Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 43 in total

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  1. Ngeow WC, Dionysius DD, Ishak H, Nambiar P
    Singapore Dent J, 2010 Jun;31(1):15-9.
    PMID: 23739252 DOI: 10.1016/S0377-5291(12)70004-4
    Mental foramen is an opening of the mental canal onto the lateral surface of the mandible. In this pilot radiographical study, in Malay population the effects of ageing towards the location and visibility of the mental foramen were determined. Most of the mental foramina were found to be located inferior to the apex of the second premolar. Non-visibility of the foramen was greatly increased in patients aged 50 years and above (Pearson Chi-square; p = 0.00). This finding may provide a guide to dental surgeries in Malay patients of different age groups.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic*
  2. Abu Asab S, Noor SN, Khamis MF
    Singapore Dent J, 2011;32(1):19-27.
    PMID: 23739283 DOI: 10.1016/S0377-5291(12)70012-3
    This study is aimed to evaluate the accuracy of Demirjian method in estimating the chronological age of male and female Kelantanese Malay children between 6 and 16 years of age and to establish a new dental age (DA) curve if the Demirjian method was not found to be accurate. About 905 panoramic radiographs of healthy Malay children between 6 and 16 years of age were collected from the radiographic unit in the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) and the orthodontic clinic in Hospital Kota Bharu (HKB). Children who had any disease affecting the dental development, or have agenesis in the lower arch and poor quality radiographic images were excluded. The results showed that Demirjian method overestimated the chronological age (CA) by 1.23 years for boys and 1.20 years for girls and it was less accurate for the Kelantanese Malay children. Thus new standard curve were produced and tested on external samples. Results showed that the mean difference between the chronological age and DA is about 0.17 years for boys and 0.11 years for girls. DA was more advanced in the Kelantanese Malay boys and girls as compared to French-Canadian children in all age groups. It is concluded that the Demirjian method tends to be less accurate in estimating the chronological age in Malay children. The new curve that was produced is more applicable to the Kelantanese Malay children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic*
  3. Varghese E, Samson RS, Nagraj SK, Chandrappa PR
    BMJ Case Rep, 2017 Nov 01;2017.
    PMID: 29092975 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2017-222497
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  4. Kumaresan R, Cugati N, Chandrasekaran B, Karthikeyan P
    J Investig Clin Dent, 2016 Feb;7(1):102-9.
    PMID: 25048008 DOI: 10.1111/jicd.12116
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of Demirjian's, Willems, Nolla's, Haavikko's, and Cameriere's radiographic methods of dental-age estimation in a population of Malaysian children.

    METHODS: A total of 426 dental panoramic radiographs of 5-15-year-old Malaysian children were included in the study. The mean age error and absolute age error for all the methods were calculated and their usability analyzed.

    RESULTS: The Nolla, Willems. and Demirjian methods overestimated the dental age with a mean of 0.97, 0.54, and 0.54 years, respectively, while the Cameriere and Haavikko methods underestimated by 0.41 and 1.31 years, respectively. The Cameriere method was highly precise and accurate in the population of Malaysian children, whereas the Haavikko and Demirjian methods were the least precise and accurate.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Cameriere method of dental-age estimation is highly valid and reliable for Malaysian population, followed by the Willems and Nolla methods.

    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic*
  5. Tandjung YR, Hong CP, Nambiar P, Ibrahim N
    Int Dent J, 2007 Jun;57(3):173-6.
    PMID: 17695738 DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595X.2007.tb00121.x
    A 50-year-old friendly and attractive Chinese lady was examined by the Primary Care Unit, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya. Her requests for treatment included implants and crowns. Two periapical radiographs of teeth 16 and 48 were taken to aid diagnosis. Interestingly, pin-like radio-opaque objects were found over the crown of the impacted tooth 15 and also tooth 17. These objects were initially interpreted as silver points or radiographic artifacts but further investigation employing panoramic radiography revealed the distribution of more radio-opaque objects in the orofacial region. Based on a review of the literature and the opinion of experienced radiology and oral surgery lecturers, these foreign radio-opaque objects were diagnosed as susuks or charm needles.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic*
  6. Devang Divakar D, Mavinapalla S, Al Kheraif AA, Ramakrishnaiah R, Abd Rahim MF, Khan AA
    Med Sci Law, 2016 Jul;56(3):230-2.
