Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 56 in total

  1. Abada E
    Malays J Pathol, 2022 Dec;44(3):533-538.
    PMID: 36591722
    Adequate sampling of gross pathology specimens and attention to microscopic details is crucial in establishing the correct diagnosis in a patient, regardless of a benign pre-surgical diagnosis. Adenoma malignum is a rare HPV-negative variant of well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the endocervix. It is difficult to diagnose in surgical pathology specimens due to its deceptively-benign appearance. This was a case of a 43-year-old woman with a history of menorrhagia and metrorrhagia and radiology interpretation of degenerating uterine fibroids. Pre-operative Pap testing and hysteroscopic dilatation and curettage were non-contributory. Following surgery, microscopic examination of the cervix revealed well-spaced, deeply-invasive, variably-sized glands with irregular outlines/haphazard arrangements, lined by cells showing mild to moderate cytologic atypia. These cells were positive for p53 and CK7 on Immunohistochemistry and Ki-67 showed a high proliferative index. Monoclonal CEA, calretinin, CD10, and P16 were all negative. A diagnosis of adenoma malignum stage pT1b2 was made. The patient was subsequently placed on platinum-based chemotherapy and is doing well 2 years after her diagnosis. Cases such as this, underscore the importance of adequately sampling surgical resection specimens, with careful attention to microscopic details as incidental pathologies may be unearthed which could have significant implications on a patient's clinical outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/pathology; Cervix Uteri/surgery
  2. Cheah SH, Ng KH, Johgalingam VT, Ragavan M
    J Endocrinol, 1995 Aug;146(2):331-7.
    PMID: 7561646
    The effects of exogenously introduced oestradiol-17 beta (E) and relaxin (RLX) on cervical extensibility and collagen organisation were tested in rats ovariectomised in late pregnancy. When the cervices were stretched in vitro by 1 mm increments, it was found that those from rats given E alone generated significantly higher tensions than those from control rats, while cervices from rats given both E and RLX had tensions similar to controls. Examination of cervical sections under the light microscope and ultra-thin sections under the electron microscope showed that the collagen fibres in the cervices from E-treated rats were highly organised, whereas those from animals given E+RLX and control animals were disorganised and dispersed. It was concluded that E decreased cervical extensibility, while RLX counteracted the effect of E to maintain a soft and easily extensible cervix.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/anatomy & histology; Cervix Uteri/drug effects*; Cervix Uteri/physiology; Cervix Uteri/ultrastructure
  3. Leong AS
    Am J Trop Med Hyg, 1976 Jul;25(4):655-6.
    PMID: 961988
    A microfilaria, identified as that of Brugia malayi, was found in a routine cervical smear from a healthy, 38-year-old female Malaysian aborigine.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/parasitology*
  4. Liu SH, Cummings DA, Zenilman JM, Gravitt PE, Brotman RM
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 2014 Jan;23(1):200-8.
    PMID: 24130223 DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-13-0666
    Variable detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA can result in misclassification of infection status, but the extent of misclassification has not been quantitatively evaluated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/virology*
  5. Peng WW, Aun LM, Sinnathuray TA, Lin WM
    Med J Malaysia, 1976 Jun;30(4):261-3.
    PMID: 979726
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/physiology*
  6. Tang JR, Mat Isa NA, Ch'ng ES
    PLoS One, 2016;11(10):e0164389.
    PMID: 27741266 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164389
    Pap test involves searching of morphological changes in cervical squamous epithelial cells by pathologists or cytotechnologists to identify potential cancerous cells in the cervix. Nuclear membrane irregularity is one of the morphological changes of malignancy. This paper proposes two novel techniques for the evaluation of nuclear membrane irregularity. The first technique, namely, penalty-driven smoothing analysis, introduces different penalty values for nuclear membrane contour with different degrees of irregularity. The second technique, which can be subdivided into mean- or median-type residual-based analysis, computes the number of points of nuclear membrane contour that deviates from the mean or median of the nuclear membrane contour. Performance of the proposed techniques was compared to three state-of-the-art techniques, namely, radial asymmetric, shape factor, and rim difference. Friedman and post hoc tests using Holm, Shaffer, and