Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 96 in total

  1. Subramaniam M
    Family Physician, 1992;4:4-6.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns
  2. Kumar V
    Med Sci Law, 2007 Apr;47(2):171-3.
    PMID: 17520964
    Lightning is a powerful natural electrostatic discharge produced during a thunderstorm. The electric current passing through the discharge channels is direct with a potential of 1000 million volts or more. Lightning can kill or injure a person by a direct strike, a side-flash, or conduction through another object. Lightning can cause a variety of injuries in the skin and the cardiovascular, neurological and ophthalmic systems. Filigree burn of lightning is a superficial burn and very rare. Two cases of death from lightning which have this rare finding are reported and discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/mortality*; Burns/physiopathology
  3. Sendut IH, Tan KK, Rivara F
    Med J Malaysia, 1995 Jun;50(2):192-3.
    PMID: 7565196
    Baby walker associated injuries are occurring in Malaysia. Most are not noticed as paediatricians are more concerned with the treatment of the injury and forget the preventive measures required to overcome this problem. We believe that baby walkers should be banned in Malaysia as the risks of injury far outweighs any benefits. We present 4 cases of baby walker associated scalding injuries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/etiology*
  4. Murty OP
    J Forensic Leg Med, 2007 May;14(4):225-7.
    PMID: 16914357
    This is a case report of an environmental accident due to lightning where one school boy sustained current, blast, and flame effects of it. A bolt of lightning directly struck the pole of a football ground and the scatter struck the child. In addition to burn injuries, he showed an exit wound of lightning in left foot. The exit wound of lightning current is a very rare finding. The body of victim had flame and heat effect of atmospheric electricity on head and neck, face, and trunk. In this incidence of lightning other team mates of the victim were safe. The patient survived the attack.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/etiology*; Burns/pathology
  5. Ghani AN, Ibrahim SH
    Med J Malaysia, 1987 Dec;42(4):238-41.
    PMID: 3454395
    One hundred and seventy five patients treated for burns during 1983 and 1984 were reviewed. The majority of these patients were below eight years of age. These injuries were mainly sustained at home (83.4%) and were usually caused by hot liquids (41.7%). The infection rate was 57.1% and many developed septicaemia (21.7%). Mortality in patients sustaining burns involving greater than 30% of the body surface area was high at 52%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/epidemiology*; Burns/pathology
  6. Khanna RK, Mokhtar E
    Indian J Ophthalmol, 2008 8 20;56(5):429-30.
    PMID: 18711278
    To describe use of a locally processed bovine pericardium (BP) to cover a large central corneal perforation following alkali injury and discuss postoperative outcome. A 27-year-old Malay male patient presented two weeks after alkali splashed in his left eye while working. A clinical diagnosis of left central corneal ulcer with limbal ischemia following alkali injury with secondary infection was made. After failed medical therapy, we performed a Gunderson conjunctival flap under local anesthesia that retracted after one week and resulted in a large central corneal perforation with surrounding stromal thinning. The perforation was covered with a locally processed BP xenograft (Lyolemb) supplied by the National Tissue Bank, University Sains Malaysia. Nine months follow-up showed a well-taken graft without any exposure/dehiscence and minimal inflammation. Amniotic membrane transplantation when used as a patch graft needs an urgent tectonic graft to promote corneal stability in patients with severe corneal thinning. The use of processed BP can be a viable option in treating such cases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns, Chemical/etiology; Burns, Chemical/pathology; Burns, Chemical/surgery*; Eye Burns/chemically induced*; Eye Burns/pathology; Eye Burns/surgery
  7. Tay YG, Tan KK
    Burns, 1996 Aug;22(5):409-12.
    PMID: 8962663
    Six hands from five patients were seen with full-thickness burns following a ritual practice between June 1993 and June 1994. Three hands were treated with excision and medium-thickness split-skin grafts, one patient was treated with a medium-thickness split skin graft taken from the instep of the foot. The first patient with bilateral burns of the palms refused surgery and returned 3 months later with contractures of the palms. The results of the treated hands are presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/etiology*
  8. Chaudhary FA, Ahmad B
    BMC Oral Health, 2021 04 01;21(1):172.
    PMID: 33794862 DOI: 10.1186/s12903-021-01532-0
    BACKGROUND: There is limited discussion on the influence of psychosocial factors on the oral health of patients with a facial burn injury. This report investigated the relationship between oral health and psychosocial distress in patients with facial burns and the role of oral health behaviour in mediating the relationship.

    METHODS: The data were part of a cross-sectional study that had systematically and randomly selected patients with > 10% total burn surface area from a burn centre in Pakistan. The oral health status (DMFT, CPI, OHI-S) and severity of facial disfigurement were assessed. Validated instruments in the Urdu language were self-administered and information relating to oral health behaviour (brushing and dental visits), oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14), satisfaction with appearance, self-esteem, anxiety and depression, resilience, and social support were collected. The statistical analyses included simple linear regression, Pearson correlation, t-test, and ANOVA. Mediation analysis was carried out to examine the indirect effect by oral health behaviour.

