Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 225 in total

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  1. Hanin Hamjah S, Mat Akhir NS
    J Relig Health, 2014 Feb;53(1):279-89.
    PMID: 23563898 DOI: 10.1007/s10943-013-9703-4
    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic/methods
  2. Pau A, Chen YS, Lee VK, Sow CF, Alwis R
    Med Educ Online, 2016 Jan;21(1):29874.
    PMID: 28165931 DOI: 10.3402/meo.v21.29874
    Introduction This paper compares the panel interview (PI) performance with the multiple mini interview (MMI) performance and indication of behavioural concerns of a sample of medical school applicants. The acceptability of the MMI was also assessed. Materials and methods All applicants shortlisted for a PI were invited to an MMI. Applicants attended a 30-min PI with two faculty interviewers followed by an MMI consisting of ten 8-min stations. Applicants were assessed on their performance at each MMI station by one faculty. The interviewer also indicated if they perceived the applicant to be a concern. Finally, applicants completed an acceptability questionnaire. Results From the analysis of 133 (75.1%) completed MMI scoresheets, the MMI scores correlated statistically significantly with the PI scores (r=0.438, p=0.001). Both were not statistically associated with sex, age, race, or pre-university academic ability to any significance. Applicants assessed as a concern at two or more stations performed statistically significantly less well at the MMI when compared with those who were assessed as a concern at one station or none at all. However, there was no association with PI performance. Acceptability scores were generally high, and comparison of mean scores for each of the acceptability questionnaire items did not show statistically significant differences between sex and race categories. Conclusions Although PI and MMI performances are correlated, the MMI may have the added advantage of more objectively generating multiple impressions of the applicant's interpersonal skill, thoughtfulness, and general demeanour. Results of the present study indicated that the MMI is acceptable in a multicultural context.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic/methods*
  3. Haaga J, Davanzo J, Peterson C, Tey NP
    Asia Pac Popul J, 1994 Jun;9(2):61-72.
    PMID: 12288227
    This note reports the experience of an attempt to find and re-interview in late 1988 and early 1989, as part of the Second Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-2), the female respondents to the 1976-77 Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-1) and a sample of their adult children aged 18 or older.... We discuss the field methods used to track the panel members and their adult children, report follow-up rates and analyze the selectivity of attrition from the panel, using data from the MFLS-1 on characteristics of both the missing and the re-interviewed respondents and their families. We then discuss the degree to which these results might be generalized to other such attempts at re-contacting survey respondents.
    Study name: Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-2)
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic*
  4. Kiyu A, Hardin S
    Bull World Health Organ, 1992;70(1):125-8.
    PMID: 1568276
    A cross-sectional survey of 976 households in 41 villages covered by the Rural Health Improvement Scheme in Sarawak was carried out to determine the state of functioning and utilization of rural water supplies. The survey was carried out by inspection and interview. About one-third of the systems were functioning well, one-third imperfectly, and the remainder were no longer functioning. The coverage of households by water supply varied with the type of water supply, the overall coverage being 81.3%. Usage varied with the type of water supply and access, the overall figure being 87.1%, and the overall utilization was 70.8%. The study showed that it is important to account for water supply usage in impact evaluation because not all households have access and not all those with access use the water supply. It is also important to define water use, depending on whether the health outcome is a reduction in diseases that are water-borne or related to washing with water, because the percentage of households using the water for drinking is different from those using it for bathing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  5. Wolffers I
    Lancet, 1996 Mar 02;347(9001):620.
    PMID: 8596348
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  6. Schwallier R, de Boer HJ, Visser N, van Vugt RR, Gravendeel B
    PMID: 25889115 DOI: 10.1186/s13002-015-0010-x