Bergmann procedures returned significant differences for all the three classes, i.e., negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM) versus low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), NILM versus high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), and LSIL versus HSIL when the span value equaled 3 was employed with linear penalty function. When span values equaled 5, 7, and 9, NILM versus LSIL and HSIL showed significant differences regardless of the penalty functions. In addition, the results of penalty-driven smoothing analysis were comparable with those of other state-of-the-art techniques. Residual-based analysis returned significant differences for the comparison among the three diagnostic classes. Findings of this study proved the significance of nuclear membrane irregularity as one of the features to differentiate the different diagnostic classes of cervical squamous epithelial cells.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/pathology
  7. Purbadi S, Saspriyana KY, Rustamadji P
    Med J Malaysia, 2020 07;75(4):450-451.
    PMID: 32724016
    Metastatic cervical cancers to the oral cavity are uncommon. These metastases most commonly present as lesions of the jaw bones and the mandible. A 57-year-old female patient complained of mass lesion in her oral cavity after definitive treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix stage IIIB. On examination a swelling of 3cm in size was found on the left side of buccal vestibule adjacent to the lower canine tooth. Wide local excision was performed, and histopathology results showed a squamous cell carcinoma of moderate differentiation. She was continued with segmental mandibulectomy, supraomohyoid neck dissection and plate-screw reconstruction. Radiotherapy was given as an adjuvant therapy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/pathology*; Cervix Uteri/surgery*
  8. Cheah PL, Looi LM, Lee GE, Teoh KH, Mun KS, Nazarina AR
    Diagn Pathol, 2011;6:56.
    PMID: 21699710 DOI: 10.1186/1746-1596-6-56
    Endocervicosis in the urinary bladder is a rare benign condition. We present a case in a 37-year-old woman with classical clinical and pathological features of endocervicosis. The unusual observation of endocervical-like mucinous epithelium in continuity with the urothelium in addition to fully developed endocervicosis prompted immunohistochemical profiling of the case using antibodies to cytokeratins (AE1/AE3, CK19, CK7, CK5/6, CK20), HBME-1, estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) to assess the relationship of the surface mucinous and endocervicosis glandular epithelia. The surface mucinous epithelium, urothelium and endocervicosis glands were immunopositive for AE1/AE3, CK7 and CK19 while CK20 was only expressed by few urothelial umbrella cells. The surface mucinous epithelium was CK5/6 and HBME-1 immunonegative but showed presence of ER and PR. This was in contrast to the urothelium's expression of CK5/6 but not ER and PR. In comparison, endocervicosis glands expressed HBME-1, unlike the surface mucinous epithelium. The endocervicosis epithelium also demonstrated the expected presence of ER and PR and CK5/6 immunonegativity. The slightly differing immunohistochemical phenotypes of the surface mucinous and morphologically similar endocervicosis glandular epithelium is interesting and requires further clarification to its actual nature. The patient has remained well and without evidence of disease 18-months following transurethral resection of the lesion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/metabolism; Cervix Uteri/pathology*
  9. Nieuwenhuizen L, Khalil MK, Venkatesh N, Othman NH
    Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol., 2006 Apr;28(2):87-96.
    PMID: 16637511
    To determine the ideal histochemical stain to differentiate between non-neoplastic and neoplastic endocervix and endometrium.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/pathology; Cervix Uteri/secretion*
  10. Lee HY
    Singapore Med J, 1997 Jul;38(7):292-4.
    PMID: 9339095
    Dinoprostone, is presently used in our standard protocol for cervical ripening and labour induction. In search for a cheaper alternative, misoprostol has been found to be a good substitute. In view of the potential saving it might offer, we set out to test its efficacy against the standard dinoprostone.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/drug effects*; Cervix Uteri/physiopathology
  11. Azlin MI, Bang HK, An LJ, Mohamad SN, Mansor NA, Yee BS, et al.
    J Obstet Gynaecol, 2010;30(5):456-9.
    PMID: 20604646 DOI: 10.3109/01443615.2010.489162
