Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 84 in total

  1. Nurul Hidayah Sadikon, Ibrahim Mohamed, Dharini Pathmanathan, Adriana Irawati Nur Ibrahim
    Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:1319-1326.
    A cylindrical data set consists of circular and linear variables. We focus on developing an outlier detection procedure
    for cylindrical regression model proposed by Johnson and Wehrly (1978) based on the k-nearest neighbour approach.
    The procedure is applied based on the residuals where the distance between two residuals is measured by the Euclidean
    distance. This procedure can be used to detect single or multiple outliers. Cut-off points of the test statistic are generated
    and its performance is then evaluated via simulation. For illustration, we apply the test on the wind data set obtained
    from the Malaysian Meteorological Department.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  2. Shamshirband S, Petković D, Hashim R, Motamedi S
    PLoS One, 2014;9(7):e103414.
    PMID: 25075621 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103414
    Wind turbine noise is one of the major obstacles for the widespread use of wind energy. Noise tone can greatly increase the annoyance factor and the negative impact on human health. Noise annoyance caused by wind turbines has become an emerging problem in recent years, due to the rapid increase in number of wind turbines, triggered by sustainable energy goals set forward at the national and international level. Up to now, not all aspects of the generation, propagation and perception of wind turbine noise are well understood. For a modern large wind turbine, aerodynamic noise from the blades is generally considered to be the dominant noise source, provided that mechanical noise is adequately eliminated. The sources of aerodynamic noise can be divided into tonal noise, inflow turbulence noise, and airfoil self-noise. Many analytical and experimental acoustical studies performed the wind turbines. Since the wind turbine noise level analyzing by numerical methods or computational fluid dynamics (CFD) could be very challenging and time consuming, soft computing techniques are preferred. To estimate noise level of wind turbine, this paper constructed a process which simulates the wind turbine noise levels in regard to wind speed and sound frequency with adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). This intelligent estimator is implemented using Matlab/Simulink and the performances are investigated. The simulation results presented in this paper show the effectiveness of the developed method.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind*
  3. Abdul Syakir Abdul Mubin, Norhafizan Ahmad
    Movement Health & Exercise, 2015;4(2):19-30.
    It has been shown in previous studies that the flight trajectories of sports balls are influenced by their aerodynamic characteristics. These aerodynamic characteristics are primarily dependent on the physical shape and surface texture of the balls. Even though sepak takraw is well established as a sport, little is known regarding the aerodynamic characteristics of the sepak takraw ball, which has a rather complex shape and surface texture. Hence, the main objective of this research is to investigate the aerodynamic characteristics (specifically the drag and lift coefficients) and flow features of a modern sepak takraw ball commercially available in the market by means of numerical simulations and wind tunnel experiments using the smoke flow visualization technique. The aerodynamic characteristics and flow features of the ball are determined for non-spinning conditions at a wind speed of 3 m/s. It is found that the drag coefficient and lift coefficient of the sepak takraw ball is 0.4868400 and - 0.0130915, respectively. The images captured from the smoke flow visualization experiments reveal that the sepak takraw ball is in the subcritical flow regime at a wind speed of 3 m/s, which is the regime before the drag crisis. The laminar boundary layer separates from the upper and lower surfaces of the ball at points upstream of the equator of the ball, creating a large wake region downstream of the sepak takraw ball and resulting in high drag. This in turn, influences the trajectory of the sepak takraw ball in flight. The flow features observed from the smoke flow visualization experiments are representative of the flow during a sepak takraw game. Owing to the complexity of sepak takraw ball, it is recommended that the aerodynamic characteristics of the sepak takraw ball are investigated for spinning conditions in future studies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  4. Mohsin M, Zhang J, Saidur R, Sun H, Sait SM
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2019 Aug;26(22):22494-22511.
