Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 132 in total

  1. Aminuddin A, Chellappan K, Maskon O, Zakaria Z, Karim AA, Ngah WZ, et al.
    Saudi Med J, 2014 Feb;35(2):138-46.
    PMID: 24562512
    To determine the association between carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWVCF) and augmentation index (AI) with future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, and to assess whether high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is an important mediator towards these vascular changes, among young men.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism*
  2. Subramani S, Khor SE, Livingstone BI, Kulkarni UV
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Mar;65(1):36-40.
    PMID: 21265246 MyJurnal
    To investigate the possible association between serum uric acid levels, serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP), and age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). A total 232 patients of the eye department at Hospital Tuanku Ja'afar, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia were recruited over 9 weeks. Participants were divided into ARMD (Non-Neovascular ARMD, and Neovascular ARMD) and control groups. 107 participants with non-neovascular ARMD, 6 with neovascular ARMD, and 119 controls participated in the study. The control patients had a similar average Serum Uric Acid level to the average of all patients with ARMD (P = 0.617).
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/analysis
  3. Letchumanan I, Md Arshad MK, Balakrishnan SR, Gopinath SCB
    Biosens Bioelectron, 2019 Apr 01;130:40-47.
    PMID: 30716591 DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2019.01.042
    This paper primarily demonstrates the approach to enhance the sensing performance on antigen C-reactive protein (CRP) and anti-CRP antibody binding event. A nanogapped electrode structure with the gap of ~100 nm was modified by the anti-CRP antibody (Probe) to capture the available CRP. In order to increase the amount of antigen to be captured, a gold nanorod with 119 nm in length and 25 nm in width was integrated, to increase the surface area. A comparative study between the existence and non-existence of gold nanorod utilization was evaluated. Analysis of the sensing surface was well-supported by atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, 3D nano-profilometry, high-power microscopy and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The dielectric voltammetric analysis was carried out from 0 V to 2 V. The sensitivity was calculated based on 3σ and attained as low as 1 pM, which is tremendously low compared to real CRP concentration (119 nM) in human blood serum. The gold nanorod conjugation with antibody has enhanced the sensitivity to 100 folds (10 fM). The specificity of the CRP detection by the proposed strategy was anchored by ELISA and failure in the detection of human blood clotting factor IX by voltammetry. Despite, CRP antigen was further detected in human serum by spiking CRP to run-through the detection with the physiologically relevant samples.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/isolation & purification*; C-Reactive Protein/chemistry
  4. Vuong NL, Le Duyen HT, Lam PK, Tam DTH, Vinh Chau NV, Van Kinh N, et al.
    BMC Med, 2020 02 17;18(1):35.
    PMID: 32063229 DOI: 10.1186/s12916-020-1496-1
    BACKGROUND: Dengue infection can cause a wide spectrum of clinical outcomes. The severe clinical manifestations occur sufficiently late in the disease course, during day 4-6 of illness, to allow a window of opportunity for risk stratification. Markers of inflammation may be useful biomarkers. We investigated the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) measured early on illness days 1-3 to predict dengue disease outcome and the difference in CRP levels between dengue and other febrile illnesses (OFI).

    METHOD: We performed a nested case-control study using the clinical data and samples collected from the IDAMS-consortium multi-country study. This was a prospective multi-center observational study that enrolled almost 8000 participants presenting with a dengue-like illness to outpatient facilities in 8 countries across Asia and Latin America. Predefined severity definitions of severe and intermediate dengue were used as the primary outcomes. A total of 281 cases with severe/intermediate dengue were compared to 836 uncomplicated dengue patients as controls (ratio 1:3), and also 394 patients with OFI.

