Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 216 in total

  1. Khan MS, Guinto RR, Boro E, Rahman-Shepherd A, Erondu NA
    Lancet, 2022 Dec 10;400(10368):2019-2021.
    PMID: 36502829 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)02464-3
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups*
  2. Duraisamy G, Amarasingham RD
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Jun;25(4):257-62.
    PMID: 4261296
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups*
  3. Pallie W
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Sep;23(1):67-72.
    PMID: 4237562
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups*
  4. Panis CW, Lillard LA
    Popul Stud (Camb), 1995 Nov;49(3):463-79.
    PMID: 11608959
    Infant and child mortality rates have dropped sharply for all ethnic groups in Malaysia between 1950 and 1988, but persistent ethnic differences remain. In this article we assess the contribution of several potential reasons both for the decline and the remaining differences between the Malay and Chinese sub-populations. Increased use of health inputs is found to explain a substantial part of the decline, but increased education of mothers, and income growth are also important. Longer spacing between births, and, higher average age at birth as a result of lower fertility and higher age at marriage provide only a marginal direct contribution to the fall in mortality. We find that lower mortality among the Chinese is accounted for by their higher incomes and greater propensty to purchase medical care. We also control for self-selection among users of medical care, and find that those who use health care in Malaysia tend to be subject to higher-than-average risks.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups/history*
  5. Lavelle CL, Flinn RM, Foster TD, Hamilton MC
    J Anat, 1970 Jul;107(Pt 1):182-3.
    PMID: 5473274
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups*
  6. Hor JY, Lim TT, Chia YK, Ching YM, Cheah CF, Tan K, et al.
    Mult Scler Relat Disord, 2018 Jan;19:20-24.
    PMID: 29100047 DOI: 10.1016/j.msard.2017.10.015
    BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) occurs worldwide in all ethnicities. Recently, population-based studies have shown that NMOSD is more common among non-White populations. There is scarce data about NMOSD prevalence in South East Asian populations.

    METHODS: (1) A population-based study was undertaken to estimate NMOSD prevalence in the multi-ethnic Penang Island, Malaysia, comprising Chinese, Malays, and Indians. Medical records of NMOSD patients followed up at the Penang General Hospital (the neurology referral centre in Penang Island) were reviewed. The 2015 diagnostic criteria of the International Panel for NMO Diagnosis were used for case ascertainment. (2) A review of population-based prevalence studies of NMOSD worldwide was carried out. PubMed and conference proceedings were searched for such studies.

    RESULTS: Of the 28 NMOSD patients, 14 were residents of Penang Island on prevalence day [13 (93%) Chinese and one (7%) Malay]. All 14 patients were females and aquaporin 4 seropositive. The prevalence of NMOSD in Penang Island was 1.99/100,000 population; according to ethnicities, the prevalence in Chinese was significantly higher than in Malays (3.31/100,000 vs 0.43/100,000, respectively, p = 0.0195).

    CONCLUSION: Based on our and other population-based studies, among Asians, East Asian origin populations (Chinese and Japanese) appear to have higher NMOSD prevalence than other Asian ethnic groups. Worldwide, Blacks seem to have the highest NMOSD prevalence. More studies in different geographical regions and ethnic groups will be useful to further inform about potential factors in NMOSD pathogenesis.