    PMID: 31161545 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-05564-6
    In this study, we proposed integrated tools to evaluate the wind power potential, economic viability, and prioritize 15 proposed sites for the installation of wind farms. Initially, we used modified Weibull distribution model coupled with power law to assess the wind power potential. Secondly, we employed value cost method to estimate per unit cost ($/kWh) of proposed sites. Lastly, we used Fuzzy Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (F-TOPSIS) to rank the best alternatives. The results indicate that Pakistan has enormous wind power potential that cost varies from 0.06 $/kWh to 0.58 $/kWh; thus, sites S12, S13, S14, and S15 are considered as the most economic viable locations for the installation of wind power project, while remaining sites are considered to be less important, due to other complexities. The further analysis using Fuzzy-TOPSIS method reveals that site S13 is the most optimal location followed by S12, S14, and S14 for the development of wind power project. We proposed that government should formulate wind power policy for the implementation of wind power projects in order to meet energy demand of the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  5. Adzhar Rambli, Rossita Mohamad Yunus, Ibrahim Mohamed, Abdul Ghapor Hussin
    Sains Malaysiana, 2015;44:1027-1032.
    Recently, there is strong interest on the subject of outlier problem in circular data. In this paper, we focus on detecting outliers in a circular regression model proposed by Down and Mardia. The basic properties of the model are available including the exact form of covariance matrix of the parameters. Hence, we intend to identify outliers in the model by looking at the effect of the outliers on the covariance matrix. The method resembles closely the COVRATIO statistic for the case of linear regression problem. The corresponding critical values and the performance of the outlier detection procedure are studied via simulations. For illustration, we apply the procedure on the wind data set.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  6. Ueng SK, Chan Yao-Hong, Lu WH, Chang HW
    Sains Malaysiana, 2015;44:1701-1706.
    Wind turbines are massive electrical structures. They produce large returns when illuminated by radar waves. These
    scatterings have a great impact on the operation of surveillance, air traffic control and weather radars. This paper presents
    two geometric modelling methods for reshaping wind turbine towers so that the Radar Cross Section (RCS) of wind turbines
    is reduced. In the proposed reshaping methods, bump structures are created on the surface of the conventional cylinder
    wind turbine tower. When a reshaped tower is illuminated by radar waves, the bump structures scatter incident radar
    waves into insignificant directions so that the strength of back-scattering is declined and the RCS of the wind turbine is
    decreased. The test results confirmed that the proposed methodssignificantly reduce bi-static RCS values of wind turbines.
    The proposed reshaping methods are practical, flexible and effective in alleviating the scatterings of wind turbines.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  7. Kok PH, Mohd Akhir MF, Tangang F, Husain ML
    PLoS One, 2017;12(2):e0171979.
    PMID: 28187215 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0171979
    This study analyzes two wind-induced upwelling mechanisms, namely, Ekman transport and Ekman pumping that occur during the southwest monsoon. The results suggest that the coastline of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia (ECPM) is affected by upwelling with spatiotemporal variations. Characterization of upwelling by using wind-induced upwelling indexes (UIW) indicate the existence of favorable upwelling conditions from May to September. Upwelling intensity increased in May and peaked in August before declining in September, decreasing intensity from the southern tip towards the northern tip along the coastline of the ECPM. The existence of upwelling along the ECPM has resulted in an important difference between the SSTs of the inshore and the oceanic regions. Nonetheless, the use of the SST gradient between the inshore and the oceanic SSTs to characterize upwelling (UISST) was found to be unsuitable because the SST along the ECPM was affected by water advection from the Java Sea and incessant changes in the SST. In order to indicate the major contributor of wind-induced upwelling along the ECPM in terms of the spatiotemporal scale, a comparison between Ekman transport and Ekman pumping was drawn by integrating Ekman pumping with respect to the distance where the positive wind stress curl existed. The estimation of Ekman transport and Ekman pumping indicated that Ekman pumping played a major role in contributing towards upwelling in any particular month during the southwest monsoon along the entire coastline of the ECPM as compared to Ekman transport, which contributed towards more than half of the total upwelling transport. By dividing the ECPM into three coastal sections, we observed that Ekman pumping was relatively predominant in the middle and northern coasts, whereas both Ekman transport and Ekman pumping were equally prevalent in the southern coast.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind*
  8. Hossain M, Mekhilef S, Afifi F, Halabi LM, Olatomiwa L, Seyedmahmoudian M, et al.
    PLoS One, 2018;13(4):e0193772.
