also known as IDU-A), BFSU (known as IDU-B), and CRF03_AB. In Asia, CRF01_AE and subtype B (Western B and Thai B) travelled from PWID in Thailand to neighboring countries. Recombination hotspots in South China, Northern Myanmar, and Malaysia have been generating several intersubtype and inter-CRF recombinants (e.g. CRF07_BC, CRF08_BC, CRF33_01B etc.), increasing the complexity of HIV molecular patterns.
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/epidemiology; Europe/epidemiology; Molecular Epidemiology
  4. Jamal F
    Vaccine, 1999 Jul 30;17 Suppl 1:S75-8.
    PMID: 10471186
    Matched MeSH terms: Australia/epidemiology; Bangladesh/epidemiology; China/epidemiology; India/epidemiology; Indonesia/epidemiology; Japan/epidemiology; Korea/epidemiology; Malaysia/epidemiology; New Zealand/epidemiology; Pakistan/epidemiology; Philippines/epidemiology; Pneumococcal Infections/epidemiology*; Thailand/epidemiology; Vietnam/epidemiology
  5. Bull. World Health Organ., 1992;70(6):801-4, 809-13.
    PMID: 1283116
    Matched MeSH terms: Africa/epidemiology; Americas/epidemiology; Asia/epidemiology; Europe/epidemiology; Malaria/epidemiology*
  6. Baker HJ
    Mil Med, 1965 Nov;130(11):1101-2.
    PMID: 4953542
    Matched MeSH terms: Leptospirosis/epidemiology*
  7. Ponnampalam JT
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Jun;23(4):295-8.
    PMID: 4235593
    Matched MeSH terms: Histoplasmosis/epidemiology*
  8. WATERS MF
    Med J Malaya, 1962 Jun;16:251-9.
    PMID: 14005228
    Matched MeSH terms: Leprosy/epidemiology*
  9. TAN DS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1964 Mar;18:164-71.
    PMID: 14157182
    Matched MeSH terms: Epidemiology*
  10. Else JG, Thomas V, Kan SP, Dissanaike AS
    PMID: 960210
    Matched MeSH terms: Trypanosomiasis/epidemiology*
  11. Muul I, Liat LB, Ibrahim AB
    Med J Malaya, 1972 Dec;27(2):125-8.
    PMID: 4268038
    Matched MeSH terms: Epidemiology*
  12. Holmes W
    Med J Malaya, 1959 Mar;13(3):197-200.
    PMID: 13666187
    During a period of 1 month all medical practitioners were invited to notify cases of gonorrhoea. 123 were obtained including 108 men, 10 women and 5 children. Of 25 hospital cases 23 were acute and 2 chronic; 23 were all infected by prostitutes. Intercourse took place in hotels in 17, in private houses in 6 and elsewhere in 2; introduction was made by taxi-drivers in 11, hotel staff in 3, friends in 3 and not stated 8; places of contact were-bars 16, cabaret 1, streets 2, not stated 6. The author thinks that supervision of prostitutes would help but that contact tracing would be a better long-term policy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gonorrhea/epidemiology*
  13. Fletcher W
    Matched MeSH terms: Epidemiology
  14. Jayaram M
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Dec;60(5):531-4.
    PMID: 16515101
    Matched MeSH terms: Malaysia/epidemiology; Melioidosis/epidemiology*
  15. J Sykepleien, 1993 Jan 19;81(1):20.
    PMID: 8466793
    Matched MeSH terms: Asia/epidemiology; HIV Infections/epidemiology*
  16. Lim A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1991 Jun;46(2):114-5.
    PMID: 1839413
    Matched MeSH terms: Malaysia/epidemiology; Neoplasms/epidemiology*
  17. Thein-Htut, Kudva MV
    Gastrointest. Endosc., 1988 9 1;34(5):437.
    PMID: 3181703
    Matched MeSH terms: Hematemesis/epidemiology*; Melena/epidemiology*
  18. Ramanathan K
    Dent J Malaysia Singapore, 1972 May;12(1):3-8.
    PMID: 4507357
    Matched MeSH terms: Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology; Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology
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