    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups/ethnology*
  7. Ganendran A, Ogle CW
    Singapore Med J, 1975 Dec;16(4):256-8.
    PMID: 1224217
    Surveys in a number of European and American populations have found the frequency of occurrence of the heterozygotes for the gene for the dibucaine-resistant variant of cholinesterase (E.C. to be relatively constant. Similar surveys in Oriental population have shown low incidence of the same gene. This study done on the multi-racial population consisting of 3 major groups shows an absence of the gene for the dibucaine resistant variant of cholinesterase. This is supported by the clinical experience in the use of suxamethonium as a single dose in more than 25,000 individuals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups*
  8. Jaffry Zakaria
    The racial riot incident on 13th of May 1969 had opened the eyes of many people to realize on how important serious efforts to be focused in managing the sensitivity and the differences in multiracial society in countries like Malaysia. Many experts believe that integration can be build through outdoor education activities. The author will try to unravel and discuss on the outdoor education activity relations and integration campus community. This discussion will cover the latest issues and a variety of previous studies and personal experiences of the author as an outdoor education activist.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  9. Ismail R, Borhanuddin B
    Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 2009;olume 23:11-17.
    This qualitative study reviewed the concept of Mat Rempit. This study used two methods of interviews. Firstly, individual interviews were conducted with 16 individuals who were from a school in Semenyih, Selangor and they had been involved in rempit activities. Secondly,focus group interviews were conducted involving three groups of individuals who were charged under Section 42 for driving recklessly their motorcycles in Penang, Johor Baharu and Kuala Lumpur. The main results of interviews indicate that rempit can be defined as any activity involving a motorcycle racing team of at least two people Generally, the race comprised various actions such as doing a sprint, or a lap and also stunts (such as, a wheelie or wheekang). In addition, there is ramping of engines of molorcycles and creating excessively loud sounds as well as shouting and showing hand signals. A Mat Rempit is a person involved in these activities. Other related findings and implications are also discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  10. Thuraisingham C, Sinniah D
    J Fam Pract, 2016 Feb;65(2):121-4.
    PMID: 26977463
    The appearance of the skin on this woman's face, hands, and feet helped us to recognize an advanced case of an autoimmune disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  11. Deivanayagam TA, Selvarajah S, Hickel J, Guinto RR, de Morais Sato P, Bonifacio J, et al.
    Lancet, 2023 Jan 07;401(10370):5-7.
    PMID: 36343651 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)02182-1
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  12. Zuber SH, Yahya N
    J Cancer Res Ther, 2021 6 15;17(2):477-483.
    PMID: 34121695 DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_896_18
    Purpose: This study systematically reviews the distribution of racial/ancestral features and their inclusion as covariates in genetic-toxicity association studies following radiation therapy.

    Materials and Methods: Original research studies associating genetic features and normal tissue complications following radiation therapy were identified from PubMed. The distribution of radiogenomic studies was determined by mining the statement of country of origin and racial/ancestrial distribution and the inclusion in analyses. Descriptive analyses were performed to determine the distribution of studies across races/ancestries, countries, and continents and the inclusion in analyses.

    Results: Among 174 studies, only 23 with a population of more one race/ancestry which were predominantly conducted in the United States. Across the continents, most studies were performed in Europe (77 studies averaging at 30.6 patients/million population [pt/mil]), North America (46 studies, 20.8 pt/mil), Asia (46 studies, 2.4 pt/mil), South America (3 studies, 0.4 pt/mil), Oceania (2 studies, 2.1 pt/mil), and none from Africa. All 23 studies with more than one race/ancestry considered race/ancestry as a covariate, and three studies showed race/ancestry to be significantly associated with endpoints.

    Conclusion: Most toxicity-related radiogenomic studies involved a single race/ancestry. Individual Participant Data meta-analyses or multinational studies need to be encouraged.

