Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 22 in total

  1. Thum CC, Chai YC, Zaman Huri S, Wan Nawawi WZ, Ibrahim N
    Perspect Psychiatr Care, 2021 Apr;57(2):965-967.
    PMID: 32770539 DOI: 10.1111/ppc.12600
    PURPOSE: Psychological first aid (PFA) is utilized in the direct aftermath of crisis events. As the world grappled with Covid-19, PFA was provided for staff members in Hospital Sultan Ismail. In adherence to the New Normal, innovative approaches had to be taken. We engaged clients through virtual communication methods. PFA Solat was organized to assist Muslim staff fulfil religious obligations while being on the frontlines.

    CONCLUSIONS: PFA may be useful in helping frontline staff manage stress associated with the increased workload and general anxiety relating to the pandemic.

    PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: It is recommended all staff members, especially those involved in frontline duty, to be provided PFA.

    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid*
  2. Alkinani MH, Almazroi AA, Jhanjhi NZ, Khan NA
    Sensors (Basel), 2021 Oct 18;21(20).
    PMID: 34696118 DOI: 10.3390/s21206905
    Internet of Things (IoT) and 5G are enabling intelligent transportation systems (ITSs). ITSs promise to improve road safety in smart cities. Therefore, ITSs are gaining earnest devotion in the industry as well as in academics. Due to the rapid increase in population, vehicle numbers are increasing, resulting in a large number of road accidents. The majority of the time, casualties are not appropriately discovered and reported to hospitals and relatives. This lack of rapid care and first aid might result in life loss in a matter of minutes. To address all of these challenges, an intelligent system is necessary. Although several information communication technologies (ICT)-based solutions for accident detection and rescue operations have been proposed, these solutions are not compatible with all vehicles and are also costly. Therefore, we proposed a reporting and accident detection system (RAD) for a smart city that is compatible with any vehicle and less expensive. Our strategy aims to improve the transportation system at a low cost. In this context, we developed an android application that collects data related to sound, gravitational force, pressure, speed, and location of the accident from the smartphone. The value of speed helps to improve the accident detection accuracy. The collected information is further processed for accident identification. Additionally, a navigation system is designed to inform the relatives, police station, and the nearest hospital. The hospital dispatches UAV (i.e., drone with first aid box) and ambulance to the accident spot. The actual dataset from the Road Safety Open Repository is used for results generation through simulation. The proposed scheme shows promising results in terms of accuracy and response time as compared to existing techniques.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  3. Anggraini NA, Ambarika R, Rai RP
    Enferm Clin, 2020 06;30 Suppl 5:50-54.
    PMID: 32713583 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.12.037
    BASIC: Life support is an emergency measure to make the airway, breathing without obstruction and helps maintain blood circulation without using tools. Student nurses perform nursing profession must have the skills to perform basic life support basic life support. Help in improving basic life skills student nursing profession in the implementation of basic life support in RSU Karsa Husada Batu. The study design was quasi (quasi-experimental designs) to design one group pre test and post test. Data collection tools with observation sheet with a sample of 30 respondents using random sampling techniques. The independent variable in this study is the simulation simulated basic life support and the dependent variable in this study is the student skills in performing simulated basic life support. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon statistical test-signed rank test with α=0.05.

    RESULTS: showed before getting simulated basic life support skills of the respondents have enough skill as much as 46.7% (14 respondents) and after getting simulated basic life support skills of respondents, 76.73% (23 respondents). Based on Wilcoxon test signed rank test (Asym.p Sig. 2 tailed) earned value 0.000. Because the value of 0.000 is less than <0.05. It can be concluded that there effect simulation help in improving basic life skills nursing profession student assistance in implementing the basic life in RSU Karsa Husada Batu. Students of the nursing profession who have obtained basic aid simulation have good skills increases due to learning their simulations to the knowledge and practice in performing basic life support.

