Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 180 in total

  1. Ong HC, Alih E
    PLoS ONE, 2015;10(4):e0125835.
    PMID: 25923739 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125835
    The tendency for experimental and industrial variables to include a certain proportion of outliers has become a rule rather than an exception. These clusters of outliers, if left undetected, have the capability to distort the mean and the covariance matrix of the Hotelling's T2 multivariate control charts constructed to monitor individual quality characteristics. The effect of this distortion is that the control chart constructed from it becomes unreliable as it exhibits masking and swamping, a phenomenon in which an out-of-control process is erroneously declared as an in-control process or an in-control process is erroneously declared as out-of-control process. To handle these problems, this article proposes a control chart that is based on cluster-regression adjustment for retrospective monitoring of individual quality characteristics in a multivariate setting. The performance of the proposed method is investigated through Monte Carlo simulation experiments and historical datasets. Results obtained indicate that the proposed method is an improvement over the state-of-art methods in terms of outlier detection as well as keeping masking and swamping rate under control.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  2. Habibi N, Samian MR, Hashim SZ, Norouzi A
    Protein Expr. Purif., 2014 Mar;95:92-5.
    PMID: 24333540 DOI: 10.1016/j.pep.2013.11.014
    Recombinant protein production is a significant biotechnological process as it allows researchers to produce a specific protein in desired quantities. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most popular heterologous expression host for the production of recombinant proteins due to its advantages such as low cost, high-productivity, well-characterized genetics, simple growth requirements and rapid growth. There are a number of factors that influence the expression level of a recombinant protein in E. coli which are the gene to be expressed, the expression vector, the expression host, and the culture condition. The major motivation to develop our database, EcoliOverExpressionDB, is to provide a means for researchers to quickly locate key factors in the overexpression of certain proteins. Such information would be a useful guide for the overexpression of similar proteins in E. coli. To the best of the present researchers' knowledge, in general and specifically in E. coli, EcoliOverExpressionDB is the first database of recombinant protein expression experiments which gathers the influential parameters on protein overexpression and the results in one place.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  3. Ali Mamat
    The technology of deductive database is now mature enough due to the considerable research efforts that have been made on the field for the last ten years. This achievement is demonstrated by the emergence of efficient and easy to use systems with their capability of supporting a declarative, rule based style of expressing queries and applications on databases. This paper describes an overview of architecture of a query evaluation system for deductive databases that has been developed.
    Teknologi pangkalan data deduktif sudah matang hasil daripada penyelidikan yang telah banyak dilakukan dalam tempoh 10 tahun yang lepas. Pencapaian ini dibuktikan melalui kemunculan sistem yang cekap dan mudah guna serta mempunyai keupayaan untuk mengungkap pertanyaan dan penggunaan ke atas pangkalan data secara deklaratif menerusi penggunaan petua. Dalam kertas ini diterangkan suatu ringkasan mengenai senibina sistem penilaian pertanyaan untuk pangkalan data deduktif yang sudah dibangunkan.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  4. Al-Dhaqm A, Razak S, Othman SH, Ngadi A, Ahmed MN, Ali Mohammed A
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(2):e0170793.
    PMID: 28146585 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170793
    Database Forensics (DBF) is a widespread area of knowledge. It has many complex features and is well known amongst database investigators and practitioners. Several models and frameworks have been created specifically to allow knowledge-sharing and effective DBF activities. However, these are often narrow in focus and address specified database incident types. We have analysed 60 such models in an attempt to uncover how numerous DBF activities are really public even when the actions vary. We then generate a unified abstract view of DBF in the form of a metamodel. We identified, extracted, and proposed a common concept and reconciled concept definitions to propose a metamodel. We have applied a metamodelling process to guarantee that this metamodel is comprehensive and consistent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  5. Afolabi LT, Saeed F, Hashim H, Petinrin OO
