Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 223 in total

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  1. Khoo SB
    PMID: 25606190
    Academic mobbing is a non-violent, sophisticated, 'ganging up' behaviour adopted by academicians to "wear and tear" a colleague down emotionally through unjustified accusation, humiliation, general harassment and emotional abuse. These are directed at the target under a veil of lies and justifications so that they are "hidden" to others and difficult to prove. Bullies use mobbing activities to hide their own weaknesses and incompetence. Targets selected are often intelligent, innovative high achievers, with good integrity and principles. Mobbing activities appear trivial and innocuous on its own but the frequency and pattern of their occurrence over long period of time indicates an aggressive manipulation to "eliminate" the target. Mobbing activities typically progress through five stereotypical phases that begins with an unsolved minor conflict between two workers and ultimately escalates into a senseless mobbing whereby the target is stigmatized and victimized to justify the behaviours of the bullies. The result is always physical, mental, social distress or illness and, most often, expulsion of target from the workplace. Organizations are subjected to great financial loss, loss of key workers and a tarnished public image and reputation. Public awareness, education, effective counselling, establishment of anti-bullying policies and legislations at all levels are necessary to curb academic mobbing. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in supporting patients subjected to mental and physical health injury caused by workplace bullying and mobbing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  2. Han LM, Haron Z, Yahya K, Bakar SA, Dimon MN
    PLoS One, 2015;10(4):e0120667.
    PMID: 25875019 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120667
    Strategic noise mapping provides important information for noise impact assessment and noise abatement. However, producing reliable strategic noise mapping in a dynamic, complex working environment is difficult. This study proposes the implementation of the random walk approach as a new stochastic technique to simulate noise mapping and to predict the noise exposure level in a workplace. A stochastic simulation framework and software, namely RW-eNMS, were developed to facilitate the random walk approach in noise mapping prediction. This framework considers the randomness and complexity of machinery operation and noise emission levels. Also, it assesses the impact of noise on the workers and the surrounding environment. For data validation, three case studies were conducted to check the accuracy of the prediction data and to determine the efficiency and effectiveness of this approach. The results showed high accuracy of prediction results together with a majority of absolute differences of less than 2 dBA; also, the predicted noise doses were mostly in the range of measurement. Therefore, the random walk approach was effective in dealing with environmental noises. It could predict strategic noise mapping to facilitate noise monitoring and noise control in the workplaces.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  3. Anwar A, Kee DMH, Ahmed A
    Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw, 2020 May;23(5):290-296.
    PMID: 32282237 DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2019.0407
    Workplace cyberbullying (WCB) is a new form of hostility in organizations in which information technology is used as a means to bully employees. The objective of this study is to determine the association between WCB and the interpersonal deviance (ID) of victims through parallel mediation through the ineffectual silence of employees and emotional exhaustion (EE). Conservation of resource (COR) theory and affective events theory were used as the study's guiding framework, and data were drawn from 351 white-collar employees who were employed in a variety of industries-such as banking, telecommunications sector, education, health care, insurance, and consultancy-in Lahore, Pakistan. The results show that ineffectual silence negatively mediated the relationship between cyberbullying and deviance, decreasing the level of deviance of employees who used silence as a coping mechanism. EE, however, positively mediated the relationship between cyberbullying and deviance. This means that when employees felt emotionally overwhelmed they retaliated by engaging in deviant behaviors and acting as a bully toward colleagues. Drawing on the COR theory and the affective events theory, the findings show that WCB has an impact on ID. From a practical standpoint, the study reveals that WCB can lead to ID and it also may associate with large financial costs and workplace disruptions. Thus, organizations should establish a culture that prevent employees from engaging in WCB and adopt practices of prevention and intervention because it is not only harmful to the employees but also to the organization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  4. Khalib AL, Ngan HU
    MyJurnal
    Workplace bullying has drawn greater attention in the last one and half decades. Despite its recognition by many organizations and countries, it is still rife. Why is that so? Could it be that the root of the problem has not been addressed? Or, could it be due to difficulties and resistances in embarking preventive and control measures. In this paper, we will examine the possible causes of workplace bullying based on a proposed model. In depth discussion of the personal and organizational factors are made while the work group and societal factors are dealt with in brief. In summary, the root of workplace bullying is multi-factorial. Understanding the complexity and subtlety of workplace bullying is pertinent in the effort to prevent or curtail it.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  5. Rashiden I, Ahmad Tajuddin NANB, Yee A, Zhen STE, Bin Amir Nordin AS
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2020 Aug;27(24):29856-29866.
    PMID: 32483718 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-09407-7
    Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in the workplace has led many workplaces to set up smoke-free policies to protect non-smoking employees. Although smoke-free workplaces are pervasive, the intensity of the practice is questionable. The purpose of this review is to identify the pooled prevalence estimate of secondhand smoke at smoke-free workplaces and the factors associated with SHS exposure at the workplace despite existing smoke-free policies. Fourteen studies (total 7458 employees) were identified from Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Cinahl, Scopus, and Web of Science from inception to December 2017. Results indicate that despite the existence of smoke-free policies at the workplace, 14 studies reported exposure to secondhand smoke. The pooled prevalence of the SHS exposure was 0.29 (95% CI = 0.23 to 0.36) (P 
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  6. Ramli A, Henry LJ, Liang YF, Beh JY
    PMID: 24643369 MyJurnal
    Physical inactivity and reduced energy expenditure has led to increased obesity among office workers. This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a worksite health programme aimed at improving physical health among obese civil servants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  7. Syazwan A, Rafee BM, Juahir H, Azman A, Nizar A, Izwyn Z, et al.
    PMID: 23055779 DOI: 10.2147/DHPS.S33400
    To analyze and characterize a multidisciplinary, integrated indoor air quality checklist for evaluating the health risk of building occupants in a nonindustrial workplace setting.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  8. Syazwan A, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman A, Nizar A, Izwyn Z, et al.
    PMID: 22570579 DOI: 10.2147/RMHP.S26567
    To meet the current diversified health needs in workplaces, especially in nonindustrial workplaces in developing countries, an indoor air quality (IAQ) component of a participatory occupational safety and health survey should be included.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  9. Hariri A, Paiman NA, Leman AM, Md Yusof MZ
    Iran J Public Health, 2014 Aug;43(8):1045-59.
    PMID: 25927034
    This study aimed to develop an index that can rank welding workplace that associate well with possible health risk of welders.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  10. Halim I, Arep H, Kamat SR, Abdullah R, Omar AR, Ismail AR
    Saf Health Work, 2014 Jun;5(2):97-105.
    PMID: 25180141 DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2014.04.002
    BACKGROUND: Prolonged standing has been hypothesized as a vital contributor to discomfort and muscle fatigue in the workplace. The objective of this study was to develop a decision support system that could provide systematic analysis and solutions to minimize the discomfort and muscle fatigue associated with prolonged standing.