    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid*
  4. Halil MF, Ibrahim NM, Ahmad ZNBS, Che Hasan MK
    Enferm Clin, 2021 04;31 Suppl 2:S100-S104.
    PMID: 33849139 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.09.008
    The objective of this study is to assess the level of knowledge and practice of burn first aid management among parents. A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents of under-age children in the Taman Desa Darul Naim area of Pasir Tumbuh, in Kelantan, Malaysia, using an adapted survey from Davies et al. Out of 80 respondents, 46.3% showed minimal knowledge of burn first aid, 47.5% had moderate knowledge, and 6.3% extensive knowledge. There was a significant relationship between the demographic data and the knowledge of burn first aid for gender (p=0.02), but no significant relationship between the level of knowledge and level of education (p=0.29) or age (p=0.09). The findings indicate that the level of knowledge of burn first aid is limited. Education for parents of under-age children, including demonstrations of burn first aid, is needed to promote safe action and prevent further injury in the community.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid*
  5. Jorm AF, Minas H, Langlands RL, Kelly CM
    PMID: 18291042 DOI: 10.1186/1752-4458-2-2
    Guidelines for how a member of the public should give first aid to a person who is becoming psychotic have been developed for English-speaking countries. However, these guidelines may not be appropriate for use in other cultures. A study was therefore carried out to examine whether it was possible to achieve consensus on guidelines that could apply in a range of Asian countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  6. Sumardino, Widodo, Poddar S
    Enferm Clin, 2020 06;30 Suppl 5:228-233.
    PMID: 32713577 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.061
    INTRODUCTION: Cases of trauma still becomes a health problem in almost all countries causing death in few cases. In some developing countries, the insidences of head injury tend to increase. One of the reasons for the many death and disability may be due to the inavailability and inadequacy of pre-hospital first aid.

    AIM: The general objective of this study is to find out the description of community first responder in providing pre-hospital first aid to head injuries.

    METHODS: This study uses qualitative descriptive method.

    RESULTS: Most of the respondents have variety of educational backgrounds and do not have sufficient knowledge and skills to provide first aid. The average respondents provided help by performing initial assessment, managing effective airway and controlling bleeding. Limited pre-hospital facilities become one of the reasons for respondent not getting help so the efforts provided are not maximal. Respondents prefer to send patients directly to health facilities.

    CONCLUSION: Regular education and training programs for the community first responders should be initiated so that the number of death and disability can be minimized.

    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  7. Mohd Sharif NA, Che Hasan MK, Che Jamaludin FI, Zul Hasymi Firdaus MK
    Enferm Clin, 2018 Feb;28 Suppl 1:13-18.
    PMID: 29650169 DOI: 10.1016/S1130-8621(18)30028-7
    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the need for basic first aid knowledge and skills among adolescents.

    METHOD: A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was conducted among 375 secondary school students in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The survey was adapted from a Hong Kong Red Cross survey. A back to back translation of this instrument was carried out by two bilingual medical experts with Cronbach's alpha 0.8. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) in terms of descriptive analysis, and an independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out.

    RESULTS: There were 149 respondents from the lower form (grade level) and 226 respondents from the upper form. The majority of respondents (81.6%) were Malay. An independent t-test revealed a significant association between knowledge and attitude, as students who scored higher on first aid questions showed a more positive attitude towards first aid (1.475%). There were also significant associations between race and experience learning first aid.

    CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents receive minimal first aid education. Thus, there is an urgent need to educate adolescents more in first aid to promote a safer community and to prevent any further injuries.

    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid*
  8. Ann WL
    Med J Malaysia, 1977 Jun;31(4):349-52.
    PMID: 927245
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  9. Sumaiyah Jamaludin @ Thandar Soe, Muhammad Allif Zakaria
    Accidental injuries are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality
    worldwide. Approximately 1.25 million lives are cut short because of road traffic
    accident every year. As the incidences of emergencies is steadily increasing in recent
    years, it is important to ensure that individuals are adequately trained to deal with such
    events including university students. First aid is given to preserve life and minimize the
    consequences of injury and illness until help is obtained from health care practitioners.
    This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, awareness and attitude related to
    first aid among IIUM Kuantan campus students. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  10. Ping NPT, Shoesmith WD, James S, Nor Hadi NM, Yau EKB, Lin LJ
    Malays J Med Sci, 2020 Mar;27(2):51-56.
    PMID: 32788841 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/mjms2020.27.2.6
    The ultra-brief psychological interventions (UBPI) was created in 2018 to empower healthcare providers with psychological skills that can be delivered within a short period. Techniques used within UBPI were adopted from a variety of well established psychotherapies and distilled into its core essentials. This enabled practitioners of UBPI to deliver specific psychological skills in the appropriate context to the client within a period of 15-20 min. UBPI was also manualised to standardised training of practitioners. During the novel coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, UBPI was modified to suit the unique psychological demands of the pandemic. This article presents how UBPI was adapted and used with healthcare providers dealing with COVID-19 and also with the public who required psychological first aid (PFA).
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  11. Zakaria MI, Isa RM, Shah Che Hamzah MS, Ayob NA
    Malays J Med Sci, 2006 Jan;13(1):43-51.
    PMID: 22589590
    Medical standby is the provision of emergency medical care and first aid for participants and/or spectators in a pre-planned event. This article describes the framework and the demographics of a medical standby at the 4(th) National Youth Camping and Motivation Program in Pasir Puteh, Kelantan from 30(th) July until the 3(rd) August 2004. The framework of the medical team is described based on the work process of any medical stand by. A medical encounter form was created for the medical standby defining the type of case seen (medical or trauma), name, age, race and diagnosis of the patient. We concluded that interagency collaboration during the initial planning and during the event itself is needed to ensure the smooth running of the medical standby. Most of the medical encounters were minor illnesses which are similar to previous studies and there was no case transferred to the hospital during that period.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  12. Rajoo M, Sulicova A, Mroskova S, Supinova M, Plackova A, Bystra M, et al.
    Neuro Endocrinol. Lett., 2013 Sep;34(Suppl 1):45-7.
    PMID: 24013609
    OBJECTIVE: Tropical neuroinfections are still cause of substantial mortality in travelers. Therefore, good knowledge of early symptoms is very important for nurses acting as first contact persons.