    An accessory to modern developing economies includes a shift from traditional, laborious lifestyles and cuisine to more sedentary careers, recreation and convenience-based foodstuffs. Similar changes in the developed western world have led to harmful health consequences. Minimization of this effect in current transitional cultures could be met by placing value on the maintenance of heritage-rich food. Vitally important to this is the preservation and dissemination of knowledge of these traditional foods. Here, we investigate the history and functionality of a traditional rice snack cooked in Nepenthes pitchers, one of the most iconic and recognizable plants in the rapidly growing economic environment of Southeast Asia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  7. Sen RN, Yeow PH
    Appl Ergon, 2003 Sep;34(5):453-63.
    PMID: 12963331
    A case study to illustrate the cost effectiveness of ergonomic redesign of electronic motherboard was presented. The factory was running at a loss due to the high costs of rejects and poor quality and productivity. Subjective assessments and direct observations were made on the factory. Investigation revealed that due to motherboard design errors, the machine had difficulty in placing integrated circuits onto the pads, the operators had much difficulty in manual soldering certain components and much unproductive manual cleaning (MC) was required. Consequently, there were high rejects and occupational health and safety (OHS) problems, such as, boredom and work discomfort. Also, much labour and machine costs were spent on repairs. The motherboard was redesigned to correct the design errors, to allow more components to be machine soldered and to reduce MC. This eliminated rejects, reduced repairs, saved US dollars 581495/year and improved operators' OHS. The customer also saved US dollars 142105/year on loss of business.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  8. Koutzampasopoulou Xanthidou O, Shuib L, Xanthidis D, Nicholas D
    PMID: 29857585 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15061137
    An Electronic Medical Record (EMR) is a patient's database record that can be transmitted securely. There are a diversity of EMR systems for different medical units to choose from. The structure and value of these systems is the focus of this qualitative study, from a medical professional's standpoint, as well as its economic value and whether it should be shared between health organizations. The study took place in the natural setting of the medical units' environments. A purposive sample of 40 professionals in Greece and Oman, was interviewed. The study suggests that: (1) The demographics of the EMR should be divided in categories, not all of them accessible and/or visible by all; (2) The EMR system should follow an open architecture so that more categories and subcategories can be added as needed and following a possible business plan (ERD is suggested); (3) The EMR should be implemented gradually bearing in mind both medical and financial concerns; (4) Sharing should be a patient's decision as the owner of the record. Reaching a certain level of maturity of its implementation and utilization, it is useful to seek the professionals' assessment on the structure and value of such a system.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  9. Yeh FH, Yang CC
    Res Dev Disabil, 2014 Dec;35(12):3462-8.
    PMID: 25209925 DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2014.08.009
    This study proposed a new information and commutation technology assisted blind telephone interview (ICT-ABTI) system to help visually impaired people to do telephone interview jobs as normal sighted people and create more diverse employment opportunities for them. The study also used an ABAB design to assess the system with seven visually impaired people. As the results, they can accomplish 3070 effective telephone interviews per month independently. The results also show that working performance of the visually impaired can be improved effectively with appropriate design of operation working flow and accessible software. The visually impaired become productive, lucrative, and self-sufficient by using ICT-ABTI system to do telephone interview jobs. The results were also shared through the APEC Digital Opportunity Center platform to help visually impaired in Philippines, Malaysia and China.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic*
  10. Khare CB, Upadhyaya S, Su KW
    Med J Malaysia, 1988 Jun;43(2):100-8.
    PMID: 3237125
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic*
  11. Arunasalam N
    Nurse Res, 2019 Jun 12;27(2):38-41.
    PMID: 31468887 DOI: 10.7748/nr.2019.e1605
    BACKGROUND: A study was conducted with Malaysian nurses who had studied on an Australian or UK transnational higher education post-registration top-up nursing degree programmes taught by 'flying faculty'.