    RESULTS: From a total of 271 participants, the majority had moderate to severe facial disfigurement (89%), low self-esteem (74.5%), and moderate to high levels of social support (95%). The level of satisfaction with appearance was low, whereas anxiety and depression were high. Disfigurement and satisfaction with appearance were associated with lower self-esteem and social support (p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Burns*
  9. Kannan S, Chandrasekaran B, Muthusamy S, Sidhu P, Suresh N
    Gerodontology, 2014 Jun;31(2):149-52.
    PMID: 24797620 DOI: 10.1111/ger.12010
    Burns of the oral mucosa may be caused by thermal, mechanical, chemical, electrical or radiation injury. Clinically, these burns can produce localised or diffuse areas of tissue damage depending on the severity and extent of the insult. Most oral thermal burns produce erosions or ulcers on the palate or tongue.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns
  10. Balachandran R, Rahmat O
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Jun;66(2):152-3.
    PMID: 22106701
    The use of an endoscopic approach for the division of glottic webs or stenosis has been reported in the literature and has been mainly confined to the anterior commisure. We report a rare case of caustic injury to the upper aerodigestive tract that resulted in extensive web formation along the membranous vocal cord which was successfully treated with endoscopic lysis of the adhesions and the use of a silastic sheet keel as a stent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns, Inhalation/complications*; Burns, Inhalation/pathology; Burns, Inhalation/therapy
  11. Roohi SA, Barritault D
    Clin Case Rep, 2019 Apr;7(4):619-625.
    PMID: 30997049 DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.2054
    CACIPLIQ20® significantly improved the outcomes of severe burn injuries of the hand. Healing was accelerated, with little or no scarring, allowing for greater mobility over the joints and maintained suppleness. Functional recovery was achieved in all cases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns
  12. Gunasagaran J, Sian KS, Ahmad TS
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2019 4 5;27(2):2309499019839278.
    PMID: 30943852 DOI: 10.1177/2309499019839278
    Nail bed injuries were commonly found concomitantly with fingertip injuries. Reconstruction of fingertip including the nail bed should be attempted at acute stage. Aim of the surgery was to restore as much finger length and achieve normal nail growth. In chemical burns, the initial presentation might not reflect the exact extent of injury. Appropriate acute management must be initiated while waiting for demarcation. We report a case of young stewardess who presented with fingertip chemical burn injury. Surgical debridement was done on third day post-injury. A cross-finger flap to cover skin defect and split-thickness nail bed grafting from the remnant of injured finger were done. Excellent functional and cosmetic outcome was achieved in 6 months. Surgical treatment in a chemical burn was similar to traumatic injury. Nail bed graft was the best option for nail bed reconstruction. In cases of soft tissue loss, advancement or pedicle flaps are beneficial.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns, Chemical
  13. Rahoma AH
    JUMMEC, 2002;7:127-131.
    During the period from January 1992 up to the end of July 2001, the Burns Unit in King Khalid C Hospital treated 1735 cases of burns. The burns cases were of varying causes, age groups, degree, depth and extent. The formula used in lTeating these burns patients was a modification of Parkland fonnula. The fluid used was Ringer lactate solution. This fluid was administered for the first 3 days post burn until the general condilion of the palient was sfabilized. Early oral intake was encouraged in aU patients and was started as early as the second or the third day. Colloids were given by the end of the third or even the fourth day and according to the individual patients' needs. The results of this treatment regime significantly avoided renal complications and ensured patient rehydration. KEYWORDS; Major burns, fluids resuscitation
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns
  14. Bashkaran K, Zunaina E, Bakiah S, Sulaiman SA, Sirajudeen K, Naik V
    PMID: 21982267 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-90
    Alkali injury is one of the most devastating injuries to the eye. It results in permanent unilateral or bilateral visual impairment. Chemical eye injury is accompanied by an increase in the oxidative stress. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents play a major role in the treatment of chemical eye injuries. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory (clinical and histopathological) and antioxidant effects of Tualang honey versus conventional treatment in alkali injury on the eyes of rabbits.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns, Chemical/drug therapy*; Burns, Chemical/pathology; Eye Burns/drug therapy*; Eye Burns/pathology
  15. Boukraâ L, Sulaiman SA
    Forsch Komplementmed, 2010 Apr;17(2):74-80.
    PMID: 20484914 DOI: 10.1159/000297213
    Management of the burn wound still remains a matter of debate, and an ideal dressing for burn wounds has not yet been discovered. Naturally occurring substances such as honey have been found to be useful as a wound cover for burns. Unlike most conventional local chemotherapeutics, honey does not lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and it may be used continuously. Among the challenging problems of using honey for medical purposes are dosage, safety, and formulation. Many approaches have been suggested to overcome such problems. With the increased availability of licensed medical products containing honey, clinical use is expected to increase and further evidence will become available. Honey seems to have the potential to clear infection as well as to be an effective prophylactic agent that may contribute to reducing the risks of cross-infection. A better understanding of the therapeutic and chemical properties of honey is needed to optimise the use of this product in the clinical management of burns. Its use in professional care centres should be limited to those with certified healing activities. The potentials and limitations of using honey as burn dressing are discussed in this review.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/therapy*
  16. Cheah SH, Sivanesaratnam V
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 1989 May;29(2):143-5.
    PMID: 2803125
    In this series the incidence of pregnancy in women in the reproductive age group admitted to hospital with burns was 7.8% (9 of 116). The maternal and perinatal outcome is related to the extent, presence or absence of complications of burns and to the gestational age of the fetus. Two maternal deaths in this series occurred in patients with burns involving more than 85% of the skin surface; in both instances stillbirths occurred less than 48 hours after the burns. In view of the high perinatal mortality, patients with extensive burns who are more than 32 weeks' pregnant should be delivered soon after admission. The extensively burned anterior abdominal wall can make assessment of uterine size difficult. An assessment in such a situation would be useful.
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/complications*
  17. Krishnan MMS, Tan KC
    Med J Malaysia, 1983 Dec;38(4):325-6.
    PMID: 6599992
    M. M. Sudhakar Krishnan, MS, FRCS (Edin & Glasg).
    Department of Surgery, University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns, Chemical/complications*
  18. Arabi Z, Md Monoto EM, Bojeng A
    Int Breastfeed J, 2019;14:17.
    PMID: 31019544 DOI: 10.1186/s13006-019-0210-4
    Background: Pre-pubescent girls with chest burns are at risk of complication associated with scarring and impairment in breast development. This case illustrates how burn injuries in childhood in a first-time mother have affected her in terms of breastfeeding.