    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups/genetics; Continental Population Groups/statistics & numerical data*
  13. Lim SH, Pan A
    Epilepsia, 2005;46 Suppl 1:48-9.
    PMID: 15816980
    Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of epilepsy (KAPE) among the public play a major role in determining the extent to which people with epilepsy can be integrated into their society.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups/psychology; Continental Population Groups/statistics & numerical data
  14. Aziz Z
    J Clin Pharm Ther, 2004 Jun;29(3):241-6.
    PMID: 15153085
    We hypothesized that as the use of herbal medicines increases in the general population, so do patients' requests to physicians for recommendations. However, why some physicians recommend herbal medicines while others do not is not well understood.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups/ethnology; Continental Population Groups/statistics & numerical data
  15. Kanneppady SK, Balamanikandasrinivasan, Kumaresan R, Sakri SB
    Dent Res J (Isfahan), 2013 May;10(3):353-8.
    PMID: 24019804
    The patterns of facial growth, jaw and tooth size are inherited and are likely to differ among population and races. Aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the pattern of third molar (3M) impaction among three different ethnic groups (Chinese, Indian, Malay) of patients attending AIMST Dental Institute, Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  16. Chew BH
    Malays Fam Physician, 2010;5(2):101-4.
    PMID: 25606197 MyJurnal
    This case reports a 57-year-old lady presented with cough of two months duration despite repeated treatments from multiple general practitioners. It took her another two months to know her diagnoses and a further couple of months to be relieved of her cough and became asymptomatic. Chronic cough management in primary care often needs an empiric integrative approach and requires good doctor-patient rapport with informed follow ups and continuity of care to be successful.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  17. Vongprateep C
    Cor Vasa, 1981;23(1):4-7.
    PMID: 7238054
    The problems of pediatric cardiology in Asia can be summarized as follows. In the countries like India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and some other countries especially with government support like Thailand, the priority is primary health care. Except in Japan, cardiac care for children is not well supported financially. Training in pediatric cardiology is not readily available. Consequently small numbers of pediatric cardiologists, pediatric cardiac surgeons and active centres are available even in Japan. It is importannt to reduce the incidence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease by prevention of streptococcal infections and to increase the standard of living and environment. Transportation and referral system diagnosis, and treatment and follow-up is a special problem in neonatal care in relation to heart disease. Concentration of physicians, medical schools and cardiac centers in urban areas, old customs and poor understanding of people about the treatability and preventability of heart diseases in children complicate the improvement in the management of children with heart diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  18. Thomas V, Dissanaike AS
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, 1978;72(3):303-6.
    PMID: 97821
    Sera from 243 donors belonging to the four main ethnic groups in West Malaysia (Orang Asli, Malays, Chinese and Indians) were tested, using the indirect fluorescent antibody technique for the prevalence of antibodies to Sarcocystis. Almost 20% reacted positively at dilutions of 1:64 or higher and eight among the Orang Asli and Malays gave the highest titres of 1:256. Prevalence was highest in the Orang Asli and lowest in Chinese. 22 sera also reacted positively to Toxoplasma, whether due to polyparasitism or cross-reaction is, as yet, unknown.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  19. Ismail, K., Ghazali@Suhaimi, S.S., Abu Bakar, N., Mokhtar, K.I., Kharuddin, A.F.
    Introduction: Malocclusion is one of the most common dental problems observed. Limited data is currently
    available regarding the demographics of malocclusion observed locally.

    Materials And Methods: This is a
    retrospective study where 770 patients were recruited from May 2009 till December 2014. 560 orthodontic
    study models that met the inclusion criteria were examined and the malocclusions were classified according
    to the British Standard Institute (BSI) incisor classification. Demographic pattern and their relationship were
    analysed by structural equation modelling using SPSS (version 23.0).

    Results: From 560 study models
    analysed, 72% were female. The age of the patients ranges from 7-12 years old (17.1%), 13-17 years old
    (55.9%) and >18 years old (27.0%). Majority of the patients were Malay followed by Chinese (5.7%), Indian
    (1.8%) and other races (1.8%) Treatments received were fixed appliances (FA) (60.0%), removable appliances
    (RA) (12.5%), functional appliances (FnA) (1.1%), combination of RA and FA (16.1%), combination of FnA and
    FA (2.1%) and consultation (8.2%). Types of malocclusions observed were Class I (25.7%), Class II/1(32.7%),
    Class II/2 (7.5%) and Class III (34.1%). There was significant association (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
  20. Abdullah J, Abdullah MR
    Malays J Med Sci, 2003 Jan;10(1):74-7.
    PMID: 23365504 MyJurnal
    There is no report in the English literature on the criteria for neuroablation or neuroaugmentation for the treatment of Parkinson's disease in a developing country like Malaysia. A prospective study of patients with Parkinson's disease from the north-eastern peninsular Malaysia was done to assess their suitability of surgery. Age, race, duration of illness and dementia were considered important factors towards the success of such surgical procedures. A mathematical model is suggested for future cases deemed to be suitable for neuroaugmentative or ablative surgery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Continental Population Groups
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