    RESULTS: In patients with confirmed dengue, median (interquartile range) of CRP level within the first 3 days was 30.2 mg/L (12.4-61.2 mg/L) (uncomplicated dengue, 28.6 (10.5-58.9); severe or intermediate dengue, 34.0 (17.4-71.8)). Higher CRP levels in the first 3 days of illness were associated with a higher risk of severe or intermediate outcome (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07-1.29), especially in children. Higher CRP levels, exceeding 30 mg/L, also associated with hospitalization (OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.14-1.64) and longer fever clearance time (HR 0.84, 95% CI 0.76-0.93), especially in adults. CRP levels in patients with dengue were higher than patients with potential viral infection but lower than patients with potential bacterial infection, resulting in a quadratic association between dengue diagnosis and CRP, with levels of approximately 30 mg/L associated with the highest risk of having dengue. CRP had a positive correlation with total white cell count and neutrophils and negative correlation with lymphocytes, but did not correlate with liver transaminases, albumin, or platelet nadir.

    CONCLUSIONS: In summary, CRP measured in the first 3 days of illness could be a useful biomarker for early dengue risk prediction and may assist differentiating dengue from other febrile illnesses.

    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/analysis; C-Reactive Protein/metabolism*
  5. Mohamed-Yassin MS, Baharudin N, Ramli AS, Hashim H
    Malays Fam Physician, 2019;14(1):47-52.
    PMID: 31289633
    It remains a challenge to diagnose aortic dissection in primary care, as classic clinical features are not always present. This case describes an atypical presentation of aortic dissection, in which the patient walked in with pleuritic central chest pain associated with a fever and elevated C-reactive protein. Classic features of tearing pain, pulse differentials, and a widened mediastinum on chest X-ray were absent. This unusual presentation highlights the need for a heightened level of clinical suspicion for aortic dissection in the absence of classic features. The case is discussed with reference to the literature on the sensitivity and specificity of the classic signs and symptoms of aortic dissection. A combination of the aortic dissection detection risk score (ADD-RS) and D-dimer test is helpful in ruling out this frequently lethal condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein
  6. Norizam Salamt, Amilia Aminuddin, Azizah Ugusman, Aini Farzana Zulkefli
    Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:2455-2461.
    Studies evaluating the association between pulse wave velocity (PWV), a gold standard measurement of aortic stiffness
    and established markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with other established vascular markers or inflammation
    among young adult is still scarce. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to identify relevant studies on the
    association between PWV with other vascular markers or inflammation. Relevant articles from Ovid Medline, Science
    Direct and Scopus databases were explored between 2009 and March 2018. Original articles published in English
    measuring any correlation between carotid-femoral PWV (PWVcf) with either augmentation index (AIx), carotid intima
    media thickness (CIMT) or C-reactive protein (CRP) on young adult with age range between 18 and 45 years old were
    included. The literature search identified 21 potential articles to be reviewed, which meet all the inclusion criteria.
    Four articles investigated the correlation between PWVcf with CRP, however only two studies gave significant but weak
    correlations. As for CIMT, a single relevant article was found and the correlation was not significant. In conclusion, lack
    of association between PWV and other vascular markers and inflammation may suggest that these vascular markers have
    their own property in assessing vascular status. Thus, these markers should be measured independently for comprehensive
    assessment of future CVD risk.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein
  7. Gan X, Gong T, Zheng Y, Gopinath SCB, Zhao K
    Biotechnol Appl Biochem, 2021 Apr;68(2):272-278.
    PMID: 32275089 DOI: 10.1002/bab.1921
    C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase reactant to be a marker of inflammation and has been correlated with the cardiac injury. An immunoassay was performed using anti-human CRP antibody on an InterDigitated electrode (IDE) sensor to determine and specify CRP concentration for diagnosing the condition of myocardial inflammation. To promote the detection, gold nanoparticle (GNP) was seeded on the aminated-IDE surface. Anti-CRP was hitched on the GNP-seeded surface and identified the abundance of CRP. The limit of quantification was found as 100 fM, and the higher current response was noticed by increasing CRP concentrations with the sensitivity at 1 pM. Furthermore, CRP-spiked human serum did not interfere the determination of CRP and increased the current response, indicating suitability for a real-life sample. Similarly, the control experiments with nonimmune antibody Troponin I are not showing the definite current responses, proving the selective identification of CRP. This method of diagnosing is needful to determine the cardiovascular injury at the right time.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein
  8. Khalatbari-Soltani S, Tabibi H
    Clin. Exp. Nephrol., 2015 Jun;19(3):331-5.
    PMID: 25446285 DOI: 10.1007/s10157-014-1061-3
