Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 92 in total

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  1. Nadesan K
    Ceylon Med J, 1999 Sep;44(3):109-13.
    PMID: 10675993
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  2. Ruwanpura R, Rathnaweera A, Hettiarachchi M, Dhahanayake K, Amararatne S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Dec;67(6):595-600.
    PMID: 23770952
    INTRODUCTION: According to statistical unit of the Karapitiya Teaching Hospital, Galle, the main tertiary care institution of the Southern Province serving approximately three million population, in 2008, there were 459 patients with clinical diagnosis of leptospirosis, with 25 fatalities, 21 out of which were referred for autopsy examination.

    OBJECTIVES: The present study to study and correlate pathological changes in deaths associated with pulmonary form of leptospirosis with clinico-diagnostic aspects of the infection.

    METHOD: There had been 21 leptospirosis related autopsy examinations performed at forensic medicine unit of the Karapitiya Teaching Hospital from January to December 2008. The clinical, laboratory and autopsy findings of these cases were recorded in detail and analyzed.

    RESULTS: The characteristic autopsy feature of all these cases was a moderate to severe pulmonary haemorrhage in association with hepato-renal, myocardial and cerebral lesions. The histology of the lung tissues in most cases showed extensive alveolar haemorrhages, hyaline like deposits, neutrophilic infiltrations, swollen septa with congested blood vessels.

