Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 348 in total

  1. Ariffin AC, Ngadiron H
    Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg, 2017 12;43(6):883-884.
    PMID: 28936579 DOI: 10.1007/s00068-017-0843-1
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease*
  2. Iqbal MS, Iqbal MZ, Barua A, Veettil SK, Ling TK, Yong NB, et al.
    Value Health, 2014 Nov;17(7):A594.
    PMID: 27202038 DOI: 10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2045
    Objectives: The cost of acute exacerbations of asthma had not been well studied in literature. The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the (average) cost of moderate and severe exacerbations of asthma in patients attending tertiary-care setup in Malaysia. The related burden of exacerbations was also calculated.
    Methods: The costs including lab investigation charges, unit costs of treatment per bed, medication charges, food costs, transportation costs and loss of productivity were calculated per asthma episode. Data was analysed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 18.0 using various descriptive and inferential statistical tests.
    Results: A median medical cost of acute exacerbation of asthma under Ministry of Health’s (MOH) perspective was USD 105.00 (RM338.47) per episode. Medication cost comprised the majority (52.38%) of the total medical costs. A median medical cost of acute exacerbation of asthma under patient’s perspective was USD 1.55 (RM4.99) per episode. ConclusionsAsthma exacerbation and length of stay in the hospital were proportional to the direct medical costs. In Malaysia, a substantial proportion of the direct medical cost of asthma treatment is heavily subsidised for the locals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  3. Irfan M, Fariza NH
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):545-6.
    PMID: 23770882 MyJurnal
    Epiglottic abscess is rare sequelae of acute epiglottitis. It occurs commonly in adult although acute epiglottitis commonly occur in children. The presentation includes fever with odynophagia. The diagnosis is based on high index of suspicion especially when oral examinations reveal normal findings. We report a case of adult epiglottic abscess which was treated with incision and drainage. The outline of management was discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  4. Pit S, Chea FK, Jamal F
    Postgrad Med J, 1988 Feb;64(748):140-2.
    PMID: 3174527
    Central nervous system involvement in melioidosis is rare. We describe a 48 year old woman who developed septicaemia and a brain abscess due to Pseudomonas pseudomallei. Since there is a continuing practical problem in bacteriological confirmation of the aetiological agent, diagnosis of melioidosis has to be made on clinical suspicion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  5. Kuan GL, Tee AC
    To study the role of pulse oximetry in the assessment of acute asthma in children presenting to the A&E department, 360 children who presented themselves to the A&E department were enrolled into the study. Those admitted were found to have a lower mean Sa02 of 92% compared to those discharged with Sa02 of 94% (p < 0.001). After the initial treatment at the A&E, those admitted still have a lower mean Sa02 of 94% compared to those discharged with a mean Sa02 of 96% (p < 0.001). However taking Sa02 of 92% as a predictor of admission hada sensitivity of 39% and a specificity of 80% but it had a high negative predictive value of 92%. Hence pulse oximetry alone is not sensitive for predicting admission in acute asthma in children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  6. Khoo CS, Ali AH, Remli R, Tan HJ
    Clin Med (Lond), 2018 08;18(4):308-310.
    PMID: 30072555 DOI: 10.7861/clinmedicine.18-4-308
    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute immune-mediated demyelinating disease. Early recognition of this disease is crucial as it can progress to life-threatening conditions such as respiratory failure or autonomic dysfunction. Typical clinical manifestations of GBS include progressive weakness of the limbs, bulbar, facial muscles and ophthalmoplegia. Sensory level and bladder dysfunction are more suggestive of acute myelopathy. We report a case of GBS presenting with acute urinary retention and T6 sensory level, which was successfully treated with plasma exchange.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  7. Nasir F., Zamzil Amin Asha’ari
    Malays Fam Physician, 2017;12(2):26-28.
    Otitis media is a common disease encountered in the primary practice. Most cases are successfully
    treated with antibiotics without any sequelae. Because of these, potential serious complications of otitis
    media may be overlooked.
    We report a rare case of Bezold’s abscess, as a complication of otitis media and discuss its
    pathophysiology and management.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  8. Thakur A, Basu PP
    Malays J Med Sci, 2017 Aug;24(4):102-105.
    PMID: 28951695 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2017.24.4.12
    Acute pancreatitis is considered to be an extremely rare extrahepatic manifestation of acute viral hepatitis E. The incidence is reported to be around 5%-6% in the available case series. It has usually been reported in non-fulminant cases of acute viral hepatitis E in the second or third week of illness, with a favourable outcome. Here, we report the case of a young male subject with acute viral hepatitis E presenting as acute pancreatitis at its onset and exhibiting a prolonged recovery phase. To the authors' knowledge, such a presentation of acute viral hepatitis E as acute pancreatitis at its inception has been only sparsely reported in the available literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  9. Fokkens WJ, Lund VJ, Hopkins C, Hellings PW, Kern R, Reitsma S, et al.