    PMID: 26271077 DOI: 10.1177/0025802415599567
    Susuk, or charm needles, are small, metallic needles inserted under the skin, considered to enhance beauty, health and luck. This hidden secret of inserting susuk is a traditional superstitious ritual, widely practiced among women of Southeast Asia. Here, we present an interesting case of incidental radiographic finding of the concealed art of susuk, which was exposed on a panoramic radiograph taken on a routine basis as a part of diagnostic work up at our centre. An orthopantomogram revealed bilateral metallic foreign bodies in the maxillo-facial region. Anamnestic data affirmed the practice of the body art of susuk. The charm needles were present in the orofacial region without the patient experiencing any pathological signs or symptoms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  7. Jayaraman J, Roberts G
    Forensic Sci Med Pathol, 2016 12;12(4):532-533.
    PMID: 27669714
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  8. Cugati N, Kumaresan R, Srinivasan B, Karthikeyan P
    J Forensic Dent Sci, 2015 Sep-Dec;7(3):227-31.
    PMID: 26816464 DOI: 10.4103/0975-1475.172445
    BACKGROUND: Age estimation is of prime importance in forensic science and clinical dentistry. Age estimation based on teeth development is one reliable approach. Many radiographic methods are proposed on the Western population for estimating dental age, and a similar assessment was found to be inadequate in Malaysian population. Hence, this study aims at formulating a regression model for dental age estimation in Malaysian children population using Cameriere's method.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthopantomographs of 421 Malaysian children aged between 5 and 16 years involving all the three ethnic origins were digitalized and analyzed using Cameriere's method of age estimation. The subjects' age was modeled as a function of the morphological variables, gender (g), ethnicity, sum of normalized open apices (s), number of tooth with completed root formation (N0) and the first-order interaction between s and N0.
    RESULTS: The variables that contributed significantly to the fit were included in the regression model, yielding the following formula: Age = 11.368-0.345g + 0.553No -1.096s - 0.380s.No, where g is a variable, 1 for males and 2 for females. The equation explained 87.1% of total deviance.
    CONCLUSION: The results obtained insist on reframing the original Cameriere's formula to suit the population of the nation specifically. Further studies are to be conducted to evaluate the applicability of this formula on a larger sample size.
    KEYWORDS: Age estimation; Cameriere's method; dental age; forensic odontology
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  9. Nor MM, Yushar A, Razali M, Rahman RA, Ramli R
    Dentomaxillofac Radiol, 2006 Nov;35(6):473-4.
    PMID: 17082343
    Susuk, or charm needles, are inserted and worn subcutaneously in the face and other parts of the body, as they are believed to enhance beauty and youth, and for many other reasons such as treatment of headache, aches and pains in the joints, back or abdomen. The practice of inserting susuk is a traditional belief, genuinely cultural and superstitious, and common in the south-east Asian region. We present 13 cases of susuk, which was found incidentally on the radiographs as the patients came for various types of treatment at our centre.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  10. Goh LC, Chitra BK, Shaariyah MM, Ng WS
    BMJ Case Rep, 2016 Oct 28;2016.
    PMID: 27793872 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2016-217514
    Sialolithiasis is among the most common disease affecting the major salivary glands whereby the submandibular gland or its duct is affected in the majority of cases. We report a case of the surgical removal of a giant sialolith along with the submandibular gland using the transcervical approach and its clinical outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  11. Azizah Ahmad Fauzi, Mohamed Ebrahim Parker, Norval E., Phrabhakaran N
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:59-65.
    Cone-beam-computed-tomography (CBCT) has been useful in providing insights of relevant anatomy prior to surgical
    procedures, including the assessment of the proximity of impacted mandibular-third-molar to the inferior-alveolar-canal
    (IAC). It is important to understand the reliability of conventional panoramic-radiograph in the assessment of this criterion
    since it is more commonly used as first line radiographic approach due to its availability and lower radiation dose. This
    study aimed to investigate the reliability of conventional panoramic-radiograph in the evaluation of the proximity of
    impacted mandibular-third-molar root tip to the IAC by correlating the results with CBCT. A total of 65 root tips of impacted
    mandibular-third-molars that had both panoramic radiographs and CBCT images were included in this retrospective study.