    PMID: 29702645 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193772
    In this paper, the suitability and performance of ANFIS (adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system), ANFIS-PSO (particle swarm optimization), ANFIS-GA (genetic algorithm) and ANFIS-DE (differential evolution) has been investigated for the prediction of monthly and weekly wind power density (WPD) of four different locations named Mersing, Kuala Terengganu, Pulau Langkawi and Bayan Lepas all in Malaysia. For this aim, standalone ANFIS, ANFIS-PSO, ANFIS-GA and ANFIS-DE prediction algorithm are developed in MATLAB platform. The performance of the proposed hybrid ANFIS models is determined by computing different statistical parameters such as mean absolute bias error (MABE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R2). The results obtained from ANFIS-PSO and ANFIS-GA enjoy higher performance and accuracy than other models, and they can be suggested for practical application to predict monthly and weekly mean wind power density. Besides, the capability of the proposed hybrid ANFIS models is examined to predict the wind data for the locations where measured wind data are not available, and the results are compared with the measured wind data from nearby stations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind*
  9. Tofa MM, Maimun A, Ahmed YM, Jamei S, Priyanto A, Rahimuddin
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:489308.
    PMID: 24701170 DOI: 10.1155/2014/489308
    The aerodynamic characteristics of the wing-in-ground effect (WIG) craft model that has a noble configuration of a compound wing was experimentally investigated and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) wind tunnel with and without endplates. Lift and drag forces, pitching moment coefficients, and the centre of pressure were measured with respect to the ground clearance and the wing angle of attack. The ground effect and the existence of the endplates increase the wing lift-to-drag ratio at low ground clearance. The results of this research work show new proposed design of the WIG craft with compound wing and endplates, which can clearly increase the aerodynamic efficiency without compromising the longitudinal stability. The use of WIG craft is representing an ambitious technology that will help in reducing time, effort, and money of the conventional marine transportation in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  10. Basir Khan MR, Jidin R, Pasupuleti J
    Data Brief, 2016 Mar;6:117-20.
    PMID: 26779562 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2015.11.043
    Renewable energy assessments for resort islands in the South China Sea were conducted that involves the collection and analysis of meteorological and topographic data. The meteorological data was used to assess the PV, wind and hydropower system potentials on the islands. Furthermore, the reconnaissance study for hydro-potentials were conducted through topographic maps in order to determine the potential sites suitable for development of run-of-river hydropower generation. The stream data was collected for 14 islands in the South China Sea with a total of 51 investigated sites. The data from this study are related to the research article "Optimal combination of solar, wind, micro-hydro and diesel systems based on actual seasonal load profiles for a resort island in the South China Sea" published in Energy (Khan et al., 2015) [1].
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  11. Marghany, M., Cracknell, A.P., Hashim, M.
    ASM Science Journal, 2009;3(1):7-16.
    This paper introduces a method for modification of the formula of the fractal box counting dimension. The method is based on the utilization of the probability distribution formula in the fractal box count. The purpose of this method is to use it for the discrimination of oil spill areas from the surrounding features e.g. sea surface and look-alikes in RADARSAT-1 SAR data. The result showed that the new formula of the fractal box counting dimension was able to discriminate between oil spills and look-alike areas. The low wind area had the highest fractal dimension peak of 2.9, as compared to the oil slick and the surrounding rough sea. The maximum error standard deviation of the low wind area was 0.68 which performed with a 2.9 fractal dimension value.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  12. Usubamatov, R., Qasim, A.Y., Zain, Z.M.
    Wind energy has often been touted as one of the most reliable sources of renewable energy that should be used for people. Today, wind energy (mainly by propeller type wind turbines) produces less than one percent of the total energy used worldwide. Practically, a standard three-blade propellers efficiency of use of the wind energy is around twenty percents and this is due to its design and shape that use the wind lift force and a rotating turbine. In addition, these turbines are quite expensive due to the complex aerodynamic shape of the propellers which are made of composite materials. The new world boom for wind turbines obliges inventors to create new wind turbine designs that have high efficiency and are better than any known design. This paper proposes the new patented invention of the vane-type wind turbine which uses wind energy more efficiently and is only dependent on the acting area of the vanes. The vane wind turbine was designed to increase the output of a wind turbine that uses kinetic energy of the wind. Due to its high efficiency, simple construction and technology, the vane wind turbine can be used universally, apart from the fact that it is made from cheap materials. The new design of the vane-type wind turbine has quite small sizes than the propeller type one of same output power.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  13. Sulaiman C, Abdul-Rahim AS
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2017 Nov;24(32):25204-25220.