    METHODS: The integration of object-oriented programming and a Model Oriented Simultaneous Engineering System were used to design the architecture of the decision support system.

    RESULTS: Validation of the decision support system was carried out in two manufacturing companies. The validation process showed that the decision support system produced reliable results.

    CONCLUSION: The decision support system is a reliable advisory tool for providing analysis and solutions to problems related to the discomfort and muscle fatigue associated with prolonged standing. Further testing of the decision support system is suggested before it is used commercially.

    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  11. Saad Mohd Said, Zairihan Abdul Halim, Fatimah Said
    MyJurnal
    This study analyzes the determinants of workplace injuries across 44 four-digit manufacturing industries in Malaysia from 1993 to 2008 through the business cycle and structural approaches. The results of fixed-effects estimations revealed that workplace injuries in Malaysian manufacturing sector were negatively influenced by firm size and positively influenced by business cycle. Consistent with the findings of previous studies in other countries, the empirical evidence of this study supports the pro-cyclical behavior of injury rates in manufacturing industries towards business cycle. The analysis demonstrates that both structural and cyclical variation effects are important determinants of workplace injuries in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  12. Ryoichi Horiguchi
    MyJurnal
    In September 2011 at the 19th World Congress on Safety and Health at Work in Istanbul, I met a Turkish prominent scholar and we exchanged our ideas on the topic of work safety. Turkey, as you well know, is one of the Muslim majority countries and Muslims comprise 99% of the whole population. And I have heard that in Turkey, a fatalism based on its faith is so pervasive among people that Turkey has a lot of cases on injuries and deaths at the workplace. In such a fatalism, an accident would be accepted as a fate which their God has already decided, because of God being in control of everything.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  13. Khoo Teng Hong, Lilis Surienty, Daisy Kee Mui Hung
    MyJurnal
    The paper reports on a study conducted in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in NCER, Malaysia. Four safety management practices were studied in relation to safety behaviour of employees. Respondents consisted of employees working in SMEs in NCER. Companies were sampled randomly from directories provided by SMECorp and other SME-related body. Self-administered questionnaires were sent by mail to employees working in SMEs. Completed questionnaires were mailed back by respondents using pre-addressed and post-paid envelope included. Correlation analysis were conducted and found that all four safety management practices are highly correlated with safety behaviour. The result provides support to the use of safety management practices to improve safety behaviour of employees and overall safety of the workplace. Suggestions for management in SMEs are presented in the discussion section. Management in SMEs can consider the use of safety management practices as antecedents that trigger safety behaviour of their employees in order to reduce accident rate in workplace.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  14. Ahmad Rasdan Ismail, Baba Md Deros, Mohd Yusri Mohd Yusof, Mohd Hanifiah Mohd Haniff, Isa Halim
    MyJurnal
    Environmental factors such as temperature, lighting and noise have very significant impact to workers’ health, safety, comfort, performance and productivity. In an ergonomically design industrial work environment, these factors need to be control at their optimum levels. The main objective of this study is to find the effect of temperature, illuminance and sound pressure level on workers’ productivity in automotive industry. To perform this study a workstation in an automotive component manufacturing was selected as the location of the study. Results of data analysis showed there were relationships between temperature, illuminance and noise on workers’ productivity. Later, the authors’ developed multiple linear equation models to represent the relationships between temperature, illuminance and noise on the workers’ productivity. These multiple linear equation models could be used to predict the production rate for the workstation by referring to the value of temperature, illuminance and noise level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  15. Bhardwaj A, Nagandla K, Das Gupta E, Ibrahim S
    MyJurnal
    Workplace learning is essentially informal that is unstructured, unintended and opportunistic from educational view point. Recall of factual knowledge and applying skills is central in workplace so learning becomes meaningful and evidence based. To maximise their learning, the learners must take active participation in their own learning, set goals and march towards achieving these goals. The objective of the teacher at this juncture is obliging to the needs of the learners and of the patients. This review aims to address the teaching and learning theories that impact the workplace learning, factors influencing workplace based learning, identifying opportunities for learning to occur parallel with work and strategies that maximise successful workplace learning.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  16. Shah Rollah Abdul Wahab, Yeong, Sook Shuen
