Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 118 in total

  1. Hiew MWH, Megahed AA, Horstman LA, Constable PD
    J Dairy Sci, 2020 Jun;103(6):5575-5590.
    PMID: 32307156 DOI: 10.3168/jds.2019-17800
    An accurate, practical, and low-cost method for predicting parturition is urgently needed in the dairy industry. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in plasma progesterone concentration ([prog]) and glucose concentration in whole blood ([gluc]b) and plasma ([gluc]p) as predictors of parturition within 6, 12, and 24 h in primiparous and multiparous Holstein cows. Blood samples were obtained daily at approximately 0900 h from 34 primiparous and 72 multiparous Holstein cows in late gestation and the time of calving recorded to the nearest hour. Plasma [prog] was measured using an ELISA, and [gluc]b and [gluc]p using a low-cost point-of-care glucose meter. The optimal cut-point for predicting parturition was determined using binomial logistic regression with general estimating equations, because the data set consisted of repeated measures for each cow. Diagnostic test performance was evaluated by comparing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and calculating the sensitivity, specificity, and κ at the optimal cut-point for predicting parturition. Plasma [prog] was the most accurate predictor of parturition within 24 h (AUC = 0.96) and 12 h (AUC = 0.93), whereas [gluc]b was the most accurate predictor of parturition within 6 h (primiparous, AUC = 0.96; multiparous, AUC = 0.86). We conclude that a decrease in plasma [prog] is currently the most accurate test for predicting calving within 24 h. Measurement of [gluc]b is a promising new test for the cow-side prediction of parturition in dairy cows due to its accuracy, practicality, and low cost.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition/blood*; Parturition/physiology*
    Med J Malaya, 1954 Jun;8(4):330-6.
    PMID: 13193270
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition*
  3. Ferreira CWS, Atan IK, Martin A, Shek KL, Dietz HP
    Int Urogynecol J, 2017 Oct;28(10):1499-1505.
    PMID: 28285396 DOI: 10.1007/s00192-017-3297-4
    INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Female pelvic organ prolapse is highly prevalent and childbirth has been shown to be an important risk factor. The study was carried out to observe if pelvic organ support deteriorates over time following a first birth.

    METHODS: This is a retrospective review using archived data sets of women seen in the context of two prospective perinatal imaging studies. All subjects had undergone a standardised interview, a clinical examination and 4D translabial ultrasound, 3 months and 2-5 years post-partum. Main outcome measures were pelvic organ descent and hiatal area at maximum Valsalva manoeuvre. Means at the two time points were compared using paired Student's t test. Predictors of change over time in continuous variables were explored using linear modelling methods.

    RESULTS: A total of 300 women had at least two postnatal follow-ups. They were first seen on average 0.39 (SD 0.2, range 0.2-2.1) years and again 3.1 (SD 1.5, range 1.4-8) years after the index delivery, with a mean interval of 2.71 (SD 1.5, range 0.7-7.7) years, providing a total of 813 (300 × 2.71) woman-years of observation. On univariate analysis, there was a significant decrease in mobility over time of the bladder neck, bladder, and rectal ampulla (P = < 0.004) and hiatal area (P = 0.012). The degree of improvement was less marked in women with levator avulsion.

    CONCLUSIONS: A significant reduction in pelvic organ descent and hiatal area was noted over a mean of 2.7 years after a first birth.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition/physiology*
  4. Davenport C, Swami V
    Issues Ment Health Nurs, 2023 Dec;44(12):1188-1199.
    PMID: 37819864 DOI: 10.1080/01612840.2023.2262574
    Understandings of paternal postnatal depression (PND) in fathers from the United Kingdom (UK) have received limited attention, particularly in view of changing dynamics of contemporary parenthood. To rectify this, eight UK fathers with PND took part in one-to-one interviews, with Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis used to understand their lived experiences. Our findings demonstrate that UK fathers with PND experienced extremely distressing emotions, including anger and misery, after their babies are born. Their working practices were highly relevant to their fatherhood, with working considered a key responsibility and a source of stress, but also a "legitimate" escape from the home. Fathers' relationships with their partners were experienced as less intimate and conflicted. Fathers often hid their feelings to protect their partners, but also reported their partners as being aware of their challenging and difficult emotions. Healthcare providers should be professionally curious about fathers' mental health and consider the assistance of mothers in identifying cases of paternal PND.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition/psychology
  5. Rajbanshi S, Norhayati MN, Nik Hazlina NH
    PMID: 34071394 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18115801
    Maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality tend to decrease if referral advice during pregnancy is utilized appropriately. This study explores the reasons for nonadherence to referral advice among high-risk pregnant women. A qualitative study was conducted in Morang District, Nepal. A phenomenological inquiry was used. Fourteen participants were interviewed in-depth. High-risk women who did not comply with the referral to have a hospital birth were the study participants. Participants were chosen purposively until data saturation was achieved. The data were generated using thematic analysis. Preference of homebirth, women's diminished autonomy and financial dependence, conditional factors, and sociocultural factors were the four major themes that hindered hospital births. Women used antenatal check-ups to reaffirm normalcy in their current pregnancies to practice homebirth. For newly-wed young women, information barriers such as not knowing where to seek healthcare existed. The poorest segments and marginalized women did not adhere to referral hospital birth advice even when present with high-risk factors in pregnancy. Multiple factors, including socioeconomic and sociocultural factors, affect women's decision to give birth in the referral hospital. Targeted interventions for underprivileged communities and policies to increase facility-based birth rates are recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition*
  6. Dwekat IMM, Ismail TAT, Ibrahim MI, Ghrayeb F, Hanafi WSWM, Ghazali AK
    Midwifery, 2021 Nov;102:103076.
    PMID: 34224953 DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2021.103076
    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to develop and validate a new questionnaire to measure mistreatment of women during childbirth and its association with satisfaction and perceived quality of care among women in West Bank, Palestine.