    Rhinology, 2020 Feb 20;58(Suppl S29):1-464.
    PMID: 32077450 DOI: 10.4193/Rhin20.600
    The European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2020 is the update of similar evidence based position papers published in 2005 and 2007 and 2012. The core objective of the EPOS2020 guideline is to provide revised, up-to-date and clear evidence-based recommendations and integrated care pathways in ARS and CRS. EPOS2020 provides an update on the literature published and studies undertaken in the eight years since the EPOS2012 position paper was published and addresses areas not extensively covered in EPOS2012 such as paediatric CRS and sinus surgery. EPOS2020 also involves new stakeholders, including pharmacists and patients, and addresses new target users who have become more involved in the management and treatment of rhinosinusitis since the publication of the last EPOS document, including pharmacists, nurses, specialised care givers and indeed patients themselves, who employ increasing self-management of their condition using over the counter treatments. The document provides suggestions for future research in this area and offers updated guidance for definitions and outcome measurements in research in different settings. EPOS2020 contains chapters on definitions and classification where we have defined a large number of terms and indicated preferred terms. A new classification of CRS into primary and secondary CRS and further division into localized and diffuse disease, based on anatomic distribution is proposed. There are extensive chapters on epidemiology and predisposing factors, inflammatory mechanisms, (differential) diagnosis of facial pain, allergic rhinitis, genetics, cystic fibrosis, aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, immunodeficiencies, allergic fungal rhinosinusitis and the relationship between upper and lower airways. The chapters on paediatric acute and chronic rhinosinusitis are totally rewritten. All available evidence for the management of acute rhinosinusitis and chronic rhinosinusitis with or without nasal polyps in adults and children is systematically reviewed and integrated care pathways based on the evidence are proposed. Despite considerable increases in the amount of quality publications in recent years, a large number of practical clinical questions remain. It was agreed that the best way to address these was to conduct a Delphi exercise . The results have been integrated into the respective sections. Last but not least, advice for patients and pharmacists and a new list of research needs are included. The full document can be downloaded for free on the website of this journal: http://www.rhinologyjournal.com.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  10. Podda M, Pacella D, Pellino G, Coccolini F, Giordano A, Di Saverio S, et al.
    Pancreatology, 2022 Nov;22(7):902-916.
    PMID: 35963665 DOI: 10.1016/j.pan.2022.07.007
    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Reports about the implementation of recommendations from acute pancreatitis guidelines are scant. This study aimed to evaluate, on a patient-data basis, the contemporary practice patterns of management of biliary acute pancreatitis and to compare these practices with the recommendations by the most updated guidelines.

    METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted to any of the 150 participating general surgery (GS), hepatopancreatobiliary surgery (HPB), internal medicine (IM) and gastroenterology (GA) departments with a diagnosis of biliary acute pancreatitis between 01/01/2019 and 31/12/2020 were included in the study. Categorical data were reported as percentages representing the proportion of all study patients or different and well-defined cohorts for each variable. Continuous data were expressed as mean and standard deviation. Differences between the compliance obtained in the four different subgroups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U, Student's t, ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous data, and the Chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test for categorical data.

    RESULTS: Complete data were available for 5275 patients. The most commonly discordant gaps between daily clinical practice and recommendations included the optimal timing for the index CT scan (6.1%, χ2 6.71, P = 0.081), use of prophylactic antibiotics (44.2%, χ2 221.05, P 

    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  11. Abdul Rashid S, Ab Hamid S, Mohamad Saini S, Muridan R
    Biomed Imaging Interv J, 2012 Apr;8(2):e11.
    PMID: 22970067 MyJurnal DOI: 10.2349/biij.8.2.e11
    Diagnosing acute appendicitis in children can be difficult due to atypical presenting symptoms. While there are reported cases of acute appendicitis or appendiceal masses causing unilateral hydronephrosis, bilateral hydronephrosis as a complication of appendiceal mass is very rare. We report a case of a child who presented with cardinal symptomatology associated with the urogenital tract. Ultrasound (US) investigation showed a pelvic mass causing bilateral hydronephrosis. An initial diagnosis of a pelvic teratoma was made based on the US and computed tomography (CT) scan findings. The final diagnosis of an appendiceal mass causing bilateral hydronephrosis was established intraoperatively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  12. Wijesuriya LI
    Malays Fam Physician, 2007;2(3):106-9.