    AIM: To reflect on the transcription, analysis, interpretation and translation of data in this cross-cultural study.

    DISCUSSION: The findings of this study show how these nurses developed personally and professionally despite challenges, which enabled them to attain a western degree.

    CONCLUSION: Some important aspects of cross-cultural research need to be considered when conducting studies and presenting their findings, as cultural values continue to affect society.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The discussion provided will assist novice researchers, nurse research and clinical practice and reviewers of scientific articles when conducting cross-cultural research.

    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic*
  12. Liew CH, Flaherty GT
    Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2020 03;102(3):689-697.
    PMID: 31933464 DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0793
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among international travelers. It is unknown whether CVD is a barrier to international travel. The purpose of this study was to describe the travel experiences of a cohort of individuals with CVD, to identify their perceived barriers to travel, and to generate recommendations for CVD travelers, medical practitioners, and the travel industry. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with CVD patients who had attended either a regional, structured, multidisciplinary CVD prevention program or a cardiac rehabilitation program. Coding and thematic analysis of the transcripts were supported by NVivo® computer software. Peer debriefing with an independent researcher was undertaken. Demographic and clinical data such as gender, age, and types of cardiovascular condition were also recorded. Twelve patients (eight males), with a mean age of 68 ± 7.58 years, agreed to semi-structured interviews (26-78 minutes duration). The key themes emerging from the interviews included altered travel perception, accessing medical care overseas, issues with medications, medical device concerns at airports, restricted leisure travel activities, and optimal self-care. All interviewees perceived a health benefit to travel and did not regard CVD as a significant barrier to international travel. Certain cardiovascular conditions precipitated more travel anxiety. These findings highlight the unique experiences of CVD patients when engaging in international travel. Cardiovascular disease optimization and responsible travel health behaviors would facilitate medically uneventful overseas travel. The results may inform pretravel health advice given to CVD travelers. Further studies on issues relating to air travel in CVD are warranted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic*
  13. Rahman NA, Fauzi AA, Chung TY, Latif LA, Chan SC
    Aust J Gen Pract, 2020 2 3;49(1-2):48-53.
    PMID: 32008261 DOI: 10.31128/AJGP-07-19-4991
    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diabetic Charcot foot (DCF) can cause gross structural deformities of the foot and ankle. The main objective of this study was to identify complications of DCF and its associated factors.

    METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study. Data on medical background, previous DCF treatment and complications were obtained. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to measure factors related to various complications of DCF.

    RESULTS: Ninety-eight patient records were retrieved. Of the 83 patients who were still alive, 75.9% (n = 63) had recurrent ulcers, 53.0% (n = 44) had undergone foot surgery and 45.8% (n = 38) had undergone amputation. Patients with a history of recurrent ulcers have the highest predilection to amputation (odds ratio: 8.5; 95% confidence interval: 1.8, 39.1).

    DISCUSSION: In terms of DCF complications, foot ulcers are an independent predictor of recurrent foot ulcers, foot surgery and amputation. Regular foot assessment of patients with DCF to prevent ulcers is strongly recommended.