    PMID: 28929456 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0092-1
    This study examines the three-way linkage relationships between CO2 emission, energy consumption and economic growth in Malaysia, covering the 1975-2015 period. An autoregressive distributed lag approach was employed to achieve the objective of the study and gauged by dynamic ordinary least squares. Additionally, vector error correction model, variance decompositions and impulse response functions were employed to further examine the relationship between the interest variables. The findings show that economic growth is neither influenced by energy consumption nor by CO2 emission. Energy consumption is revealed to be an increasing function of CO2 emission. Whereas, CO2 emission positively and significantly depends on energy consumption and economic growth. This implies that CO2 emission increases with an increase in both energy consumption and economic growth. Conclusively, the main drivers of CO2 emission in Malaysia are proven to be energy consumption and economic growth. Therefore, renewable energy sources ought to be considered by policy makers to curb emission from the current non-renewable sources. Wind and biomass can be explored as they are viable sources. Energy efficiency and savings should equally be emphasised and encouraged by policy makers. Lastly, growth-related policies that target emission reduction are also recommended.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  14. Torabi Asr, M., Masoumi, M.M., Mustapha, F.
    Pre-stressing is a concept used in many engineering structures. In this study prestressing in the form of axial compression stress is proposed in the blade structure of H-Darrieus wind turbine. The study draws a structural comparison between reference and prestressed configurations of turbine rotor with respect to their dynamic vibrational response. Rotordynamics calculations provided by ANSYS Mechanical is used to investigate the effects of turbine rotation on the dynamic response of the system. Rotation speed ranging between 0 to 150 rad/s was examined to cover the whole operating range of commercial instances. The modal analysis ends up with first six mode shapes of both rotor configurations. As a result, the displacement of the proposed configurations reduced effectively. Apparent variations in Campbell diagrams of both cases indicate that prestressed configuration has its resonant frequencies far away from turbine operation speeds and thus remarkably higher safety factor against whirling and probable following failures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  15. Liu Hui
    Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:99-107.
    Investigation of meteorological disasters caused by small-scale topography shows that flashover due to wind age yaw occurred quite often where col topography existed. Considering that the distribution pattern of wind profile at different locations of a col topography is not clear, this paper, with wind tunnel tests, studied the influenced of such topographic features of a col as hill slope and valley mouth width on the wind profile at different locations. The results of wind tunnel tests indicated that over-hill wind has a stronger effect on wind velocity correction coefficient than does valley wind, that compared to flat terrain wind velocity, the maximum speed-up amplitude of wind velocity at valley throat and hill summit reach 33 and 53%, respectively, apparently higher than 10% specified in Codes, that wind velocity at valley throat increases with the increase of hill slope and decreases with the increase of valley mouth width, that wind velocity in the valley basically does not go up when the slope of one hill side is smaller than 0.1 and that wind velocity at the same non-dimensional height of a 3D hill summit increases with the increase of hill height.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  16. Albani A, Ibrahim MZ, Yong KH
    Data Brief, 2019 Aug;25:104306.
    PMID: 31406911 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2019.104306
    The measurement of this data aims to evaluate the wind shear variability at three selected sites in Malaysia. The sites are Kudat in Sabah, Kijal in Terengganu and Langkawi in Kedah. Both sites in Kudat and Kijal is located in coastal areas with few buildings or trees, while the site in Langkawi is a coastal area with many buildings or trees. The variables were measured using the sensors that mounted on the wind mast with the maximum height from 55 m to 70 m from ground level. The variables measured were wind speed, wind direction, temperature, and pressure, while the wind shear data were directly generated using the power law equation. The averaged wind shear based on measured multiple height wind speed at selected sites is larger than the 1/7 law (0.143). Also, the value of wind shear was higher in order Langkawi > Kudat > Kijal. Ultimately, the wind shear data are essential and can be reused in the wind energy potential study, especially for data extrapolation to desired wind turbine hub height.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  17. Othman NE, Zaki SA, Rijal HB, Ahmad NH, Razak AA
    Int J Biometeorol, 2021 Apr;65(4):453-477.