    Inflammation is a common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients with no valid treatment strategy. In addition, carnitine deficiency occurs frequently in HD patients because of intradialytic loss of carnitine, impaired de novo carnitine renal synthesis, and reduced dietary intake. It appears that carnitine deficiency is related to inflammation in HD patients. A few clinical trials have investigated the effect of L-carnitine supplement on inflammatory markers in HD patients. All studies in this field, except one, showed that L-carnitine could significantly reduce C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A, as two systemic inflammation markers, in HD patients. Therefore, considering high prevalence of inflammation and carnitine deficiency in HD patients, L-carnitine therapy is a reasonable approach for reducing systemic inflammation and its complications in these patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism
  9. Al-Tahami BA, Bee YT, Ismail AA, Rasool AH
    Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc., 2011;47(2):87-97.
    PMID: 21339629 DOI: 10.3233/CH-2010-1370
    INTRODUCTION: This study aims to assess microvascular endothelial function in obese compared to age matched lean controls. Serum lipid profile, fasting glucose, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and adiponectin levels were also determined.
    METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 36 healthy lean and 36 obese subjects. Microvascular endothelial function was assessed using Laser Doppler fluximetry and iontophoresis with acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside.
    RESULTS: Mean age of subjects was 26.54 ± 0.60 years. Obese subjects had higher systolic (118.8 ± 1.5 vs 105.7 ± 2.0 mmHg, p < 0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (71.61 ± 1.35 vs 64.53 ± 1.40 mmHg, p = 0.001), higher triglyceride (1.35 ± 0.13 vs 0.79 ± 0.05 mmol/l, p < 0.001), lower high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (1.43 ± 0.04 vs 1.62 ± 0.05 mmol/l, p = 0.003), higher hs-CRP (11.58 ± 1.88 vs 1.88 ± 0.35 mg/l, p < 0.001), and lower adiponectin levels (8.80 ± 0.43 vs 25.93 ± 0.40 μg/ml, p < 0.001) compared to lean subjects. Endothelial dependent vasodilatation was lower in obese compared to lean subjects (40.53 ± 6.59 vs 71.03 ± 7.13 AU, p = 0.001).
    CONCLUSION: Microvascular endothelial function is reduced in obese compared to age matched controls. This is associated with higher BP, triglyceride and lower HDL-C and adiponectin levels in obese group.
    Study site: not mentioned
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism
  10. Aminuddin A, Zakaria Z, Fuad AF, Kamsiah J, Othman F, Das S, et al.
    Saudi Med J, 2013 Mar;34(3):266-75.
    PMID: 23475091
    To determine the association between carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWVCF); augmentation index (AI); and high-sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and to determine the influence of ethnicity on PWVCF and AI, and the association between high hs-CRP and increased PWV, and AI in MetS.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism*
  11. Fong SW, Few LL, See Too WC, Khoo BY, Nik Ibrahim NN, Yahaya SA, et al.
    BMC Res Notes, 2015;8:679.
    PMID: 26576922 DOI: 10.1186/s13104-015-1677-8
    Biomarkers play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of patients with acute coronary syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the differences in level of several biomarkers, i.e. C-reactive protein, myeloperoxidase, soluble CD40 ligand and placental growth factor, between acute coronary syndrome and chronic stable angina patients. The relationship between these biomarkers in the coronary circulation and systemic circulation was also investigated.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism*
  12. Choo KE, Davis TM, Henry RL, Chan LP
    J Trop Pediatr, 2001 Aug;47(4):211-4.
    PMID: 11523761
    To investigate the role of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) in the diagnosis of typhoid fever, we studied 227 febrile Malaysian children hospitalized during a 12-month period. The children were: culture-positive for Salmonella typhi (Group 1; n = 108); culture-negative but with typical clinical features of typhoid fever (Group 2; n = 60); or had non-typhoidal illness (Group 3; n = 59). Group 1 children had the highest serum CRP concentrations (geometric mean [SD range]; 43 [12-150] mg/l vs. 26 [8-85] mg/l in Group 2 and 21 [4-110] mg/l in Group 3; p < 0.001). In regression analysis, age, patient group and fever duration were independently associated with serum CRP (p < 0.05) but gender was not. In Group 1 patients, there was a significant positive association between serum CRP and Widal O and H agglutinin titres. In receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) analysis of serum CRP for Groups 1 and 2 combined, compared with Group 3, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.65. These data show that the serum CRP is highest in culture-positive children with enteric fever and reflects the immune response to the infection in this group. Nevertheless, serum CRP had relatively low sensitivity and specificity for confirmed or clinically diagnosed typhoid fever (68 and 58 per cent, respectively at 'cut-off' concentration 30.0 mg/l), and an AUC value only moderately above that associated with no predictive power (0.5). Although of limited use as a primary diagnostic test, a raised serum CRP may still have a place as one of a range of features that facilitate assessment of a febrile child in a typhoid-endemic area.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism*
  13. Milaneschi Y, Lamers F, Peyrot WJ, Baune BT, Breen G, Dehghan A, et al.
    JAMA Psychiatry, 2017 12 01;74(12):1214-1225.
    PMID: 29049554 DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.3016
    Importance: The association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity may stem from shared immunometabolic mechanisms particularly evident in MDD with atypical features, characterized by increased appetite and/or weight (A/W) during an active episode.

