Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 182 in total

  1. Khoo SB
    Malays Fam Physician, 2010;5(2):61-7.
    PMID: 25606190
    Academic mobbing is a non-violent, sophisticated, 'ganging up' behaviour adopted by academicians to "wear and tear" a colleague down emotionally through unjustified accusation, humiliation, general harassment and emotional abuse. These are directed at the target under a veil of lies and justifications so that they are "hidden" to others and difficult to prove. Bullies use mobbing activities to hide their own weaknesses and incompetence. Targets selected are often intelligent, innovative high achievers, with good integrity and principles. Mobbing activities appear trivial and innocuous on its own but the frequency and pattern of their occurrence over long period of time indicates an aggressive manipulation to "eliminate" the target. Mobbing activities typically progress through five stereotypical phases that begins with an unsolved minor conflict between two workers and ultimately escalates into a senseless mobbing whereby the target is stigmatized and victimized to justify the behaviours of the bullies. The result is always physical, mental, social distress or illness and, most often, expulsion of target from the workplace. Organizations are subjected to great financial loss, loss of key workers and a tarnished public image and reputation. Public awareness, education, effective counselling, establishment of anti-bullying policies and legislations at all levels are necessary to curb academic mobbing. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in supporting patients subjected to mental and physical health injury caused by workplace bullying and mobbing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  2. Han LM, Haron Z, Yahya K, Bakar SA, Dimon MN
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(4):e0120667.
    PMID: 25875019 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120667
    Strategic noise mapping provides important information for noise impact assessment and noise abatement. However, producing reliable strategic noise mapping in a dynamic, complex working environment is difficult. This study proposes the implementation of the random walk approach as a new stochastic technique to simulate noise mapping and to predict the noise exposure level in a workplace. A stochastic simulation framework and software, namely RW-eNMS, were developed to facilitate the random walk approach in noise mapping prediction. This framework considers the randomness and complexity of machinery operation and noise emission levels. Also, it assesses the impact of noise on the workers and the surrounding environment. For data validation, three case studies were conducted to check the accuracy of the prediction data and to determine the efficiency and effectiveness of this approach. The results showed high accuracy of prediction results together with a majority of absolute differences of less than 2 dBA; also, the predicted noise doses were mostly in the range of measurement. Therefore, the random walk approach was effective in dealing with environmental noises. It could predict strategic noise mapping to facilitate noise monitoring and noise control in the workplaces.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace*
  3. Khalib AL, Ngan HU
    Workplace bullying has drawn greater attention in the last one and half decades. Despite its recognition by many organizations and countries, it is still rife. Why is that so? Could it be that the root of the problem has not been addressed? Or, could it be due to difficulties and resistances in embarking preventive and control measures. In this paper, we will examine the possible causes of workplace bullying based on a proposed model. In depth discussion of the personal and organizational factors are made while the work group and societal factors are dealt with in brief. In summary, the root of workplace bullying is multi-factorial. Understanding the complexity and subtlety of workplace bullying is pertinent in the effort to prevent or curtail it.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  4. Halim I, Arep H, Kamat SR, Abdullah R, Omar AR, Ismail AR
    Saf Health Work, 2014 Jun;5(2):97-105.
    PMID: 25180141 DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2014.04.002
    BACKGROUND: Prolonged standing has been hypothesized as a vital contributor to discomfort and muscle fatigue in the workplace. The objective of this study was to develop a decision support system that could provide systematic analysis and solutions to minimize the discomfort and muscle fatigue associated with prolonged standing.

    METHODS: The integration of object-oriented programming and a Model Oriented Simultaneous Engineering System were used to design the architecture of the decision support system.

    RESULTS: Validation of the decision support system was carried out in two manufacturing companies. The validation process showed that the decision support system produced reliable results.

    CONCLUSION: The decision support system is a reliable advisory tool for providing analysis and solutions to problems related to the discomfort and muscle fatigue associated with prolonged standing. Further testing of the decision support system is suggested before it is used commercially.