    This prospective observational study was to evaluate the efficacy of combining phosphorylated insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (phIGFBP-1) and transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (CL) compared with either indicator alone in predicting pre-term labour (PTL). Women with singleton pregnancy between 24 and 36 weeks' gestation with evidence of PTL were subjected to phIGFBP-1 and CL tests. Of the 51 women, five were tested positive (phIGFBP-1 positive and CL <2.5 cm) for combination of phIGFBP-1 and CL (four delivered within 1 week), whereas 46 tested negative, of which, only one delivered. A much higher negative predictivity (NP), positive predictivity (PP) and specificity (SP) in the combination test was seen compared with phIGFBP-1 or CL alone (NP: 97.8% vs 97.7% vs 97.1%; PP: 80.0% vs 51.1% and CL 23.5%; SP: 97.8% vs 93.5% vs 71.1%, respectively). The cervical os dilatation of 2 cm with combined positive test (p = 0.001) indicated a higher likelihood of PTL.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/metabolism; Cervix Uteri/secretion; Cervix Uteri/ultrasonography*
  12. Rahman MT, Naik VR, Noor SR, Mahmud NM, Isa M
    Malays J Med Sci, 2003 Jul;10(2):93-5.
    PMID: 23386805
    A 66-year-old Malay woman, known hypertensive, presented with post menopausal bleeding associated with clot for three months. She was postmenopausal for last ten years. She also complaints of developing a mass in the abdomen which was growing in size also for last three months. Abdominal examination revealed a twenty week size mass, movable from side to side but unable to get below the mass. Vaginal examination revealed a fleshy fungating mass arising from the uterus coming out through the vagina. Cervix could not be visualized properly. Subsequent histopathology of the removed mass was reported as a Malignant Mixed Mullerian Tumour - Heterologous.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri
  13. Geok, Chin Tan, Mohd Sidik Shiran, Manickam Swaminathan, Ali Siti Aishah, M.D., Poo, Ling Ong, Mohd Dali Ahmad Zailani Hatta
    Medicine & Health, 2006;1(1):85-90.
    Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma was first described by Young and Scully in 1989 as a distinct entity with the histological features of exophytic growth proliferation, villous and papillary architecture and mild to moderate nuclear atypia. We report one case of villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VGPA) of the uterine cervix with lymph node metastasis and reviewed the clinicopathological features of six other cases reported in the literature. Our patient is the seventh similar reported cases. They ranged in age from 29 to 54 (mean, 41) years. Five had lymphovascular invasion. All except our patient were treated with radical hysterectomy and radiotherapy. She was followed-up for 7 months and unfortunately died due to chest infection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri
  14. Kavitha Nagandla, Sharifah Sulaiha, Sivalingam Nalliah, Norfadzilah Mohd Yusof
    Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the female
    reproductive tract are a heterogeneous group of rare
    neoplasms posing both diagnostic and therapeutic
    challenges. The recent classification by WHO
    includes neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) and
    neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). NECs are the poorly
    differentiated small cell carcinoma (SCNEC) and
    large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC), while
    well-differentiated NETs include typical carcinoids
    (TC) and atypical carcinoids (AC). Majority of
    these tumours have an aggressive clinical course and
    published data is supportive of multi-modal therapeutic
    strategies. Etoposide/platinum based chemotherapy is
    commonly advocated. Histopathological categorisation
    and diagnosis are paramount to guide therapy.
    Well-differentiated carcinoid and atypical
    carcinoid tumours should be managed similar to
    gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours.
    This review discusses the current classification, clinicpathologic
    characteristics and advances in the diagnostic
    evaluation and the treatment options of neuroendocrine
    carcinoma of the cervix.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri
  15. Cheah PL, Looi LM, Sivanesaratnam V
    J Obstet Gynaecol Res, 2011 Jun;37(6):489-95.
    PMID: 21349124 DOI: 10.1111/j.1447-0756.2010.01386.x
    With cervical carcinoma remaining the second leading cancer among Malaysian women, it is imperative to clarify the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in this respect, considering the dearth of local information.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/virology*
  16. Tan PC, Vallikkannu N, Suguna S, Quek KF, Hassan J
    Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol, 2009;36(1):35-9.
    PMID: 19400416
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value for successful labor induction of transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) of cervical length according to parity.