    PLoS ONE, 2018;13(1):e0189538.
    PMID: 29329334 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189538
    Pharmacologically active molecules can provide remedies for a range of different illnesses and infections. Therefore, the search for such bioactive molecules has been an enduring mission. As such, there is a need to employ a more suitable, reliable, and robust classification method for enhancing the prediction of the existence of new bioactive molecules. In this paper, we adopt a recently developed combination of different boosting methods (Adaboost) for the prediction of new bioactive molecules. We conducted the research experiments utilizing the widely used MDL Drug Data Report (MDDR) database. The proposed boosting method generated better results than other machine learning methods. This finding suggests that the method is suitable for inclusion among the in silico tools for use in cheminformatics, computational chemistry and molecular biology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  6. Yavar, A.R., S. Sarmani, Tan, C.Y., N.N. Rafie, Lim, S.W. Edwin, Khoo, K.S.
    An electronic database has been developed and implemented for ko-INAA method in Malaysia. Databases are often developed according to national requirements. This database contains constant nuclear data for ko-INAA method; Hogdahl-convention and Westcott-formalism as 3 separate command user interfaces. It has been created using Microsoft Access 2007 under a Windows operating system. This database saves time and the quality of results can be assured when the calculation of neutron flux parameters and concentration of elements by ko-INAA method are utilised. An evaluation of the database was conducted by IAEA Soil7 where the results published which showed a high level of consistency.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  7. Wong KT, Chan KS
    Malays J Pathol, 1990 Dec;12(2):101-6.
    PMID: 2102964
    We describe the design and management of a 35 mm slide database using a menu-driven dBASE III PLUS programme and a microcomputer in a large department of pathology that also caters for the individual pathologist. Existing systems described in the literature are geared towards slides of general medicine and do not address the needs of the individual pathologist. A total of 11,481 slides in the Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, were filed into a single database with each record representing one slide. Nine fields which comprised the slide accession number, reference number, slide category, SNOMED codes, and a description of the slide in natural language, seemed adequate for slide definition. The menu-driven programme had functions which included the abilities to add, delete, edit and back-up records, and to search for desired slides. Although slides may be searched for in various fields, we found that searches using natural language alone were both comprehensive and efficient, provided a standard format of description was adhered to and data entries scrutinized carefully for errors. We believe therefore, that for the pathologist working alone, coded language fields are not absolutely necessary, as manual coding and additional data entry can be time consuming. As expected, for databases larger than 10,000 slides, a 80286 microprocessor-based microcomputer was more efficient. We are of the opinion that a system such as ours is very useful for a large department of pathology or the individual pathologist to file and retrieve 35 mm slides.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  8. Abdul Hamid M
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2008 Sep;63 Suppl C:vii.
    PMID: 19227668
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  9. Esmaeilzadeh P, Sambasivan M
    J Biomed Inform, 2016 12;64:74-86.
    PMID: 27645322 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbi.2016.09.011
    OBJECTIVES: Literature shows existence of barriers to Healthcare Information Exchange (HIE) assimilation process. A number of studies have considered assimilation of HIE as a whole phenomenon without regard to its multifaceted nature. Thus, the pattern of HIE assimilation in healthcare providers has not been clearly studied due to the effects of contingency factors on different assimilation phases. This study is aimed at defining HIE assimilation phases, recognizing assimilation pattern, and proposing a classification to highlight unique issues associated with HIE assimilation.