    RESEARCH DESIGN /SETTING: A cross-sectional validation study was conducted in middle and south of West Bank from February 2019 to June 2020. Two-hundred postpartum women were given self-administered and online questionnaire. Content and face validity were assessed. The "satisfaction of care" and "perceived quality of care" domains were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis, while items in "experience of mistreatment" domain were evaluated descriptively. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess the reliability of the questionnaire items.

    FINDINGS: The new questionnaire consisted of three domains: "satisfaction of care", "perceived quality of care", and "experience of mistreatment" during childbirth. Five new items were added and two items were removed during content validation. Another two items were deleted through face validation. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted for the "satisfaction of care" and "perceived quality of care" domains. Two factors were identified for each domain, with a factor loading of more than 0.5. Twelve items were deleted from "satisfaction of care" domain and two items from "perceived quality of care" domain. The Cronbach's alpha values for the two factors in both domains were more than 0.87. The items in the "experience of mistreatment during childbirth" domain were evaluated descriptively.

    KEY CONCLUSIONS: The new questionnaire is valid and reliable. The final questionnaire consists of 11 items for "satisfaction of care", 16 items for "perceived quality of care" and 43 items for "experience of mistreatment of women during childbirth".

    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition*
  7. Dwekat IMM, Ismail TAT, Ibrahim MI, Ghrayeb F, Abbas E
    Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2022 Oct 13;19(20).
    PMID: 36293759 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192013180
    Mistreatment of women during childbirth is a clear breach of women's rights during childbirth. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of mistreatment of women during childbirth in the north of West Bank, Palestine. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 269 women within the first 16 weeks of their last vaginal childbirth to understand the childbirth events by using proportionate stratified random sampling. An Arabic valid questionnaire was used as a study instrument. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the factors associated with each type of mistreatment. The mean age of the women was 26.5 (SD 4.77) years. The overall prevalence of mistreatment was 97.8%. There were six types of mistreatment. Nine factors were significantly associated with the occurrence of one or more types of mistreatment. Delivery at a public childbirth facility was associated with all of the six types (aAdjOR: 2.17-16.77; p-values < 0.001-0.013). Women who lived in villages (aAdjOR 2.33; p-value = 0.047), had low education (aAdjOR 5.09; p-value = 0.004), underwent induction of labour (aAdjOR 3.03; p-value = 0.001), had a long duration of labour (aAdjOR 1.10; p-value = 0.011), did not receive pain killers (aAdjOR: 2.18-3.63; p-values = 0.010-0.020), or had an episiotomy or tear (aAdjOR 5.98; p-value < 0.001) were more likely to experience one or more types of mistreatment. With every one-hour increase in the duration of labor, women were 1.099 times more likely to experience a failure to meet the professional standard of care. Women were less likely to experience mistreatment with increasing age. Women with increasing age (aAdjOR: 0.91-0.92; p-values = 0.003-0.014) and parity (aAdjOR 0.72; p-value = 0.010) were less likely to experience mistreatment. Awareness of women's fundamental rights during childbirth, making the childbirth process as normal as possible, and improving the childbirth facilities' conditions, policies, practices and working environment may decrease mistreatment occurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition*
  8. Ahmad Tajuddin NAN, Suhaimi J, Ramdzan SN, Malek KA, Ismail IA, Shamsuddin NH, et al.
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 2020 May 19;20(1):309.
    PMID: 32429857 DOI: 10.1186/s12884-020-02987-9
    BACKGROUND: Incidences of unassisted home birthing practices have been increasing in Malaysia despite the accessibility to safe and affordable child birthing facilities. We aimed to explore the reasons for women to make such decisions.