    METHOD: TVS of the cervix was performed before term labor induction. Induction was considered successful if vaginal delivery was achieved within 24 hours; 231 women were available for final analysis.

    RESULTS: Analysis of the receiver operator characteristics curve showed an optimal cut-off for cervical length of < or = 20 mm for successful induction. Following multivariate logistic regression analysis, a sonographic short cervix (AOR 5.6; p < 0.001) was an independent predictor of successful induction but not a favorable Bishop score (p = 0.47). Among multiparas with a short cervix, positive and negative predictive values for successful induction were 98% (95% CI 90-100%) and 21% (95% CI 13%-32%) and among nulliparas, predictive values were 69% (95% CI 53%-82%) and 77% (95% CI 64%-87%) respectively.

    CONCLUSION: In nulliparas, cervical length can usefully predict labor induction outcome.

    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/anatomy & histology*
  17. Hebbar S, Samjhana K
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Aug;61(3):307-11.
    PMID: 17240581 MyJurnal
    Ultrasonographic cervical length assessment is increasingly being utilized clinically to identify women at risk for spontaneous preterm delivery. In a randomised prospective longitudinal study involving 200 women, we measured cervical length and internal os diameter by transvaginal scan at 20 - 24 weeks and analysed their ability to predict preterm birth. The risk of spontaneous preterm delivery increased steeply as cervical length decreased. At cut off value of < or = 2.5cm, the cervical length measurements had sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 77%, 95%, 56% and 98% respectively. However, internal os diameter lacked sensitivity and specificity. Our data suggests that the duration of pregnancy is directly related to length of the cervix: the shorter the cervix, the greater the chance of preterm delivery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/ultrasonography*
  18. Chua KB, Ngeow YF, Lim CT, Ng KB, Chye JK
    Med J Malaysia, 1999 Jun;54(2):242-6.
    PMID: 10972036
    A prospective study was carried out among pregnant women and their newborn babies in the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur from January 1996 to June 1997. The maternal cervical colonization rates of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) were found to be 57.5% and 15.8% respectively while the isolation rates from nasopharyngeal secretions of the newborns were 50.8% for UU and 6.6% for MH. The overall transmission rates were 88.4% for UU and 42.1% for MH. There was no significant difference in the transmission rates of either organism from mothers to their respective newborn babies by the maturity of pregnancy. In preterm babies, the nasopharyngeal isolation rates of UU and MH were not influenced by the babies' gestational age and birth weight nor by the maternal history of abortion or parity. However, there was a tendency for UU to persist in the nasopharyngeal secretion of preterm babies especially those of birth weight below 2 kg. None of the babies contaminated with mycoplasmas at birth developed respiratory symptoms during six to eight weeks of follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/microbiology*
  19. Tang SK, Welch QB
    Med J Malaya, 1972 Jun;26(4):238-43.
    PMID: 5069412
    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/cytology*
  20. Cheah PL, Looi LM
    Pathology, 2002 Aug;34(4):326-31.
    PMID: 12190289
    AIMS: The pattern of p53 expression was studied in pre-invasive and invasive cervical carcinoma in an attempt to clarify its role in cervical carcinogenesis.

    METHODS: A total of 234 invasive cervical carcinomas (152 squamous cell carcinomas, 61 adenocarcinomas and 21 adenosquamous carcinomas) and 16 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I, six CIN II and 25 CIN III were immunohistochemically studied for p53.

    RESULTS: p53 was detected more frequently in CIN and invasive carcinoma (100% of CIN I, 74.2% CIN II + III and 70.1% invasive carcinoma) compared with benign cervices (P< 0.001); however, only three squamous cell carcinomas, 11 adenocarcinomas and two adenosquamous carcinomas exhibited p53 expression in >75% of tumour nuclei. Six of the 11 adenocarcinomas and both adenosquamous carcinomas were poorly differentiated compared with one of the three squamous carcinomas. p53 immunoreactive cells were randomly distributed in invasive carcinoma, confined to the lower third of the epithelium in CIN I, reached the middle third in 20% of CIN II and upper third in 16.6% of CIN III.

    CONCLUSIONS: Assuming that p53 immunoreactivity indicates gene mutation when the majority (> 75%) of neoplastic cells express p53, p53 mutations would seem uncommon in cervical carcinogenesis. Nonetheless, glandular malignancies, in particular poorly differentiated variants, may show a higher frequency of mutation. p53 was detected more frequently in CIN I compared with CIN II/III and invasive carcinoma which may be due to p53 protein degradation following interaction with high risk human papillomavirus E6 protein in CIN II/III and invasive carcinoma.

    Matched MeSH terms: Cervix Uteri/metabolism
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