    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic/methods
  14. Norlehan AS, Aisyah MZ, Rozimah O, Lee PY, Ng CJ
    Malays Fam Physician, 2014;9(2):34-40.
    PMID: 25883763
    INTRODUCTION: Continuous professional development (CPD) is an important aspect of a medical practitioner's career. AIMing to be at par with other developed countries for high quality of professional practice, Malaysia is planning to implement compulsory CPD for the doctors.
    AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the private general practitioners' (GPs) views, experiences and needs regarding CPD programme in the primary care service.
    METHODS: This study used a qualitative methodology. Seven semi-structured interviews and three focus group discussions were conducted with private general practitioners from an urban area of Malaysia between January and December 2012. An interview topic guide was developed based on literature review and researchers' discussions and it was used to guide the interviews. All the interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and the transcripts formed the data for analysis using the thematic approach.
    RESULTS: GPs undertook a wide range of CPD programmes to keep up with medical advances, meet patients' expectations and improve financial rewards. Conferences, lectures and online recourses were the most mentioned methods of keeping updated. Some of the GPs felt that peer motivation and networking seem to motivate and facilitate participation in CPD programmes. However, they were wary of the validity and relevance of some CPD programmes, particularly those related to pharmaceutical industry. Although the participants agreed to the new mandatory CPD regulation, they voiced concerns on how it would be implemented and wished for a more effective method of monitoring.
    CONCLUSIONS: Organised peer support and relevant CPD content may improve GP participation in CPD but adequate regulatory measure should be in place to monitor the CPD activities.
    KEYWORDS: Private general practitioner; continuous; medical education; primary care; professional development; qualitative study
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  15. Mulligan K, Elliott SJ, Schuster-Wallace C
    Health Place, 2012 May;18(3):613-20.
    PMID: 22310527 DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.01.001
    This case study investigates the connections among urban planning, governance and dengue fever in an emerging market context in the Global South. Key informant interviews were conducted with leading figures in public health, urban planning and governance in the planned city of Putrajaya, Malaysia. Drawing on theories of urban political ecology and ecosocial epidemiology, the qualitative study found the health of place - expressed as dengue-bearing mosquitoes and dengue fever in human bodies in the urban environment - was influenced by the place of health in a hierarchy of urban priorities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  16. Samy GN, Ahmad R, Ismail Z
    Health Informatics J, 2010 Sep;16(3):201-9.
    PMID: 20889850 DOI: 10.1177/1460458210377468
    This article attempts to investigate the various types of threats that exist in healthcare information systems (HIS). A study has been carried out in one of the government-supported hospitals in Malaysia.The hospital has been equipped with a Total Hospital Information System (THIS). The data collected were from three different departments, namely the Information Technology Department (ITD), the Medical Record Department (MRD), and the X-Ray Department, using in-depth structured interviews. The study identified 22 types of threats according to major threat categories based on ISO/IEC 27002 (ISO 27799:2008). The results show that the most critical threat for the THIS is power failure followed by acts of human error or failure and other technological factors. This research holds significant value in terms of providing a complete taxonomy of threat categories in HIS and also an important component in the risk analysis stage.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  17. Short J, McDonald S, Turner T, Martis R, SEA-ORCHID Study Group
    BMC Med Educ, 2010;10:37.
    PMID: 20492706 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-10-37
    Fellowships are a component of many professional education programs. They provide opportunities to develop skills and competencies in an environment where time is protected and resources and technical support are more readily available. The SEA-ORCHID fellowships program aimed to increase capacity for evidence-based practice and research synthesis, and to encourage fellows to become leaders in these areas.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  18. Turner TJ
    BMC Health Serv Res, 2009;9:235.
    PMID: 20003536 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-9-235
    Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines support clinical decision-making by making recommendations to guide clinical practice. These recommendations are developed by integrating the expertise of a multidisciplinary group of clinicians with the perspectives of consumers and the best available research evidence. However studies have raised concerns about the quality of guideline development, and particularly the link between research and recommendations. The reasons why guideline developers are not following the established development methods are not clear.We aimed to explore the barriers to developing evidence-based guidelines in eleven hospitals in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand, so as to better understand how evidence-based guideline development could be facilitated in these settings. The research aimed to identify the value clinicians place on guidelines, what clinicians want in guidelines developed in hospital settings and what factors limit rigorous evidence-based guideline development in these settings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  19. Lim VW, Staines A
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Dec;62(5):398-401.
    PMID: 18705475 MyJurnal
    Cerebral Palsy (CP) describes a group of chronic conditions affecting body movement and muscle coordination caused by damage to one or more areas of the brain, occurring at any time during foetal development to infancy. This research was carried out to learn how parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) had found and accessed services provided for them in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. It was based in the Spastic Children's Association of Selangor and Federal Territory (SCAS&FT) among 96 of 201 parents of children who use the facilities and services provided by the SCAS&FT through questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. There was a satisfactory level of availability and accessibility of contacting and using the services provided by SCAS&FT in terms of respondent satisfaction. However, parents had varying levels of awareness of the different classes and activities carried out by the school. Efforts to improve knowledge regarding the services available for children with CP in the general population and among parents of these children should be promoted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
  20. Kiyu A, Steinkuehler AA, Hashim J, Hall J, Lee PF, Taylor R
    Health Promot Int, 2006 Mar;21(1):13-8.
    PMID: 16394026
    Sarawak, Malaysia has a large population of ethnic minorities who live in longhouses in remote rural areas where poverty, non-communicable diseases, accidents and injuries, environmental hazards and communicable diseases all contribute to a lower quality of life than is possible to achieve in these regions. To address these issues and improve the quality of life for longhouse people, the Kapit Divisional Health Office implemented the World Health Organization's Healthy Village programme in 2000. An evaluation was undertaken in 2003 to determine physical and behavioural changes resulting from the programme. The main changes evaluated were those involving smoking habits, exercise habits, health screening, fire safety, environmental improvements and food preparation and hygiene. A qualitative evaluation was conducted using participant observation and key-informant interviews, focus groups and observation. Results indicate that the programme is inspiring changes in various behavioural and physical characteristics of the study population. It is clear that the Healthy Village programme is a widely accepted way of improving health outcomes in longhouses, and that it is succeeding in making beneficial health changes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interviews as Topic
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