Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 921 in total

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  1. Dow RA, Zhang HM
    Zootaxa, 2018 Jan 25;4375(4):567-577.
    PMID: 29690088 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4375.4.6
    Yunnanosticta gen. nov. in the platystictid subfamily Sinostictinae is described from Yunnan, China. The genotype is Yunnanosticta wilsoni sp. nov., described here (holotype ♂ from Tongbiguan, Yingjiang County, Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan, China, 23 vi 2015, leg. H.M. Zhang, to be deposited in the Natural History Museum, London). Yunnanosticta cyaneocollaris sp. nov. (holotype ♂ from Tongbiguan, Yingjiang County, Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan, China, 23 vi 2015, leg. H.M. Zhang, to be deposited in the Natural History Museum, London) is also described.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  2. Oladosu Y, Rafii MY, Magaji U, Abdullah N, Miah G, Chukwu SC, et al.
    Biomed Res Int, 2018;2018:8936767.
    PMID: 30105259 DOI: 10.1155/2018/8936767
    The associations among yield-related traits and the pattern of influence on rice grain yield were investigated. This evaluation is important to determine the direct and indirect effects of various traits on yield to determine selection criteria for higher grain yield. Fifteen rice genotypes were evaluated under tropical condition at five locations in two planting seasons. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications across the locations. Data were collected on vegetative and yield components traits. The pooled data based on the analysis of variance revealed that there were significant differences (p < 0.001) among the fifteen genotypes for all the characters studied except for panicle length and 100-grain weight. Highly significant and positive correlations at phenotypic level were observed in grain weight per hill (0.796), filled grains per panicle (0.702), panicles per hill (0.632), and tillers per hill (0.712) with yield per hectare, while moderate positive correlations were observed in flag leaf length to width ratio (0.348), days to flowering (0.412), and days to maturity (0.544). By contrast, unfilled grains per panicle (-0.225) and plant height (-0.342) had a negative significant association with yield per hectare. Filled grains per panicle (0.491) exhibited the maximum positive direct effect on yield followed by grain weight per hill (0.449), while unfilled grain per panicle (-0.144) had a negative direct effect. The maximum indirect effect on yield per hectare was recorded by the tillers per hill through the panicles per hill. Therefore, tillers per hill, filled grains per panicle, and grain weight per hill could be used as selection criteria for improving grain yield in rice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype*
  3. Musa RH, Muhamad NA, Hassan A, Ayob Y, Yusoff NM
    Asian J Transfus Sci, 2015 Jan-Jun;9(1):48-54.
    PMID: 25722573 DOI: 10.4103/0973-6247.150951
    Rh molecular studies have been previously mainly conducted in Caucasians and African population. There is a limited data on the molecular basis for Rh genotypes among Asians.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  4. Harun A
    Malays J Med Sci, 2014 Nov-Dec;21(6):1-2.
    PMID: 25897275
    The emergence of fungal species as opportunistic pathogens has warranted further studies on their pathogenicity, epidemiology, and transmissibility. Fungal genotyping has been employed to study the genetic relatedness within the organism, in order to obtain answers to epidemiological questions (such as in outbreak confirmation) as well as to provide basis for the improvement for patients care. Various fungal genotyping methods have been previously published, which can be chosen depending on the intended use and the capability of individual laboratory.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  5. Siti Yazmin Zahari Sham, Nor Aini Umar, Khalidah Mazlan
    MyJurnal
    With advancement in genetic studies, familial phaeochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL)
    are increasingly being recognized. Characteristically, correlations exist between genotypes and clinical
    and biochemical phenotypes. We report a phaeochromocytoma in a young patient with intriguing family
    histories, raising the possibility of his being a familial case.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  6. AR Siti Nurul Fazlin, H Hairul Aini, HM Hadzri, MM Mohammed Imad
    MyJurnal
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping is very important for the clinical management of HCV-infected patients. The aim of this study was to determine the genotypes of HCV-infected patients and to identify their risk factors and comorbidities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  7. Ezhumalai M, Muthanna A, Suhaili Z, Dzaraly ND, Amin-Nordin S, Amal MNA, et al.
    Malays J Med Sci, 2020 Feb;27(1):134-138.
    PMID: 32158353 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2020.27.1.14
    The aim of this study was to study the genotype of a hospital collection of Group B Streptococcus (GBS) from invasive and non-invasive sites. Fifty-one pre-characterised human of GBS were re-identified and further analysed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) in relation to previously published serotypes. Fifteen sequence types (ST) were found with ST1 being the most predominant. ST1 was also associated with majority of the invasive isolates. The genotypic distribution patterns of GBS in this study were largely in agreement with previous reports from other countries indicating the tendency of certain genotypes to prevail in human infection settings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  8. Rafii M, Zakiah M, Asfaliza R, Iffah Haifaa M, Latif M, Malek M
    Sains Malaysiana, 2014;43:1-7.
