Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 296 in total

  1. Khairul Anuar A
    JUMMEC, 2000;5:1-2.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  2. Rotem A, Barrand J, Azman A
    Med Educ, 1982 Jan;16(1):3-6.
    PMID: 7057721
    This paper describes the analysis of the written professional examinations administered at the Medical School, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), during the academic year 1979-80. It is a product of a collaborative activity involving medical teachers and two short-term consultants of the World Health Organization. The examination papers were analysed in order to identify content areas disproportionately emphasized in the examinations; to determine the quality and appropriateness of the examination items used; and to review the extent of continuity and integration across departments and courses. This paper is intended to introduce an approach to curriculum review which is based on analysis of the examination system. The procedures and sample outcomes are described and the implications for curriculum development and evaluation are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum*
  3. Sithamparam S
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57 Suppl E:31-3.
    PMID: 12733190
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/standards*
  4. Al-Naggar RA, Abdulghani M, Osman MT, Al-Kubaisy W, Daher AM, Nor Aripin KN, et al.
    Adv Med Educ Pract, 2014;5:177-84.
    PMID: 24959093 DOI: 10.2147/AMEP.S61805
    Students' perceptions of their learning environment, by defining its strengths and weaknesses, are important for continuous improvement of the educational environments and curriculum. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore students' perceptions of their learning environment, among medical students in Malaysia. Various aspects of the education environment were compared between year levels and sex.

    This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Management and Science University, Shah Alam, Malaysia in 2012. A total number of 438 medical students participated in this study, and the response rate was 87.6%. Data were analyzed using SPSS. Comparisons of the mean scores of Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) subscales were calculated. The t-test was used to determine statistically significant differences.

    The majority of the study participants were female, Malay, and from year 3 (68.7%, 65.3%, and 55.7%; respectively). Analysis of each of the 50 items of the DREEM inventory showed that 47 items scored ranged between 2.00 and 3.00, and three items scored below 2.00. These were identified as problem areas in this medical school that are required to be critically addressed. The overall score showed that the medical students' perceptions were positive. The students' perception toward educational environment was positive for all five DREEM subscales.

    The study found that, in general, the perceptions of the participants about the learning environment were positive. Nevertheless, the study also found there is a need for curriculum improvement in this school and identified priority areas for such improvement.

    DREEM; Malaysia; learning environment; medical education; students’ perceptions
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  5. Azer SA
    Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 2009 Mar;25(3):109-15.
    PMID: 19419915 DOI: 10.1016/S1607-551X(09)70049-X
    Lectures are of great value to students. However, with the introduction of hybrid problem-based learning (PBL) curricula into most medical schools, the emphasis on lectures has decreased. This paper discusses how lectures can be used in a PBL curriculum, what makes a great lecture, and how to deliver a lecture that fits with these changes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  6. Singh G
    Med J Malaysia, 1978 Mar;32(3):198-200.
    PMID: 683041
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  7. Chew, Keng-Sheng
    To address the diverse preferred learning styles, one of the oft-cited recommendations for educatorsis to tailor teaching instructions accordingly. This pedagogy however, lacks scientific evidences.Furthermore, in medical curriculum, tailoring instructions according to preferred learning styles isnot pragmatic. This is because different subjects and in different settings matter may be best deliveredin specific delivery mode. Furthermore, patients’ presentations are often multi-sensorial. As such, theonus is on the students themselves to adjust the amount of learning efforts they put in according totheir preferred or not preferred learning styles.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  8. Mardiana Mansor, Ayu Sulaini Jusoh, Rosmawati Mansor, Lim, Chin Choon
    Currently, the development of information technology and the increase in the number of nursing students occur drastically. Based on this premise, the purpose of this article is to shed light into the future development of curriculum for the nursing field. Philosophy is considered one of the most important components of both education system and curriculum, because the educational philosophies reflect the social, economic and political aspects of a society, in which they are applied. As an educator, understanding the philosophy to be adapted in the curriculum and learning process is important, to provide a framework for the best performance of both the teacher and the student. In conclusion, it is important to implement the philosophy of curriculum in the education program as each philosophy aids in the principles and guidelines of the learning process. Globally, most programs are usually based on the philosophy related to that program. Therefore, as an educator, we must know the philosophical development of the curriculum of education, so that we are able to analyse and choose which is appropriate.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  9. Jamil A, Muthupalaniappen L, Md Nor N, Siraj HH, Salam A
    Malays J Med Sci, 2016 May;23(3):78-85.
    PMID: 27418873 MyJurnal
    Dermatology is a minor module in internal medicine undergraduate curriculum. Limited time is allocated for its teaching. Most graduates are inadequately prepared to diagnose and manage skin diseases. We aimed to identify the core content of a more effective dermatology module.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum
  10. Achike FI, Ogle CW
    J Clin Pharmacol, 2000 Feb;40(2):177-83.
    PMID: 10664924
    Medical students are usually drawn from the best of students, but it is not unusual to see these brilliant students fail their exams or even dismissed from medical school because of poor academic performance. Information overload has been recognized as one of the major contributing factors to this problem. The situation is expected to get worse, with the ever-present technology-induced exponential growth in information. In discussing this issue, the authors echo the concerns of several experts regarding the content overload of medical school curricula, particularly in pharmacology. It is the increasing awareness of this problem that led the Association of American Medical Colleges and the General Medical Council of Britain to promote the concept of a core curriculum for each of the principal disciplines in medicine. Several medical schools have adopted the concept and also the problem-based learning approach, which focuses on ameliorating the complex problems associated with information growth in medical education. Based on the authors' experience as medical students, medical practitioners, and pharmacology teachers, they discuss the factors that contribute to information overload, from psychological and nonpsychological perspectives. Issues such as the design and structure of the curriculum, the quality of training and effectiveness of the teachers (clinically qualified vs. nonclinically qualified teachers), and the psychological preparedness of the students are discussed. The authors make suggestions for improvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum*
  11. Azila NM, Rogayah J, Zabidi-Hussin ZA
    Ann Acad Med Singap, 2006 Sep;35(9):647-54.
    PMID: 17051282
    INTRODUCTION: Various curricular innovations were adopted by medical schools worldwide in an attempt to produce medical graduates that could meet future healthcare needs of society locally and globally. This paper presents findings on curricular approaches implemented in Malaysian medical schools, in trying to meet those needs.