    METHODS: Nurse's practical skills and knowledge of signs and early recognition of tropical neuroinfections, providing first aid and quick action has been studied among graduates of two Tropical Nursing PhD programs (in EU-Countries vs. tropical country) using a standardized questionnaire. Statistical package EPI info was used to determine potential differences between both groups of graduates.

    RESULTS: Acceptable knowledge on early symptoms and signs of cerebral malaria and meningococcal meningitis in returning travelers was found among 121 graduates of two PhD programs who were included in the study. Of these, 99 questionnaires were filled in Slovakia, Czech Republic and Germany and another 22 were filled in Malaysia, as a part of the Tropical Nursing PhD Study Programs.

    CONCLUSION: Nursing students and recent graduates in two PhD programs demonstrated acceptable, although not large-scaled, knowledge of early signs and symptoms of tropical neuroinfections.

    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  13. Syazwani Hassan, Nur Nabila Zulkifly, Venkiteswaran, Annapurny, Rohaida Abdul Halim
    Scientific Research Journal, 2018;15(2):51-66.
    To ascertain the level of knowledge among primary school teachers towards the management of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in school and to determine the preference among teachers regarding the education tools that can be used to increase awareness and knowledge among them. A total of 150 teachers from primary schools in three different districts were included in the study and they were given self-administered questionnaires to be filled. The validated questionnaire was distributed randomly in the selected schools. The questionnaire included two scenarios comprising of tooth fracture and avulsion. Questions regarding awareness and management of these scenarios were asked. All 150 participants answered the questionnaire; of these 74% were females 26% were males. 64% of the participants had received tertiary education. Although 70% of teachers had obtained first aid training, only 9.3% of them had received training regrading dental injuries. About 53% of participants knew the correct answer for the appropriate response to fractured tooth and only 35.3% managed to correctly answer the question related to appropriate response to an avulsed tooth. Only 38.7% knew about appropriate rinsing solution and a mere 4.7% were familiar with proper storage media. Even though the teachers have poor knowledge regarding management of dental injuries, it is reassuring to know that 93% of them are keen on further training and awareness. More educational programmes need to be introduced to empower the teachers with the relevant knowledge required to deal with dental emergencies.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  14. Liew SM
    Malays Fam Physician, 2006;1(2):91-93.
    PMID: 27570598 MyJurnal
    Recommend that the following measures be applied universally: CPR training should emphasize the very low risk of disease transmission. Training in the use of barrier mask should be included; Oral barrier devices should be made freely available in hospital and in public areas e.g. hotels, theaters, health clubs and restaurants. A survey among health personnel in Malaysia conducted in 2005 found that nearly half of the 4989 subjects were either not confident at all or unsure about their ability in giving first-aid and CPR.13 The investigators however did not look at fear of infection in particular.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  15. Macfarlane LRS
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
  16. Chew KS, Mohd Idzwan Z, Nik Hishamuddun NA, Wan Aasim WA, Kamaruddin J
    Singapore Med J, 2008 Aug;49(8):636-9.
    PMID: 18756348
    INTRODUCTION: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) serves as a vital link to improve the chance of survival among the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHA) patients. The frequency of bystander CPR in Malaysia is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to find out how frequently bystander CPR was performed among OHA patients with CPR performed at the Emergency Department (ED), Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), prior to their arrival to the department.
    METHODS: In this one-year observational study, data was collected from cases of CPR performed in ED, HUSM. In the OHA category, a subanalysis was further performed to look into the frequency and effects of bystander CPR on achieving return of spontaneous circulation and survival to hospital admission. The categorical data collected was analysed using chi-square test or Fisher-exact test.
    RESULTS: Out of a total of 23 OHA patients that had CPR performed on arrival at the ED, HUSM, from March 2005 to March 2006, only two cases (8.7 percent) had bystander CPR performed. None of these two cases achieved return of spontaneous circulation.
    CONCLUSION: Although this study has many limitations, it does indicate that the frequency of bystander CPR is dismally low in our community and the mere fact that bystander CPR was reported to be done does not seem to translate into a higher chance of survival to admission. The quality and effectiveness of the technique is equally important.
    KEYWORDS: bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest , return of spontaneous circulation
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid/statistics & numerical data*
  17. Abdullah D, Liew AK, Wan Noorina WA, Khoo S, Wee FC
    Dent Traumatol, 2015 Oct;31(5):403-8.
    PMID: 26058666 DOI: 10.1111/edt.12191
    OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the knowledge of rugby players regarding first-aid measures for dental injuries.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at rugby tournaments in 2009 and 2010 on players aged 16 and over. Convenient sampling was performed. A total of 456 self-administered questionnaires were returned. Data collected were analysed using SPSS 21. Descriptive analysis was undertaken for the demographic data. The subjects were classified according to their experience of sustaining each type of injury. Cross-tabulation and chi-square tests were carried out to compare the responses. When the expected cell count was less than five, Fisher's exact test was used. The level of significance was set at P < 0.05.