    A total of 17 rice genotypes consisted of 12 F1 progenies and five parental lines were evaluated for performance of grain qualities, yield and yield components and vegetative traits at the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) Research Station in Seberang Perai, Penang. Except grain length, all other grain quality characters, yield components and vegetative traits varied significantly among the genotypes. Among the studied characters, the highest heritability value was observed in plant height with 99.75% followed by panicle length having 96.90% and grain shape with 56.70% which could be successfully inherited to the next generations. The rest of the traits had low heritability values and ranged from 20.24 to 35.88%. This indicates that the characters are mainly influenced by environmental factors such as geographical effects and climate. However, in the quantitative traits such as grain qualities and yield components, they are usually difficult to inherit to the next generation due to low heritability values. The combinations of Q76 and MR84 had the highest in amylose content while Q76 and MRQ74 had the lowest. Several selected F1 indica rice genotypes from this evaluation are useful for future breeding programme and biotechnological research for the improvement of valuable grain quality traits.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  9. Kunnath AP, Priyashini T
    Cureus, 2019 Jun 16;11(6):e4907.
    PMID: 31423385 DOI: 10.7759/cureus.4907
    Cancer is one of the greatest threats posed to society, necessitating appropriate diagnosis methods. Modern targeted therapies have greatly advanced the treatment of several solid tumors. The rational use of these agents requires optimal strategies for the rapid and accurate detection of targetable genomic alterations at the time of initial diagnosis and when acquired resistance to targeted therapies develops. Currently used techniques, such as tissue genotyping, have limitations such as difficulty in categorizing tumors, needing frequent sampling, and difficulty in obtaining samples. To overcome these issues, cost-effective and non-invasive methods are an urgent requisite, which would provide an insight into the real-time dynamics of cancers via circulating biomarkers. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), commonly termed "liquid biopsy," has emerged as a new, promising non-invasive tool to detect biomarkers in several cancers. The present review aimed to understand the biological concept of ctDNA and its potential as a biomarker in cancer studies and the clinical utility of this evolutionary diagnostic technique.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  10. Pyvovar SM, Rudyk IS, Kopytsya MP, Lozyk TV, Galchinskaya VY, Bondar TM
    Pol. Merkur. Lekarski, 2019 Nov 29;47(281):170-176.
    PMID: 31812970
    The course of heart failure (HF) and its progression is associated with comorbidities, genetic factors and a dynamics of a number of biomarkers. The low triiodothyronine syndrome (LT3S) is observed in some patients with HF. Extremely little data are available in the literature regarding the effect of β-adrenoreceptors (β-AR) genes polymorphisms on the development of LT3S and many contradictory results about their association with HF course. This encourages new research in this area.

    AIM: The aim of study was to evaluate the relationship of β-adrenergic receptors gene polymorphisms with low triiodothyronine syndrome in patients with a heart failure.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: 354 patients with HF on a background of postinfarction cardiosclerosis were included to the study. At 89 (25.1%) patients LT3S was diagnosed. The course of HF was studied for 2 years. Mean levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free T3f and T4f were evaluated. Genotyping of 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (Gly389Arg of β1-AR gene, Ser49Gly of β1-AR gene, Gln27Glu of β2- AR gene and Ser275 of GNβ3 gene) was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Genetic and epidemiological analysis was performed using the SNPStats program.

    RESULTS: The risk of LT3S in patients with HF increases with homozygous G/G variant of Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β2-AR gene (OR=2.21, p=0.037), described as a recessive model of inheritance. There was a tendency to increase the risk of LT3S development in the presence of the genotype C/T of the Ser275 polymorphism of the GNb3 gene (OR=1.75, p=0.054), described as an over-dominant model. The genotype C/G of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β2-AR gene was associated with a decreased risk of LT3S development (OR=0.54, p=0.037), described as over-dominant model. Patients with HF carriers the A allele (A/GA/A) of the Ser49Gly polymorphism of the β1-AR gene have a lower risk of repeated hospitalization due to HF decompensation (OR=0.50, p=0.032), described as a dominant model. There was a tendency to increase the risk of re-hospitalization in the G-allele (C/GG/ G) variant of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of the β2-AR gene (OR=1.68, p=0.057), described as a dominant heredity model. At patients with HF in combination with LT3S the risk of re-hospitalization increases at C/G variant of the Gln27Glu polymorphism of β2-AR gene (OR=1.25, p=0.025), described as an over-dominant model.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that congenital genetic alterations in β-adrenergic pathways may be associated with the development of LT3S in patients with HF and the features of the HF course.

    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  11. Ahmad F, Hanafi MM, Hakim MA, Rafii MY, Arolu IW, Akmar Abdullah SN
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(9):e0138246.