    METHODS: A literature review of existing studies related to HIE efforts from 2005 was undertaken. Four electronic research databases (PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Academic Search Premiere) were searched for articles addressing different phases of HIE assimilation process.

    RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-four articles were initially selected. Out of 254, 44 studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. The assimilation of HIE is a complicated and a multi-staged process. Our findings indicated that HIE assimilation process consisted of four main phases: initiation, organizational adoption decision, implementation and institutionalization. The data helped us recognize the assimilation pattern of HIE in healthcare organizations.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results provide useful theoretical implications for research by defining HIE assimilation pattern. The findings of the study also have practical implications for policy makers. The findings show the importance of raising national awareness of HIE potential benefits, financial incentive programs, use of standard guidelines, implementation of certified technology, technical assistance, training programs and trust between healthcare providers. The study highlights deficiencies in the current policy using the literature and identifies the "pattern" as an indication for a new policy approach.

    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  10. Mumtaz A, Ashfaq UA, Ul Qamar MT, Anwar F, Gulzar F, Ali MA, et al.
    Nat. Prod. Res., 2017 Jun;31(11):1228-1236.
    PMID: 27681445 DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2016.1233409
    Medicinal plants are the main natural pools for the discovery and development of new drugs. In the modern era of computer-aided drug designing (CADD), there is need of prompt efforts to design and construct useful database management system that allows proper data storage, retrieval and management with user-friendly interface. An inclusive database having information about classification, activity and ready-to-dock library of medicinal plant's phytochemicals is therefore required to assist the researchers in the field of CADD. The present work was designed to merge activities of phytochemicals from medicinal plants, their targets and literature references into a single comprehensive database named as Medicinal Plants Database for Drug Designing (MPD3). The newly designed online and downloadable MPD3 contains information about more than 5000 phytochemicals from around 1000 medicinal plants with 80 different activities, more than 900 literature references and 200 plus targets. The designed database is deemed to be very useful for the researchers who are engaged in medicinal plants research, CADD and drug discovery/development with ease of operation and increased efficiency. The designed MPD3 is a comprehensive database which provides most of the information related to the medicinal plants at a single platform. MPD3 is freely available at: http://bioinform.info .
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual*
  11. Ahmed A, Saeed F, Salim N, Abdo A
    J Cheminform, 2014;6:19.
    PMID: 24883114 DOI: 10.1186/1758-2946-6-19
    BACKGROUND: It is known that any individual similarity measure will not always give the best recall of active molecule structure for all types of activity classes. Recently, the effectiveness of ligand-based virtual screening approaches can be enhanced by using data fusion. Data fusion can be implemented using two different approaches: group fusion and similarity fusion. Similarity fusion involves searching using multiple similarity measures. The similarity scores, or ranking, for each similarity measure are combined to obtain the final ranking of the compounds in the database.

    RESULTS: The Condorcet fusion method was examined. This approach combines the outputs of similarity searches from eleven association and distance similarity coefficients, and then the winner measure for each class of molecules, based on Condorcet fusion, was chosen to be the best method of searching. The recall of retrieved active molecules at top 5% and significant test are used to evaluate our proposed method. The MDL drug data report (MDDR), maximum unbiased validation (MUV) and Directory of Useful Decoys (DUD) data sets were used for experiments and were represented by 2D fingerprints.

    CONCLUSIONS: Simulated virtual screening experiments with the standard two data sets show that the use of Condorcet fusion provides a very simple way of improving the ligand-based virtual screening, especially when the active molecules being sought have a lowest degree of structural heterogeneity. However, the effectiveness of the Condorcet fusion was increased slightly when structural sets of high diversity activities were being sought.

