Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 58 in total

  1. Saniasiaya J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2023 May 22;16(5).
    PMID: 37217233 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2023-255734
    Long COVID-19 syndrome has been reported among children and adolescents following COVID-19 recovery. Among them, notable symptoms include myalgia, insomnia, loss of smell and headache. Yet, novel manifestations are being discovered daily. Herein, we report two cases of vestibular migraine post-COVID-19 involving two children who presented with vestibular migraine symptoms following COVID-19 infection and their management. Children post-COVID-19 should be thoroughly evaluated for vestibular migraine symptoms so they can be managed promptly. This is the first article to report vestibular migraine as a manifestation of long COVID-19 syndrome.
  2. Saniasiaya J, Narayanan P
    J Laryngol Otol, 2023 Jan;137(1):2-6.
    PMID: 35616060 DOI: 10.1017/S0022215122001268
    BACKGROUND: Vestibular dysfunction in children is a debilitating condition that results in countless pernicious effects, such as motor development delay, poor academic performance and psychosocial impairment. Yet, research pertaining to vestibular and balance disorders amongst adolescents is still lacking and remains an enigma.

    METHODS: This paper outlines novel emerging aetiological factors contributing to vestibular dysfunction amongst adolescents by appraising published articles through a narrative review.

    RESULTS: Underlying aetiological factors of vestibular dysfunction can be identified among adolescents with thorough evaluation. Proper diagnostic evaluation of vestibular dysfunction is imperative in providing optimal care and guiding appropriate treatment strategies. The available literature demonstrated multifactorial aetiological factors that contribute to vestibular dysfunction in adolescents.

    CONCLUSION: Outlining the underlying aetiological factors of vestibular dysfunction is vital to ensure that patients receive appropriate care and treatment.

  3. Mohd Hamdan MH, Saniasiaya J, Narayanan P
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jul 13;14(7).
    PMID: 34257127 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243756
    The hyoid bone fracture has traditionally been attributed to strangulation and hanging. Although rare, ensuing its vague presentation, hyoid bone fracture is oftentimes overlooked and missed, leading to delayed complications. Herein, we are reporting an overlooked hyoid bone fracture in a man who attempted suicide by strangulating himself, whereby Valsalva manoeuvre performed during bedside flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopy revealed the fractured segment. As the patient was stable and asymptomatic, he was successfully managed conservatively. We would like to highlight the awareness of the Valsalva manoeuvre, which could elicit hyoid bone fracture as missing or overlooking the fracture may lead to devastating complications which may ensue, such as respiratory distress.
  4. Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol, 2023;89(2):329-338.
    PMID: 35659765 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2022.05.002
    OBJECTIVE: Airway reflux, a member of extra-esophageal reflux, has been linked to countless respiratory pathologies amongst children. The advent of novel instrumentation has enabled the discovery of non-acid reflux which was postulated as the main culprit of airway reflux. The objective of this review is to outline the association between non-acid reflux and airway reflux in children.

    METHODS: A comprehensive review of recent literature on non-acid reflux and airway reflux in children was conducted. Studies ranged from January 2010 till November 2021 were searched over a period of a month: December 2021.

    RESULTS: A total of eleven studies were identified. All studies included in this review revealed a strong link between non-acid reflux and airway reflux in children. 6 of the included studies are prospective studies, 3 retrospective studies, 1 cross-section study, and type of study was not mentioned in 1 study. The most common reported respiratory manifestation of non-acid reflux in children was chronic cough (7 studies). Predominant non-acid reflux was noted in 4 studies. The total number of children in each study ranges from 21 to 150 patients. MII-pH study was carried out in all studies included as a diagnostic tool for reflux investigation.

    CONCLUSION: Non-acid reflux is the culprit behind airway reflux as well as other myriads of extra-esophageal manifestations in children. Multicentre international studies with a standardized protocol could improve scientific knowledge in managing non-acid reflux in airway reflux amongst children.

  5. Saniasiaya J, Islam MA, Salim R
    PMID: 36715738 DOI: 10.1007/s00405-023-07842-z
    BACKGROUND: Vestibular dysfunction has been extensively studied amongst the older population. Recently, conditions and management of vestibular dysfunction among children and adolescent has gained attention. Yet, a lack of awareness and expertise in managing children and adolescents with vestibular dysfunction has led to a delay in diagnosis as well as a trifling prevalence rate.

    AIM: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to estimate the overall pooled prevalence of vestibular dysfunction in children and adolescents.

    METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify studies published until 29 April 2022. We used a random-effects model to estimate the pooled prevalence with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic and Cochran's Q test. The robustness of the pooled estimates was checked by different subgroups and sensitivity analyses.