    PMID: 26393807 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138246
    Coloured rice genotypes have greater nutritious value and consumer demand for these varieties is now greater than ever. The documentation of these genotypes is important for the improvement of the rice plant. In this study, 42 coloured rice genotypes were selected for determination of their genetic divergence using 25 simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers and 15 agro-morphological traits. Twenty-one out of the 25 SSR primers showed distinct, reproducible polymorphism. A dendrogram constructed using the SSR primers clustered the 42 coloured rice genotypes into 7 groups. Further, principle component analysis showed 75.28% of total variations were explained by the first-three components. All agro-morphological traits showed significant difference at the (p≤0.05) and (p≤0.01) levels. From the dendrogram constructed using the agro-morphological traits, all the genotypes were clustered into four distinct groups. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed that among the 15 agro-morphological traits, the yield contributing factor had positive correlation with the number of tillers, number of panicles, and panicle length. The heritability of the 15 traits ranged from 17.68 to 99.69%. Yield per plant and harvest index showed the highest value for both heritability and genetic advance. The information on the molecular and agro-morphological traits can be used in rice breeding programmes to improve nutritional value and produce higher yields.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype*
  12. Soon YY, Junaidi I, Kumarasamy V, Chem YK, Juliana R, Chua KB
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2007 Aug;62(3):214-7.
    PMID: 18246910 MyJurnal
    Since its isolation in Tanzania in 1953, chikungunya virus has caused periodic outbreaks in both tropical Africa and Asia. In the last decade, the virus has shown not only increased activity but has expanded its geographical locations, thus classical delineation of various genotypes of chikungunya virus to specific geographic locales no longer holds true. Rapid mass movement of people and the constant presence of the right vectors in this region could have contributed to the change in virus ecology. This paper documents the first detection of chikungunya virus of Central/East genotype in Malaysia from a patient who was most likely infected with the virus during her visit to India. Without good Aedes vector measures, only time will tell whether this genotype rather than the existing endemic genotype will subsequently cause the next chikungunya outbreak in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype*
  13. Tan KK, Nellis S, Zulkifle NI, Sulaiman S, AbuBakar S
    Epidemiol. Infect., 2018 10;146(13):1635-1641.
    PMID: 29860959 DOI: 10.1017/S0950268818001425
    Dengue virus type 3 genotype III (DENV-3/III) is widely distributed in most dengue-endemic regions. It emerged in Malaysia in 2008 and autochthonously spread in the midst of endemic DENV-3/I circulation. The spread, however, was limited and the virus did not cause any major outbreak. Spatiotemporal distribution study of DENV-3 over the period between 2005 and 2011 revealed that dengue cases involving DENV-3/III occurred mostly in areas without pre-existing circulating DENV-3. Neutralisation assays performed using sera of patients with the respective infection showed that the DENV-3/III viruses can be effectively neutralised by sera of patients with DENV-3 infection (50% foci reduction neutralisation titres (FRNT50) > 1300). Sera of patients with DENV-1 infection (FRNT50 ⩾ 190), but not sera of patients with DENV-2 infection (FRNT50 ⩽ 50), were also able to neutralise the virus. These findings highlight the possibility that the pre-existing homotypic DENV-3 and the cross-reacting heterotypic DENV-1 antibody responses could play a role in mitigating a major outbreak involving DENV-3/III in the Klang Valley, Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype*
  14. Hazwani Ahmad Yusof, Rabinderjeet Singh, Zainuddin Zafarina, Kieron Rooney, Ahmad Munir Che Muhamed
    MyJurnal
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism on athletic status and physical performance of well-trained Malaysian athletes. The distribution of ACE I/D gene polymorphism among 180 well trained athletes was compared with 180 sedentary controls. 20 meter Yo-Yo intermittent recovery and leg strength tests were used to measure maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and leg strength value of athletes with different ACE I/D genotype, respectively. Chi-Square and one way ANOVA tests were used for data analysis. The II and DD genotype were more prevalent among the endurance athletes and the strength/ power athletes compared to the other groups, respectively (p=0.00). The VO2max was not significantly associated with ACE genotype in athlete (p=0.828). However, athletes with the DD genotype had recorded a greater result for leg strength (113.8 ± 36.2) than those with the II (96.2 ± 28.0) and the ID (112.2 ± 33.5) genotype (p=0.047). This study supports the notion that ACE I/D gene polymorphism might be a genetic factor associated with athletic status and strength performance among the Malaysian population. Future studies with more representation of endurance athletes might able to detect the association between I allele and endurance performance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  15. Yamamoto T, Tsuda Y, Mori GM, Cruz MV, Shinmura Y, Wee AK, et al.
    Appl Plant Sci, 2016 Sep;4(9).