    PMID: 33416948 DOI: 10.1007/s00484-020-02035-3
    Difficulties in controlling the effects of outdoor thermal environment on the human body are attracting considerable research attention. This study investigated the outdoor thermal comfort of urban pedestrians by assessing their perceptions of the tropical, micrometeorological, and physical conditions via a questionnaire survey. Evaluation of the outdoor thermal comfort involved pedestrians performing various physical activities (sitting, walking, and standing) in outdoor and semi-outdoor spaces where the data collection of air temperature, globe temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, solar radiation, metabolic activity, and clothing insulation data was done simultaneously. A total of 1011 participants were interviewed, and the micrometeorological data were recorded under outdoor and semi-outdoor conditions at two Malaysian university campuses. The neutral temperatures obtained which were 28.1 °C and 30.8 °C were within the biothermal acceptable ranges of 24-34 °C and 26-33 °C of the PET thermal sensation ranges for the outdoor and semi-outdoor conditions, respectively. Additionally, the participants' thermal sensation and preference votes were highly correlated with the PET and strongly related to air and mean radiant temperatures. The findings demonstrated the influence of individuals' thermal adaptation on the outdoor thermal comfort levels. This knowledge could be useful in the planning and designing of outdoor environments in hot and humid regions to create better thermal environments.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  18. Nur Arina Basilah Kamisan, Abdul Ghapor Hussin, Yong Zulina Zubairi
    In this paper, four types of circular probability distribution were used to evaluate which circular probability distribution gives the best fitting for southwesterly Malaysian wind direction data, namely circular uniform distribution, von Mises distribution, wrapped-normal distribution and wrapped-Cauchy distribution. The four locations chosen were Alor Setar, Langkawi, Melaka and Senai. Two performance indicators or goodness of fit tests which are mean circular distance and chord length were used to test which distribution give the best fitting.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  19. Wah SH, Halimatun Muhamad, Tangang FT, Liew J
    Sains Malaysiana, 2012;41:1411-1422.
    The historical and future storm surge climate over the South China Sea Sunda Shelf was derived using a barotropic two dimensional model. The atmospheric forcings were obtained from the UKMO regional climate modeling system, PRECIS (Providing Regional Climates for Impacts Studies), forced at the boundary by the ECHAM4 simulation output under the SRES A2 emission experiment. In general, the model simulates historical sea surface elevation characteristics satisfactory although there is a substantial underestimation for the sea level elevation at local scales. The climate change analysis suggests that the storm surge extreme over the Sunda Shelf is expected to increase along the coastal area of the Gulf of Thailand and east coast of Peninsular Malaysia in the future (2071-2100). The projected increment is averagely ~9% over the Sunda Shelf region by the end of the 21st century corresponding to about 5% stronger wind speed as compare to the baseline period of 1961-1990.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
  20. S.Z. Satari, Y.Z. Zubairi, S.F. Hassan, A.G. Hussin
    Sains Malaysiana, 2015;44:1521-1530.
    The statistical characteristics of wind direction that was recorded at maximum wind speed in Peninsular Malaysia for two monsoons from 1999 to 2008 for seven stations were analyzed in this study. Modeled by von Mises distribution, the change in parameters values namely mean direction and concentration parameter was measured. Statistical summary, graphical representations, Watson-William Test and linear-circular correlation are used in the analysis. It is found that there is a significant change in the mean direction of wind over the period of ten years for most stations in Peninsular Malaysia. However, there is a weak relationship between wind direction and wind speed. This study suggested the presence of prominent direction of wind that blows in Peninsular Malaysia by monsoon. This finding may provide useful information on giving a better understanding of the behavior of the wind in Peninsular Malaysia and the potential use of wind as an alternative source of energy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Wind
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