RESULTS: This study was done to assess the hereditary assorted variety of selected genotypes of Capsicum annuum based on their morpho-physiological and yield traits in two planting seasons. Further, their biochemical properties; capsaicinoids content (capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin), add up to the content of phenolic and antioxidant action determination of unripe and ripe chili pepper fruits were carried out at dry fruits. AVPP9813 and Kulai 907 were observed to have high fruit yield with 541.39 g/plant and 502.64 g/plant, respectively. The most increased genotypic coefficient variation (GCV) and phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) were shown by the fruit number per plant (49.71% and 66.04%, respectively). High heritability was observed in yield characters viz-a-viz fruit weight, length and girth and indicated high genetic advance. Eight groups were obtained from the cluster analysis. For the biochemical analysis, the capsaicinoids content and total phenolic content were high in Chili Bangi 3 at unripe and ripe fruit stage while for antioxidant activity SDP203 was the highest in ripe dry fruit.
CONCLUSION: Higher GCV and PCV combined with moderate to high heritability and high hereditary progress were seen in number of fruit per plant, fruit yield per plant and fruit weight per fruit. These findings are beneficial for chili pepper breeders to select desirable quantitative characters in C. annuum in their breeding program. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.