    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  5. Ramli A, Henry LJ, Liang YF, Beh JY
    Malays J Med Sci, 2013 Oct;20(5):54-60.
    PMID: 24643369 MyJurnal
    Physical inactivity and reduced energy expenditure has led to increased obesity among office workers. This study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a worksite health programme aimed at improving physical health among obese civil servants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  6. Saravanan Dhanabal, Karmegam Karuppiah, Kulanthayan K.C Mani, Irniza Rasdi, Sivasankar Sambasivam
    Workplace accident is a big challenges for a safety professional. Workplace accidents may lead from minor to serious
    effects to both employees and employers alike. Accident is an unexpected and undesirable event, especially those
    resulting in damage, harm or unforeseen incidents. This paper also discussed all available accident theories that are
    commonly used in workplace as fundamental to mitigating accident. Throughout this paper, the author justified that a
    new or updated accident theory is needed in Malaysia. The author stated that current accident theories are based on
    different environments and are different in terms physical of the employee who involved in the accident. This author
    also stated that technology changes is also another factor which can be supporting the new or updated accident
    theory needed in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  7. Saad Mohd Said, Zairihan Abdul Halim, Fatimah Said
    This study analyzes the determinants of workplace injuries across 44 four-digit manufacturing industries in Malaysia from 1993 to 2008 through the business cycle and structural approaches. The results of fixed-effects estimations revealed that workplace injuries in Malaysian manufacturing sector were negatively influenced by firm size and positively influenced by business cycle. Consistent with the findings of previous studies in other countries, the empirical evidence of this study supports the pro-cyclical behavior of injury rates in manufacturing industries towards business cycle. The analysis demonstrates that both structural and cyclical variation effects are important determinants of workplace injuries in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  8. Ryoichi Horiguchi
    In September 2011 at the 19th World Congress on Safety and Health at Work in Istanbul, I met a Turkish prominent scholar and we exchanged our ideas on the topic of work safety. Turkey, as you well know, is one of the Muslim majority countries and Muslims comprise 99% of the whole population. And I have heard that in Turkey, a fatalism based on its faith is so pervasive among people that Turkey has a lot of cases on injuries and deaths at the workplace. In such a fatalism, an accident would be accepted as a fate which their God has already decided, because of God being in control of everything.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  9. Ahmad Rasdan Ismail, Baba Md Deros, Mohd Yusri Mohd Yusof, Mohd Hanifiah Mohd Haniff, Isa Halim
    Environmental factors such as temperature, lighting and noise have very significant impact to workers’ health, safety, comfort, performance and productivity. In an ergonomically design industrial work environment, these factors need to be control at their optimum levels. The main objective of this study is to find the effect of temperature, illuminance and sound pressure level on workers’ productivity in automotive industry. To perform this study a workstation in an automotive component manufacturing was selected as the location of the study. Results of data analysis showed there were relationships between temperature, illuminance and noise on workers’ productivity. Later, the authors’ developed multiple linear equation models to represent the relationships between temperature, illuminance and noise on the workers’ productivity. These multiple linear equation models could be used to predict the production rate for the workstation by referring to the value of temperature, illuminance and noise level.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  10. Bhardwaj A, Nagandla K, Das Gupta E, Ibrahim S
    Workplace learning is essentially informal that is unstructured, unintended and opportunistic from educational view point. Recall of factual knowledge and applying skills is central in workplace so learning becomes meaningful and evidence based. To maximise their learning, the learners must take active participation in their own learning, set goals and march towards achieving these goals. The objective of the teacher at this juncture is obliging to the needs of the learners and of the patients. This review aims to address the teaching and learning theories that impact the workplace learning, factors influencing workplace based learning, identifying opportunities for learning to occur parallel with work and strategies that maximise successful workplace learning.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  11. Khoo Teng Hong, Lilis Surienty, Daisy Kee Mui Hung
    The paper reports on a study conducted in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in NCER, Malaysia. Four safety management practices were studied in relation to safety behaviour of employees. Respondents consisted of employees working in SMEs in NCER. Companies were sampled randomly from directories provided by SMECorp and other SME-related body. Self-administered questionnaires were sent by mail to employees working in SMEs. Completed questionnaires were mailed back by respondents using pre-addressed and post-paid envelope included. Correlation analysis were conducted and found that all four safety management practices are highly correlated with safety behaviour. The result provides support to the use of safety management practices to improve safety behaviour of employees and overall safety of the workplace. Suggestions for management in SMEs are presented in the discussion section. Management in SMEs can consider the use of safety management practices as antecedents that trigger safety behaviour of their employees in order to reduce accident rate in workplace.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  12. Rosliza Osman, Noorhasimah Awang, Siti Nasyrah Ibrahim, Siti Nurani Hassan, Norsyahidah Mohammad Yusof, Jais Suratman, et al.
    Unsafe behaviour is the key factor which contributes to the high number of incidents. Applying Behavior-Based
    Safety (BBS) into safety risk controls has been adopted in major industry toward improving safety performance.
    This approach to prevent incident has a number of advantages. The objective of this study is to identify the BBS
    factors which can contribute to reduce incidents at the workplace. Human factors, behaviour and environment have