    Objective: To determine whether subgroups of patients with MDD stratified according to the A/W criterion had a different degree of genetic overlap with obesity-related traits (body mass index [BMI] and levels of C-reactive protein [CRP] and leptin).

    Design, Setting, and Patients: This multicenter study assembled genome-wide genotypic and phenotypic measures from 14 data sets of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium. Data sets were drawn from case-control, cohort, and population-based studies, including 26 628 participants with established psychiatric diagnoses and genome-wide genotype data. Data on BMI were available for 15 237 participants. Data were retrieved and analyzed from September 28, 2015, through May 20, 2017.

    Main Outcomes and Measures: Lifetime DSM-IV MDD was diagnosed using structured diagnostic instruments. Patients with MDD were stratified into subgroups according to change in the DSM-IV A/W symptoms as decreased or increased.

    Results: Data included 11 837 participants with MDD and 14 791 control individuals, for a total of 26 628 participants (59.1% female and 40.9% male). Among participants with MDD, 5347 (45.2%) were classified in the decreased A/W and 1871 (15.8%) in the increased A/W subgroups. Common genetic variants explained approximately 10% of the heritability in the 2 subgroups. The increased A/W subgroup showed a strong and positive genetic correlation (SE) with BMI (0.53 [0.15]; P = 6.3 × 10-4), whereas the decreased A/W subgroup showed an inverse correlation (-0.28 [0.14]; P = .06). Furthermore, the decreased A/W subgroup had a higher polygenic risk for increased BMI (odds ratio [OR], 1.18; 95% CI, 1.12-1.25; P = 1.6 × 10-10) and levels of CRP (OR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.02-1.13; P = 7.3 × 10-3) and leptin (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.06-1.12; P = 1.7 × 10-3).

    Conclusions and Relevance: The phenotypic associations between atypical depressive symptoms and obesity-related traits may arise from shared pathophysiologic mechanisms in patients with MDD. Development of treatments effectively targeting immunometabolic dysregulations may benefit patients with depression and obesity, both syndromes with important disability.

    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/analysis
  14. Daud A, Sedek SSHAB, Shahadan SZ
    Enferm Clin, 2019 09;29 Suppl 2:96-100.
    PMID: 31248730 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.04.015
    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the association between the walking time spent and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level to determine the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) among obese women.

    METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted in Kuantan, Pahang. The purposive sampling method was chosen. 76 obese women aged 18 years old and above were included in the study. Data were collected by using the set of the self-reported questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic and the walking time for the past 7 days. The sample blood test was taken to check for hs-CRP level.

    RESULTS: Walking time spent in minutes was found to be significantly inverse associated with the hs-CRP level (p=0.040) among obese women.