    RESULTS: The prevalence of self-reported dental injuries was as follows: tooth fracture (19.3%), luxation (6.6%) and avulsion (1.1%). Significant differences were found, whereby 52.2% of those who had no history of tooth fracture were more likely to seek immediate treatment (P < 0.001), whereas 42% of those who previously experienced tooth fracture claimed that they would only visit a dentist if they experienced pain (P = 0.001). Management of luxation and avulsion did not differ significantly between the groups. However, about half of those who did not have a history of tooth avulsion admitted to not knowing the correct answer, while three of five casualties would keep the tooth iced.

    CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of the management of tooth fracture and storage medium differs between previous casualties and non-casualties. Overall, knowledge of dental trauma management was insufficient, suggesting the need to educate and train the players.

    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid*
  18. Seow SN, Halim AS, Wan Sulaiman WA, Mat Saad AZ, Mat Johar SFN
    J Burn Care Res, 2020 Jul 03;41(4):905-907.
    PMID: 32166315 DOI: 10.1093/jbcr/iraa025
    Burns are a devastating public health problem that result in 10 million disability-adjusted life-years lost in low- and middle-income countries. Adequate first aid for burn injuries reduces morbidity and mortality. The rate of proper first aid practices in other countries is 12% to 22%.1,2 A 5-year retrospective audit was performed on the database of the Burn Unit in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia for 2012-2016; this involved 485 patients from the east coast of Malaysia. The mean age of the patients is 17.3 years old. The audit on first aid practices for burn injury showed poor practice. Out of 485 burned patients, 261 patients (53.8%) claimed that they practiced first aid. However, only 24 out of 485 patients (5%) practiced the correct first aid technique where they run their burn wound under cool water for more than 20 minutes. Two hundred and twenty-two patients had not received any first aid. Two patients did not respond to the question on the first aid usage after burn injury. The mean age of patients who practiced first aid was 15.6 years old. Out of the 261 patients who practiced first aid, 167 (64%) run their wound under tap water for different durations. Others practiced traditional remedies such as the application of "Minyak Gamat" (6.5%), soy sauce (5.5%), other ointments (3.6%), milk (1.8%), and eggs (0.7%), as well as honey, butter, and cooking oil (0.4% each). First aid practices for burn injuries in the population of east coast Malaysia are still inadequate. The knowledge and awareness of school children and the general Malaysian population must be enhanced.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid/statistics & numerical data*
  19. Jamaludin TSS, Zakaria MA, Saidi S, Chong MC
    Objective: As the incidence of emergencies has steadily increased in recent years, it is important to en-sure that individuals, including university students, are adequately trained to deal with such events. This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and awareness of, and attitudes towards, first aid among IIUM Kuantan campus students.

    Method: A quantitative cross-sectional survey with stratified random sam-pling study was conducted among 348 students at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) Kuantan. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire which was adapted from Hong Kong Red Cross. The questionnaire was available in both English and the Malay language.

    Results: A total of 42.8% participants had a moderate level of first aid knowledge. However, 90.8% participants had aware-ness of and a positive attitude towards first aid knowledge. On the other hand, 55.4% of study participants had not experienced taking first aid courses and they had little knowledge of this. There were significant associations between gender, Kulliyyah or faculty, year of study, and first aid training experience, and the level of first aid knowledge based on a one-way ANOVA test with p-values of < 0.05 representing statistical significance.

    Conclusion: The findings indicate that most health sciences university students have good awareness and attitudes towards first aid. Nevertheless, implementation of regular educational programs with structured modules may be able to improve their knowledge of first aid practices and skills.
    Matched MeSH terms: First Aid
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