    Two trained observers participated in all image evaluations. A prepared standard 1 cm ruler was used to measure the
    proximity of the third-molar root apices to the IACs. Measurements recorded in this study were categorized into positive
    (root apex above a roof of IAC), zero (root apex was superimposed on IAC) and negative (root apex below a roof of IAC).
    Data analysis was carried out using student t-test. In this study, both observers recorded statistically significant differences
    in the measurement between third-molars root apices and the IAC from panoramic radiographs and CBCT images. The low
    reliability of panoramic radiograph to assess the vertical proximity between these two anatomical structures suggests
    the importance of additional assessment with CBCT in cases where panoramic radiograph shows superimposition of the
    third molar root on the roof of the canal and presence of root below the roof of the IAC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  12. Yusof MY, Thevissen PW, Fieuws S, Willems G
    Int. J. Legal Med., 2014 Mar;128(2):329-33.
    PMID: 23370574 DOI: 10.1007/s00414-013-0825-8
    The applicability of the Willems et al. model was verified on a collected sample of Malay (Malaysian nationality) children. This sample was split in a reference sample to develop a Malay-specific prediction model based on the Willems et al. method and in a test sample to validate this new developed model. Next, the incorporation of third molars into this model was analyzed. Panoramic radiographs (n = 1,403) of Malay children aged between 4 and 14.99 years (n = 702) and subadults aged between 15 and 23.99 years (n = 701) were collected. The left mandibular seven permanent teeth of the children were scored based on the staging technique described by Demirjian and converted to age using the Willems et al. method. Third molar development of all individuals was staged based on the technique described by Gleiser and Hunt modified by Kohler. Differences between dental age and chronological age were calculated and expressed in mean error (ME), mean absolute error (MAE), and root mean square error (RMSE). The Willems et al. model verified on the collected Malay children overestimated chronological age with a ME around 0.45 year. Small differences in ME, MAE, and RMSE between the verified Malay-specific prediction model and the Willems et al. model were observed. An overall neglected decrease in RMSE was detected adding third molar stages to the developed permanent teeth model.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic*
  13. Ishak MH, Zhun OC, Shaari R, Rahman SA, Hasan MN, Alam MK
    Mymensingh Med J, 2014 Oct;23(4):781-6.
    PMID: 25481601
    This study evaluated the validity of panoramic radiography and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the assessment of mandibular canal and impacted third molar. In this descriptive-analytical study, 58 mandibular third molars from 42 patients who showed a close relationship between impacted third molar and canal on panoramic radiographs were selected. They were then classified into seven radiographic markers in panoramic radiographs (superimposition, darkening of the root, interruption of the white lines, root narrowing, canal diversion, canal narrowing, and also closed distance in OPG <1mm). The groups of markers were further assessed with CBCT to see presence or absence of contact. The three most common markers seen in panoramic images are superimposition, interruption of white line and root darkening. In CBCT, superimposition marker always presented higher frequency of contact with canal compared to non-contact group. There are 31% of teeth presented with interruption of white lines and there are 29.3% of teeth presented with superimposition. About 55.6% and 35.3% of the impacted mandibular third molars which indicated interruption of white lines and superimposition also indicated contact in the CBCT respectively. Presence or absence of radiological sign in panoramic radiography was not properly predict a close relationship with third molar and it is suggested that in case of tooth-canal overlapping, the patient should be referred for CBCT assessment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic/methods*
  14. Dias AP, Jiffry MT
    Aust Dent J, 1988 Feb;33(1):23-6.