    RESULTS: We identified 1811 studies, of which 39 studies (n = 323,663) were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the pooled prevalence of children and adolescents with VD was 30.4% [95% CI 28.5-32.3%]. The age of the participants ranged from 1 to 19 years. Participants of the included 39 studies were from 15 countries. Among the studies, 34 were cross-sectional, and five were case-control designed. There were discrepancies found in the studies with objective (higher prevalence) versus subjective (lower prevalence) evaluations.

    CONCLUSION: The prevalence of VD among children and adolescents was found to be 30.4% based on high-quality evidence. Due to the subjective assessment of most studies pooled in the analysis, the results should be interpreted cautiously until future comparative studies with objective assessments are carried out.

  6. Subramaniam D, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2023 Jun;75(2):1271-1273.
    PMID: 37275052 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-022-03383-9
    BACKGROUND: Foreign body ingestion involving the paediatric age group is a common emergency referral encountered by Otorhinolaryngologists. The cervical oesophagus has been noted as the most prevalent site of impaction. Traditionally, a rigid oesophagoscopy would be required for examination under anaesthesia and removal of the foreign body is found, but this method may miss foreign bodies that are embedded into the mucosa, and faulty technique may result in perforation of the esophagus. Method and results: We present a suspension microesophagoscopy technique using a Lindholm laryngoscope and suspension to retract and suspend the opening of the oesophagus. Conclusion: This technique not only gives the surgeon an advantage to perform a two-handed procedure but also allows for a magnified examination of the oesophageal mucosa with the help of a rigid telescope for a thorough examination.

    BULLET POINT SUMMARY: The best diagnostic and therapeutic method for the management of foreign body in the oesophagus is examination under anaesthesia.Suspension microesophagoscopy can be done in the operation theatre with pre-existing instrument.This technique allows freedom for a two-handed technique.This technique gives a magnified visualisation of the mucosa revealing any embedded foreign body.

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12070-022-03383-9.

  7. Ponnuvelu K, Saniasiaya J, Abdul Gani N
    Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis, 2021 Dec;138(6):505-507.
    PMID: 33712397 DOI: 10.1016/j.anorl.2020.09.015
  8. Ngu CYV, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Sep 07;14(9).
    PMID: 34493558 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-244012
    Paediatric upper airway obstruction is an emergency that requires immediate intervention. Among the myriad factors that leads to upper airway obstruction in paediatric age group, bilateral vocal cord palsy is not commonly encountered in clinical practice. The underlying cause of bilateral vocal cord palsy requires thorough investigation prior to deciding on the appropriate intervention. Herein, we report a 4-month-old baby boy who presented with recurrent inspiratory stridor with bilateral vocal cord palsy secondary to Arnold Chiari II malformation. Immediate intervention to drain the hydrocephalous resulted in complete resolution of stridor without having to perform a tracheostomy. We highlight the importance of meticulous and thorough investigations especially in children, as emergent airway intervention such as tracheostomy may result in detrimental effect to speech, swallowing as well as quality of life.
  9. Saniasiaya J, Abdullah B
    Pediatric investigation, 2019 Sep;3(3):180-184.
    PMID: 32851314 DOI: 10.1002/ped4.12145
    Nasal septal surgery among children remains controversial because of its adverse effect on craniofacial development. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated that early nasal septal correction prevents the midfacial and nasal growth deformity that is the inevitable consequence of nasal septal abnormality. Nasal septal surgery in children has been reported to lead to significant improvement in quality of life. We reviewed the existing literature to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric nasal septal surgery.
  10. Saniasiaya J, Abdullah B, Husain S, Wang Y, Wan Mohammad Z
    Am J Rhinol Allergy, 2017 Sep 01;31(5):328-333.
    PMID: 28859711 DOI: 10.2500/ajra.2017.31.4464
    BACKGROUND: Epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction is common in the pediatric age group. The mainstay treatment among these young patients has been conservative. Once epiphora becomes recalcitrant, however, an external or an endonasal approach is considered.

    OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR) entails creating an opening from the lacrimal sac directly into the nasal cavity to counteract nasolacrimal duct obstruction. We reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness and the safety of primary EDCR to treat pediatric nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

    METHOD: A literature search was conducted by using a number of medical literature data bases for the period from 1995 to 2016. The following search words were used either individually or in combination: epiphora, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, powered endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, laser-assisted endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, children, congenital, acquired, presaccal obstruction, and postsaccal obstruction. In addition, a few articles were identified based on the experience and information provided by the senior authors (B.A., S.H., D.Y.W.). The search was conducted over a 1-month period (January 2017). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions were followed when possible.