    CONCLUSION: The increase in walking time spent can help reduce the hs-CRP level, therefore reduce the risk for CVD.

    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/analysis*
  15. Bee Yean O, Zoriah A
    J Tradit Chin Med, 2019 02;39(1):1-14.
    PMID: 32186018
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current evidence on the efficacy and safety of Cordyceps sinensis (cordyceps) or its fermented products used as an adjunctive treatment in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.

    METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, MEDLINE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Database were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials up to March 2016. Two review authors independently selected trials for inclusion, extracted data, assessed the methodological quality and rated the quality of evidence with the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach.

    RESULTS: Twelve studies involving 655 participants were included. Evidence of low to moderate-quality showed that cordyceps plus conventional treatment compared to conventional treatment alone significantly improved C-reactive protein [standardized mean difference (SMD) -0.61; 95% confidence intervals (CI) -1.00 to -0.22], high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [weighted mean difference (WMD) -3.44 mg/L; 95% CI -3.89 to -2.99], serum albumin (WMD 3.07 g/L; 95% CI 1.59 to 4.55), malondialdehyde (WMD -1.95 nmol/L; 95% CI -2.24 to -1.66), and hemoglobin (WMD 9.56 g/L; 95% CI 3.65 to 15.47) levels. However, there was no significant improvement for serum creatinine and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Overall, most trials either did not monitor adverse events or poorly documented them.

    CONCLUSION: Given the small number of trials included, the unclear methodological quality of the included trials, and the high heterogeneity in pooled analyses, the evidence obtained in this review is insufficient to recommend the use of cordyceps as adjunctive treatment in hemodialysis patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism
  16. Tajfard M, Tavakoly Sany SB, Avan A, Latiff LA, Rahimi HR, Moohebati M, et al.
    J Cell Physiol, 2019 07;234(7):10289-10299.
    PMID: 30548615 DOI: 10.1002/jcp.27945
    Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is predictive of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to examine the possible association of hs-CRP with presence and severity of CAD and traditional CAD risk factors. This case-control study was carried out on 2,346 individuals from September 2011 to May 2013. Of these 1,187 had evidence of coronary disease, and were subject to coronary angiography, and the remainder were healthy controls (n = 1,159). Characteristics were determined using standard laboratory techniques and serum Hs-CRP levels were estimated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, and severity of CAD was assessed according to the score of obstruction in coronary artery. Serum hs-CRP levels were higher in those with severe coronary disease, who had stenosis ≥ 50% stenosis of at least one coronary artery (all p 
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/metabolism*
  17. Ahmad A, Nazar Z, Swaminathan D
    Oral Health Prev Dent, 2018 7 22;16(3):281-289.
    PMID: 30027167 DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a40759
    PURPOSE: To investigate the association between plasma CRP levels and periodontal disease during pregnancy.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six pregnant women attending the Antenatal Clinic, UMMC for their first antenatal check-up consented and were recruited for this study: 28 subjects with diseased periodontium (test group) and 28 subjects with healthy periodontium (control). The test group underwent nonsurgical periodontal therapy and the control group was given oral hygiene education. Periodontal parameters and CRP levels were evaluated at baseline and 6 weeks. Pregnancy outcome data were recorded from the Antenatal Clinic, UMMC.

    RESULTS: Plasma CRP levels in the test group were statistically significantly elevated compared to the control group (8.55 ± 5.28 mg/l vs 5.66 ± 2.91 mg/l). After nonsurgical periodontal therapy, a statistically significant reduction in the CRP level in the test group (2.06 mg/l) along with statistically significant improvement in periodontal status in both groups was observed. The mean birth weight for infants of both groups showed no statistically significant difference.

    CONCLUSIONS: Plasma CRP levels in pregnant women with diseased periodontium were statistically significantly reduced after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. However, no association between CRP levels and adverse pregnancy outcome was observed.