    PMID: 25606095 MyJurnal
    Acute appendicitis has been known as a disease entity for well over a century but a confident diagnosis before surgery in all patients suspected of the condition is still not possible. Timely diagnosis is essential to minimise morbidity due to possible perforation of the inflamed organ in the event treatment is delayed; so much so that surgeons often preferred to operate at the slightest suspicion of the diagnosis in the past. This resulted in the removal of many normal appendixes. When the diagnosis of appendicitis is clear from the history and clinical examination, then no further investigation is necessary and prompt surgical treatment is appropriate. Where there is doubt about the diagnosis however it is advisable to resort to imaging studies such as abdominal ultrasound or computed tomography to clear such suspicions before subjecting the patient to an appendicectomy. These studies would also help avoid delays in surgery in deserving patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  13. Isayama H, Nakai Y, Rerknimitr R, Khor C, Lau J, Wang HP, et al.
    PMID: 27044023 DOI: 10.1111/jgh.13394
    Walled-off necrosis (WON) is a relatively new term for encapsulated necrotic tissue after severe acute pancreatitis. Various terminologies such as pseudocyst, necroma, pancreatic abscess and infected necrosis were previously used in the literature, resulting in confusion. The current and past terminologies must be reconciled to meaningfully interpret past data. Recently, endoscopic necrosectomy was introduced as a treatment option and is now preferred over surgical necrosectomy when the expertise is available. However, high-quality evidence is still lacking, and there is no standard management strategy for WON. The consensus meeting aimed to clarify the diagnostic criteria for WON and the role of endoscopic interventions in its management. In the Consensus Conference, 25 experts from 8 Asian countries took an active role and examined key clinical aspects of WON diagnosis and endoscopic management. Statements were crafted based on literature review and expert opinion, employing the modified Delphi method. All statements were substantiated by the level of evidence and the strength of the recommendation. We created 27 consensus statements for WON diagnosis and management, including details of endoscopic procedures. When there was not enough solid evidence to support the statements, this was clearly acknowledged to facilitate future research. Proposed management strategies were formulated and are illustrated using flow charts. These recommendations, which are based on the best current scientific evidence and expert opinion, will be useful for guiding endoscopic management of WON. Part 1 of this statement focused on the epidemiology, diagnosis and timing of intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  14. Koay HT, Mahmoud HE
    Med J Malaysia, 2015 Feb;70(1):42-4.
    PMID: 26032530
    It is crucial to realize that both omental infarction and acute appendicitis can occur simultaneously in the children as both diseases are managed differently. Omental infarction itself is rare in the pediatric group, and its association with acute appendicitis is even rarer. Both diseases usually present with right sided abdominal pain. Ultrasound is the choice of imaging modality in the investigation of abdominal pain in the children. It should not be content if omental infarction is detected, whilst the normal appendix is not seen. We reported a case of simultaneous omental infarction and acute appendicitis in a child who presented with 3 days history of right sided abdominal pain. It was diagnosed preoperatively by ultrasound. Prompt surgical intervention was proceeded and the child made uneventful recovery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  15. Krishnasamy M, Chandran S
    Med J Malaysia, 1987 Jun;42(2):137-8.
    PMID: 3503190
    Acute dacroadenitis is a rare condition. This case illustrates the acute onset, typical pain and tenderness in the upper outer eye of an enlarged lacrimal gland with purulent discharge. Good response to antibiotics is usual.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  16. Saw HS
    Med J Malaysia, 1977 Dec;32(2):157-60.
    PMID: 614484
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  17. Chong HC, Chai FY, Balakrishnan D, Asilah SM, Adila IN, Syibrah KZ
    Case Rep Surg, 2016;2016:6067374.
    PMID: 27648337
    Subhepatically located caecum and appendix is a very rare entity. It occurs due to the anomaly in fetal gut rotation that results in an incomplete rotation and fixation of the intestine. Appendicitis, which is a common surgical emergency, in combination with the abnormal subhepatic location, presents a great challenge in its diagnosis and management. Here, we describe a 42-year-old male with chronic dyspepsia who presented with sepsis and severe pain at his right hypochondriac and epigastric region. The final diagnosis was acute appendicitis of the subhepatic appendix. Our discussion focuses on the diagnostic approach and clinical and surgical management. We hope that our report will increase the awareness among the clinicians and hasten the management of such rare condition to avoid complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
  18. Paramsothy M, Singham KT, Khoo BH
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Jun;33(4):321-5.
    PMID: 522743
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Disease
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