    METHODS: Information was obtained from published records, responses from various questionnaires, personal communication and involvement with curricular development.

    RESULTS: Curricular innovations tended to be implemented in new medical schools upon their establishment. Established medical schools seemed to implement these innovations much later. Curricular trends appear to move towards integration, student-centred and problem-based learning as well as community-oriented medical education, with the Student-centred learning, Problem-based learning, Integrated teaching, Community-based education, Electives and Systematic programme (SPICES) model used as a reference. The focus is based on the premise that although the short-term aim of undergraduate medical education in Malaysia is to prepare graduates for the pre-registration house officer year, they must be able to practise and make decisions independently and be sensitive to the needs of the country's multiracial, multi-religious, and often remote communities.

    CONCLUSION: In most cases, curricular planning starts with a prescriptive model where planners focus on several intended outcomes. However, as the plan is implemented and evaluated it becomes descriptive as the planners reassess the internal and external factors that affect outcomes. A common trend in community-oriented educational activities is evident, with the introduction of interesting variations, to ensure that the curriculum can be implemented, sustained and the intended outcomes achieved.

    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/trends*
  12. Azila NM, Tan NH, Tan CP
    Med Educ, 2006 Nov;40(11):1125.
    PMID: 17054624
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum*
  13. Osman A, Norsidah AM
    Med J Malaysia, 1997 Dec;52(4):399-401.
    PMID: 10968117
    There is now increased public awareness of the value and role of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It is therefore not surprising that the public expects a reasonable level of expertise of medical doctors in the application of the CPR techniques during emergency situations. Newly qualified doctors often lack confidence and are usually at a loss when faced with such situations as they have never had practical training before graduation. Most doctors are gradually introduced to CPR as part and parcel of their clinical experience. Many begin to attend formal CPR workshops later in their careers. Medical schools are expected to produce well trained doctors who are competent in clinical practice which include the techniques of basic resuscitation. By virtue of their expertise in airway management and clinical resuscitation, anaesthesiologists can significantly contribute to the teaching of CPR in the undergraduate medical curriculum. This is a retrospective review of Basic Life Support programmes conducted at the Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum*
  14. Chia YC
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57 Suppl E:83-5.
    PMID: 12733199
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/trends*
  15. Nabilla AS, Safura J, Karina R, Noran H, Norizan M, Sabariah M, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57 Suppl E:37-43.
    PMID: 12733192
    A cross-sectional study was carried out through a postal survey of a random sample of registered medical practitioners in Malaysia to explore the pursuit and practice of CAM among them. A response rate of 42% was acquired. 27.1% of the medical practitioners are currently using CAM on themselves or their own families and 22.2% actually have referred patients to CAM practitioners. Analysis showed that only 14.9% of the medical practitioners who responded were exposed to CAM during their undergraduate days. Out of 28 respondents graduated from USM, 15 (53.6%) were exposed while out of the 80 graduates of UM, only 6 (7.5%) were exposed and out of 58 respondents graduates of UKM, only 5 (8.6%) were exposed to CAM during their undergraduate teaching. These differences are statistically different (p < 0.001). Analysis also showed that more (72.6%) medical practitioners are for having training in CAM during the medical undergraduate studies. Only 9.1% of the respondents have attended any training in CAM post graduation and 36.8% would like further training on CAM postgraduate and would pay for it. The findings illustrate the need for training in CAM in medical undergraduate education especially in this new age where alternative therapy is in demand by the consumers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/standards*
  16. Azhar MZ
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57 Suppl E:34-6.
    PMID: 12733191