    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  12. Kury AB, Souza DR, Pérez-González A
    PMID: 26752965 DOI: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e6482
    Including more than 6500 species, Opiliones is the third most diverse order of Arachnida, after the megadiverse Acari and Araneae. This database is part 2 of 12 of a project containing an intended worldwide checklist of species and subspecies of Opiliones, and it includes the members of the suborder Laniatores, infraorder Grassatores of the superfamilies Samooidea and Zalmoxoidea plus the genera currently not allocated to any family (i.e. Grassatores incertae sedis). In this Part 2, a total of 556 species and subspecies are listed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  13. Arif SM, Holliday JD, Willett P
    J Chem Inf Model, 2010 Aug 23;50(8):1340-9.
    PMID: 20672867 DOI: 10.1021/ci1001235
    This paper discusses the weighting of two-dimensional fingerprints for similarity-based virtual screening, specifically the use of weights that assign greatest importance to the substructural fragments that occur least frequently in the database that is being screened. Virtual screening experiments using the MDL Drug Data Report and World of Molecular Bioactivity databases show that the use of such inverse frequency weighting schemes can result, in some circumstances, in marked increases in screening effectiveness when compared with the use of conventional, unweighted fingerprints. Analysis of the characteristics of the various schemes demonstrates that such weights are best used to weight the fingerprint of the reference structure in a similarity search, with the database structures' fingerprints unweighted. However, the increases in performance resulting from such weights are only observed with structurally homogeneous sets of active molecules; when the actives are diverse, the best results are obtained using conventional, unweighted fingerprints for both the reference structure and the database structures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  14. Tan GJ, Sulong G, Rahim MSM
    Forensic Sci. Int., 2017 Oct;279:41-52.
    PMID: 28843097 DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.034
    This paper presents a review on the state of the art in offline text-independent writer identification methods for three major languages, namely English, Chinese and Arabic, which were published in literatures from 2011 till 2016. For ease of discussions, we grouped the techniques into three categories: texture-, structure-, and allograph-based. Results are analysed, compared and tabulated along with datasets used for fair and just comparisons. It is observed that during that period, there are significant progresses achieved on English and Arabic; however, the growth on Chinese is rather slow and far from satisfactory in comparison to its wide usage. This is due to its complex writing structure. Meanwhile, issues on datasets used by previous studies are also highlighted because the size matter - accuracy of the writer identification deteriorates as database size increases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  15. Loh YC, Tan CS, Yam MF, Oo CW, Omar WMW
    J Pharmacopuncture, 2018 Sep;21(3):203-206.
    PMID: 30283708 DOI: 10.3831/KPI.2018.21.024
    Objectives: There is an increasing number of complex diseases that are progressively more difficult to be controlled using the conventional "single compound, single target" approach as demonstrated in our current modern drug development. TCM might be the new cornerstone of treatment alternative when the current treatment option is no longer as effective or that we have exhausted it as an option. Orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility group study is one of the most frequently employed formulas to produce optimal herbal combination for treatment of multi-syndromic diseases. This approach could solve the relatively low efficacy single drug therapy usage and chronic adverse effects caused by long terms administration of drugs that has been reported in the field of pharmacology and medicine.

    Methods: The present review was based on the Science Direct database search for those related to the TCM and the development of antihypertensive TCM herbal combination using orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility group studies approach.

    Results: Recent studies have demonstrated that the orthogonal stimulus-response compatibility group study approach was most frequently used to formulate TCM herbal combination based on the TCM principles upon the selection of herbs, and the resulting formulated TCM formula exhibited desired outcomes in treating one of global concerned complex multi-syndromic diseases, the hypertension. These promising therapeutic effects were claimed to have been attributed by the holistic signaling mechanism pathways employed by the crude combination of herbs.

    Conclusion: The present review could serve as a guide and prove the feasibility of TCM principles to be used for future pharmacological drug research development.

    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  16. Cosmas Julius Abah, Wong, Jane Kong Ling, Anantha Raman Govindasamy
    Dictionary production is one of the most effective methods of preserving languages and cultures. The
    Dusunic Family of Languages (DFL) in Sabah, Malaysia would have welcomed the efforts to
    document their languages through dictionary production as there are still lacking of dictionary,
    vocabulary and phrase books. Furthermore, more than half of the languages in DFL are unwritten.
    However, making dictionary conventionally is tedious and time consuming. The Dusunic Family of
    Languages which are facing extinction threats do not have the luxury of time to wait for dictionary
    production via the conventional method. Hence, this study explores the use of a method called Root-
    Oriented Words Generation (ROWG) which is formulated based on spelling orthography of DFL to
    generate one and two-syllable words list. From the words list, root words registers were compiled
    which can then be used as database for dictionary production. Findings of this study showed that
    ROWG was able to generate an exhaustive word lists of DFL and compile a large volume of root
    words register in DFL. Hence, this study was able to highlight the feasibility and viability of using
    ROWG to produce root words register of DFL which could possibly reduce the time for dictionary
    production significantly. In future studies, it is recommended that the ROWG is extended to include
    more than two syllable words. This study showed the potentiality of ROWG to address the looming
    demise of DFL by providing a more efficient way of compiling root words for the purpose of making a
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  17. Ahmad P, Dummer PMH, Noorani TY, Asif JA
    Int Endod J, 2019 Jun;52(6):803-818.
    PMID: 30667524 DOI: 10.1111/iej.13083
    AIM: To analyse the main characteristics of the top 50 most-cited articles published in the International Endodontic Journal from 1967 to 2018.