    MyJurnal
    Recent development in industrialization and global economy has contributed to the increased number of workplace
    injuries and accidents. Safety culture has been seen as a central medium to curb the worrying trend of workplace
    accidents. The term of safety culture has emerged from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986 and the concept has
    been widely used until today. However, the conceptualization of safety culture suffers from several major drawbacks
    such as no definite understanding of how safety culture is being defined and measured. This paper hypothesized that
    higher levels of safety culture in the workplace will display lower numbers of accidents. Due to this concern, this
    paper seeks to provide a clear conceptualization of safety culture, dimensions used to measure it and common research
    methodology used in the previous safety research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  17. Kamarizan Kidam, Saharudin Haron, Zainazrin Zainal Abidin, Mimi Haryani Hashim, Adnan Ripin, Mohammed Wijayanuddin Ali, et al.
    MyJurnal
    Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are known to be one of the major contributors to the national economy.
    However, in terms of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) implementation and performance, these SMEs,
    especially in the metalworking sector have yet to meet the necessary standard. This paper discusses the statistical
    analysis of accidents in metalworking industry by using accident reports submitted to the Department of Safety and
    Health (DOSH) which involved 740 accident cases. The main objective is to identify the real causes of accidents and
    recommend an appropriate action plan for accidents prevention at the workplace.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  18. Mohd Azimie Ahmad, Norazura Ismail, Mohamad Rizza Othman
    MyJurnal
    The trends of safety incident process have been put in the statistical research and development in order to prevent
    and mitigate the phenomenon. One of the incidents is known as dust explosion. It represents a constant hazard to
    industries which includes any manufacturing using and handling combustible dust materials. Lack of sharing and
    know-how on best practices in managing the workplace must be avoided throughout the industries. The severity and
    the consequences of not taking the safety precautions at workplace have not been foreseen by the process team. This
    present paper discusses the best practices in managing the hazards from the catastrophes to happen again. In addition,
    the mitigation response has also been explored thoroughly through database of best practices.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  19. Khoo, Teng Hong, Lilis Surienty, Mohd Nasir Selamat
    MyJurnal
    Workplace accident is still prevalent in the Malaysian industry sector. Although statistics indicates that the number of
    accidents in the workplace is showing signs of decrease over the last five years, there is still room for improvements. According to
    report, a majority of the workplace accidents in Malaysia happened in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME). This shows that SME is
    still lagging behind in ensuring the safety of their workplace. This can disrupt their business activities as workplace accidents bring
    several negative effects. Therefore, this study explores the use of safety training to foster safety behaviour among employees. Surveys
    were distributed to employees working in SME, Northern Corridor of Economic Region (NCER). The data was analysed and results
    were presented. Suggestions to management in SME are made at the end of the paper.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  20. Rosliza Osman, Noorhasimah Awang, Siti Nasyrah Ibrahim, Siti Nurani Hassan, Norsyahidah Mohammad Yusof, Jais Suratman, et al.
    MyJurnal
    Unsafe behaviour is the key factor which contributes to the high number of incidents. Applying Behavior-Based
    Safety (BBS) into safety risk controls has been adopted in major industry toward improving safety performance.
    This approach to prevent incident has a number of advantages. The objective of this study is to identify the BBS
    factors which can contribute to reduce incidents at the workplace. Human factors, behaviour and environment have
    been identified as BBS factors. Human factors are influenced by knowledge and understanding of the workers while
    behaviour factors are influenced by culture and practices in a daily life. In addition, environmental factor involves
    equipment and work area. For an effective BBS approach, level of knowledge, understanding and practices by the
    workers become the main concerns in the implementation of BBS. The findings can become the reference model for
    future implementation in other organizations and as a guidance for better safety management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
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