    RESULTS: Only 10 original clinical research articles were selected based on our objectives and selection criteria. All the studies were at level of evidence III: nonrandomized and noncomparative prospective or retrospective case series. Altogether, 313 patients with ages that ranged from 4 months to 18 years were enrolled. A total of 352 EDCRs were performed that were either single sided (n = 313) or bilateral (n = 39). The most common causes of the obstruction were classified as congenital, followed by idiopathic, and then acquired. A meta-analysis was not performed because of the heterogeneity of the patient groups and variability of the methods used to measure outcomes.

    CONCLUSION: Analysis of the results indicated that EDCR was an effective, safe therapeutic approach to treating nasolacrimal duct obstruction in pediatric patients. It should be considered as an alternative procedure to external dacryocystorhinostomy after a failed conservative treatment.

  11. Saniasiaya J, Islam MA, Abdullah B
    Laryngoscope, 2021 04;131(4):865-878.
    PMID: 33219539 DOI: 10.1002/lary.29286
    OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Olfactory dysfunction has been observed as one of the clinical manifestations in COVID-19 patients. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the overall pooled prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 patients.

    STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analyses.

    METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify studies published between 1 December 2019 and 23 July 2020. We used random-effects model to estimate the pooled prevalence with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic and Cochran's Q test. Robustness of the pooled estimates was checked by different subgroup and sensitivity analyses This study is registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020183768).

    RESULTS: We identified 1162 studies, of which 83 studies (n = 27492, 61.4% female) were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the pooled prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 patients was 47.85% [95% CI: 41.20-54.50]. We observed olfactory dysfunction in 54.40% European, 51.11% North American, 31.39% Asian, and 10.71% Australian COVID-19 patients. Anosmia, hyposmia, and dysosmia were observed in 35.39%, 36.15%, and 2.53% of the patients, respectively. There were discrepancies in the results of studies with objective (higher prevalence) versus subjective (lower prevalence) evaluations. The discrepancy might be due to false-negative reporting observed in self-reported health measures.

    CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 patients was found to be 47.85% based on high-quality evidence. Due to the subjective measures of most studies pooled in the analysis, further studies with objective measures are advocated to confirm the finding.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Laryngoscope, 131:865-878, 2021.

  12. Saniasiaya J, Islam MA, Abdullah B
    Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2021 07;165(1):33-42.
    PMID: 33320033 DOI: 10.1177/0194599820981018
    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to assess the pooled prevalence of taste disorders and their subtypes in patients with COVID-19.

    DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify studies published between December 1, 2019, and June 23, 2020, without language restrictions. There was no restriction on the study design; therefore, observational studies, clinical trials, and case series were included. In addition, preprints were considered if data of interest were reported.

    REVIEW METHODS: Two authors independently screened articles for eligibility. A random effects model was used to estimate the pooled prevalence with 95% CIs. Quality assessment was done with critical appraisal tools of the Joanna Briggs Institute. The robustness of the pooled estimates was checked by subgroup and sensitivity analyses.

    RESULTS: Fifty-nine studies were included (N = 29,349 patients, 64.4% female). The pooled prevalence of taste disorders in patients with COVID-19 was 48.1% (95% CI, 41.3%-54.8%). The prevalence of taste disorders in studies with objective assessments was higher as compared with subjective assessments (59.2% vs 47.3%). The disorders were observed in 55.2% of European patients; 61.0%, North American; 27.1%, Asian; 29.5%, South American; and 25.0%, Australian. Ageusia, hypogeusia, and dysgeusia were detected in 28.0%, 33.5%, and 41.3% of patients with COVID-19. We identified 91.5% of the included studies as high quality.

    CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of taste disorders in patients with COVID-19 was 48.1%. Objective assessments have higher prevalence than subjective assessments. Dysgeusia is the most common subtype, followed by ageusia and hypogeusia.

  13. Lim CC, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jul 01;14(7).
    PMID: 34210704 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243412
    Postauricular swelling is usually encountered in an emergency setting in otorhinolaryngology, resulting from complication of acute or chronic suppurative otitis media. Besides that, postauricular swelling may occur secondary to various other conditions including infectious disease, tumour, vascular malformation, granulomatous condition and even trauma. Children less than 2 years old are prone to fall and up to 10% sustain traumatic brain injury without any obvious signs of neurological deficit. We describe a rare case of a postauricular swelling in a toddler which turned out to be salmonella extradural abscess from an infected traumatic haematoma. The importance of high clinical suspicion especially in a child with a history of fall cannot be emphasised more because a missed brain abscess could lead to potentially life-threatening problems. We would like to highlight that meticulous history taking along with prompt assessment and intervention is prudent for a better prognosis and recovery.
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