    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/analysis*
  18. Mu AK, Bee PC, Lau YL, Chen Y
    Int J Mol Sci, 2014;15(11):19952-61.
    PMID: 25372941 DOI: 10.3390/ijms151119952
    Malaria is caused by parasitic protozoans of the genus Plasmodium and is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in tropical and subtropical regions. For this reason, effective and practical diagnostic methods are urgently needed to control the spread of malaria. The aim of the current study was to identify a panel of new malarial markers, which could be used to diagnose patients infected with various Plasmodium species, including P. knowlesi, P. vivax and P. falciparum. Sera from malaria-infected patients were pooled and compared to control sera obtained from healthy individuals using the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) technique. Mass spectrometry was used to identify serum proteins and quantify their relative abundance. We found that the levels of several proteins were increased in pooled serum from infected patients, including cell adhesion molecule-4 and C-reactive protein. In contrast, the serum concentration of haptoglobin was reduced in malaria-infected individuals, which we verified by western blot assay. Therefore, these proteins might represent infectious markers of malaria, which could be used to develop novel diagnostic tools for detecting P. knowlesi, P. vivax and P. falciparum. However, these potential malarial markers will need to be validated in a larger population of infected individuals.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein/analysis*; C-Reactive Protein/metabolism
  19. Gun SC, Loh YL, Das Gupta E
    APLAR Journal of Rheumatology, 2006;9 Suppl 1:A185.
    Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease. Predictors of disease activity include presence of joint inflammation, blood investigations such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and c-reactive protein (CRP). ESR is said to be imprecise as it is affected by aging, female sex, obesity, pregnancy, anaemia and polycythaemia. But it is inexpensive and easy to perform. CRP is produced as an acute phase reactant by the liver in response to interleukin 6 and other cytokines. CRP is more specific but costs more than ESR. Both tests are done in the rheumatology clinic of Hospital Seremban. Objective: To compare the usefulness of ESR and CRP as a predictor of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Method: This was a retrospective study. The medical records of 248 RA patients who attended the rheumatology clinic, Hospital Seremban between 1 January 2004 and 31 Dec 2004 were reviewed. The following data were obtained: joint swelling and tenderness, other clinical features which indicate inflammation secondary to infection or trauma and inflammation of soft tissue, ESR, CRP, FBC and UFEME. Results: Data was analysed and the results showed that a total number of 248 patients were seen. There were 13 defaulters. Of the 248 patients there were 929 patients' visits. Of the total number of patients' visits where patients clinically had active disease, 80.2% had raised ESR while 88.8% had raised CRP. As for visits where patients had quiescent disease clinically, 57.3% had normal ESR and 36.5% had normal CRP. Conclusion: CRP is more sensitive but less specific than ESR. This suggests that we still should use both tests as they complement each other. ESR can serve as a countercheck for CRP and vice versa.
    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein
  20. Pramudji H, Demes CM, Dewi K, Tasmini T, Ahmad HS
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 Oct;74(5):400-404.
    PMID: 31649216
    BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) are mediators of inflammatory responses and increase in people who are obese . The increase of IL-6 and CRP levels is modified by polymorphism of -174 G>C IL-6 gene.

    AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between -174 G>C IL-6 polymorphism gene on the level of IL-6 and CRP in the population of western Indonesia obese who are obese.

    METHODS: In this study, we examined 178 subjects consisting of 89 who are obese with BMI> 25, and controls with BMI between 18.5 and 23. Fasting blood was taken from each subject for the examination of IL-6 and CRP levels by the ELISA method. Determination of genotype -174 G>C IL-6 gene was examined by Polymerase Chain reaction- Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods.

    RESULTS: The results of this study showed increased levels of IL-6 and CRP in the obese group compared to the controls. In the obese group, CC genotype had higher CRP and lower IL-6 levels than the GC and GG genotypes. The frequency of CC genotype in the obese group was 47.2% compared with 28.1% in controls and this genotype was considered a risk factor for obesity. Carriers of the C genotype as a dominant or a recessive model had greater risk of obesity.

    CONCLUSION: It was concluded that the polymorphism - 174G>C IL-6 gene is a risk factor for obesity and is associated with increased levels of IL-6 and CRP in an obese group of the Western Indonesian ethnic population.

    Matched MeSH terms: C-Reactive Protein
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