    CONCLUSION: Severe pulmonary complications are mostly responsible for all fatalities due to leptospirosis in our series. Though there are no reliable clinical indicators that suggest probability of developing pulmonary haemorrhages, we emphasize that respiratory functions and haematological parameters need to be closely monitored in all hospitalized patients with leptospirosis for early detection and prevention of haemorrhagic complications.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  3. Chelvanayakam SJ
    Ceylon Med J, 2003 Dec;48(4):133-5.
    PMID: 15125406
    SJV Chelvanayakam (1898-1977), a ranking civil lawyer and legislator, was probably the well known Parkinson disease victim in the 20th century Sri Lanka. He was born in Ipoh, Malaya, where his father had moved in the last decade of the 19th century for professional advancement. Ipoh was then an attractive location for migrants from China and the Indian subcontinent since it was in the Kinta valley--touted then, as the world's richest single tin field. Chelvanayakam was brought to Jaffna peninsula when he was aged four (in 1902 or 1903) by his mother, who returned to her native Tellipalai town partly due to indifferent health during her stay in Kinta region. In this communication, I present a hypothesis that organotin exposure as a foetus or during infancy at his place of birth is likely to have been a contributing factor to Chelvanayakam's Parkinsonism. It seems to fit the available circumstantial evidence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  4. Vit S
    Rev. Suisse Zool., 1977 Jun;84(2):443-51.
    PMID: 897542
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  5. Lewis DJ, Killick-Kendrick R
    PMID: 4777431
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  6. Nanzaki Y
    Nihon Ishikai Zasshi, 1970 Jan 15;63(2):417-25.
    PMID: 5462757
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  7. Pellinen MJ
    Zootaxa, 2017 May 31;4272(4):587-590.
    PMID: 28610276 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4272.4.8
    The genus Enispa Walker, 1866, type species: Enispa eosarialis Walker, 1866 [Borneo, Sarawak] (= Micraeschus Butler, 1878, type species: Hyria elataria Walker, 1861 [Sri Lanka]), contains several species, about 20 of which described and many still undescribed, some also probably misplaced. The genus occurs in Indo-Australian tropics and subtropics. Presently there are 5 species known from Borneo, with mention of several undescribed Enispa-like species (Holloway, 2009). From Thailand there are 8 species illustrated in Kononenko & Pinratana's (2013) book, 5 of which unidentified and some others, based on specimens originated from present author, which most probably are not Enispa. Nielsen & al. (1996) mentioned 7 species in Australia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  8. Condit R, Ashton PS, Baker P, Bunyavejchewin S, Gunatilleke S, Gunatilleke N, et al.
    Science, 2000 May 26;288(5470):1414-8.
    PMID: 10827950
    Fully mapped tree census plots of large area, 25 to 52 hectares, have now been completed at six different sites in tropical forests, including dry deciduous to wet evergreen forest on two continents. One of the main goals of these plots has been to evaluate spatial patterns in tropical tree populations. Here the degree of aggregation in the distribution of 1768 tree species is examined based on the average density of conspecific trees in circular neighborhoods around each tree. When all individuals larger than 1 centimeter in stem diameter were included, nearly every species was more aggregated than a random distribution. Considering only larger trees (>/= 10 centimeters in diameter), the pattern persisted, with most species being more aggregated than random. Rare species were more aggregated than common species. All six forests were very similar in all the particulars of these results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  9. Yosida TH
    Cytogenet. Cell Genet., 1977;18(3):149-59.
    PMID: 862437
    Supernumerary chromosomes have been examined in 352 black rats, covering three geographic variants, by use of conventional and C-band staining techniques. Metacentric supernumerary chromosomes, one to three in number, were found in Malayan black rats (Rattus rattus diardii), with 2n=42, in Indian black rats (R. rattus rufescens), with 2n=38, and in Ceylonese black rats (R. rattus kandianus), with 2n=40. The supernumeraries had similar morphology and stained heavily along their entire length by C-band staining. These findings suggested that the supernumeraries had originally developed in the Asian-type black rats and then were sequentially transmitted to the Ceylonese and Oceanian-type black rats, probably in southwestern Asia. A subtelocentric supernumerary chromosome found in one Japanese black rat seemed to have developed independently from the above metacentric supernumeraries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  10. Richards T
    Br Med J (Clin Res Ed), 1986 Sep 20;293(6549):714.
    PMID: 3094623
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  11. Selvaratnam A
    Bull Int Union Tuberc, 1970 Jun;43:378-80.
    PMID: 5425569
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  12. Marikkar, J.M.N., Banu, M.K.I., Yalegama, C.
    MyJurnal
    This study attempted to investigate the effect of kiln drying on the rate of formation of ball copra. Three samples containing fifty partially dried-coconuts were placed as a single layer in three compartmentalized blocks namely, Front: Blok-1, Middle: Block-2, and Rear: Block-3 in the copra bed of the modified-Ceylon copra kiln. From each of the three blocks, thirty coconuts were selected randomly for labeling and their fresh weights were recorded. The samples were subjected to intermittent drying in the kiln by thirty five firing cycles using charcoal dust as the fuel source. The temperature distribution pattern of the three blocks during the first six firing was monitored at three hourly intervals. The weight losses of individual coconuts in each block were measured after the completion of each firing. The results showed that, there was a significant (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
  13. Paxton A, Maine D, Freedman L, Fry D, Lobis S
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2005 Feb;88(2):181-93.
    PMID: 15694106
    We searched for evidence for the effectiveness of emergency obstetric care (EmOC) interventions in reducing maternal mortality primarily in developing countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka/epidemiology
  14. Dorny P, Van Aken D
    Ann Trop Med Parasitol, 1992 Feb;86(1):83-5.
    PMID: 1616398
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka/epidemiology
  15. Yuan B, Nishiura H
    PLoS ONE, 2018;13(6):e0198734.
    PMID: 29924819 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198734
    BACKGROUND: Frequent international travel facilitates the global spread of dengue fever. Japan has experienced an increasing number of imported case notifications of dengue virus (DENV) infection, mostly arising from Japanese travelers visiting South and Southeast Asian countries. This has led an autochthonous dengue outbreak in 2014 in Japan. The present study aimed to infer the risk of DENV infection among Japanese travelers to Asian countries, thereby obtaining an actual estimate of the number of DENV infections among travelers.

    METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: For eight destination countries (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, India, Malaysia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, and Singapore), we collected age-dependent seroepidemiological data. We also retrieved the number of imported cases, who were notified to the Japanese government, as well as the total number of travelers to each destination. Using a mathematical model, we estimated the force of infection in each destination country with seroepidemiological data while jointly inferring the reporting coverage of DENV infections among Japanese travelers from datasets of imported cases and travelers. Assuming that travelers had a risk of infection that was identical to that of the local population during travel, the reporting coverage of dengue appeared to range from 0.6% to 4.3%. The risk of infection per journey ranged from 0.02% to 0.44%.

    CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We found that the actual number of imported cases of DENV infection among Japanese travelers could be more than 20 times the notified number of imported cases. This finding may be attributed to the substantial proportion of asymptomatic and under-ascertained infections.

    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka/epidemiology
  16. Prathapan S, Wijewardena K, Low WY
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2016 Jan;28(1 Suppl):86S-92S.
    PMID: 26658325 DOI: 10.1177/1010539515620481
    Food marketing is one of the main factors in the increase in childhood obesity. The objective is to compare the strategies used for promotion of food and beverages advertisements on Sri Lankan television for children and adults.
    Matched MeSH terms: Sri Lanka
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