    PMID: 27672519 DOI: 10.3732/apps.1600042
    PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Twenty-seven nuclear microsatellite markers were developed for the mangrove fern, Acrostichum aureum (Pteridaceae), to investigate the genetic structure and demographic history of the only pantropical mangrove plant.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-six A. aureum individuals from three populations were sampled and genotyped to characterize the 27 loci. The number of alleles and expected heterozygosity ranged from one to 15 and 0.000 to 0.893, respectively. Across the 26 polymorphic loci, the Malaysian population showed much higher levels of polymorphism compared to the other two populations in Guam and Brazil. Cross-amplification tests in the other two species from the genus determined that seven and six loci were amplifiable in A. danaeifolium and A. speciosum, respectively.

    CONCLUSIONS: The 26 polymorphic microsatellite markers will be useful for future studies investigating the genetic structure and demographic history of of A. aureum, which has the widest distributional range of all mangrove plants.

    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  16. Tan, Y.F., Haresh, K.K., Chai, L.C., Son R.
    MyJurnal
    A study to determine the antibiotic sensitivity pattern and genotyping using RAPD-PCR was performed on 50 C. jejuni isolated from sushi retailed in different supermarkets. With less than half of the isolates susceptible to the antibiotics tested, resistant to two or more antibiotics were observed in most of the isolates. The banding patterns obtained from RAPD-PCR revealed that no predominant clone exists and the bacterial population is rather diverse. Hence, the resistance of the C. jejuni to different classes of antibiotic as well as their diverse genotypes suggests that these C. jejuni isolates were generated from different sources in the contaminated supermarkets where sushi were retailed. Our data showed that C. jejuni can be an important reservoir for resistance genes and that study with comprehensive collections of samples are urgently required to establish better measures to reduce or eliminate the risk from antibiotic resistant and pathogenic bacteria originating from minimally processed ready-to-eat food.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  17. Zuridah H
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):548.
    PMID: 23770884
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  18. Dörk T, Peterlongo P, Mannermaa A, Bolla MK, Wang Q, Dennis J, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2019 08 29;9(1):12524.
    PMID: 31467304 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-48804-y
    Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with 22 disease-causing genes reported to date. In some FA genes, monoallelic mutations have been found to be associated with breast cancer risk, while the risk associations of others remain unknown. The gene for FA type C, FANCC, has been proposed as a breast cancer susceptibility gene based on epidemiological and sequencing studies. We used the Oncoarray project to genotype two truncating FANCC variants (p.R185X and p.R548X) in 64,760 breast cancer cases and 49,793 controls of European descent. FANCC mutations were observed in 25 cases (14 with p.R185X, 11 with p.R548X) and 26 controls (18 with p.R185X, 8 with p.R548X). There was no evidence of an association with the risk of breast cancer, neither overall (odds ratio 0.77, 95%CI 0.44-1.33, p = 0.4) nor by histology, hormone receptor status, age or family history. We conclude that the breast cancer risk association of these two FANCC variants, if any, is much smaller than for BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutations. If this applies to all truncating variants in FANCC it would suggest there are differences between FA genes in their roles on breast cancer risk and demonstrates the merit of large consortia for clarifying risk associations of rare variants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  19. Biswash MR, Sharmin M, Rahman NMF, Farhat T, Siddique MA
    Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:706-716.
    A field experiment was conducted from June to December, 2013 to study the genetic diversity of 15 modern T. Aman rice
    varieties of Bangladesh (Oryza sativa L.) with a view to assess the superior genotype in future hybridization program
    for developing new rice varieties that is suitable for the target environment. Analysis of variance for each trait showed
    significant differences among the varieties. High heritability associated with high genetic advance in percent of mean
    was observed for plant height and thousand seed weight which indicated that selection for these characters would be
    effective. Hence, thrust has to be given for these characters in future breeding program to improve the yield trait in rice.
    Multivariate analysis based on 10 agronomic characters indicated that the 15 varieties were grouped into four distant
    clusters. The inter cluster distance was maximum between cluster II and cluster IV. The highest intra-cluster distance was
    found in cluster IV. Based on positive value of vector 1 and vector 2, plant height and 1000-seed weight had maximum
    contribution towards genetic divergence. From the results, it can be concluded that the varieties BRRI dhan40, BRRI
    dhan44, BRRI dhan46, BRRI dhan49 and BINA dhan7 may be selected for future hybridization program.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
  20. Chua KH, Kee BP, Tan SY, Lian LH
    DOI: 10.3923/jms.2008.437.442
    In this study, we analysed the genetic polymorphisms present in the third intron region of Interleukin-4 gene in Malaysian patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Overall, the RP I and II alleles were found evenly distributed in both the SLE patients and control individuals. There was no significant association observed in the distribution of allelic and genotypic frequencies between SLE patients and healthy controls. The result obtained is similar to a previous study carried out on SLE Chinese patients in Taiwan.
    Matched MeSH terms: Genotype
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