    METHODS: Twelve women participated in in-depth interviews. They were recruited using a snowballing approach. The interviews were supported by a topic guide which was developed based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour and previous literature. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis.

    RESULTS: Women in this study described a range of birthing experiences and personal beliefs as to why they chose unassisted home birth. Four themes emerged from the interviews; i) preferred birthing experience, ii) birth is a natural process, iii) expressing autonomy and iv) faith. Such decision to birth at home unassisted was firm and steadfast despite the possible risks and complications that can occur. Giving birth is perceived to occur naturally regardless of assistance, and unassisted home birth provides the preferred environment which health facilities in Malaysia may lack. They believed that they were in control of the birth processes apart from fulfilling the spiritual beliefs.

    CONCLUSIONS: Women may choose unassisted home birth to express their personal views and values, at the expense of the health risks. Apart from increasing mothers' awareness of the possible complications arising from unassisted home births, urgent efforts are needed to provide better birth experiences in healthcare facilities that resonate with the mothers' beliefs and values.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition/psychology
  9. Nema S, Vyas G, Sirsikar A, Bhoj PK
    Malays Orthop J, 2012 Jun;6(SupplA):41-2.
    PMID: 25279074 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1211.010
    We present here a unique case of humeroradial synostosis. These anomalies are due to longitudinal failure of differentiation. Approximately 150 cases of humeroradial synostosis have been reported worldwide, the majority of which are familial in nature or associated with syndromes. The case presented here involves an infant aged 1½ months, born with bilateral humeroradial synostosis without familial or syndromic association. To the best of our knowledge, no such case has been reported in Asia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  10. Ng SY
    Indian J Dermatol, 2015 Jul-Aug;60(4):420.
    PMID: 26288431 DOI: 10.4103/0019-5154.160515
    A 3-month-old female patient with a giant ulcerated nodule over the back since birth was diagnosed as congenital giant juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) based on clinical and histopathological examination. Congenital giant JXG with ulceration at birth is a rare presentation of JXG and commonly misdiagnosed. This case emphasizes the importance of being aware of the myriad presentations of JXG in order to make a correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary investigations or treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  11. Rosmiarti, Ria G, Maya A, Jamalluddin SB
    Enferm Clin, 2020 06;30 Suppl 5:110-114.
    PMID: 32713546 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.034
    BACKGROUND: Childbirth is a physiological event in every development of a woman to become a mother. This event can cause trauma because of the pain she experienced. The main factors in labor are passage, passager and power, psychological (psychological factors) and childbirth helpers. A woman needs physical, emotional, psychosexual and psychosocial maturity before marriage and becomes pregnant. Feelings of anxiety, fear of pain will make women uneasy facing pregnancy, childbirth and childbirth, non-pharmacological therapy that can be given in various ways, namely; acupressure, acupuncture, cold compresses, warm compresses, hydrotherapy, hypnotherapy, endorphin massage, relaxation and distraction techniques. The effectiveness of giving murotal Al-Quran audio will increase the power of faith and provide peace of mind.

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of Murotal Al Quran Therapy on Decreasing Labor Pain and Anxiety in Maternity in the First Phase in Maternity Clinic Ar-Rahmah Indralaya Ogan Ilir. The population of this research was maternity inpartu when I was an active phase which amounted to 20 people.

    METHODS: The type of research used in this study was quasi-experiment. The research design used was one group comparison pretest-posttest design to test the intensity of pain intensity using Shapiro-Wilk.

    RESULT: From the results of the study obtained the normality test obtained p=0.039 and 0.069 which showed the data did not normally distribute, the difference between before and after being given Murotal Al-Quran 0.30 with p=0.008 showed that there was a difference in pain scale before and after therapy Murotal Al-Quran, for the anxiety of the difference between before and after being given therapeutic Murotal Al-Quran 0.021 with p=0.025 which shows that there are differences in pain scale before and after the Murotal Al-Quran is concluded.

    CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that Murotal Al-Quran can reduce pain and anxiety in maternity when I was an active phase. It is expected that midwives can improve services through the development of midwifery care, especially for women who experience severe pain.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  12. Mohd Rushdan, M.N.
    Caesarean section has become the most common major surgical procedure which is performed worldwide. Caesarean section is considered as a lifesaving procedure for both mother and baby. It is estimated that 18.5 million caesarean sections are performed yearly, worldwide. In the United States, more than one million caesarean sections are being performed, annually. Overall rates of caesarean section have increased in the last 30 years without significant improvement in perinatal or maternal outcomes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  13. Rahman M, Shariff AA, Shafie A, Saaid R, Tahir RM
    PMID: 26825988 DOI: 10.1186/s41043-015-0020-2
    Caesarean delivery (C-section) rates have been increasing dramatically in the past decades around the world. This increase has been attributed to multiple factors such as maternal, socio-demographic and institutional factors and is a burning issue of global aspect like in many developed and developing countries. Therefore, this study examines the relationship between mode of delivery and time to event with provider characteristics (i.e., covariates) respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  14. Naser E, Mackey S, Arthur D, Klainin-Yobas P, Chen H, Creedy DK
    Midwifery, 2012 Dec;28(6):e865-71.
    PMID: 22079015 DOI: 10.1016/j.midw.2011.10.003
    to explore the traditional birthing practices of Singaporean women.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition/ethnology*; Parturition/psychology
  15. Law AT
    Environ Pollut, 1995;88(3):341-3.
    PMID: 15091547
    The effect of the oil-spill dispersant Corexit 9527 on egg-hatching rate of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) was studied by using an innovated flow-through bioassay technique. This bioassay method relies on the fact that M. rosenbergii fertilized eggs when detached from the mother prawn were able to hatch artificially. The flow-through system generated a stable and good water quality environment for hatching the eggs successfully. The Corexit 9527 had a pronounced effect on hatching rate of the M. rosenbergii eggs. In the control, the hatching rate of the eggs was 95.55% +/- 1.74%. However, it was reduced drastically with increasing concentrations of Corexit 9527. A 100% inhibition of egg hatchability was found when the level of Corexit 9527 was higher than 250 mg litre(-1). The EC(50) and the EC(95) values estimated by the probit method were 80.4 +/- 5.5 mg litre(-1) and 193.5 +/- 39.9 mg litre(-1) respectively (P = 0.05). The recommended safety level of Corexit 9527 for M. rosenbergii in Malaysian estuarine waters is below 40 mg litre(-1).
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  16. Simanullang E, Dioso RI
    Enferm Clin, 2020 06;30 Suppl 5:96-98.
    PMID: 32713595 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.030
    Maternity illness and death rate is high in many developing countries, including Indonesia due to bleeding in the post childbirth (28%), miscarriage complication (12%), and sepsis (9%). The main reason for maternity illness in implementation of APN which is in accordance with midwife competence standard is carried out. The objective of the research was to find out the implementation of midwife competence standard in APN implementation behavior. The research used qualitative narrative method. It was conducted at RSU Ridos, Medan. The informants were 4 midwives, 1 owner, and 2 childbirth women. The data were analyzed qualitatively by interpreting the data in the form of sentences. The result of the research showed that the implementation of midwife competence standard in carrying out normal childbirth care in RSU was good. Midwives' knowledge was good since all of them were D-III midwifery graduates. Senior midwives' skill was better than that of young ones although the latter were controlled by their seniors and bay the hospital owner. The skilled midwives had participated in APN training, while the unskilled ones had not. Midwives behavior, especially the seniors' was good in implementing APN in RSU Ridos, but young midwives still needed experience in implementing APN so that their behavior was in accordance with midwife competence standard and to oath of office. It is recommended that the hospital management increase midwives' knowledge and skill in Normal Childbirth Care, and make midwives who not yet followed training participate in it.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
  17. Basari N, Mustafa NS, Yusrihan NEN, Yean CW, Ibrahim Z
    Trop Life Sci Res, 2019 Jan;30(1):23-31.
    PMID: 30847031 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/tlsr2019.30.1.2
    Ficus plants are commonly planted as ornamentals along roadsides in Malaysia. In 2010, Ficus plants in Kuala Terengganu were found to be attacked by a moth, identified as Trilocha varians. The larvae of this moth fed on Ficus leaves causing up to 100% defoliation. This study was conducted to determine the life cycle of T. varians under two different environmental temperatures and to control this pest using two different insecticides. Our findings showed that there were significant differences in the time taken for eggs to hatch and larval and pupation period between low and high environmental temperatures. Results also showed that fipronil had lower LT50 and LT95 than malathion. This study provides new information on the life history of T. varians under two different conditions and the efficiency in controlling T. varians larvae using insecticides. The results of this study are important for future management in controlling T. varians population especially in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parturition
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