    PMID: 3165617
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic*
  15. Mani SA, Mohsin WS, John J
    PMID: 24968691
    Tooth agenesis in Malay children, hitherto unreported, was assessed retrospectively from orthopantomograms of 834 healthy children aged 12-16 years who attended the Dental Clinic of Universiti Sains Malaysia. All teeth, including third molars, were assessed for agenesis. On an average, 2.3 teeth were missing per child. Missing third molars were found in 25.7% of children with one or two third molars found to be missing in 18.3% of children. Three point two percent of children had missing teeth other than third molars. After third molars, the upper lateral incisors were found to be the most common missing tooth (1.7%), followed by upper and lower second premolars (1.5%). Eight missing upper canines were also seen (1%). Bilateral agenesis was more common than unilateral agenesis. There were no significant differences between males and females. There was a significant difference between missing teeth between the maxilla and the mandible and right and left side, with more missing teeth in the maxilla and on the right side. The odds of any 3rd molar missing were increased 3.3 times when there was any other missing tooth. In conclusion, the prevalence of tooth agenesis among the studied population was within the normal range, but less than some Asian countries. Unlike other Asian countries, the upper lateral incisor was the most common missing tooth. The prevalence of maxillary canine agenesis was higher than most previous reports. Missing teeth were associated with missing third molars, which is likely due to a genetic abnormality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  16. Ram S, Siar CH, Ismail SM, Prepageran N
    PMID: 15243480
    Tonsilloliths are very rare concretions found in the tonsillar crypt. They are usually single and unilateral, but occasionally may be multiple or bilateral. Small concretions in the tonsils are common, but well formed giant unilateral or bilateral tonsilloliths are extremely uncommon. Only two cases of bilateral tonsilloliths have so far been reported in the literature. A case of unilateral tonsillolith, mimicking bilateral tonsilloliths taken with the orthopantogram (OPT) in a 57-year-old Malaysian Indian female with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity is described. Although the OPT is a reliable and standard panoramic X-ray unit used in dentistry, superimposition of a lesion involving one side of the jaw creates a pseudo or ghost image on the contralateral side leading to a misdiagnosis of bilateral lesions. This report highlights that tonsilloliths, though rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of radiopaque masses involving the mandibular ramus, and that investigations such as CT scan or MRI may be required to differentiate pseudo or ghost images from true bilateral pathologies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  17. Ngeow WC, Yuzawati Y
    J Oral Sci, 2003 Sep;45(3):171-5.
    PMID: 14650583
    Knowledge of the position of the mental foramen is important both when administering regional anesthesia and performing periapical surgery in the mental region of the mandible. This study determines the position of the mental foramen in a selected Malay population. One hundred and sixty nine panoramic radiographs of Malay patients retrieved from a minor oral surgery waiting list were selected to identify the normal range for the position of the mental foramen. The foramen was not included in the study if there was any mandibular tooth missing between the lower left and right first molars (36-46). The findings indicated the most common position for the mental foramen was in line with the longitudinal axis of the second premolar (69.2%) followed by a location between the first and second premolar (19.6%). The right and left foramina were bilaterally symmetrical in three of six recorded positions in 67.7% patients. The mental foramen was most often in line with the second premolar.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  18. Neo J
    Anesth Prog, 1989 Nov-Dec;36(6):276-8.
    PMID: 2490061
    The position of the mental foramen of the local Malays and Indians in Singapore was determined from a series of orthopantomograms. The most frequent location does not conform to the position cited in many anatomy, surgery, and dental anesthesia texts as being below and between the apices of the lower premolars. This data has implications in the teaching and practice of dental anesthesia. In both these races, the median location is just below the second premolar.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
  19. Rosfaima Othman Jaffar, Tin-Oo M.M.
    MyJurnal
    The aim of this study was to identify the position of impacted mandibular third molars based on the classifications of Pell & Gregory and Winter, the indications for extraction, and the relation of post-operative complications and position. Records of patients who attended Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia between January and December 2007 for surgical removal of mandibular third molars were reviewed. The angulation type, width and depth of impaction were determined by reviewing the orthopantomograms. The indications of extraction and occurrence of any post- operative complications were recorded. A total of 238 impacted teeth were surgically extracted from 194 patients (97 males, 97 females). The reasons for extraction include recurrent pericoronitis (43.1%) followed by prophylactic purposes (33.5%). Mesioangular impactions accounted for 52.3% and Class IIA position of impaction accounted for 45.7% of extractions. The most common post-operative complication was persistent pain and swelling (14.7%) followed by trismus (4.1%) and dry socket (3.0%). There was no significant relationship between the angulation, width and depth of impaction and the occurrence of complication. Mesioangular type and Class IIA position of impaction were the most common impaction. Although the association was not significant, high frequency of post-operative complications was observed in mesioangular, horizontal, IIA and IIC positions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Radiography, Panoramic
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