    Case presentation: In May 2015, a 20 year old first-time mother at 36 weeks gestation was seen in a district health clinic in Kuching, Sarawak in regards to her ability to breastfeed. She had a history of a flame burn at the age of 5 years old to her chest, abdomen, upper limb and part of her trunk. A skin graft was done on her whole chest and abdomen. Despite the injuries, she had pubertal and antenatal breast development. Her abdomen was able to stretch to accommodate her pregnancy. Physical examination showed a pregnancy which corresponded to date. The skin over her chest and abdomen appeared tight with areas of hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation due to scarring from the skin graft. Breast tissues were palpable over her chest. The areola and nipple tissue were completely absent with complete scarring of the nipple-areolar complex. There was no duct opening to the areola for milk expression or leakage. Counselling regarding her breastfeeding issues was done. She delivered her baby at full term via spontaneous vaginal delivery with no complication. Oral cabergoline 1 mg was given on the first day postpartum. The baby was given infant formula via bottle feeding as the feeding method of choice.

    Conclusion: Counselling plays an important part in the management of a mother with breastfeeding difficulty. Allaying the possible guilty feelings of not being able to breastfeed will fulfil the emotional gap which may arise in a mother with these challenges.

    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/physiopathology*
  19. Wai NC
    Med J Malaya, 1969 Sep;24(1):49-57.
    PMID: 4243844
    Matched MeSH terms: Burns, Chemical*
  20. Lee SZ, Halim AS, Wan Sulaiman WA, Mat Saad AZ
    Ann Plast Surg, 2018 09;81(3):295-301.
    PMID: 29994880 DOI: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001565
    INTRODUCTION: The modified Meek micrografting technique has been used in the treatment of severely burned patients and a number of articles have examined the use of the modified Meek technique in adults and in mixed-age groups. However, there is a paucity of research pertaining to the outcome in the pediatric age group. The aim of this study is to present our favorable outcome in pediatric major burns using the modified Meek technique.

    METHODS: A retrospective review of burn cases in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from 2010 to 2015 was conducted. Cases of major burns among pediatric patients grafted using the Meek technique were examined.

    RESULTS: Twelve patients were grafted using the Meek technique. Ten (91.7%) patients were male, whereas 2 (8.3%) were female. The average age of patients was 6 years (range, 2-11 years). The average total body surface area was 35.4% (range, 15%-75%). Most burn mechanisms were due to flame injury (66.7%) as compared with scalds injury (16.7%) and chemical injury (16.7%). There was no mortality. All patients were completely grafted with a good donor site scar. The average graft take rate was 82.3%, although 8 cases had positive tissue cultures from the Meek-grafted areas. The average follow-up duration was 3.6 years (range, 1.1-6.7 years). Only 1 case developed contracture over minor joint.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Meek technique is useful when there is a paucity of donor site in the pediatric group. The graft take is good, contracture formation is low, and this technique is cost-effective.

    Matched MeSH terms: Burns/surgery*
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