    been identified as BBS factors. Human factors are influenced by knowledge and understanding of the workers while
    behaviour factors are influenced by culture and practices in a daily life. In addition, environmental factor involves
    equipment and work area. For an effective BBS approach, level of knowledge, understanding and practices by the
    workers become the main concerns in the implementation of BBS. The findings can become the reference model for
    future implementation in other organizations and as a guidance for better safety management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  13. Kamarizan Kidam, Saharudin Haron, Zainazrin Zainal Abidin, Mimi Haryani Hashim, Adnan Ripin, Mohammed Wijayanuddin Ali, et al.
    Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are known to be one of the major contributors to the national economy.
    However, in terms of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) implementation and performance, these SMEs,
    especially in the metalworking sector have yet to meet the necessary standard. This paper discusses the statistical
    analysis of accidents in metalworking industry by using accident reports submitted to the Department of Safety and
    Health (DOSH) which involved 740 accident cases. The main objective is to identify the real causes of accidents and
    recommend an appropriate action plan for accidents prevention at the workplace.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  14. Ahmad Nawawi Mohd Amin, Wan Hasrulnizzam Wan Mahmood, Seri Rahayu Kamat, Ilyana Abdullah
    The purpose of this paper is to prepare a conceptual framework of hybrid lean and ergonomics for assembly manufacturing process based. The research used PDCA approach as a basis in linking the relationship between lean manufacturing and ergonomics. Comprehensive literature review identify the lean ergonomics issues, best practices, and also the way to improve the ergonomic conditions in the workplace, especially those impacting employees on the assembly process. The findings show that the job design strategies for reducing extreme injuries influence by repetitive tasks. Selections of lean tools and technique, human factors analysis and lean performance measure are the key point on the stages of the PDCA conceptual framework for lean ergonomics in working assembly process. This paper also demonstrates by continuous improvement applied between the elimination of waste and increased productivity and the impacts on the ergonomic conditions to carry out operations and consequently by improving the productivity and well-being of its employees based on implementation of PDCA conceptual frameworks.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  15. Mohamed Shahrizan Abu Bakar, Khairuddin Idris, Zoharah Omar, Siti Normaliz Othman
    Workplace deviant behavior is an action performed voluntarily by an individual and harms the
    organizational norms and affects individual, organization or both. Therefore, it is a priority to the
    organization to understand and look at the workplace deviant behavior issue because different
    individual and environment will cause differences in how an individual behaves. Understanding the
    terms, factors, typologies and effects of deviant behavior will enable organization to draw the
    rehabilitation plan so deviant behavior will be curbed from the beginning. Overcoming workplace
    deviant behavior will result in positive impact to the organization management and financial and will
    lead to positive and conducive environment at the workplace.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  16. Noor Hassim I
    Family Physician, 1991;3:14-16.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  17. Rampal KG
    Family Physician, 1991;3:17-18.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  18. Khoo, Teng Hong, Lilis Surienty, Mohd Nasir Selamat
    Workplace accident is still prevalent in the Malaysian industry sector. Although statistics indicates that the number of
    accidents in the workplace is showing signs of decrease over the last five years, there is still room for improvements. According to
    report, a majority of the workplace accidents in Malaysia happened in Small and Medium Enterprise (SME). This shows that SME is
    still lagging behind in ensuring the safety of their workplace. This can disrupt their business activities as workplace accidents bring
    several negative effects. Therefore, this study explores the use of safety training to foster safety behaviour among employees. Surveys
    were distributed to employees working in SME, Northern Corridor of Economic Region (NCER). The data was analysed and results
    were presented. Suggestions to management in SME are made at the end of the paper.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  19. Shah Rollah Abdul Wahab, Yeong, Sook Shuen
    Recent development in industrialization and global economy has contributed to the increased number of workplace
    injuries and accidents. Safety culture has been seen as a central medium to curb the worrying trend of workplace
    accidents. The term of safety culture has emerged from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986 and the concept has
    been widely used until today. However, the conceptualization of safety culture suffers from several major drawbacks
    such as no definite understanding of how safety culture is being defined and measured. This paper hypothesized that
    higher levels of safety culture in the workplace will display lower numbers of accidents. Due to this concern, this
    paper seeks to provide a clear conceptualization of safety culture, dimensions used to measure it and common research
    methodology used in the previous safety research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
  20. Choi, Mui Fong, Florianna Lendai Michael Mulok, Helmi Sumilan
    There has been only limited research focused on the assumption of leader stress and affective well-being. Hence, this study aims to determine the relationship between leadership style and employee stress level at workplace. This study primarily took a quantitative approach for data collection and analysis. Questionnaires were distributed at three branches of banks located in Kuching, Sarawak and to their employees. The findings show that there is a relationship between autocratic leadership style and employee stress level at workplace. The strength of the relationship is weak due to r = .461, p = .002. The findings also show that democratic leadership and transformational leadership have no relationship with the employee stress level at workplace.
    Matched MeSH terms: Workplace
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