    METHODOLOGY: The Clarivate Analytics' Web of Science 'All Databases', Elsevier's Scopus, Google Scholar and PubMed Central were searched to retrieve the 50 most-cited articles in the IEJ published from April 1967 to December 2018. The articles were analysed and information including number of citations, year of publication, contributing authors, institutions and countries, study design, study topic, impact factor and keywords was extracted.

    RESULTS: The number of citations of the 50 selected papers varied from 575 to 130 (Web of Science), 656 to164 (Elsevier's Scopus), 1354 to 199 (Google Scholar) and 123 to 3 (PubMed). The majority of papers were published in the year 2001 (n = 7). Amongst 102 authors, the greatest contribution was made by four contributors that included Gulabivala K (n = 4), Ng YL (n = 4), Pitt Ford TR (n = 4) and Wesselink PR (n = 4). The majority of papers originated from the United Kingdom (n = 8) with most contributions from King's College London Dental Institute (UK) and Eastman Dental Hospital, London. Reviews were the most common study design (n = 19) followed by Clinical Research (n = 16) and Basic Research (n = 15). The majority of topics covered by the most-cited articles were Outcome Studies (n = 9), Intracanal medicaments (n = 8), Endodontic microbiology (n = 7) and Canal instrumentation (n = 7). Amongst 76 unique keywords, Endodontics (n = 7), Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) (n = 7) and Root Canal Treatment (n = 7) were the most frequently used.

    CONCLUSION: This is the first study to identify and analyse the top 50 most-cited articles in a specific professional journal within Dentistry. The analysis has revealed information regarding the development of the IEJ over time as well as scientific progress in the field of Endodontology.

    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  18. Nurul Husna Kamarudin, Nor Azlina Ab Rahman, Zainul Ibrahim Zainuddin
    The Medical imaging service in Malaysia is expanding. The presence of
    imaging technologies needs to be supported by homegrown research to optimize their
    use. This study investigated the contribution of researches by Malaysian practitioners to
    the field of Medical imaging in the Malaysian Citation index (MyCite) database. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  19. Fakhrul Syafiq, Huzaifah Ismail, Hazleen Aris, Syakiruddin Yusof
    Widespread use of mobile devices has resulted in the creation of large amounts of data. An example of such data is the one obtained from the public (crowd) through open calls, known as crowdsourced data. More often than not, the collected data are later used for other purposes such as making predictions. Thus, it is important for crowdsourced data to be recent and accurate, and this means that frequent updating is necessary. One of the challenges in using crowdsourced data is the unpredictable incoming data rate. Therefore, manually updating the data at predetermined intervals is not practical. In this paper, the construction of an algorithm that automatically updates crowdsourced data based on the rate of incoming data is presented. The objective is to ensure that up-to-date and correct crowdsourced data are stored in the database at any point in time so that the information available is updated and accurate; hence, it is reliable. The algorithm was evaluated using a prototype development of a local price-watch information application, CrowdGrocr, in which the algorithm was embedded. The results showed that the algorithm was able to ensure up-to-date information with 94.9% accuracy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
  20. Mas Rina Mustaffa, Fatimah Ahmad, Ramlan Mahmod, Shyamala Doraisamy
    Multi-feature methods are able to contribute to a more effective method compared to single-feature
    methods since feature fusion methods will be able to close the gap that exists in the single-feature
    methods. This paper presents a feature fusion method, which focuses on extracting colour and shape features for content-based image retrieval (CBIR). The colour feature is extracted based on the proposed Multi-resolution Joint Auto Correlograms (MJAC), while the shape information is obtained through the proposed Extended Generalised Ridgelet-Fourier (EGRF). These features are fused together through a proposed integrated scheme. The feature fusion method has been tested on the SIMPLIcity image database, where several retrieval measurements are utilised to compare the effectiveness of the proposed method with few other comparable methods. The retrieval results show that the proposed Integrated Colour-shape (ICS) descriptor has successfully obtained the best overall retrieval performance in all the retrieval measurements as compared to the benchmark methods, which include precision (53.50%), precision at 11 standard recall levels (52.48%), and rank (17.40).
    Matched MeSH terms: Databases, Factual
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