    Mental health is becoming an important issue. Several local and international studies have proven that the incidence of mental illness is on the rise. Doctors have also been able to make more accurate diagnoses and treat mental disorders more reliably with the aid of recent research and newer drugs. As such it is necessary for the medical curricula to respond to this shift. Medical students must now be exposed to new psychiatric disorders and ways of managing them. The time spent in psychiatry and the mode of teaching must also be revised and modified to the current needs of patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/standards*
  17. Gendeh BS
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57 Suppl E:23-6.
    PMID: 12733188
    The strong international demand for admission into medical schools make medical education a "seller's market", and increasingly a global market. Teaching of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) has two primary goals. Firstly, a firm grasp of basic principles, recognition and treatment of common disorders, initial management of ORL-HNS emergencies and indications for specialist referral. Secondly, to provide sufficient exposure to the specialty to assist in career planning. Good communicative skills for optimal patient care are essential in the selection criteria of medical students. Proficiency in English is essential to obtain a disproportion share of opportunities in the new economy. The examination evaluation needs to be standardized between the various medical schools and the recommended lecturer-student ratio is maintained. The Joint National Evaluating Board has a very essential role to play in the maintenance of medical educational standards in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/trends*
  18. Azila NM
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57 Suppl E:52-7.
    PMID: 12733194
    This paper outlines issues related to curricular reforms, and strategies to be considered for planning and implementation so as to ensure that the change is institutionalised. In Malaysia, in general, some imminent curricular changes have been carried out to prepare graduates for future changes in the practice environment. Change of reform requires planning, with consideration of the directions in which the change is needed, and the possible educational approaches to be utilized. To ensure change can occur and be maintained there should be effort to induce a paradigm shift amongst teachers and administrators at all levels, there must be transparency and dissemination of information of the required change and why, there must be involvement of teachers in decision making to ensure better compliance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum/trends*
  19. Ariff HO
    Med J Malaysia, 1999 Dec;54(4):504-8.
    PMID: 11072470
    Much has been said in various anaesthetic journals about the need to teach medical undergraduates in areas such as basic life support skills and resuscitation. Anaesthesiology as a specialty can contribute significantly in this aspect of teaching. The question is how should it be incorporated into the existing curriculum, given the fact that anaesthesiology constitutes a minor role in the undergraduate medical curriculum? This article attempts to answer this question and proposes the possible integration of anaesthesiology with the other major clinical specialties. This curriculum forms the basis of anaesthesiology curriculum at the Kulliyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM).
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum*
  20. Shahabudin SH, Safiah N
    Med Teach, 1991;13(3):205-11.
    PMID: 1745110
    Three years ago the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia medical school changed its curriculum from the traditional discipline based curriculum to the integrated organ-system approach. Once change was effected a process of 'refreezing' had to be initiated whereby new responses had to be reintegrated into the ongoing personality or emotional relationships of important people so that the change process will endure and become stable. During this refreezing process the faculty encountered several problems which could thwart further development of the new curricula if left unresolved. The nature of the problems seemed to indicate that curricular change involves more than just efforts at bettering the what and ways of student learning and assessment. A lot of energy was also spent on keeping things going, keeping people motivated, making sure the work was done (at least as well as it has in the past), looking for better ways to do things, weighing new solutions and to be alert to new problems. In ensuring the continuance of change it was important to ensure, from the outset the institutionalization of policies, programmes, procedures and practices for continuing reward, routinization, structural integration into the system, continuing evaluation and providing for continuing maintenance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Curriculum*
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